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Germany and the Holy Roman Empire: Volume II: The Peace of Westphalia to the Dissolution of the Reich, 1648-1806


Germany and the Holy Roman Empire: Volume II: The Peace of Westphalia to the Dissolution of the Reich, 1648-1806 Cover


Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Germany and the Holy Roman Empire offers a new interpretation of the development of German-speaking central Europe and the Holy Roman Empire or German Reich, from the great reforms of 1495-1500 to its dissolution in 1806 after the turmoil of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Going against the notion that this was a long period of decline, Joachim Whaley shows how imperial institutions developed in response to the crises of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, notably the Reformation and Thirty Years War, and assesses the impact of international developments on the Reich. Central themes are the tension between Habsburg aspirations to create a German monarchy and the desire of the German princes and cities to maintain their traditional rights, and how the Reich developed the functions of a state during this period.

The first single-author account of German history from the Reformation to the early nineteenth century since Hajo Holborn's study written in the 1950s, it also illuminates the development of the German territories subordinate to the Reich. Whaley explores the implications of the Reformation and subsequent religious reform movements, both Protestant and Catholic, and the Enlightenment for the government of both secular and ecclesiastical principalities, the minor territories of counts and knights and the cities. The Reich and the territories formed a coherent and workable system and, as a polity, the Reich developed its own distinctive political culture and traditions of German patriotism over the early modern period.

Whaley explains the development of the Holy Roman Empire as an early modern polity and illuminates the evolution of the several hundred German territories within it. He gives a rich account of topics such as the Reformation, the Thirty Years War, Pietism and baroque Catholicism, the Aufklarung or German Enlightenment and the impact on the Empire and its territories of the French Revolution and Napoleon. It includes consideration of language, cultural aspects and religious and intellectual movements. Germany and the Holy Roman Empire engages with all the major debates among both German and English-speaking historians about early modern German history over the last sixty years and offers a striking new interpretation of this important period.

Volume II starts with the end of the Thirty Years War and extends to the dissolution of the Reich

About the Author

Joachim Whaley read History at Christ's College Cambridge. He held Fellowships in History at Christ's College and Robinson College before becoming a Lecturer in German in the Faculty of Modern and Medieval Languages at Cambridge, where he teaches German history, thought, and language. He is the author of Religious Toleration and Social Change in Hamburg 1529-1819 and of numerous articles on early modern and modern German history. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society in 1984.

Table of Contents

Preface to Volume II

I. Reconstruction and Resurgence 1648-1705: the Reich under Ferdinand III and Leopold I

1. Historians and the Reich after the Thirty Years War

2. The Last Years of Ferdinand III: Western Leagues and Northern Wars

3. From Ferdinand III to Leopold I

4. Leopold I and his Foreign Enemies

5. A New Turkish Threat

6. Renewed Conflict with France

7. The Emperor, the Perpetual Reichstag, the Kreise, and Imperial Justice

8. Imperial Networks: the Reichskirche and the Imperial Cities

9. The Imperial Court at Vienna and Dynastic Elevations in the Reich

10. The Nature of the Reich: Projects and Culture

11. Interpretations of the Leopoldine Reic

II. Consolidation and Crisis 1705-1740: the Reich under Joseph I and Charles VI

1. Two Wars and Three Emperors

2. Leopold I, Joseph I, and the War of Spanish Succession

3. Joseph I and the Government of the Reich

4. Charles VI: Fruition or Decline?

5. Conflicting Priorities: c.1714 - c.1730

6. Charles VI and the Government of the Reich

7. The Return of Confessional Politics?

8. The Problem of the Austrian Succession

9. The Ebb of Imperial Power 1733-40?

10. The Reich in Print

III. The German Territories, c. 1648-c.1740

1. An Age of Absolutism?

2. Contemporary Perceptions: From Reconstruction to Early Enlightenment

3. Sonderwege: the Smaller Territories

4. Sonderwege: Austria and Brandenburg-Prussia

5. The Revival of the Court and the Development of Territorial Government

6. The Court: its Culture, its Functions, and its Critics

7. The Development of Military Power

8. Princes and Estates

9. An Oppressed Peasantry?

10. Government and Society

11. Government and Economic Development

12. Public and Private Enterprise

13. Christian Polities: Baroque Catholicism

14. Christian Polities: the Territories of the Reichskirche

15. Christian Polities: Protestant Orthodoxy and Renewal

16. From Coexistence to Toleration?

17. Enlightenment and Patriotism

IV. Decline or Maturity? The Reich from Charles VII to Leopold II, c. 1740-1792

1. Three Emperors and a King

2. Silesian Wars, 1740-1763

3. Managing the Reich without the Habsburgs: Charles VII (1742-45)

4. The Return of the Habsburgs: Francis I (1745-1765)

5. The Reich without Enemies? Germany and Europe 1763-1792

6. Renewal: Joseph II 1765-c.1776

7. The Great Reform Debate: Joseph II c. 1778-1790

8. Restoration: Leopold II 1790-92

9. Central and Intermediate Institutions of the Reich

10. The Reich, the Public Sphere, and the Nation

V. The German Territories in the Later Eighteenth Century

1. Enlightenment and the Problem of Reform

2. Crisis and Opportunity

3. The Challenge of the Enlightenment and the Public Sphere

4. Protestant, Catholic and Jewish Aufklarung

5. Aufklarung and Government

6. Cameralism, Physiocracy, and the Provisioning of Society

7. Economic Policy: Manufactures, Guilds, Welfare, and Taxation

8. Administration, Law, and Justice

9. Education and Toleration

10. Courts and Culture

11. The Impact of Reform: Immunity against Revolution?

VI. War and Dissolution: the Reich 1792-1806

1. Ruptures and Continuities

2. The Reich in the Revolutionary Wars

3. Reverberations of the French Revolution: Unrest and Uprisings

4. Reverberations of the French Revolution: Intellectuals

5. Schemes for the Reform of the Reich in the 1790s

6. The Peace of Luneville (1801) and the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss (1803)

7. The Transformation of the Reich 1803-05

8. Final Attempts at Reform and the Dissolution of the Reich 1806

VII. Conclusion


A Note on Terminology and Usage

A Note on maps and other online resources



Product Details

Whaley, Joachim
Oxford University Press, USA
History, World | European | Germany
World History-Germany
Series Volume:
Volume II: The Peace
Publication Date:
2 black and white maps
6.5 x 9.3 x 1.9 in 2.906 lb

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Law » Legal Guides and Reference
History and Social Science » World History » General
History and Social Science » World History » Germany » General
Humanities » Philosophy » General

Germany and the Holy Roman Empire: Volume II: The Peace of Westphalia to the Dissolution of the Reich, 1648-1806 New Hardcover
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