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Saviors and Survivors: Darfur, Politics, and the War on Terrorby Mahmood Mamdani
Synopses & Reviews
From the author of Good Muslim, Bad Muslim comes an important book, unlike any other, that looks at the crisis in Darfur within the context of the history of Sudan and examines the world’s response to that crisis.
In Saviors and Survivors, Mahmood Mamdani explains how the conflict in Darfur began as a civil war (1987—89) between nomadic and peasant tribes over fertile land in the south, triggered by a severe drought that had expanded the Sahara Desert by more than sixty miles in forty years; how British colonial officials had artificially tribalized Darfur, dividing its population into “native” and “settler” tribes and creating homelands for the former at the expense of the latter; how the war intensified in the 1990s when the Sudanese government tried unsuccessfully to address the problem by creating homelands for tribes without any. The involvement of opposition parties gave rise in 2003 to two rebel movements, leading to a brutal insurgency and a horrific counterinsurgency–but not to genocide, as the West has declared.
Mamdani also explains how the Cold War exacerbated the twenty-year civil war in neighboring Chad, creating a confrontation between Libya’s Muammar al-Qaddafi (with Soviet support) and the Reagan administration (allied with France and Israel) that spilled over into Darfur and militarized the fighting. By 2003, the war involved national, regional, and global forces, including the powerful Western lobby, who now saw it as part of the War on Terror and called for a military invasion dressed up as “humanitarian intervention.”
Incisive and authoritative, Saviors and Survivors will radically alter our understanding of the crisis in Darfur.
An in-depth analysis of the crisis in Darfur assesses the events of the last few years in light of the broader history of Sudan, the impact of a civil war, the rise of a brutal insurgency and counterinsurgency, the world response to the crisis, and other issues that have exacerbated the situation. 30,000 first printing.
From the author of the highly praised "Good Muslim, Bad Muslim" comes the first analysis of the crisis in Darfur that considers the events of the last few years within the broad context of the history of Sudan. Mamdani also offers an examination of the efficacy of the world's response to the crisis.
About the Author
Mahmood Mamdani is Herbert Lehman Professor of Government, and a member of the Anthropology and Political Science departments and the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. His previous books include Citizen and Subject and When Victims Become Killers. Originally from Kampala, Uganda, he now divides his time between New York and Kampala.
Table of Contents
Darfur and the global war on terror — Writing race into history — Sudan and the sultanate of Dar Fur : an alternate perspective — A colonial map of race and tribe : making settlers and natives — Building nation and state in independent Sudan — The aftermath of the Cold War — Re-thinking the Darfur crisis — Responsibility to protect or right to punish?.
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» History and Social Science » Ethnic Studies » Racism and Ethnic Conflict