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What Is Morphology? (Fundamentals of Linguistics)by Mark Aronoff
Synopses & Reviews
Assuming only the most basic background in linguistics, What is Morphology? provides a concise, critical introduction to the central ideas and perennial problems of morphology. Designed to familiarize beginning students and specialists alike with the importance of morphology as a subject of research, this reader-friendly volume moves organically from the morphological “facts of everyday life” to important relationships with phonology, syntax, and semantics.
This second edition builds on the previous one, expanding chapters on morphological productivity and the mental lexicon, and adding coverage of experimental and computational methods. Aronoff and Fudeman have revised and expanded the exercises and added suggestions for further reading to each chapter. Data from Kujamaat Joola, a West African language, is used throughout the book to explain and clarify new ideas presented. What is Morphology? equips readers with the skills to analyze a wealth of classic morphological issues through engaging narration and by direct example.
Mark Aronoff is Professor of Linguistics at Stony Brook University (SUNY). He is co-editor, with Janie Rees-Miller, of The Handbook of Linguistics (Wiley-Blackwell, 2001), and served as editor of the journal Language from 1995 to 2000.
Kirsten Fudeman is Professor of French at the University of Pittsburgh. She is the author of Vernacular Voices: Language and Identity in Medieval French Jewish Communities (2010).
What is Morphology? is a concise and critical introduction to the central ideas of morphology, which has been revised and expanded to include additional material on morphological productivity and the mental lexicon, experimental and computational methods, and new teaching material.
Table of Contents
Remarks on Transcription.
The International Phonetic Alphabet.
1 Thinking about Morphology and Morphological Analysis.
1.1 What is Morphology?
1.3 Morphology in Action.
1.4 Background and Beliefs.
1.5 Introduction to Morphological Analysis.
Introduction to Kujamaat Jóola.
2 Words and Lexemes.
2.1 What is a Word?
2.2 Empirical Tests for Wordhood.
2.3 Types of Words.
2.4 Inflection vs. Derivation.
2.5 Two Approaches to Morphology: Item-and-Arrangement, Item-and-Process.
2.6 The Lexicon.
Kujamaat Jóola Noun Classes.
3 Morphology and Phonology.
3.2 Prosodic Morphology.
3.3 Primary and Secondary Affixes.
3.4 Linguistic Exaptation, Leveling, and Analogy.
3.5 Morphophonology and Secret Languages.
Kujamaat Jóola Morphophonology.
4 Derivation and the Lexicon.
4.1 The Saussurean Sign.
4.2 Motivation and Compositionality.
4.3 Derivation and Structure.
Derivation in Kujamaat Jóola.
5 Derivation and Semantics.
5.1 The Polysemy Problem.
5.2 The Semantics of Derived Lexemes.
Derivation and Verbs in Kujamaat Jóola.
6.1 What is Inflection?
6.2 Inflection vs. Derivation.
6.3 Inventory of Inflectional Morphology Types.
Agreement in Kujamaat Jóola.
7 Morphology and Syntax.
7.1 Morphological vs. Syntactic Inflection.
7.2 Structural Constraints on Morphological Inflection.
7.3 Inflection and Universal Grammar.
7.4 Grammatical Function Change.
Kujamaat Jóola Verb Morphology.
A Brief Survey of Kujamaat Jóola Syntax.
8 Morphological Productivity and the Mental Lexicon.
8.1 What is Morphological Productivity?
8.2 Productivity and Structure: Negative Prefixes in English.
8.3 Degrees of Productivity.
8.4 Salience and Productivity.
8.5 Testing Productivity.
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