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The Structure and Rheology of Complex Fluids (Topics in Chemical Engineering)

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The Structure and Rheology of Complex Fluids (Topics in Chemical Engineering) Cover

 

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Publisher Comments:

Defying the classical definitions of solids and liquids, complex fluids include polymers, colloids, emulsions, foams, gels, liquid crystals, surfactants, and other materials that form flowable microstructures. They are vital to industries that produce polymers (e.g., plastic packaging), colloids (paint), foods (ketchup), and consumer products (toothpaste and shampoo), and are also used in countless other products manufactured by the petroleum, microelectronics, and pharmaceutical industries.

The first advanced textbook on this subject, The Structure and Rheology of Complex Fluids provides a multidisciplinary and comprehensive introduction to these fascinating and important substances. It offers an up-to-date synopsis of the relationship between the microstructure of complex fluids and their mechanical and flow properties, and also emphasizes the similarities and differences among the various types of complex fluids. Easy to read, it includes over 350 illustrations, extensive literature citations, and many interesting problems, worked examples, and practical applications. Featuring coverage of both foundational material and special topics, this text is highly adaptable for use in a one- or two-semester graduate-level course in chemical engineering, materials science, or physics. It also serves as a valuable monograph for academic and industrial researchers and as a reference book for researchers and educators.

Table of Contents

PART I: FUNDAMENTALS

1. Introduction to Complex Fluids

1.1. Complex Fluids vs. Classical Solids and Liquids

1.2. Examples of Complex Fluids

1.3. Rheological Measurements and Properties

1.4. Kinematics and Stress

1.5. Flow, Slip, and Yield

1.6. Structural Probes of Complex Fluids

1.7. Computational Methods

1.8. The Stress Tensor

1.9. Summary

2. Basic Forces

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Excluded-Volume Interactions

2.3.

2.4. Electrostatic Interactions

2.5. Hydrogen-Bodning, Hydrophobic, and Other Interactions

2.6. Summary

PART II: POLYMERS, GLASSY LIQUIDS, AND POLYMER GELS

3. Polymers

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Equilibrium Properties

3.3. Intrinsic Velocity and Overlap Concentration

3.4. Elementary Molecular Theories

3.5. Linear Viscoelasticity and Time-Temperature Superposition

3.6. The Rheology of Dilute Polymer Solutions

3.7. The Rheology of Entangled Polymers

3.8. Summary

4. Glassy Liquids

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Phenomenology of the Glass Transition

4.3. Free-Volume Theories

4.4. Entropy Theories

4.5. Nonlinear Relaxation and Aging

4.6. Mode-Coupling Theory and Colloidal Hard-Sphere Glasses

4.7. Simulations of Analog Models

4.8. Rheology of Glassy Liquids

4.9. Summary

5. Polymer Gels

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Gelation Theories

5.3. Rheology of Chemical Gels and Near-Gels

5.4. Rheology of Physical Gels

5.5. Summary

PART III: SUSPENSIONS

6. Particulate Suspensions

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Hard, and Slightly Deformable, Spheres

6.3. Nonspherical Particles

6.4. Electrically Charged Particles

6.5. Particles in Viscoelastic Liquids: "Filled Melts"

6.6. Summary

7. Particulate Gels

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Particle Interactions in Suspensions

7.3. Rheology of Particulate Gels

7.4. Summary

8. Electro-and Magnetoresponsive Suspensions

8.1. Introduction

8.2. Electrorheological Fluids

8.3. Magnetorheological Fluids

8.4. Ferrofluids

8.5. Summary

9. Foams, Emulsions, and Blends

9.1. Introduction

9.2. Emulsion Preparation

9.3. Rheology of Emulsions and Immiscible Blends

9.4. Structure and Coarsening of Foams

9.5. Rheology of Foams

9.6. Summary

PART IV: LIQUID CRYSTALS AND SELF-ASSEMBLING FLUIDS

10. Liquid Crystals

10,1. Introduction

10.2. Nematics

10.3. Cholesterics: Chiral Nematics

10.4. Smectics

10.5. Summary

11. Liquid-Crystalline Polymers

11.1. Introduction

11.2. Molecular Characteristics of Liquid-Crystalline Polymers

11.3. Flow Properties of Nematic LCPs

11.4. Molecular Dynamics of Polymeric Nematics

11.5. Moleuclar Theory for the Rheology of Polymeric Nematics

11.6. Summary

12. Surfactant Solutions

12.1. Introduction

12.2. Methods of Predicting Microstructures

12.3. Disordered Micellar Solutions

12.4. Surfactant Liquid Crystals

12.5. Summary

13. Block Copolymers

13.1. Introduction

13.2. Thermodynamics of Block Copolymers

13.3. Rheology and Shear-Aligning of Block Copolymers

13.4. Summary

Each chapter is followed by References

Chapters 1-3, 6-7, and 10 are followed by Problems and Worked Examples

Appendix:. Momentum-Balance Equations in the Absence of Inertia

Common Notation

Author Index

Subject Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780195121971
Author:
Larson, Ronald G.
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Author:
null, Ronald G.
Location:
New York :
Subject:
Physics
Subject:
Chemistry - General
Subject:
Engineering - Chemical & Biochemical
Subject:
Rheology.
Subject:
Complex fluids.
Subject:
Chemistry | Materials Chemistry
Subject:
Chemical & Biochemical
Edition Description:
Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
Series:
Topics in Chemical Engineering
Publication Date:
19981131
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
19 halftones, 341 linecuts
Pages:
688
Dimensions:
7.7 x 9.3 x 1.5 in 2.975 lb

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