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1 Beaverton Reference- Grammar and Style

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LB Brief


LB Brief Cover


Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

LB Brief offers the authority and currency of its best-selling parent, The Little, Brown Handbook, in two briefer, spiral-bound formats (one with tabs and one without tabs) at affordable prices.


As in its previous edition, LB Brief provides students of varying skills and interests with clear, reliable, and accessible explanations of handbook basics–the writing process, grammar and usage, and research writing. The Fourth Edition builds on the handbook’s usefulness with four main emphases: (1) reading and writing across the curriculum, including an expanded chapter on academic writing, showing students how to write in response to texts, and more coverage of argument, with information on how to handle opposing views and strengthen an ethical appeal; (2) research writing, including expanded discussions on how to find and evaluate print and Web sources,  and a new research-paper-in-progress; (3) up-to-date documentation guidelines, including the most recent revisions to MLA and APA documentation styles, with numerous models of new media in each style and new annotated sample sources; (4) more writing process instruction, including a new student work-in-progress and new discussions of voice in writing. 




LB Brief provides students of varying skills and interests with clear, reliable, and accessible explanations of handbook basics-the writing process, grammar and usage, and research writing. Concise and easy to use it focuses on 3 main emphases: writing in and out of college, visual literacy, and research writing. LB Brief helps writing students find what they need and then use what they find.

Table of Contents



1              The Writing Situation

a              Analysis                                               

b              Subject

c              Audience

d              Purpose


2              Invention 

a              Journal keeping

b              Observing

c              Freewriting

d              Brainstorming

e              Clustering

f               Asking questions

g              Reading


3              Thesis and Organization 

a              Thesis statement

b              Organization

                Sample Essay


4              Drafting 

a              Starting

b              Maintaining momentum

c              Sample First Draft


5              Revising and Editing

a              Revising the whole essay

b              Sample revision

c              Editing

d              Formatting; proofreading

e              Sample Final Draft

f               Collaborating

g              Preparing a writing portfolio


6              Paragraphs

a              Unity around a central idea

b              Coherence

c              Development

d              Introductions and conclusions

e              Linking paragraphs


7              Document Design

a              Academic papers

b              Principles of design

c              Elements of design

d              Illustrations

e              Papers submitted online

f               Readers with disabilities




8              Academic Writing             

a              Academic habits

b              Audience

c              Purpose

d              Structure and content

e              Language


9              Study Skills

a              Time management

b              Listening and note taking in class

c              Reading

d              Exams

                Sample Essay Exams


10           Critical Reading and Writing

a              Critical reading

b              Critically viewing images

c              Critical writing

                Sample Critique of a Text


11           Writing Arguments

a              Elements of argument

b              Writing reasonably

c              Organizing an argument

d              Sample Argument


12           Reading and Writing About Literature

a              Writing while reading

b              Critical reading

c              Sample Works and Papers


13           Public Writing

a              Business letters and résumés

Sample Letter and Résumés

b              Memos

                Sample  Memo

c              Electronic mail

                Sample E-mail Message

d              Community work

                Sample Newsletter and Brochure

e              Web composition

Sample Web Page


14           Oral Presentations

a              Purpose and audience

b              Organization

c              Delivery

                Sample Powerpoint Slides




15           Emphasis

a              Subjects and verbs

b              Sentence beginnings and endings

c              Coordination

d              Subordination      


16           Parallelism

a              With and, but, or, nor, yet

b              With both . . . and, etc.

c              In comparisons

d              In lists, headings, and outlines


17           Variety and Details

a              Sentence length

b              Sentence structure

c              Details


18           Appropriate and Exact Words

a              Appropriate words

b              Exact words


19           Completeness

a              Compounds

b              Needed words


20           Conciseness

a              Focusing on subject and verb

b              Cutting empty words

c              Cutting repetition

d              Tightening clauses and phrases

e              Cutting there is or it is

f               Combining sentences

g              Avoiding jargon




Basic grammar

21           Parts of Speech   

a              Nouns

b              Pronouns

c              Verbs

d              Adjectives and adverbs

e              Prepositions and conjunctions

f               Interjections


22           The Sentence      

a              Subject and predicate

b              Predicate patterns

c              Alternative patterns


23           Phrases and Subordinate Clauses  

a              Phrases

b              Subordinate clauses


24           Sentence Types

a              Simple sentences

b              Compound sentences

c              Complex sentences

d              Compound-complex sentences



25           Forms

a              Irregular verbs

b              Sit/set; lie/lay; rise/raise

c              -s and -ed forms

d              Helping verbs

e              Verb + gerund or infinitive

f               Verb + particle


26           Tense

a              Present tense: sing

b              Perfect tense: have/had/will have sung

c              Progressive tense: is/was/will be singing

d              Consistency

e              Sequence


27           Mood

a              Subjunctive: I wish I were

b              Consistency


28           Voice

a              Active vs. passive

b              Consistency


29           Subject-Verb Agreement  

a              -s and -es endings

b              Intervening words

c              Subjects with and

d              Subjects with or or nor

e              Everyone and other indefinite pronouns

f               Team and other collective nouns

g              Who, which, that

h              News and other singular nouns ending in -s

i               Inverted word order

j               Is, are, and other linking verbs

k              Titles; words being defined



30           Case

a              She and I vs. her and me

b              It was she vs. It was her

c              Who vs. whom

d              Other constructions


31           Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

a              Antecedents with and

b              Antecedents with or or nor

c              Everyone, person, and other indefinite words

d              Team and other collective nouns


32           Pronoun Reference

a              Clear reference

b              Close reference

c              Specific reference

   d               Definite it and they

   e               Appropriate you

f               Consistency



33           Adjectives and Adverbs

a              Adjective vs. adverb

b              Adjective with linking verb: felt bad

c              Comparisons

d              Double negatives

e              Present and past participles: boring vs. bored

f               A, an, the, and other determiners


34           Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers

a              Misplaced modifiers

b              Dangling modifiers


Sentence Faults  

35           Sentence Fragments

a              Tests

b              Revision

c              Acceptable fragments


36           Comma Splices and Fused Sentences

a              Main clauses without and, but, etc.

b              Main clauses with however, for example, etc.


37           Mixed Sentences

a              Mixed meaning

b              Tangled grammar

c              Repeated subjects and other parts




38           End Punctuation

a              Period

b              Question mark

c              Exclamation point


39           Comma

a              Main clauses with and, but, etc.

b              Introductory elements

c              Nonessential elements

d              Items in series

e              Two or more adjectives

f               Dates, addresses, etc.

g              With quotations

h              Misuses


40           Semicolon

a              Main clauses without and, but, etc.

b              Main clauses with however, for example, etc.

c              Main clauses or series items with commas

d              Misuses


41           Colon

a              Concluding explanation, series, etc.

b              Salutation; title and subtitle; time

c              Misuses


42           Apostrophe

a              Possession

b              Misuses

c              Contractions

d              Plural abbreviations, etc.


43           Quotation Marks

a              Direct quotations

b              Within quotations

c              Titles of works

d              Words used in a special sense

e              Misuses

f               With other punctuation


44           Other Marks

a              Dash or dashes

b              Parentheses

c              Ellipsis mark

d              Brackets

e              Slash     




45           Spelling

46           Hyphen 

47           Capital Letters

48           Underlining or Italics

49           Abbreviations

50           Numbers             




51           Research Strategy

a              Planning

b              Research journal 

c              Subject and question

d              Goals for sources

e              Working, annotated bibliography


52           Finding Sources

a              Searching electronically

b              Reference works

c              Books

d              Periodicals

e              The Web

f               Other online sources

g              Government publications

h              Images

i               Your own sources


53           Working with Sources

a              Evaluating sources

b              Synthesizing sources

c              Gathering information

d              Using summary, paraphrase, quotation

   e               Integrating sources into your text


54           Avoiding Plagiarism and Documenting Sources         

a              Plagiarism and the Internet

b              What not to acknowledge

c              What must be acknowledged

d              Online sources

e              Documenting sources


55           Writing the Paper

a              Focusing and organizing

b              Drafting, revising, and formatting


56           MLA Documentation and Format

a              Parenthetical text citations

b              List of works cited

c              Format of paper

d              SAMPLE MLA PAPER   


57           APA Documentation and Format     

a              Parenthetical text citations

b              List of references

c              Format of paper

d              SAMPLE APA PAPER


Glossary of Usage              

Answers to Selected Exercises         


Product Details

Little Brown
Aaron, Jane E.
Writing Skills
Composition & Creative Writing - General
Composition & Creative Writing
General History
Edition Number:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
MyCompLab Series
Publication Date:
February 2007
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
8.20x6.00x.94 in. 1.41 lbs.

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Related Subjects

Reference » Grammar and Style
Reference » Writing » General

LB Brief Used Spiral/Comb
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"Synopsis" by , LB Brief provides students of varying skills and interests with clear, reliable, and accessible explanations of handbook basics-the writing process, grammar and usage, and research writing. Concise and easy to use it focuses on 3 main emphases: writing in and out of college, visual literacy, and research writing. LB Brief helps writing students find what they need and then use what they find.
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