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Brazil: Five Centuries of Change

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Brazil: Five Centuries of Change Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Revised and updated in this second edition, Brazil: Five Centuries of Change vividly traces the development of Brazil over the last 500 years. Author Thomas E. Skidmore, a preeminent authority on Brazil, provides a lively political and economic narrative while also including relevant details on society and culture. Skidmore's major revision of the colonial chapters begins with the discovery of Brazil by Pedro Alvares Cabral and includes Portugal's remarkable command of the vast country in the face of Spanish, French, and Dutch colonial interests. The text goes on to cover the move of the Portuguese monarchy to Brazil in 1808, the country's independence in 1822, establishment of the Empire within the context of expansion of the coffee trade, the importance of slavery in nineteenth-century Brazil, and the move towards abolition. This second edition offers an unparallelled look at Brazil in the twentieth century, including in-depth coverage of the 1930 revolution and Vargas's rise to power; the ensuing unstable democratic period and the military coups that followed; and the reemergence of democracy in 1985. It concludes with the recent presidency of Luiz Inacio "Lula" da Silva, covering such economic successes as record-setting exports, dramatic foreign debt reduction, and improved income distribution. The second edition features numerous new images and a new bibliographic guide to recent works on Brazilian history for use by both instructors and students.

Informed by the most recent scholarship available, Brazil: Five Centuries of Change, Second Edition, explores the country's many blessings--ethnic diversity, racial democracy, a vibrant cultural life, and a wealth of natural resources. It also looks at Brazil's historically severe problems--including political instability, military rule, chronic inflation, and international debt--and its deplorable environmental record. An ideal choice for undergraduate and graduate courses in Latin American history, this eloquent and detailed look at Brazil will be the standard history of the country for years to come.

Synopsis:

With a land mass larger than the continental United States, a unique culture that is part European, African, and indigenous, and the largest economy in Latin America, Brazil is one of the most important--yet one of the least understood--nations in the world.

Thomas Skidmore, a preeminent authority on Brazil, vividly traces the 500 years of Brazil's development. Its epic story begins in the wake of Vasco da Gama's historic circumnavigation of the globe, when another Portuguese vessel, commanded by Pedro Alvares Cabral, ran aground on the coast of Brazil in April 1500. From there Skidmore probes Portugal's remarkable command of the vast country in the face of the advances of the Spanish, French, and Dutch colonial interests; Brazil's compromised independence in 1822; its evolution as the center of world coffee cultivation; and the creation of the republic in the late nineteenth century. He also examines its unique forms of modernist art and literature, the dictatorship of Getulio Vargas and the military coups, and the liberal reforms of current President Fernando Henrique Cardoso. Informed by the most recent scholarship available, Brazil explores the country's many blessings: ethnic diversity, racial democracy, a vibrant cultural life, and a wealth of natural resources. But, as Skidmore writes, the Brazilians must also grapple with a history of political instability and military rule, a deplorable environmental record, chronic inflation, and international debt. An ideal choice for undergraduate and graduate courses in Latin American history, this eloquent and detailed look at Brazil will be the standard history of the country for years to come. .

Table of Contents

List of Exhibits

Preface

Introduction: A Brief Sketch of Brazil and Its Place in the World

Chapter 1. The Birth and Growth of Colonial Brazil

Portuguese Arrival in the New World

Factors Leading Up to Cabral's Voyage

Early Consolidation of the Monarchy

A Social Structure with a Merchant Class

Long-standing Involvement in Trade Routes

Too Small to Send Nationals to Settle Abroad

Securing the Frontiers

From Trading to Colonizing

Brazil's Colonial Economy and Its Nexus with Portugal

The Influence of Enlightenment Ideas

Conspiracies against the Portuguese

Chapter 2. Peoples and Drams in the Making of the Colony

Hunting Indigenous People for Enslavement and the Jesuit Role

The Portuguese Explorers and Their Expeditions

The Role of the Mameluco

The Concept of Race as Applied to Indians in the Colony

The Place of African Slaves and Free Coloreds

The Persistence of the African in Brazilian Culture

Chapter 3. From Colony to Independence as a Monarchy

The Portuguese Court Comes to Brazil

Creating a New Portuguese America

Brazilian Hierarchies

The Tribulations of Brazil's First Emperor

Uprisings under the Regency

Recentralization

The Role of Pedro II

The Rise of Coffee

The Emerging Problems with Slavery as an Institution

The Question of Abolition

The Paraguayan War

Chapter 4. The Making of "Modern" Brazil

A New Generation and the Military Question

Abolition and Its Aftermath: The Brazilian Way

The End of the Empire

Selling Brazil

"Whitening" Brazil

The Reality behind the Facade

Coffee Fluctuations, Emerging Industry, and Urban Labor

The Roots of Industrialization

Worker Organization and Employers' Strategy

Evaporation of the Oligarchical Consensus

A Message from Below

Economic Strains

Chapter 5. Building to a Dictatorship and World War II

The Shock of World War I

The Economy after the War

Brazil's Uneven Development

New Currents in the 1920s

Modernism, Brazilian Style

Rise of Anti-Liberal Thought

The Disintegration of the Old Politics

The Revolution of 1930

Swing toward Centralization

Ideological Polarization

Getúlio Vargas as Dictator

The Vargas Style

Corporatist Inroads

A New Search for National Identity

Juggling the International Options

World War II and the Rise of U.S. Influence

Collapse of the Dictatorship at Home

Chapter 6. Returning to Democracy, for a While

The 1945 Election and the Dutra Period

Vargas Returns

From Oligarch to Populist

Vargas's Legislative Program Runs into Trouble

Suicide

Population Growth, Regional Disequilibria, and Migration

A New President, Juscelino Kubitschek, Elected

Political Strategy

The Economic Development Program

Dealing with the World Economy

The Brief Presidency of Jânio Quadros

The Succession of João Goulart

Populists versus the Military

The Economic Crisis Escalates

Chapter 7. Rule of the Military

The Generals Search for a Political Base

Growing Opposition, Growing Repression: 1964-67

Triumph of the Hard Line

The Arrival of the Guerrillas

Brazilian Culture and the Generals

The Effects of Repression

Military Rule and Questions about Brazilian Political Culture

The Economic "Miracle" Wrought by the Authoritarians

The Benefits and Costs of Foreign Loans

The Winners and Losers

The Road to Redemocratization

Battles within the Officer Corps

Manipulating the Electoral System

Chapter 8. Redemocratization--New Hope, Old Problems

An Unintended Succession

Sarney and the New Democracy

The Cruzado Plan

The Debt Crisis and the Economy

Lost Investment

The Brain Drain

Widening Gaps between Rich and Poor

Education and Health Care

Housing and Communications

Public Health: A Success Story

Changes Affecting Women

Race Relations

Contemporary Culture

The Political Spectrum in the New Democracy

The Collor Debacle

The Election

The Policies

The End

Another Vice President in Command

Back to Stabilization: The Plano Real

The Presidential Election of 1994

The Cardoso Government's first Term

Going for a Second Term

Social Justice Delayed

Selling Off the State

Brazil in the Shadow of an Argentine Default

Chapter 9. Brazilian Democracy Takes a New Turn: Or Does It?

Lula Finally Becomes Legitimate

The 2002 Presidential Campaign

Lula's First Steps

The PT in Power

Exports Take Center Stage as Lula Continues to Govern

Government Fortunes Further Reverse as the PT Tastes Scandal

The Last Year of Lula's First Term

The Economy in 2006

Some Hard Lessons for Lula's Socialism

The Landless Movement

Riots among the Criminal Population

Conflict with Bolivia over Natural Gas

The 2006 Presidential Campaign

Lula's Second Term and the Outlook Ahead

Lula's Luck

What's Next?

Suggestions for Further Reading

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780195374551
Author:
Skidmore, Thomas E.
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Author:
null, Thomas E.
Subject:
Brazil History.
Subject:
Latin America - South America
Subject:
South America
Subject:
Latin america
Subject:
History, World | Latin American
Subject:
World History-South America
Copyright:
Publication Date:
20090631
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
25 illus.
Pages:
304
Dimensions:
9.10x6.00x.70 in. .90 lbs.

Related Subjects

Health and Self-Help » Health and Medicine » Medical Specialties
History and Social Science » Linguistics » General
History and Social Science » World History » General
History and Social Science » World History » South America
Religion » Eastern Religions » Philosophy General

Brazil: Five Centuries of Change New Trade Paper
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$58.95 In Stock
Product details 304 pages Oxford University Press, USA - English 9780195374551 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , With a land mass larger than the continental United States, a unique culture that is part European, African, and indigenous, and the largest economy in Latin America, Brazil is one of the most important--yet one of the least understood--nations in the world.

Thomas Skidmore, a preeminent authority on Brazil, vividly traces the 500 years of Brazil's development. Its epic story begins in the wake of Vasco da Gama's historic circumnavigation of the globe, when another Portuguese vessel, commanded by Pedro Alvares Cabral, ran aground on the coast of Brazil in April 1500. From there Skidmore probes Portugal's remarkable command of the vast country in the face of the advances of the Spanish, French, and Dutch colonial interests; Brazil's compromised independence in 1822; its evolution as the center of world coffee cultivation; and the creation of the republic in the late nineteenth century. He also examines its unique forms of modernist art and literature, the dictatorship of Getulio Vargas and the military coups, and the liberal reforms of current President Fernando Henrique Cardoso. Informed by the most recent scholarship available, Brazil explores the country's many blessings: ethnic diversity, racial democracy, a vibrant cultural life, and a wealth of natural resources. But, as Skidmore writes, the Brazilians must also grapple with a history of political instability and military rule, a deplorable environmental record, chronic inflation, and international debt. An ideal choice for undergraduate and graduate courses in Latin American history, this eloquent and detailed look at Brazil will be the standard history of the country for years to come. .

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