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Smart Card Handbookby Wolfgang Rankl
Synopses & Reviews
The Smart Card Handbook is firmly established as the definitive reference to every aspect of smart card technology and has proved to be an invaluable resource for security systems development engineers.
This fourth edition is comprised of 25 chapters, the entire book having been reviewed and updated to include the many technological advances made in the six years since the third edition was published. The author has also integrated changes and clarifications due to comments from readers all over the world regarding the third edition of the book, also to include the teachings from the author's lectures at Royal Holloway University of London. The revised structure of the book considers all different aspects of smart cards and their applications, with all chapters adapted to include the newest international standards and specifications.
The book examines the new Internet technologies for smart cards like HTTP-Server on card, HTTP-Protocol, TCP/IP, and SSL/TSL. It discusses the integration of the new flash-based microcontrollers for Smart Cards (omitting the ROM-based microcontrollers used in the past). The chapter on Smart Card production has been expanded upon, as has the chapter about Java Card to include information about the upcoming Java Card 3.0. There is a fully updated and revised chapter on the security of Smart Cards, supplying information about new attacks and new protection methods against attacks. The chapter on contactless card data transmission with Smart Cards (detailing ISO/IEC 10536, ISO/IEC 14443, and ISO/IEC 15693) has been completely revised. There are 600 Glossary items, completely revised with explanations of all important Smart Card relevant subjects.
As well as updated chapters there are three new chapters; one on Smart Cards for passports and ID-cards (a very topical subject); one about health care cards; and one on Smart Cards for public transport. A new subchapter on near field communication (NFC) has been introduced, also one about multi megabyte Smart Cards (microcontroller with NAND-Flash). The subchapter covering USB and single wire protocol (SWP) for Smart Cards has been enlarged.
Book News Annotation:
Clearly the evolution of the technology has been dramatic, and smart cards are no longer isolated niche products but have become intertwined with the PC and Internet worlds. A general introduction is followed by several chapters on the underlying aspects of the technology and then coverage of data transmission, commands, operating systems, smart card production, and quality assurance. Subsequent chapters describe applications in systems of payment, telecommunication, health care, transportation, identification and passports, and IT security. The final chapter discusses application design, and the book concludes with a glossary, related reading, a directory of standards and specifications, and web addresses. The first edition (1997) was 300 pages; this fourth edition is more than 1,000 pages and constitutes a major restructuring of the 2003 third edition. Note: this is the English-language version of the German work (Carl Hanser Verlag), and it lags behind that publication by a couple years. Annotation ©2010 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
The most comprehensive book on state-of-the-art smart card technology available
Updated with new international standards and specifications, this essential fourth edition now covers all aspects of smart card in a completely revised structure. Its enlarged coverage now includes smart cards for passports and ID cards, health care cards, smart cards for public transport, and Java Card 3.0.
New sub-chapters cover near field communication (NFC), single wire protocol (SWP), and multi megabyte smart cards (microcontroller with NAND-Flash). There are also extensive revisions to chapters on smart card production, the security of smart cards (including coverage of new attacks and protection methods), and contactless card data transmission (ISO/IEC 10536, ISO/IEC 14443, ISO/IEC 15693).
This edition also features:
The Smart Card Handbook is firmly established as the definitive reference to every aspect of smart card technology, proving an invaluable resource for security systems development engineers. Professionals and microchip designers working in the smart card industry will continue to benefit from this essential guide. This book is also ideal for newcomers to the field.
The Fraunhofer Smart Card Award was presented to the authors for the Smart Card Handbook, Third Edition in 2008.
Table of Contents
Preface to the Fourth Edition.
Symbols and Notation.
1.1 The history of smart cards.
1.2 Card types and applications.
2 Card Types.
2.1 Embossed cards.
2.2 Magnetic-stripe cards.
2.3 Smart cards.
2.4 Optical memory cards.
3 Physical Properties.
3.1 Card formats.
3.2 Contact field.
3.3 Card body.
3.4 Card materials.
3.5 Card components and security features.
3.6 Chip modules.
4 Electrical Properties.
4.1 Electrical connections.
4.2 Supply voltage.
4.3 Supply current.
4.4 Clock supply.
4.5 Data transmission with T = 0 or T =1.
4.6 Activation and deactivation sequences.
5 Smart Card Microcontrollers.
5.1 Semiconductor technology.
5.2 Processor types.
5.3 Memory types.
5.4 Supplementary hardware.
5.5 Extended temperature range.
6 Information Technology Foundations.
6.1 Data structures.
6.2 Encoding alphanumeric data.
6.3 SDL notation.
6.4 State machines.
6.5 Error detection and correction codes.
6.6 Data compression.
7 Security Foundations.
7.2 Hash functions.
7.3 Random numbers.
7.5 Digital signatures.
7.7 Key management.
7.8 Identification of persons.
8 Communication with Smart Cards.
8.1 Answer to reset (ATR).
8.2 Protocol Parameter Selection (PPS).
8.3 Message structure: APDUS.
8.4 Secure Data Transmission.
8.5 Logical channels.
8.6 Logical protocols.
8.7 Connecting terminals to higher-level systems.
9 Data Transmission with Contact Cards.
9.1 Physical transmission layer.
9.2 Memory card protocols.
9.3 ISO transmission protocols.
9.4 USB transmission protocol.
9.5 MMC transmission protocol.
9.6 Single-wire protocol (SWP).
10 Contactless Data Transmission.
10.1 Inductive coupling.
10.2 Power transmission.
10.3 Data transmission.
10.4 Capacitive coupling.
10.5 Collision avoidance.
10.6 State of standardization.
10.7 Close-coupling cards (ISO/IEC 10536).
10.8 Remote coupling cards.
10.9 Proximity cards (ISO/IEC 14443).
10.10 Vicinity integrated circuit cards (ISO/IEC 15693).
10.11 Near field communication (NFC).
11 Smart Card Commands.
11.1 File selection commands.
11.2 Read and write commands.
11.3 Search commands.
11.4 File operation commands.
11.5 Commands for authenticating persons.
11.6 Commands for authenticating devices.
11.7 Commands for cryptographic algorithms.
11.8 File management commands.
11.9 Application management commands.
11.10 Completion commands.
11.11 Commands for hardware testing.
11.12 Commands for data transmission.
11.13 Database commands (SCQL).
11.14 Commands for electronic purses.
11.15 Commands for credit and debit cards.
11.16 Application-specific commands.
11.17 Command processing times.
12 Smart Card File Management.
12.1 File structure.
12.2 The life cycle of files.
12.3 File types.
12.4 Application files.
12.5 File names.
12.6 File selection.
12.7 EF file structures.
12.8 File access conditions.
12.9 File attributes.
13 Smart Card Operating Systems.
13.1 Evolution of smart card operating systems.
13.2 Fundamental aspects and tasks.
13.3 Command processing.
13.4 Design and implementation principles.
13.5 Operating system completion.
13.6 Memory organization and memory management.
13.7 File management.
13.8 Sequence control.
13.9 ISO/IEC 7816-9 resource access.
13.10 Atomic operations.
13.13 Application management with global platform.
13.14 Downloadable program code.
13.15 Executable native code.
13.16 Open platforms.
13.17 The small-OS smart card operating system.
14 Smart Card Production.
14.1 Tasks and roles in the production process.
14.2 The smart card life cycle.
14.3 Chip and module production.
14.4 Card Body production.
14.5 Combining the card body and the chip.
14.6 Electrical testing of modules.
14.7 Loading static data.
14.8 Loading individual data.
14.9 Envelope stuffing and dispatching.
14.10 Special types of production.
14.11 Termination of card usage.
15 Quality Assurance.
15.1 Card body tests.
15.2 Microcontroller hardware tests.
15.3 Test methods for contactless smart cards.
15.5 Evaluation of hardware and software.
16 Smart Card Security.
16.1 Classification of attacks and attackers.
16.2 A history of attacks.
16.3 Attacks and defense measures during development.
16.4 Attacks and defense measures during production.
16.5 Attacks and defense measures during card usage.
17 Smart Card Terminals.
17.1 Mechanical properties.
17.2 Electrical properties.
17.3 User interface.
17.4 Application interface.
18 Smart Cards in Payment Systems.
18.1 Payment transactions with cards.
18.2 Prepaid memory cards.
18.3 Electronic purses.
18.4 EMV Application.
18.5 PayPass and payWave.
18.6 The Eurocheque System in Germany.
19 Smart Cards in Telecommunication Systems.
19.1 Public card phones in Germany.
19.3 Overview of mobile telecommunication systems.
19.4 The GSM system.
19.5 The UMTS system.
19.6 The wireless identification module (WIM).
20 Smart Cards in Health Care Systems.
20.1 Health insurance cards in Germany.
20.2 Electronic health care cards in Germany.
21 Smart Cards in Transportation Systems.
21.1 Electronic tickets.
21.2 Ski Passes.
21.4 Electronic toll systems.
22 Smart Cards for Identification and Passports.
22.1 FINEID personal ID card.
22.2 ICAO-compliant passports.
23 Smart Cards for IT Security.
23.1 Digital signatures.
23.2 Signature applications compliant with PKCS #15.
23.3 Smart Card Web Server (SCWS).
24 Application Design.
24.1 General information and characteristic data.
24.2 Application generation tools.
24.3 Analyzing an unknown smart card.
25.2 Related reading.
25.4 Directory of standards and specifications.
25.5 Web addresses.
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