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Nationalism (Oxford Readers)by John Hutchinson
Synopses & Reviews
Achieving prevalence as an ideology in the political and social ferment of late 18th-century Europe and America, nationalism first found expression during the course of such historical upheavals as the American and French Revolutions. Its founders and early sponsors--Rousseau, Herder, Fichte, Korais, and Mazzini--looked to nationalism as the manifestation of modern humanity's most essential aspirations: autonomy, unity, identity. Born of notions regarding popular freedom and sovereignty that had been gathering momentum for generations, it conjured up images of a modernizing West at once hungry for change and yearning for a return to age-old concepts of fraternity and ancient heritage. Since that time nationalism, having taken on countless different dimensions, remains a vital and dynamic force for change--whether for good or otherwise.
Despite only recently becoming the subject of scholarly debate, nationalism has been the focus of a truly prodigious amount of writing. This important Oxford Reader makes the topic more accessible by offering a broad, authoritative treatment of the key contributions to the subject, while giving unprecedented depth to recent debates and issues. Edited by two of the field's most influential scholars, the readings are representative of the vast array of experience and scholarship that have shaped the concept of nationalism for over two centuries. From Ernest Renan's What is a Nation?, written in the 1880s, to the more current views of the 1990s, Nationalism gathers under one cover an impressive array of writing on everything from imagined communities to ethno-regional movements. In no other volume will students of politics, history, sociology, anthropology, international relations, and cultural studies have access to such a definitive appraisal of one of the modern world's most influential--and explosive--ideas.
Nationalism is one of the most powerful forces in the modern world, yet its study has only recently gained popularity. This reader gives historical depth to the recent debates on nationalism and traces the development of thought on nationalism across a range of issues.
About the Author
Anthony Smith is Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics. John Hutchinson is Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Humanities at Griffith University, Brisbane.
Table of Contents
I. The Question of Definition
1. Ernest Renan, Qu'est-ce qu'une nation?
2. Joseph Stalin, The Nation
3. Max Weber, The Nation
4. Karl W. Deutsch, Nationalism and Social Communication
5. Clifford Geertz, Primordial and Civic Ties
6. Anthony Giddens, The Nation as Power-Container
7. Walker Connor, A Nation is a Nation, is a State, is an Ethnic Group, is a...
II. Theories of Nationalism
8. Elie Kedourie, Nationalism and Self-Determination
9. Ernest Gellner, Nationalism and Modernization
10. Ernest Gellner, Nationalism and High Cultures
11. Tom Nairn, The Maladies of Development
12. Eric Hobsbawm, The Nation as Invented Tradition
13. Paul R. Brass, Elite Competition and Nation-Formation
14. Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities
15. Pierre Van Den Berghe, A Socio-Biological Perspective
16. John Breuilly, The Sources of Nationalist Ideology
17. Anthony D. Smith, The Crisis of Dual Legitimation
18. John Hutchinson, Cultural Nationalism and Moral Regeneration
III. The Rise of Nations
19. Hugh Seton-Watson, Old and New Nations
20. Susan Reynolds, Regnal Sentiments and Medieval Communities
21. John Armstrong, Nations before Nationalism
22. Anthony D. Smith, The Origins of Nations
23. Walker Connor, When is a Nation?
VI. Nationalism In Europe
24. Hans Kohn, Western and Eastern Nationalisms
25. Liah Greenfeld, Types of European Nationalism
26. Peter Sugar, Nationalism in Eastern Europe
27. Eric Hobsbawm, The Rise of Ethno-Linguistic Nationalisms
28. Michael Hechter and Margaret Levi, Ethno-Regional Movements in the West
V. Nationalism outside Europe
29. Benedict Anderson, Creole Pioneers of Nationalism
30. Elie Kedourie, Dark Gods and their Rites
31. Partha Chatterjee, National History and its Exclusions
32. Francis Robinson, Islam and Nationalism
33. Mary Matossian, Ideologies of Delayed Development
34. Crawford Young, The Colonial Construction of African Nations
35. Benyamin Neurberger, State and Nation in African Thought
36. Harry Johnson, Economic Nationalism in New States
VI. Nationalism and the International System
37. Edward H. Carr, Three Phases of Nationalism
38. Alfred Cobban, The Rise of the Nation-State System
39. Charles Tilly, Europe and the International State System
40. Michael Howard, War and Nations
41. Arend Lijphart, Ethnic Conflict in the West
42. Donald Horowitz, The Logic of Secessions
43. James Mayall, Irredentist and Secessionist Challenges
44. John Armstrong, Towards a Post-Communist World
VII. Beyond Nationalism?
45. Anthony H. Richmond, Ethnic Nationalism and Post-Industrialism
46. William H. McNeill, Reasserting the Polyethnic Norm
47. Homi Bhabha, Narrating the Nation
48. Floya Anthias and Nira Yuval-Davis, Women and the Nation-State
49. Philip Schlesinger, Europeanness: A New Cultural Battlefield?
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