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High Performance Linux Clusters with Oscar, Rocks, Openmosix, and Mpi

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Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

To the outside world, a "supercomputer" appears to be a single system. In fact, it's a cluster of computers that share a local area network and have the ability to work together on a single problem as a team. Many businesses used to consider supercomputing beyond the reach of their budgets, but new Linux applications have made high-performance clusters more affordable than ever. These days, the promise of low-cost supercomputing is one of the main reasons many businesses choose Linux over other operating systems.This new guide covers everything a newcomer to clustering will need to plan, build, and deploy a high-performance Linux cluster. The book focuses on clustering for high-performance computation, although much of its information also applies to clustering for high-availability (failover and disaster recovery). The book discusses the key tools you'll need to get started, including good practices to use while exploring the tools and growing a system. You'll learn about planning, hardware choices, bulk installation of Linux on multiple systems, and other basic considerations. Then, you'll learn about software options that can save you hours--or even weeks--of deployment time.Since a wide variety of options exist in each area of clustering software, the author discusses the pros and cons of the major free software projects and chooses those that are most likely to be helpful to new cluster administrators and programmers. A few of the projects introduced in the book include:

  • MPI, the most popular programming library for clusters. This book offers simple but realistic introductory examples along with some pointers for advanced use.
  • OSCAR and Rocks, two comprehensive installation and administrative systems
  • openMosix (a convenient tool for distributing jobs), Linux kernel extensions that migrate processes transparently for load balancing
  • PVFS, one of the parallel filesystems that make clustering I/O easier
  • C3, a set of commands for administering multiple systems
Ganglia, OpenPBS, and cloning tools (Kickstart, SIS and G4U) are also covered. The book looks at cluster installation packages (OSCAR & Rocks) and then considers the core packages individually for greater depth or for folks wishing to do a custom installation. Guidelines for debugging, profiling, performance tuning, and managing jobs from multiple users round out this immensely useful book.

Book News Annotation:

In a Linux cluster, multiple computers are able to work together as a team by sharing a local area network. This guide for cluster administrators covers issues ranging from initial hardware and software choices through long-term considerations such as performance. The focus is on clustering for high performance computation, although much of the information presented also applies to clustering for high-availability (failover and disaster recovery). All of the freely available, open source software described has been selected for its usefulness to new cluster administrators and programmers.
Annotation 2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Synopsis:

T h i s n e w g u i d e c o v e r s e v e r y t h i n g a n e w c o m e r t o c l u s t e r i n g w i l l n e e d t o p l a n, b u i l d, a n d d e p l o y a h i g h - p e r f o r m a n c e L i n u x c l u s t e r . F o c u s i n g o n c l u s t e r i n g f o r h i g h - p e r f o r m a n c e c o m p u t a t i o n, t h e b o o k d i s c u s s e s t h e k e y t o o l s y o u' l l n e e d, i n c l u d i n g g o o d p r a c t i c e s t o u s e w h i l e e x p l o r i n g t h e t o o l s a n d g r o w i n g a s y s t e m . Y o u' l l l e a r n a b o u t p l a n n i n g, h a r d w a r e c h o i c e s, b u l k i n s t a l l a t i o n o f L i n u x o n m u l t i p l e s y s t e m s, a n d o t h e r b a s i c c o n s i d e r a t i o n s . T h e n, y o u' l l l e a r n a b o u t s o f t w a r e o p t i o n s t h a t c a n s a v e y o u h o u r s - - o r e v e n w e e k s - - o f d e p l o y m e n t t i m e . T h e b o o k c o v e r s t h e m a j o r f r e e s o f t w a r e p r o j e c t s a n d s h o w s h o w t o c h o o s e t h o s e t h a t a r e m o s t l i k e l y t o b e h e l p f u l t o n e w c l u s t e r a d m i n i s t r a t o r s a n d p r o g r a m m e r s . T h e s e i n c l u d e M P I, t h e m o s t p o p u l a r p r o g r a m m i n g l i b r a r y f o r c l u s t e r s; O S C A R a n d R o c k s, t w o c o m p r e h e n s i v e i n s t a l l a t i o n a n d a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s y s t e m s; o p e n M o s i x a c o n v e n i e n t t o o l f o r d i s t r i b u t i n g j o b s; a n d m a n y o t h e r s . G u i d e l i n e s f o r d e b u g g i n g, p r o f i l i n g, p e r f o r m a n c e t u n i n g, a n d m a n a g i n g j o b s f r o m m u l t i p l e u s e r s r ou n d o u t t h i s i m m e n s e l y u s e f u l b o o k .

About the Author

Sloan has been a computer professional and educator since 1975.

Table of Contents

Preface Part I: An Introduction to Clusters Chapter 1: Cluster Architecture Chapter 2: Cluster Planning Chapter 3: Cluster Hardware Chapter 4: Linux for Clusters Part II: Getting Started Quickly Chapter 5: openMosix Chapter 6: OSCAR Chapter 7: Rocks Part III: Building Custom Clusters Chapter 8: Cloning Systems Chapter 9: Programming Software Chapter 10: Management Software Chapter 11: Scheduling Software Chapter 12: Parallel Filesystems Part IV: Cluster Programming Chapter 13: Getting Started with MPI Chapter 14: Additional MPI Features Chapter 15: Designing Parallel Programs Chapter 16: Debugging Parallel Programs Chapter 17: Profiling Parallel Programs Part V: Appendix Appendix A: References Colophon

Product Details

ISBN:
9780596005702
Author:
Sloan, Joseph D.
Publisher:
O'Reilly Media
Subject:
Electronic data processing
Subject:
Parallel processing (Electronic computers)
Subject:
Operating Systems - LINUX
Subject:
Building Linux Clusters;C3;G4U;Ganglia;High Performance Linux Clusters with OSCAR;Kickstart;Linux;MPI;OSCAR;OpenMosix;OpenPBS;PVFS;Rocks;SIS;and MPI;clustering
Subject:
General Computers
Subject:
CourseSmart Subject Description
Edition Description:
Print PDF
Series:
Nutshell Handbooks
Publication Date:
20041131
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
370
Dimensions:
9.19 x 7 x 0.93 in 1.3 lb

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Related Subjects

Computers and Internet » Networking » General
Computers and Internet » Operating Systems » General
Computers and Internet » Operating Systems » Linux
Health and Self-Help » Self-Help » General
History and Social Science » World History » General

High Performance Linux Clusters with Oscar, Rocks, Openmosix, and Mpi New Trade Paper
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Product details 370 pages O'Reilly & Associates - English 9780596005702 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , T h i s n e w g u i d e c o v e r s e v e r y t h i n g a n e w c o m e r t o c l u s t e r i n g w i l l n e e d t o p l a n, b u i l d, a n d d e p l o y a h i g h - p e r f o r m a n c e L i n u x c l u s t e r . F o c u s i n g o n c l u s t e r i n g f o r h i g h - p e r f o r m a n c e c o m p u t a t i o n, t h e b o o k d i s c u s s e s t h e k e y t o o l s y o u' l l n e e d, i n c l u d i n g g o o d p r a c t i c e s t o u s e w h i l e e x p l o r i n g t h e t o o l s a n d g r o w i n g a s y s t e m . Y o u' l l l e a r n a b o u t p l a n n i n g, h a r d w a r e c h o i c e s, b u l k i n s t a l l a t i o n o f L i n u x o n m u l t i p l e s y s t e m s, a n d o t h e r b a s i c c o n s i d e r a t i o n s . T h e n, y o u' l l l e a r n a b o u t s o f t w a r e o p t i o n s t h a t c a n s a v e y o u h o u r s - - o r e v e n w e e k s - - o f d e p l o y m e n t t i m e . T h e b o o k c o v e r s t h e m a j o r f r e e s o f t w a r e p r o j e c t s a n d s h o w s h o w t o c h o o s e t h o s e t h a t a r e m o s t l i k e l y t o b e h e l p f u l t o n e w c l u s t e r a d m i n i s t r a t o r s a n d p r o g r a m m e r s . T h e s e i n c l u d e M P I, t h e m o s t p o p u l a r p r o g r a m m i n g l i b r a r y f o r c l u s t e r s; O S C A R a n d R o c k s, t w o c o m p r e h e n s i v e i n s t a l l a t i o n a n d a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s y s t e m s; o p e n M o s i x a c o n v e n i e n t t o o l f o r d i s t r i b u t i n g j o b s; a n d m a n y o t h e r s . G u i d e l i n e s f o r d e b u g g i n g, p r o f i l i n g, p e r f o r m a n c e t u n i n g, a n d m a n a g i n g j o b s f r o m m u l t i p l e u s e r s r ou n d o u t t h i s i m m e n s e l y u s e f u l b o o k .
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