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A Watershed Year: Anatomy of the Iowa Floods of 2008 (Bur Oak Book)by Cornelia F. Mutel
Synopses & Reviews
In June 2008, the rivers of eastern Iowa rose above their banks to create floods of epic proportions; their amazing size—flowing in places at a rate nearly double that of the previous record flood—and the rapidity of their rise ruined farmlands and displaced thousands of residents and hundreds of businesses. In Cedar Rapids, the waters inundated more than nine square miles of the downtown area; in Iowa City, where the flood was also the most destructive in history, the University of Iowa’s arts campus was destroyed. By providing a solid base of scientific and technical information presented with unusual clarity and a wealth of supporting illustrations, the contributors to this far-reaching book, many of whom dealt firsthand with the 2008 floods, provide a detailed roadmap of the causes and effects of future devastating floods.
The twenty-five essays fall naturally into four sections. “Rising Rivers, Spreading Waters” begins by comparing the 2008 floods with the midwestern floods of 1993, moves on to trace community responses to the 2008 floods, and ends by illuminating techniques for forecasting floods and determining their size and frequency. “Why Here, Why Now?” searches for possible causes of the 2008 floods and of flooding in general: annual crops and urban landscapes, inflows into and releases from reservoirs, and climate change. “Flood Damages, Flood Costs, Flood Benefits” considers the complex mix of flood costs and effects, emphasizing damages to cities and farmlands as well as potential benefits to natural communities and archaeological sites. “Looking Back, Looking Forward” lays out approaches to managing the floods of the future that are sure to come.
While the book draws most of its examples from one particular region, it explains flooding throughout a much larger region—the midwestern Corn Belt—and thus its sobering yet energizing lessons apply well beyond eastern Iowa. By examining the relationships among rivers, floodplains, weather, and modern society; by stressing matters of science and fact rather than social or policy issues; and by addressing multiple environmental problems and benefits, A Watershed Year informs and educates all those who experienced the 2008 floods and all those concerned with the larger causes of flooding.
"Though a major problem for people, flooding 'is as natural as the rising of the sun-and no more easily prevented.' In the floods of June 2008, 85 of Iowa's 99 counties were declared federal disaster areas, in some areas for weeks, damaging homes, businesses, a university campus, and farmlands. While the implications for society were devastating, scientists took the opportunity to amass as much data as possible. With 30 contributors, most of them Iowans, representing fields such as hydrology, civil and agricultural engineering, economics, public policy, and architecture, this volume presents a thorough portrait not just of one season's floods, but an up-to-date survey of the phenomenon itself, and how it relates to human life and enterprise. Considering all the advantages of living near rivers-including not just water, but fertile soil, transportation, and power-it seems to have long ago been decided that the benefits outweigh the costs: 'Our task then is to learn to live with floods, maximizing their benefits wherever possible and minimizing the destruction of human constructs.' From flood prediction to flood avoidance, improved agricultural methods, the benefits of flooding, and beyond, this collection will be of certain interest an audience including ecologists, local government officials, and concerned riverside dwellers. Color and b&w photos, maps, and charts." Publishers Weekly (Copyright Reed Business Information, Inc.)
About the Author
Ecologist Cornelia Mutel is the historian and archivist for IIHR-Hydroscience and Engineering at the University of Iowa College of Engineering. She is the author of Fragile Giants: A Natural History of the Loess Hills (Iowa, 1989) and The Emerald Horizon: The History of Nature in Iowa (Iowa, 2008) and coeditor of Land of the Fragile Giants: Landscapes, Environments, and Peoples of the Loess Hills (Iowa, 1994) and The Tallgrass Restoration Handbook for Prairies, Savannas, and Woodlands.
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History and Social Science » Social Science » Disasters and Disaster Relief