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From Orphan to Adoptee: U.S. Empire and Genealogies of Korean Adoption (Difference Incorporated)by Soojin Pate
Synopses & Reviews
Since the 1950s, more than 100,000 Korean children have been adopted by predominantly white Americans; they were orphans of the Korean War, or so the story went. But begin the story earlier, as SooJin Pate does, and what has long been viewed as humanitarian rescue reveals itself as an exercise in expanding American empire during the Cold War.
Transnational adoption was virtually nonexistent in Korea until U.S. military intervention in the 1940s. Currently it generates $35 million in revenueandmdash;an economic miracle for South Korea and a social and political boon for the United States. Rather than focusing on the families andldquo;made wholeandrdquo; by these adoptions, this book identifies U.S. militarism as the condition by which displaced babies became orphans, some of whom were groomed into desirable adoptees, normalized for American audiences, and detached from their past and culture.
Using archival research, film, and literary materialsandmdash;including the cultural work of adopteesandmdash;Pate explores the various ways in which Korean children were employed by the U.S. nation-state to promote the myth of American exceptionalism, to expand U.S. empire during the burgeoning Cold War, and to solidify notions of the American family. In From Orphan to Adoptee we finally see how Korean adoption became the crucible in which technologies of the U.S. empire were invented and honed.
SooJin Pate explores the ways Korean children were employed by the U.S. nation-state to promote the myth of American exceptionalism, to expand U.S. empire during the Cold War, and to solidify notions of the American family. In From Orphan to Adoptee we see how Korean adoption became the crucible in which technologies of the U.S. empire were invented and honed.
About the Author
SooJin Pate is visiting assistant professor at Macalester College, where she teaches critical race theory, immigration, and postcolonial approaches to the study of U.S. history and culture.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Challenging the Official Story of Korean Adoption
1. Militarized Humanitarianism: Rethinking the Emergence of Korean Adoption
2. Gender and the Militaristic Gaze
3. Marketing the Social Orphan
4. Normalizing the Adopted Child
5. andquot;I Want My Head to Be Removedandquot;: The Limits of Normativity
Epilogue: Tracing Other Genealogies of Korean Adoption
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Health and Self-Help » Child Care and Parenting » Adoption and Foster Care