davidhughes, April 2, 2014 (view all comments by davidhughes)
George Orwell’s 1984 is in its own league of its own. The story is about a man named Winston Smith who lives under a totalitarian rule in futuristic London. Winston yearns for more in his life than to work for the Party covering up their lies in the Ministry of Truth. Winston meets a woman named Julia who ignites a rebellious fire inside of him. Winston and Julia eventually are caught and tortured for their crimes against the government. Orwell’s book was written in 1949 during the Soviet rule and after the Nazi collapse. It was written as a warning to the risks of life in total government control. 1984 is like no book I’ve ever read. It is something that can’t be predicted because of how foreign the idea of totalitarianism is. It is very detailed about the daily lives of Winston and others under the control of Big Brother.
George Orwell's 1984 is a book written about the future under a totalitarian government. Big Brother is the supposed leader of the country of Oceania in a world where they are in a constant war with Eastasia and Eurasia. Rockets are casually striking through the city destroying people and their buildings. The government does allow sex or any close relationships. All of the people work for the government and receive very little in return. Hidden microphones and cameras monitor every citizen. Winston Smith works for the Ministry of Truth, which covers up details for the government. He ends up having a relationship with a girl named Julia and is eventually caught and brainwashed. It is told in order of about a month. Orwell uses small flashbacks and slight foreshadowing to keep the reader thinking. The book is a futuristic story predicting what would happen under totalitarian government. The book develops characters very well and in great detail because the story is told from third person omniscient point of view.
The novel is very slow developing book. Winston starts the story off by briefly describing London and what Big Brother has done and how they monitor their lives with telescreens. The Party creates a bunch of ways to control citizens with Thought Police and Junior Spies. London is a part of England which is part of a larger state called Oceania. Winston works at the Ministry of Truth. Winston's job is to fabricate files for the Party to cover up anything to make them look bad. In Book Two Winston meets a girl named Julia. Winston and Julia begin to have a relationship and are both rebelling against the anti-sex laws. Winston rents a room above Mr. Charrington's shop for him and Julia. Winston assumed that there was no telescreens in the room. Julia and Winston go to meet O'Brien about opposing the Party. O'Brien lies about being a rebel and the Brotherhood that opposes Big Brother. Winston and Julia continue to meet but get caught by a hidden telescreen in Mr. Charrington's room. “One thing alone mattered: to keep still, to keep still and not give them an excuse to hit you." (222-223). Winston's fear of the government is shown through that quote. even the smallest flinch could get him in even greater trouble. Winston and Julia are taken to holding sells where they are submitted to torture and brainwashing. “I’ve got a wife and three children. The biggest of them isn’t even six years old. You can take the whole lot of them and cut their throats in front of my eyes, and I’ll stand by and watch it. But not Room 101!” (237). Room 101 is a room where Winston is tortured by his greatest fear of Rats. The room is feared by many as it is the most extreme disciplinary action the Party takes. Since the government constantly monitors its citizens, they know everyones fears. The book is separated into 3 books, each book gets deeper and deeper into the corruption of the Party.
Orwell's 1984 is a book written to teach people about the dangers of a totalitarian government. Orwell does a wonderful job of creating a world where all citizens are afraid of their government. He is showing readers that no matter how hard they try, their government will always have full control once they give up their rights. When he wrote the book in 1949, the Soviet Union was the closest thing the world had to this government. He wanted to discourage the world from the idea of total government takeover. Orwell does a very convincing job of duplicating communism. He clearly researched the ways of the Soviet government and took it to another level. The reason 1984 is always relevant will be because everything he mentioned is in the capabilities of a government. Orwell develops his main characters very well, we are able to know almost everything about them. There is also no divergence from the plot. Each event is directly related to the development of the plot. He also creates a tone of very gray and boring lifestyles while using his own commentary to keep it interesting.
George Orwell's 1984 is a timeless classic. Winston Smith is very much alike the common person and most people can relate with him. Orwell addresses many issues with government and shows people why they should oppose complete control. Orwell doesn't look to challenge the morality of a single person or their views but merely shows the common world the issues with a communist government. 1984 is a book that will forever be imprinted in my memory because it gives readers an inside look at the struggles of a totalitarian government for an average citizen.
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paullocker, April 2, 2014 (view all comments by paullocker)
1984 was written by George Orwell in 1949. At the time it was published, World War Two had concluded a few years prior, but the scars were still very fresh. George took a look at countries like Russia and Spain and how their governments were extremely controlling and corrupt. In wake of the world’s recovery from war, he didn’t want more countries to adopt such a horrible and power hungry system, so he began writing. 1984 is Orwell’s warning to the world. It takes place in a world much different from ours. There are only three countries: Oceania, Eurasia, and Eastasia. All three have instituted a totalitarian government and are locked in a state of perpetual warfare. Winston Smith lives in London, part of Oceania. He works as someone who edits historical documents to match the needs of the ruling Party. No matter where he goes or what he does, he is watched. “Asleep or awake, working or eating, indoor or out of doors, in the bath or in bed-no escape. Nothing was your own except the few cubic centimeters insider your skull” (26). Winston is not as accepting of the Party’s practices as everyone else seems to be. One day, he meets a girl who shares in his sentiment against the Party. Everything about their relationship is in rebellion against it. Every day Winston’s hatred for the Party grows, but he knows that he was doomed to be caught since day one. 1984 is a fantastic story about control, censorship, and surveillance.
Winston has to make a conscious effort to act just like the Party wants him to. He is not allowed to have a single thought that differs from what is deemed the “correct” way of thinking. Even something as small as a facial twitch out of line will result in severe physical and mental punishment. The Party controls its citizens through massive amounts of propaganda. Big Brother-the man that supposedly runs everything-is plastered everywhere accompanied with the words “WAR IS PEACE, FREEDOM IS SLAVERY, IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH”. His gaze is inescapable, and also serves as a representation of the two-way telescreens and microphones hidden everywhere keeping a 24-7 watch over the citizens of Oceania. The Party has control over every historical record, and it makes sure to edit those records to match exactly with what it says. If the Party decides that one day it is actually at war with Eastasia instead of Eurasia (like it had been for the past five years), it is Winston’s duty to make sure that “within one week no reference to the war with Eurasia, or the alliance with Eastasia, should remain in existence anywhere” (150). The Party is also developing a new language called “Newspeak”. In this language there are no words that exist that could possibly question the power of the government. In this way, the Party is shaping and limiting what individuals can think simply because they wouldn’t know how to put anything “bad” into words. They wouldn’t have the capability to express themselves in any way that the Party doesn’t want.
I would say that 1984 absolutely achieves Orwell’s goal of warning the world about the dangers of a totalitarian world. Words like “Orwellian”, “Big Brother”, and “Thought Police” are part of our vocabulary now, indicating that this story has had a great impact on American culture. Orwell’s novel presents a future in which nobody is a true individual. Those who are individuals are punished severely until they bend to the will of the ruling party. This is in stark contrast to Aldous Huxley’s A Brave New World, in which, though still a story about a dystopian future, the government controls the masses through pleasure, not pain. Orwell suggests that the abuse of power is too much of a temptation to resist in these governments, and that it results in the infringement of basic human rights such as the rights to think freely, have privacy, and be an individual. His ability to convey emotion and thoughts so well make reading the novel a piece of cake. For the most part the vocabulary is pretty simple. The characters (Winston in particular) are very complex. Mood and tone seep from the reading and create an atmosphere that completely immersed me in the world of the story. This is an easily accessible book. However, the big philosophical questions and emotionally wrenching scenes make the novel a little hard to wrap your mind around. This isn’t a story that you can casually read towards the end-you are going to want to make sure your thinking cap is securely fastened.
I would recommend this novel to everyone. Trust me, the way I describe this book hardly does it any justice. It’s something that has to be experienced first hand. There’s no other way to put it. Every aspect of the novel-the plot, the tone, the mood, the characters, the themes-everything, comes together to create a very moving and compelling piece. Thanks to recent scandals, this story will become even more relevant as we start to worry more and more about our privacy. It is a true work of literary art, and I certainly won’t be forgetting it anytime soon.
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claire.erickson1, April 2, 2014 (view all comments by claire.erickson1)
The totalitarian nightmare of the 1940’s chills readers with extreme torture, mind control, and censorship in George Orwell’s, 1984. This story follows Winston Smith, an Outer Party member of Airstrip One, as he attempts to understand his society and discover the importance of his identity. The author constructs a detailed dystopia based off of London that he calls Oceania. This society comes complete with no laws, TV screens that monitor your every move, a new language called Newspeak, and the ruler to rule over all, Big Brother (Big Brother is always watching). Along the way, Orwell introduces other characters like O’Brien, who Winston feels an attachment to but can’t explain why, and Julia, his secret lover, who represents passion and hope. At first, I hated this book. The violence and absurdity freaked me out and after a few weeks, I was finally able to understand Orwell’s message. In the end, we come to find that 1984 is not just a disturbing Sci-Fi novel, but rather a warning for the world, and a powerful expression of the human condition.
Eric Arthur Blair wrote 1984 under the pen name of George Orwell around 1948. Blair grew up traveling between British India and Great Britain and was exposed to the injustice of an overly powerful government from a young age. When Blair started writing, he wanted to expose the truth of oligarchic politics through books like Animal Farm, Burmese Days, and of course, 1984. 1984 was Blair’s first book to be published and explicitly showcases the seemingly inescapable future of Communist states. During the time it was published, readers were feeling a great sense of shock due to social movements like the Red Scare and World War II.
Winston is the curious-yet pessimistic-protagonist of 1984. He is thirty-nine and tired, tired of his dull routine, unfulfilling job, and the warriden society of Airstrip One. Winston begins to question why life is the way it is and wrestles with mixed feelings about the Party. So, he takes a risk and buys a journal to record all of his “bad” thoughts and memories. As the story progresses, the muscular fist of the government seems to grow stronger, almost to combat against Winston’s increasing hunger to rebel. Orwell uses a descriptive setting to create a sinister foreboding mood. Big Brother’s signature message to the people is, “War is Peace. Freedom is Slavery. Ignorance is Strength (4)”. Winston blatantly disregards this through the thoughts in his journal, his interaction with the proles, and his romantic relationship with Julia. Orwell utilizes Winston’s personal rebellion to show the vast capabilities of even one person’s courage to be self aware. His love for Julia is one of the greatest examples in 1984 of freedom and self expression. Sex is one of the most intimate and truthful human experiences. Orwell supports the idea of individuality through the openness of lovers. Winston’s antique paperweight also serves as a symbol of hope. Other major themes and ideas introduced in the novel include the dangers of powerful government, the meaning of life, physical versus mental control, and perception of reality.
George Orwell does not write to make people feel good, but rather to convey empowering artistic messages. Unlike the radical propagandist. Orwell doesn’t shove political pitches and slogans down your throat. He, instead, shocks with hard truths of humanity and leaves the rest up to the reader. Orwell achieves success in writing 1984, as a result of his unnerving dystopia, vivid imagery, and characterization. The most important theme for me is the power of individual expression in the definition of humanity. The government in 1984 believes that through aggression, physical abuse, and mental dominance you can control anyone. Orwell supports this idea in the end, when Winston is ultimately defeated. At first, I was angered by this concept, but now understand that Orwell is-in fact-encouraging human fragility. If you can be eventually broken down, that means you are human. It is sad and beautiful that Winston's mind is stripped, as it supports the paradox of vulnerability, in identity, and in his openness to the human experience. O'Brien is able to strip Winston of his identity in the end, because true strength is fragile. Orwell comments on the risk we take when we embrace individuality, but also the greater danger society undertakes when individuality is suppressed. When we are in touch with our emotions, we are embracing the beauty of individuality. If all a person believes in is anger and fear, they are just building a wall between themselves and self realization. When humans expand their emotional spectrums, the beauty of full humanity empowers us. Although O’Brien and the Party believe they are superior to uniquely truthful individuals like Winston, they are really weak example of human emotion and control. They only rely on aggression for power, and Orwell displays this as a shallow investment. Orwell’s slam against oligarchy in 1984 will continue to live on because there will always be power obsessed leaders in society. These types of leaders are blinded by their hunger for control that is fed by personal weakness. In American capitalism today, many leaders suppress the creative revolutionary power of the individual's expression of their identity. In our daily lives we are often shushed and demanded to behave in order to survive in society. I am inspired by the message Orwell sends to his readers in this book. Living truthfully in your identity has its risks, but living in a world like Airstrip One is the most terrifying fate of all.
George Orwell utilizes setting and symbolism to paint a dark example of societal doom in 1984. In this book, he warns the reader of the dangers of totalitarianism, while still glorifying the beauty of human emotion and identity. 1984 is definitely not for your summer beach read, but if you’re in the mood for some deep philosophy and political analysis, this book is for you. I would recommend 1984 to the individualistic reader who is passionate about empowerment and self discovery.
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Amy Wachsmuth, October 14, 2013 (view all comments by Amy Wachsmuth)
The scariest book I have ever read. I was moved by Farenheit 451, another dystopian novel, but it didn't rattle me like 1984. I can see why it has left such an indelible mark on our culture. Big Brother is watching, Newsspeak, Ingsoc, doublethink… *shudder*
The structure of this possible 1984 society makes the most sense as a vector from war weary 1940's England. He writes about the never ending wars with continuous bombing, the citizenry being required to hate the enemy, the Ministry of Information (which spreads dis-information), Ministry of Plenty(which controls food rationing), ration cards, revolutions gone bad, people being punished for spreading anti-war messages. I think his invention, Ingsoc (English socialism), is a derivative of the terrifying result of failure of the Russian revolution. All these things were heavy on the minds of the populace during that time.
I'll never hear the phrase "Big Brother is Watching" with the same indifference. Invasions of privacy never really bothered me because I never felt I was doing anything worthy of attention. Amy has purchased diapers and cat litter twice this month and receives regular calls from her husband at 11am. Snoozefest right? But, what if, my life was suddenly objectionable to a new government and all of the ways I've accepted invitations to peer into my privacy could be used against me? What I've watched on Netflix, what books I've downloaded from B&N using my membership. What states I've bought gas from on my credit card. My posts on Facebook or pictures I've uploaded. Book reviews I’ve posted--like this one? What if I don't hate our "enemies” enough? What if I don't like something the president said? What if all of this data could be aggregated by a super algorithm and my fate was decided by the output?
In Orwell's 1984, those guilty of thought-crime, perhaps your face twitches into an expression deemed unorthodox, were collected by the Thought Police and left in the tender embrace of the Ministry of Love. Wherein lies the secret of Room 101 and the Inner Party.
Never before has the right to free speech and privacy seemed more crucial.
Recently reread this to get some background for the NSA privacy scandals. The first book from high school that I have reread as an adult (30 years later). What a tremendous difference the decades and reading a book by choice makes! Technological advances in that time probably helped to make the reading interesting also. In some ways this was science fiction I'm sure when it was published, now it's all possible and to some small extent could be argued to be here. This story cannot be brushed aside as not applying any more because it is not 100% accurate, as some would wish. It must be read as a warning of the extent control could be possible, it's impact on humanity and the power of Orwell's imagination.
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Signet Book -
by Anthony Burgess,
"1984 is a fantasy about disaffected journalists, novelists, poets, professors, and schoolmasters imposing an idealistic philosophy on the countries of the West — amalgamated into the superpower Oceania — which is no more than a notion of the nature of reality forged in an Oxford or Cambridge common room."
by V. S. Pritchett,
"The most solid, the most brilliant thing George Orwell has done."
View our feature on George Orwell’s 1984. Written in 1948, 1984 was George Orwell’s chilling prophecy about the future. And while 1984 has come and gone, Orwell’s narrative is timelier than ever. 1984 presents a startling and haunting vision of the world, so powerful that it is completely convincing from start to finish. No one can deny the power of this novel, its hold on the imaginations of multiple generations of readers, or the resiliency of its admonitions—a legacy that seems only to grow with the passage of time.
Satire on the possible horrors of a totalitarian regime in England in 1984.
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