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Foundations of College Chemistry (13TH 10 - Old Edition)

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Foundations of College Chemistry (13TH 10 - Old Edition) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Please note that used books may not include additional media (study guides, CDs, DVDs, solutions manuals, etc.) as described in the publisher comments.

Publisher Comments:

Learning the fundamentals of chemistry can be a difficult task to undertake for health professionals. For over 35 years, this text has helped them master the chemistry skills they need to succeed. It provides them with clear and logical explanations of chemical concepts and problem solving. They’ll learn how to apply concepts with the help of worked out examples. In addition, Chemistry in Action features and conceptual questions checks brings together the understanding of chemistry and relates chemistry to things health professionals experience on a regular basis.

Book News Annotation:

This introductory text attempts to make chemistry interesting and accessible to beginning students who plan to continue with a general chemistry sequence. The text can also be used for one-semester general purpose courses (such as those for applied health fields) and courses for nonscience majors. This 13th edition contains a new section on general processes needed to solve problems, then uses this problem-solving approach in examples throughout the text to encourage students to think their way through each problem, with guidance provided in new strategy boxes. This edition also includes expanded material on dimensional analysis, a new appendix reviewing math skills, and highlighted key concepts, equations, and laws throughout the text. This edition's color photos and process and structure illustrations include new molecular images. The text begins with five chapters on the basic mathematics and language of chemistry, chemical properties, and the history and language of basic atomic theory. Coverage then turns to compounds and reactions and a more detailed discussion of modern atomic theory. The inside covers offer reference charts. Hein is affiliated with Mount San Antonio College. Arena is affiliated with the University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

About the Author

Morris Hein is professor emeritus of chemistry at Mt. San Antonio College, where he regularly taught the preparatory chemistry course and organic chemistry. He is the original author of Foundations of College Chemistry and his name has become synonymous with clarity, meticulous accuracy, and a step-by-step approach that students can follow. Over the years, more than three million students have learned chemistry using a text by Morris Hein. In addition to Foundations of College Chemistry, Twelfth Edition, he is co-author of Introduction to General, Organic, and Biochemistry, Eighth Edition, and Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry. He is also co-author of Foundations of Chemistry in the Laboratory, Twelfth Edition, and Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry in the Laboratory, Eighth Edition.

Susan Arena earned a BS and MA in Chemistry at California State University-Fullerton. She has taught science and mathematics at all levels, including middle school, high school, community college, and university. At the University of Illinois she developed a program for increasing the retention of minorities and women in science and engineering. This program focused on using active learning and peer teaching to encourage students to excel in the sciences. She has coordinated and led workshops and programs for science teachers from elementary through college levels that encourage and support active learning and creative science teaching techniques. For several years she was director of an Institute for Chemical Education (ICE) field center in Southern California. Susan enjoys reading, knitting, traveling, classic cars, and gardening in her spare time when she is not playing with her grandchildren.

Table of Contents

1 An Introduction to Chemistry.

1.1 Why Study Chemistry?

1.2 The Nature of Chemistry.

1.3 Thinking Like a Chemist.

1.4 A Scientific Approach to Problem Solving.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Molecular Gastronomy.

1.5 The Scientific Method.

1.6 The Particulate Nature of Matter.

1.7 Physical States of Matter.

1.8 Classifying Matter.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises.

2 Standards for Measurement.

2.1 Scientific Notation.

2.2 Measurement and Uncertainty.

2.3 Significant Figures.

2.4 Significant Figures in Calculations.

2.5 The Metric System.

2.6 Dimensional Analysis.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Keeping Track of Units.

2.7 Measuring Mass and Volume.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Setting Standards.

2.8 Measurement of Temperature.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Taking the Temperature of Old Faithful.

2.9 Density.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

3 Elements and Compounds.

3.1 Elements.

3.2 Distribution of Elements.

3.3 Names of the Elements.

3.4 Symbols of the Elements.

3.5 Introduction to the Periodic Table.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Elements on UTube?

3.6 Elements in Their Natural States.

3.7 Elements That Exist as Diatomic Molecules.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Using Oxygen to Revive Damaged Art.

3.8 Compounds.

3.9 Chemical Formulas.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Cars: Is Hydrogen the Answer?

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

4 Properties of Matter.

4.1 Properties of Substances.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Making Money.

4.2 Physical Changes.

4.3 Chemical Changes.

4.4 Conservation of Mass.

4.5 Learning to Solve Problems.

4.6 Energy.

4.7 Heat: Quantitative Measurement.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Popping Popcorn.

4.8 Energy in Chemical Changes.

4.9 Conservation of Energy.

4.10 Energy in the Real World.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

PUTTING IT TOGETHER.

Review for Chapters 1–4.

5 Early Atomic Theory and Structure.

5.1 Early Thoughts.

5.2 Dalton’s Model of the Atom.

5.3 Composition of Compounds.

5.4 The Nature of Electric Charge.

5.5 Discovery of Ions.

5.6 Subatomic Parts of the Atom.

5.7 The Nuclear Atom.

5.8 Isotopes of the Elements.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Isotope Detectives.

5.9 Atomic Mass.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

6 Nomenclature of Inorganic Compounds.

6.1 Common and Systematic Names.

6.2 Elements and Ions.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

What’s in a Name?

6.3 Writing Formulas from Names of Ionic Compounds.

6.4 Naming Binary Compounds.

6.5 Naming Compounds Containing Polyatomic Ions.

6.6 Acids.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

PUTTING IT TOGETHER.

Review for Chapters 5–6.

7 Quantitative Composition of Compounds.

7.1 The Mole.

7.2 Molar Mass of Compounds.

7.3 Percent Composition of Compounds.

7.4 Empirical Formula versus Molecular Formula.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Vanishing Coins?

7.5 Calculating Empirical Formulas.

7.6 Calculating the Molecular Formula from the Empirical Formula.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

8 Chemical Equations.

8.1 The Chemical Equation.

8.2 Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations.

8.3 Information in a Chemical Equation.

8.4 Types of Chemical Equations.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

CO Poisoning—A Silent Killer.

8.5 Heat in Chemical Reactions.

8.6 Global Warming: The GreenhouseEffect.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Decreasing Carbon Footprints.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

9 Calculations from Chemical Equations.

9.1 A Short Review.

9.2 Introduction to Stoichiometry.

9.3 Mole–Mole Calculations.

9.4 Mole–Mass Calculations.

9.5 Mass–Mass Calculations.

9.6 Limiting-Reactant and Yield Calculations.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

A Shrinking Technology.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

PUTTING IT TOGETHER.

Review for Chapters 7–9.

10 Modern Atomic Theory and the Periodic Table.

10.1 A Brief History.

10.2 Electromagnetic Radiation.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

You Light Up My Life.

10.3 The Bohr Atom.

10.4 Energy Levels of Electrons.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Atomic Clocks.

10.5 Atomic Structures of the First 18 Elements.

10.6 Electron Structures and the Periodic Table.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Collecting the Elements.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

11 Chemical Bonds: The Formation of Compounds from Atoms.

11.1 Periodic Trends in Atomic Properties.

11.2 Lewis Structures of Atoms.

11.3 The Ionic Bond: Transfer of Electrons from One Atom to Another.

11.4 Predicting Formulas of Ionic Compounds.

11.5 The Covalent Bond: Sharing Electrons.

11.6 Electronegativity.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Trans-forming Fats.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Goal! A Spherical Molecule.

11.7 Lewis Structures of Compounds.

11.8 Complex Lewis Structures.

11.9 Compounds Containing Polyatomic Ions.

11.10 Molecular Shape.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Strong Enough to Stop a Bullet?

11.11 The Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Model.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

PUTTING IT TOGETHER.

Review for Chapters 10–11.

12 The Gaseous State of Matter.

12.1 General Properties.

12.2 The Kinetic-Molecular Theory.

12.3 Measurement of Pressure of Gases.

12.4 Dependence of Pressure on Number of Molecules and Temperature.

12.5 Boyle’s Law.

12.6 Charles’ Law.

12.7 Gay-Lussac’s Law.

12.8 Combined Gas Laws.

12.9 Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Messenger Molecules.

12.10 Avogadro’s Law.

12.11 Mole–Mass–Volume Relationships of Gases.

12.12 Density of Gases.

12.13 Ideal Gas Law.

12.14 Gas Stoichiometry.

12.15 Real Gases.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Wetland Blanket for Global Warming.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

13 Properties of Liquids.

13.1 What Is a Liquid?

13.2 Evaporation.

13.3 Vapor Pressure.

13.4 Surface Tension.

13.5 Boiling Point.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Chemical Eye Candy.

13.6 Freezing Point or Melting Point.

13.7 Changes of State.

13.8 The Hydrogen Bond.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

How Sweet It Is!

13.9 Hydrates.

13.10 Water, a Unique Liquid.

13.11 Water Purification.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Quenching the Thirst for Clean Water.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

14 Solutions.

14.1 General Properties of Solutions.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Exploding Silicon.

14.2 Solubility.

14.3 Factors Related to Solubility.

14.4 Rate of Dissolving Solids.

14.5 Solutions: A Reaction Medium.

14.6 Concentration of Solutions.

14.7 Colligative Properties of Solutions.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

The Scoop on Ice Cream.

14.8 Osmosis and Osmotic Pressure.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

PUTTING IT TOGETHER.

Review for Chapters 12–14.

15 Acids, Bases, and Salts.

15.1 Acids and Bases.

15.2 Reactions of Acids.

15.3 Reactions of Bases.

15.4 Salts.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

A Cool Fizz.

15.5 Electrolytes and Nonelectrolytes.

15.6 Dissociation and Ionization of Electrolytes.

15.7 Strong and Weak Electrolytes.

15.8 Ionization of Water.

15.9 Introduction to pH.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

In the Pink—A Sign of Corrosion.

15.10 Neutralization.

15.11 Writing Net Ionic Equations.

15.12 Acid Rain.

15.13 Colloids.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Foam Cars—Wave of the Future?

15.14 Properties of Colloids.

15.15 Applications of Colloidal Properties.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

16 Chemical Equilibrium.

16.1 Reversible Reactions.

16.2 Rates of Reaction.

16.3 Chemical Equilibrium.

16.4 Le Châtelier’s Principle.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

New Ways in Fighting Cavities and Avoiding the Drill.

16.5 Effect of Concentration on Equilibrium.

16.6 Effect of Volume on Equilibrium.

16.7 Effect of Temperature on Equilibrium.

16.8 Effect of Catalysts on Equilibrium.

16.9 Equilibrium Constants.

16.10 Ion Product Constant for Water.

16.11 Ionization Constants.

16.12 Solubility Product Constant.

16.13 Acid–Base Properties of Salts.

16.14 Buffer Solutions: The Control of pH.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Exchange of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in the Blood.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

17 Oxidation-Reduction.

17.1 Oxidation Number.

17.2 Oxidation–Reduction.

17.3 Balancing Oxidation–Reduction Equations.

17.4 Balancing Ionic Redox Equations.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Sensitive Sunglasses.

17.5 Activity Series of Metals.

17.6 Electrolytic and Voltaic Cells.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Superbattery Uses Hungry Iron Ions.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

PUTTING IT TOGETHER.

Review for Chapters 15–17.

18 Nuclear Chemistry.

18.1 Discovery of Radioactivity.

18.2 Natural Radioactivity.

18.3 Alpha Particles, Beta Particles, and Gamma Rays.

18.4 Radioactive Disintegration Series.

18.5 Transmutation of Elements.

18.6 Artificial Radioactivity.

18.7 Measurement of Radioactivity.

18.8 Nuclear Fission.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Does Your Food Glow in the Dark?

18.9 Nuclear Power.

18.10 The Atomic Bomb.

18.11 Nuclear Fusion.

18.12 Mass-Energy Relationship in Nuclear Reactions.

18.13 Transuranium Elements.

18.14 Biological Effects of Radiation.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

A Window into Living Organisms.

Review.

Review Questions.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

19 Introduction to Organic Chemistry.

19.1 The Beginnings of Organic Chemistry.

19.2 The Carbon Atom.

19.3 Hydrocarbons.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Biodiesel: Today’s Alternative Fuel.

19.4 Alkanes.

19.5 Structural Formulas and Isomerism.

19.6 Naming Alkanes.

19.7 Alkenes and Alkynes.

19.8 Naming Alkenes and Alkynes.

19.9 Reactions of Alkenes.

19.10 Aromatic Hydrocarbons.

19.11 Naming Aromatic Compounds.

19.12 Hydrocarbon Derivatives.

19.13 Alkyl Halides.

19.14 Alcohols.

19.15 Naming Alcohols.

19.16 Ethers.

19.17 Aldehydes and Ketones.

19.18 Naming Aldehydes and Ketones.

19.19 Carboxylic Acids.

19.20 Esters.

19.21 Polymers--Macromolecules.

CHEMISTRY IN ACTION.

Getting Clothes CO2 Clean!

Review.

Review Question.

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises Challenge Exercises.

Answers to Practical Exercises.

20 Introduction to Biochemistry.

20.1 Chemistry in Living Organisms.

20.2 Carbohydrates.

20.3 Lipids.

20.4 Amino Acids and Proteins.

20.5 Enzymes.

20.6 Nucleic Acids.

20.7 DNA and Genetics.

Review.

Review Questions.

Answers to Practice Exercises.

PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER.

Review for Chapters 18-20.

Appendixes.

I. Mathematical Review.

II. Using a Scientific Calculator.

III. Units of Measurement.

IV. Vapor Pressure of Water at Various Temperatures.

V. Solubility Table.

VI. Answers to Selected Questions and Exercises.

VII. Answers to Putting It Together Review Exercises.

Glossary.

Photo Credits.

Index.

Product Details

ISBN:
9780470460610
Author:
Hein, Morris
Publisher:
John Wiley & Sons
Author:
Miner, Robert L.
Author:
Arena, Susan
Author:
Peisen, Judith N.
Author:
Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Subject:
Chemistry - General
Subject:
General & Introductory Chemistry
Subject:
Education-General
Subject:
General Chemistry
Copyright:
Edition Description:
AS/400-sourced content
Publication Date:
20100126
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Language:
English
Pages:
640
Dimensions:
276 x 226 x 27.5 mm 49.056 oz

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