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17 Remote Warehouse Geology- Rocks and Minerals

This title in other editions

Introduction to Optical Mineralogy

by

Introduction to Optical Mineralogy Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

The fourth edition of Introduction to Optical Mineralogy has been thoroughly revised and updated to increase reading comprehension and improve the clarity of its illustrations. Author William D. Nesse continues his detailed discussions of the petrographic microscope, the nature and properties of light, and the behavior of light in isotropic and anisotropic minerals, with detailed coverage of uniaxial and biaxial optics. Ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in optical mineralogy, this accessible text is also an essential resource for petrology and petrography courses.

Synopsis:

Introduction to Optical Mineralogy provides comprehensive coverage of the optical properties of minerals. It describes in detail more that 125 rock-forming minerals and a selection of common ore minerals. Revised chapters on optical theory discuss the petrographic microscope, the nature and properties of light, the behavior of light in isotropic and anisotropic materials, and uniaxial and biaxial anisotropic optics. It is ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in optical mineralogy, this accessible text is also an essential resource for petrology/petrography courses.

About the Author

William D. Nesse is the Chair and Professor of Geology at the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Northern Colorado.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1

Light

The Nature of Light

Electromagnetic Radiation

Phase

The Perception of Color

Interaction of Light and Matter

Transmitted Light

Velocity

Index of Refraction

Reflection

Critical Angle and Total Internal Reflection

Optical Class

Optical Indicatrix

Dispersion

Light Absorption and Color

Polarized Light

Polarization by Double Refraction

Polarization by Reflection

Polarization by Scattering

Chapter 2

The Petrographic Microscope

Direction Conventions

Samples

Illuminator

Substage Assembly

Microscope Stage

Objective Lenses

Epi-Illuminator

Upper Polarizer

Bertrand Lens

Ocular

Focusing Mechanism

Accessories

Additional Equipment

General Care of the Microscope

Adjustment of the Microscope

Adjusting the Oculars

Focusing

Adjusting the Illuminator

Centering the Objectives

Adjusting the Substage

Alignment of Polarizers

General Considerations

Chapter 3

Refractometry

Relief

Becke Line Method

Dispersion Effects

Oblique Illumination Method

Practical Considerations

Accuracy of the Immersion Method

Determining Indices of Refraction in Thin Section

Chapter 4

Optics of Isotropic Materials

Isotropic Indicatrix

Distinguishing Between Isotropic and Anisotropic Minerals

Identification of Isotropic Minerals

Grain Mount

Thin Section

Chapter 5

Optics of Anisotropic Minerals: Introduction

Interference Phenomena

Monochromatic Illumination

Retardation

Birefringence

Interference of the Two Rays

Polychromatic Illumination

Orders of Interference Colors

Anomalous Interference Colors

Determining Thickness of a Sample

Thin Section

Grain Mount

Determining Birefringence from the

Color Chart

Thin Section

Grain Mount

Recognizing the Different Orders of

Interference Colors

Extinction

Categories of Extinction

Use of the Accessory Plates

Sign of Elongation

Relief

Pleochroism

Chapter 6

Uniaxial Optics

Optic Sign

Crystallographic Considerations

Uniaxial Indicatrix

Use of the Indicatrix

Birefringence and Interference Colors

Extinction

Tetragonal Minerals

Hexagonal Minerals

Rhombohedral Cleavage

Prismatic and Pinacoidal Cleavage

Pleochroism

Interference Figure

Optic Axis Interference Figure

Formation of Isochromes

Formation of Isogyres

Determining Optic Sign

Off -Center Optic Axis Figure

Flash Figure

Selecting Grains to Give Interference Figures

Optic Axis Figure

Flash Figure

Determining Indices of Refraction

Grain Mount

Determining nv

Determining ne

Thin Section

Spindle Stage

Chapter 7

Biaxial Optics

Biaxial Indicatrix

Mathematical Relationships

Use of the Indicatrix

Normal Incidence Parallel to an Indicatrix Axis

Normal Incidence Parallel to an Optic Axis

Normal Incidence In a Random Direction

Inclined Incidence

Crystallographic Orientation of Indicatrix Axes

Orthorhombic Minterals

Monoclininc Minerals

Triclinic Minerals

Biaxial Interference Figure

Acute Bisectrix Figure

Formation of Isochromes

Vibration Directions and Formation of Isogyres

Centered Optic Axis Figure

Obtuse Bisectrix Figure

Optic Normal Figure

Off -Center Figures

Selecting Grains to Produce Interference Figures

Determining Optic Sign

Acute Bisectrix Figure

Obtuse Bisectrix Figure

Optic Axis Figure

Flash Figures

Determining 2V

2V Versus 2E

Mallard's Method

Tobi's Method

Kamb's Method

Wright Method

Pleochroism

Extinction

Orthorhombic Minerals

Monoclinic Minerals

Triclinic Minerals

Sign of Elongation

Indices of Refraction

Grain Mount

Spindle Stage

Dispersion in Biaxial Minerals

Orthorhombic Minerals

Monoclinic Minerals

Triclinic Minerals

Chapter 8

Reflected Light Optics

Physical Properties Observed with Polished Sections

Crystal Form and Habit

Hardness

Observation in Plane Polarized Light

Reflectance

Bireflectance

Measurement of Reflectance and Bireflectance

Color and Pleochroism

Isotropic Minerals

Anisotropic Minerals

Observations with Crossed Polarizers

Polarization Colors

Isotropic Minerals

Anisotropic Minerals

Internal Reflection

Observations Related to Conoscopic Illumination

Practical Considerations

Chapter 9

Identification of Minerals

Descriptive Features

Cleavage

Twinning

Alteration

Association

Tactics for Mineral Identification

Thin Section Identification

Grain Mount Identification

Polished Section Identification

Use of the Identification Tables

Nonminerals

Problems in Paradise

Inconsistencies in Crystallographic Settings

Poor Data

Chapter 10

Framework Silicates

Silica Group

Quartz

Chalcedony

Tridymite

Cristobalite

Opal

Volcanic Glass

Feldspars

Plagioclase

Thin Section

Grain Mount

Alkali Feldspars

Sanidine

Orthoclase

Microcline

Adularia

Anorthoclase

Feldspathoids

Nepheline

Sodalite Group

Leucite

Cancrinite-Vishnevite

Zeolites

Analcime (Analcite)

Natrolite

Th omsonite

Stilbite

Chabazite

Heulandite

Laumontite

Other Framework Silicates

Scapolite

Chapter 11

Sheet Silicates

TO Layer Silicates

Kaolinite

Serpentine

TOT Layer Silicates

Pyrophyllite

Talc

TOT + Interlayer Cation Layer Silicates

Muscovite

Biotite

Lepidolite

Glauconite

Margarite

Clintonite

TOT + O Layer Silicates

Chlorite

Clay Minerals

Other Sheet Silicates

Stilpnomelane

Prehnite

Apophyllite

Chapter 12

Chain Silicates

Pyroxenes

Enstatite-Ferrosilite (Orthopyroxene)

Pigeonite

Calcic Clinopyroxene (Augite)

Aegirine, Aegirine-Augite

Omphacite

Jadeite

Spodumene

Amphiboles

Anthophyllite

Gedrite

Cummingtonite-Grunerite

Tremolite-Actinolite-Ferro-actinolite

Hornblende

"Oxyhornblende"

Kaersutite

Richterite

Arfvedsonite and Eckermannite

Glaucophane-Riebeckite Series

Pyroxenoids

Wollastonite

Rhodonite

Pectolite

Other Chain Silicates

Sapphirine

Chapter 13

Disilicates and Ring Silicates

Disilicates

Lawsonite

Pumpellyite

Melilite

Vesuvianite (Idocrase)

Epidote Group

Zoisite

Clinozoisite-Epidote

Piemontite

Allanite

Ring Silicates

Tourmaline

Axinite

Beryl

Cordierite

Chapter 14

Orthosilicates

Olivine

Monticellite

Humite Group

Garnet Group

Andalusite

Sillimanite

Kyanite

Staurolite

Chloritoid

Titanite (Sphene)

Topaz

Zircon

Dumortierite

Chapter 15

Carbonates, Borates, Sulfates, and Phosphates

Carbonates

Calcite

Magnesite

Siderite

Rhodochrosite

Dolomite-Ankerite

Aragonite

Strontianite

Witherite

Malachite

Azurite

Borates

Borax

Colemanite

Sulfates

Barite

Celestine (Celestite)

Gypsum

Anhydrite

Alunite

Phosphates

Apatite

Monazite

Xenotime

Chapter 16

Native Elements, Sulfides, Halides, Oxides, and Hydroxides

Native Elements

Sulfur

Graphite

Gold

Silver

Copper

Sulfides and Related Minerals

Pyrite

Marcasite

Sphalerite

Galena

Pyrrhotite

Chalcopyrite

Halides

Halite

Sylvite

Fluorite

Oxides

Periclase

Cuprite

Rutile

Anatase

Cassiterite

Corundum

Hematite

Ilmenite

Perovskite

The Spinel Group

Spinel Series

Magnetite

Chromite

Chrysoberyl

Hydroxides

Brucite

Gibbsite

Diaspore

Böhmite (Boehmite)

Goethite

Lepidocrocite

Limonite

Appendix A: Sample Preparation

Grain Mount

Thin Section

Spindle Stage

Polished Section

Appendix B: Identification Tables

Appendix C: Mineral Associations

Mineral Index

Subject Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780199846276
Author:
Nesse, William D.
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Author:
Nesse, William
Subject:
Mineralogy
Subject:
Earth Sciences
Subject:
Geology-General
Subject:
Geology-Rocks and Minerals
Copyright:
Publication Date:
20120331
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
348 illus.
Pages:
384
Dimensions:
7.7 x 9.3 x 1 in 2.1 lb

Related Subjects


Science and Mathematics » Geology » Earth Sciences
Science and Mathematics » Geology » General
Science and Mathematics » Geology » Rocks and Minerals
Science and Mathematics » Physics

Introduction to Optical Mineralogy New Hardcover
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Product details 384 pages Oxford University Press, USA - English 9780199846276 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Introduction to Optical Mineralogy provides comprehensive coverage of the optical properties of minerals. It describes in detail more that 125 rock-forming minerals and a selection of common ore minerals. Revised chapters on optical theory discuss the petrographic microscope, the nature and properties of light, the behavior of light in isotropic and anisotropic materials, and uniaxial and biaxial anisotropic optics. It is ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in optical mineralogy, this accessible text is also an essential resource for petrology/petrography courses.
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