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Other titles in the Prentice Hall International Series in the Physical and Chemi series:
Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers (Prentice Hall International Series in the Physical and Chemi)by James O. Wilkes
Synopses & ReviewsPublisher Comments:739896 An understanding of fluid mechanics is essential for the chemical engineer because the majority of chemicalprocessing operations are conducted either partially or totally in the fluid phase. Such knowledge is needed in the biochemical, chemical, energy, fermentation, materials, mining, petroleum, pharmaceuticals, polymer, and wasteprocessing industries. Written from a chemical engineering perspective, this comprehensive text covers fluid mechanics first from a macroscopic then a microscopic perspective. The first part includes physical properties, hydrostatics, and the three basic rate laws for mass, energy, and momentum, together with flow through pumps, pipes, and a wide variety of chemical engineering equipment. The second part covers:
Thorough and clearly written, Chemical Engineering Fluid Mechanics gives the undergraduate and firstyear graduate student a comprehensive overview of this essential topic. Bridging the gap between the physicist and the practitioner, the book provides numerous realworld examples and problems of increasing detail and complexity, including several from the University of Cambridge chemical engineering examinations. It also covers all the material necessary to pass the fluid mechanics portion of the Professional Engineer's exam. Book News Annotation:A text for undergraduates and firstyear graduate students, offering four chapters on macroscopic or relatively largescale phenomena, followed by eight chapters on microscopic or relatively smallscale phenomena. Provides numerous realworld examples and chapter problems of increasing complexity, including several from the University of Cambridge chemical engineering exams, and covers all the material necessary to pass the fluid mechanics portion of the Professional Engineer's exam.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com) Description:System requirements: 200 MHz Pentium Pro with 32 MB RAM (or equivalent UNIX machine); Windows NT, 95 or UNIX (Solaris) operating system; full license or student version of MATLAB 5.1 (tested using 5.3) and SIMULINK 2.0 (tested using 3.0).
About the AuthorJAMES O. WILKES is a faculty member of the College of Engineering, University of Michigan. He received his bachelor's degree from the University of Cambridge and a master's and Ph.D. from the University of Michigan. He was awarded a King George VI Memorial Fellowship to the University of Michigan, where he has served as department chairman as well as Assistant Dean for Admissions in the College of Engineering. He was named an Arthur F. Thurnau Professor from 1989 to 1992. His coauthorship of previous books includes Applied Numerical Methods (Wiley, 1969) and Digital Computing and Numerical Methods (Wiley, 1973). His research interests are in polymer processing and computational fluid mechanics.
Table of ContentsPreface.
1. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics.
Fluid Mechanics in Chemical Engineering. General Concepts of a Fluid. Stresses, Pressure, Velocity, and the Basic Laws. Physical Properties—Density, Viscosity, and Surface Tension. Units and Systems of Units. Hydrostatics. Pressure Change Caused By Rotation. Problems for Chapter 1.
2. Mass, Energy, and Momentum Balances.
General Conservation Laws. Mass Balances. Energy Balances. Bernoulli's Equation. Applications of Bernoulli's Equation. Momentum Balances. Problems for Chapter 2.
3. Fluid Friction in Pipes.
Introduction. Laminar Flow. Models for Shear Stress. Piping and Pumping Problems. Flow in Noncircular Ducts. Compressible Gas Flow in Pipelines. Compressible Flow in Nozzles. Complex Piping Systems. Problems for Chapter 3.
4. Flow in Chemical Engineering Equipment.
Introduction. Pumps and Compressors. Drag Forces on Solid Particles in Fluids. Flow Through Packed Beds. Filtration. Fluidization. Dynamics of a BubbleCap Distillation Column. Cyclone Separators. Sedimentation. Dimensional Analysis. Problems for Chapter 4.
5. Differential Equations of Fluid Mechanics.
Introduction to Vector Analysis. Vector Operations. Other Coordinate Systems. The Convective Derivative. Differential Mass Balance. Differential Momentum Balance. Newtonian Stress Components in Cartesian Coordinates. Problems for Chapter 5.
6. Solution of ViscousFlow Problems.
Introduction. Solution of the Equations of Motion in Rectangular Coordinates. Alternative Solution Using a Shell Balance. Poiseuille and Couette Flows in Polymer Processing. Solution of the Equations of Motion in Cylindrical Coordinates. Solution of the Equations of Motion in Spherical Coordinates. Problems for Chapter 6.
7. Laplace's Equation for Irrotational and Porous Medium Flows.
Introduction. Rotational and Irrotational Flows. Steady TwoDimensional Irrotational Flow. Physical Interpretation of the Stream Function. Examples of Planar Irrotational Flow. Axially Symmetric Irrotational Flow. Uniform Streams and Point Sources. Doublets and Flow Past a Sphere. SinglePhase Flow in a Porous Medium. TwoPhase Flow in Porous Media. Wave Motion in Deep Water. Problems for Chapter 7.
8. BoundaryLayer and Other Nearly Unidirectional Flows.
Introduction. Simplified Treatment of Laminar Flow Past a Flat Plate. Simplification of Equations of Motion. Blasius Solution for BoundaryLayer Flow. Turbulent Boundary Layers. Dimensional Analysis of the BoundaryLayer Problem. BoundaryLayer Separation. The Lubrication Approximation. Polymer Processing by Calendering. Thin Films and Surface Tension. Problems for Chapter 8.
9. Turbulent Flow.
Introduction. Physical Interpretation of the Reynolds Stresses. Mixing Length Theory. Velocity Profiles Based on Mixing Length Theory. The Universal Velocity Profile for Smooth Pipes. Friction Factor in Terms of Reynolds Number for Smooth Pipes. Thickness of the Laminar Sublayer. Dimensional Analysis for Smooth Pipe. Dimensional Analysis for Rough Pipe. Velocity Profile and Friction Factor for Completely Rough Pipe. BlasiusType Law and the Power Law Velocity Profile. Analogies Between Momentum and Heat Transfer. Turbulent Jets. Problems for Chapter 9.
10. Bubble Motion, TwoPhase Flow, and Fluidization.
Introduction. Rise of Bubbles in Unconfined Liquids. Pressure Drop and Void Fraction in Horizontal Pipes. TwoPhase Flow in Vertical Pipes. Flooding. Introduction to Fluidization. Bubble Mechanics. Bubbles in Aggregatively Fluidized Beds. Problems for Chapter 10.
11. NonNewtonian Fluids.
Introduction. Classification of NonNewtonian Fluids. Constitutive Equations for Inelastic Viscous Fluids. Constitutive Equations for Viscoelastic Fluids. Response to Oscillatory Shear. Characterization of the Rheological Properties of Fluids. Problems for Chapter 11.
12. The MATLAB PDE Toolbox for Solving Some Fluid Mechanics Problems.
Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics. Equations Solvable by the PDE Toolbox. Representative Applications of the PDE Toolbox. How to Use the MATLAB PDE Toolbox. Solution of Problems in Cylindrical Coordinates.
Index.
Appendix A: Useful Mathematical Relationships.
Appendix B: Answers to the True/False Assertions.
Index.
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