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The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

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The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Following the discovery in Europe in the late 1850s that humanity had roots predating known history and reaching deep into the Pleistocene era, scientists wondered whether North American prehistory might be just as ancient. And why not? The geological strata seemed exactly analogous between America and Europe, which would lead one to believe that North American humanity ought to be as old as the European variety. This idea set off an eager race for evidence of the people who might have occupied North America during the Ice Ageandmdash;a long, and, as it turned out, bitter and controversial search.

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;

In The Great Paleolithic War, David J. Meltzer tells the story of a scientific quest that set off one of the longest-running feuds in the history of American anthropology, one so vicious at times that anthropologists were deliberately frightened away from investigating potential sites. Through his book, we come to understand how and why this controversy developed and stubbornly persisted for as long as it did; and how, in the process, it revolutionized American archaeology.

Synopsis:

Only a few years after the discovery in Europe in the late 1850s that humanity had roots predating history and the Biblical chronicles, and reaching deep into the Pleistocene, came the suggestion that North American prehistory might be just as old. And why not? There seemed to be an and#147;exact synchronism [of geological strata] between Europe and America,and#8221; and so by extension there ought to be a and#147;parallelism as to the antiquity of man.and#8221; That triggered an eager search for traces of the people who may have occupied North America in the recesses of the Ice Age. The Great Paleolithic War is the history of the longstanding and bitter dispute in North America over whether people had arrived here in Ice Age times.

Synopsis:

The Paleobiological Revolution chronicles the incredible ascendance of the once-maligned science of paleontology to the vanguard of a field. With the establishment of the modern synthesis in the 1940s and the pioneering work of George Gaylord Simpson, Ernst Mayr, and Theodosius Dobzhansky, as well as the subsequent efforts of Stephen Jay Gould, David Raup, and James Valentine, paleontology became embedded in biology and emerged as paleobiology, a first-rate discipline central to evolutionary studies. Pairing contributions from some of the leading actors of the transformation with overviews from historians and philosophers of science, the essays here capture the excitement of the seismic changes in the discipline. In so doing, David Sepkoski and Michael Ruse harness the energy of the past to call for further study of the conceptual development of modern paleobiology.

About the Author

David Sepkoski is a senior research scholar at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science.

Michael Ruse is the Lucyle T. Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy and director of the Program in the History and Philosophy of Science at Florida State University. He is the author or editor of nearly thirty books.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction: Paleontology at the High Table

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Michael Ruse and David Sepkoski

Part I: Major Innovations in Paleobiology

1.and#160; The Emergence of Paleobiology

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; David Sepkoski

2. The Fossil Record: Biological or Geological Signal?

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Michael J. Benton

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;

3. Biogeography and Evolution in the Early Paleozoic

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Richard A. Fortey

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;

4. The Discovery of Conodont Anatomy and Its Importance for Understanding the Early History of Vertebrates

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Richard J. Aldridge and Derek E. J. Briggs

5. Emergence of Precambrian Paleobiology: A New Field of Science

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; and#160; J. William Schopf

6. Dinosaurs at the Table

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; John R. Horner

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;

7. Ladders, Bushes, Punctuations, and Clades: Hominid Paleobiology in the Late Twentieth Century

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Tim White

8.and#160; Punctuated Equilibria and Speciation: What Does It Mean to Be a Darwinian?

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Patricia Princehouse

9.and#160; Molecular Evolution vis-and#224;-vis Paleontology

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Francisco J. Ayala

Part II: The Historical and Conceptual Significance of Recent Paleontology

10.and#160; Beyond Detective Work: Empirical Testing in Paleontology

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Derek Turner

11. Taxic Paleobiology and the Pursuit of a Unified Evolutionary Theory

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Todd A. Grantham

12. Ideas in Dinosaur Paleontology:and#160; Resonating to Social, Political, and Popular Context

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; David E. Fastovsky

13. Reg Sprigg and the Discovery of the Ediacara Fauna in South Australia: Its Approach to the High Table

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Susan Turner and David Oldroyd

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;

14. The Morphological Tradition in German Paleontology: Otto Schindewolf, Walter Zimmermann, and Adolf Seilacher

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; and#160; Manfred D. Laubichler and Karl J. Niklas

15.and#160; and#8220;Radicaland#8221; or and#8220;Conservativeand#8221;? The Origin and Early Reception of Punctuated Equilibrium

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; David Sepkoski

16.and#160; The Shape of Evolution: The MBL Model and Clade Shape

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; and#160;John Huss

17.and#160; Ritual Patricide: Why Stephen Jay Gould assassinated George Gaylord Simpson

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Joe Cain

18.and#160; The Consensus That Changed the Paleobiological World

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Arnold I. Miller

Part III: Reflections on Recent Paleobiology

19.and#160; The Infusion of Biology into Paleontological Research

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; James W. Valentine

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;

20. From Empirical Paleoecology to Evolutionary Paleobiology: A Personal Journey

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Richard Bambach

21.and#160; Intellectual Evolution Across an Academic Landscape

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; and#160;Rebecca Z. German

22. The Problem of Punctuational Speciation and Trends in the Fossil Record

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Anthony Hallam

23. Punctuated Equilibrium versus Community Evolution

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Arthur J. Boucot

24. An Interview with David M. Raup

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Edited by David Sepkoski and David M. Raup

25.and#160; Paleontology in the Twenty-First Century

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; David Jablonski

26. Punctuations and Paradigms: Has Paleobiology Been through a Paradigm Shift?

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Michael Ruse

List of Contributors

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780226748610
Author:
Sepkoski, David
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Editor:
Ruse, Michael
Editor:
Sepkoski, David; Ruse, Michael
Author:
Ruse, Michael
Author:
Meltzer, David J.
Subject:
Paleontology
Subject:
Evolutionary paleobiology
Subject:
Life Sciences - Evolution
Subject:
Earth Sciences - General
Subject:
Essays
Subject:
Geology-Paleontology
Subject:
History
Edition Description:
Hardcover
Publication Date:
20090631
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Grade Level:
Professional and scholarly
Language:
English
Illustrations:
18 halftones, 9 tables
Pages:
584
Dimensions:
9 x 6 in

Related Subjects


Reference » Science Reference » Philosophy of Science
Science and Mathematics » Biology » Evolution
Science and Mathematics » Geology » Earth Sciences
Science and Mathematics » Geology » Paleontology
Science and Mathematics » Physics
Science and Mathematics » Popular Science » Essays

The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology New Hardcover
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Product details 584 pages University of Chicago Press - English 9780226748610 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
Only a few years after the discovery in Europe in the late 1850s that humanity had roots predating history and the Biblical chronicles, and reaching deep into the Pleistocene, came the suggestion that North American prehistory might be just as old. And why not? There seemed to be an and#147;exact synchronism [of geological strata] between Europe and America,and#8221; and so by extension there ought to be a and#147;parallelism as to the antiquity of man.and#8221; That triggered an eager search for traces of the people who may have occupied North America in the recesses of the Ice Age. The Great Paleolithic War is the history of the longstanding and bitter dispute in North America over whether people had arrived here in Ice Age times.

"Synopsis" by ,
The Paleobiological Revolution chronicles the incredible ascendance of the once-maligned science of paleontology to the vanguard of a field. With the establishment of the modern synthesis in the 1940s and the pioneering work of George Gaylord Simpson, Ernst Mayr, and Theodosius Dobzhansky, as well as the subsequent efforts of Stephen Jay Gould, David Raup, and James Valentine, paleontology became embedded in biology and emerged as paleobiology, a first-rate discipline central to evolutionary studies. Pairing contributions from some of the leading actors of the transformation with overviews from historians and philosophers of science, the essays here capture the excitement of the seismic changes in the discipline. In so doing, David Sepkoski and Michael Ruse harness the energy of the past to call for further study of the conceptual development of modern paleobiology.
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