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Other titles in the Cultural Survival Studies in Ethnicity and Change series:
Ethnicity and Culture Amidst New "Neighbors": The Runa of Ecuador's Amazon Region (Part of the Cultural Survival Studies in Ethnicity and Change Serie (Cultural Survival Studies in Ethnicity and Changby Theodore Macdonald
Synopses & Reviews
This book provides the reader with a story that has been many years in the making. It is the story of the Runa, a Quichua-speaking Indian population in Ecuador's Amazon region. It offers a window onto another culture, an illustration of the relationship between ethnicity and culture, and a story of the mobilization of an indigenous group. And when the reader arrives at the book's end, he or she will understand why the story is not merely shelved and finished, but is rather an ongoing tale that will continue for years to come. The author has been following the Runa's adaptation to continuous changes around and amongst them since 1974. When he first met the Runa, they were practicing swidden horticulture, hunting, fishing, and living their created culture while also reacting to external pressures imposed on them by newly arrived colonists and changing national legislation. This book follows the Runa from a passive accommodating society to an active organized group. The Runa thus became one of the early standard bearers in what is now a hemispheric social movement — indigenous ethnic federations. These organizations have changed Latin America by successfully thrusting indigenous identities and concerns into the middle of national political arenas that previously marginalized and stigmatized them. Anthropologists or anyone interested in other cultures. Part of the New Immigrant's Series.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 153-157) and index.
Table of Contents
2.Organizing Society: Land, Kin, and Ritual.
Community Territory and Settlement Pattern.
Kin Structure and Organization.
Ritual among the Runa: The Marriage Ceremony.
3.Understanding the Self and Social Order.
Becoming a Runa.
Relationship between Runa and Forest Spirits.
Ordering Life through Dreams.
II.THE RUNA AND NATIONAL SOCIETY.
4.From Apu to Patron.
The Rubber Boom.
Eloy Alfaro and the “Liberal Revolution.”
Runa and Patrons.
5.Colonists, Land Reform, and Cattle: A Case Study.
The Settlement of Arajuno.
Agrarian Reform and Colonization.
Cattle, Changing National Policies, Petroleum, and the Agrarian Reform Laws of 1974.
6.Ethnic Federations: from Moral to Political Economy.
Dream Symbolism: Where Are the White People?
From Patrons to Colonists.
Ethnic Federations in the Ecuadorian Oriente.
Agrarian Reform and Colonization.
7.Ethnic Federations and Government Policies.
FOIN and Natural Forest Management.
1980-1984: The Jaime Roldos/Oswaldo Hurtado Administration.
1984-1988: President Leon Febres Cordero: “Closed Doors.”
Political Opposition, Community-Based Projects, and Increased Auto Linderacion.
8.Indigenous Politics and Conservation.
The “Era of the Projects:” Napo Runa and Resource Management.
1988-1992: The Rodrigo Borja Era.
9.The Politics of Territories.
“Indio” as Ethnic Marker.
Collective Action and Social Movements.
10.Change and Culture.
“Boys Don't Need the Sacha Purina Pistu Any Longer. We Lead a New Life Now.”
Runa Understanding: Public and Private.
Runa in the Forest.
Runa World View Reconsidered.
The “Modern” Wedding.
What Our Readers Are Saying
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