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El Alto, Rebel City: Self and Citizenship in Andean Boliviaby Sian Lazar
Synopses & Reviews
Combining anthropological methods and theories with political philosophy, Sian Lazar analyzes everyday practices and experiences of citizenship in a satellite city to the Bolivian capital of La Paz: El Alto, where more than three-quarters of the population identify as indigenous Aymara. For several years, El Alto has been at the heart of resistance to neoliberal market reforms, such as the export of natural resources and the privatization of public water systems. In October 2003, protests centered in El Alto forced the Bolivian president to resign; in December 2005, the countryandrsquo;s first indigenous president, Evo Morales, was elected. The growth of a strong social justice movement in Bolivia has caught the imagination of scholars and political activists worldwide. El Alto remains crucial to this ongoing process. In El Alto, Rebel City Lazar examines the values, practices, and conflicts behind the astonishing political power exercised by El Alto citizens in the twenty-first century.
Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork conducted between 1997 and 2004, Lazar contends that in El Alto, citizenship is a set of practices defined by oneandrsquo;s participation in a range of associations, many of them collectivist in nature. Her argument challenges Western liberal notions of the citizen by suggesting that citizenship is not only individual and national but in many ways communitarian and distinctly local, constituted through different kinds of affiliations. Since in El Alto these affiliations most often emerge through peopleandrsquo;s place of residence and their occupational ties, Lazar offers in-depth analyses of neighborhood associations and trade unions. In so doing, she describes how the cityandrsquo;s various collectivities mediate between the state and the individual. Collective organization in El Alto and the concept of citizenship underlying it are worthy of attention; they are the basis of the cityandrsquo;s formidable power to mobilize popular protest.
This ethnography of citizenship analyzes protests focused in the Bolivian city of El Alto, which forced the Bolivian president to resign in 2003, and the political implications of social practices of the indigenous, poor residents of this Andean city.
El Alto, Rebel City combines ethnography and political theory to explore the astonishing political power exercised by the indigenous citizens of El Alto, Bolivia in the past decade.
About the Author
“A marvelous piece of ethnographic analysis written with unusual clarity, El Alto, Rebel City provides a unique lens for viewing (and rethinking) the nature and strategies of contemporary, urban popular mobilization.”—Brooke Larson, author Trials of Nation Making: Liberalism, Race, and Ethnicity in the Andes, 1810–1910
“An important contribution to Andeanist anthropology, Sian Lazar’s innovative treatment of citizenship represents a new take on classic political and urban anthropology. Very few studies have explored with such nuance and personal intimacy the political beliefs and practices of poor residents of an Andean city.”—Daniel M. Goldstein, author of The Spectacular City: Violence and Performance in Urban Bolivia
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations ix
1. El Alto the City 25
2. Constructing the Zone 61
3. Citizens Despite the State 91
4. Place, Movement, and Ritual 118
5. How the Gods Touch Humans (and Vice Versa) 144
6. Competition, Individualism, and Collective Organization 178
7. andquot;In-Betweennessandquot; and Political Agency 206
8. The State and the Unions 233
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