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The Engineering of Chemical Reactions (Topics in Chemical Engineering)

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Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Employment opportunities for chemical engineers are moving away from petroleum and petrochemicals toward new applications such as materials processing, pharmaceuticals, and foods. Chemical reactors remain at the center of any chemical process; they are essential to improving existing processes

and to designing new ones. Today and in the future chemical engineers must be able to use their knowledge of reactors in combination with other skills in order to think creatively and strategically about new processes and growing applications.

The Engineering of Chemical Reactions addresses these issues by focusing on the analysis of chemical reactors while simultaneously providing a description of industrial chemical processes and the strategies by which they operate. Ideal for upper-level undergraduate courses in chemical reactor

engineering and kinetics, this text provides a concise, up-to-date alternative to similar texts. In addition to the analysis of simple chemical reactors, it considers more complex situations such as multistage reactors and reactor-separation systems. Energy management and the role of mass transfer

in chemical reactors are also integrated into the text.

The evolution of chemical engineering from petroleum refining, through petrochemicals and polymers, to new applications is described so that students can see the relationships between past, present, and future technologies. Applications such as catalytic processes, environmental modeling,

biological reactions, reactions involving solids, oxidation, combustion, safety, polymerization, and multiphase reactors are also described.

The text uses a notation of reaction stoichiometry and reactor mass balances which is kept simple so that students can see the principles of reactor design without becoming lost in complex special cases. Numerical methods are used throughout to consider more complex problems. Worked examples are

given throughout the text, and over 300 homework problems are included. Both the examples and problems cover real-world chemistry and kinetics.

Book News Annotation:

Schmidt (chemical engineering, University of Minnesota) focuses on skills necessary for designing a chemical reactor for any application, including chemical production, materials processing, and environmental modeling. Using real reactions from chemical engineering, the first seven chapters of the text cover fundamentals such as multiple reactions, energy management, and catalytic processes. The second half of the book explores advanced topics, including environmental, polymer, biological, and combustion reactions. This second edition features two new chapters on biological and environmental reaction engineering, plus new chapter problems.
Annotation 2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Synopsis:

Employment opportunities for chemical engineers are moving away from petroleum and petrochemicals toward new applications such as materials processing, pharmaceuticals, and foods. Chemical reactors remain at the center of any chemical process; they are essential to improving existing processes and to designing new ones. Today and in the future chemical engineers must be able to use their knowledge of reactors in combination with other skills in order to think creatively and strategically about new processes and growing applications.

The Engineering of Chemical Reactions addresses these issues by focusing on the analysis of chemical reactors while simultaneously providing a description of industrial chemical processes and the strategies by which they operate. Ideal for upper-level undergraduate courses in chemical reactor engineering and kinetics, this text provides a concise, up-to-date alternative to similar texts. In addition to the analysis of simple chemical reactors, it considers more complex situations such as multistage reactors and reactor-separation systems. Energy management and the role of mass transfer in chemical reactors are also integrated into the text.

The evolution of chemical engineering from petroleum refining, through petrochemicals and polymers, to new applications is described so that students can see the relationships between past, present, and future technologies. Applications such as catalytic processes, environmental modeling, biological reactions, reactions involving solids, oxidation, combustion, safety, polymerization, and multiphase reactors are also described.

The text uses a notation of reaction stoichiometry and reactor mass balances which is kept simple so that students can see the principles of reactor design without becoming lost in complex special cases. Numerical methods are used throughout to consider more complex problems. Worked examples are given throughout the text, and over 300 homework problems are included. Both the examples and problems cover real-world chemistry and kinetics.

Synopsis:

Thoroughly revised and updated in this second edition, The Engineering of Chemical Reactions focuses explicitly on developing the skills necessary to design a chemical reactor for any application, including chemical production, materials processing, and environmental modeling. This edition also features two new chapters on biological and environmental reaction engineering that provide an exciting introduction to these increasingly important areas of today's chemical engineering market.

Streamlined to enhance the logical flow of the subject, The Engineering of Chemical Reactions, 2/e, is easy for instructors to navigate and students to follow. Using real reactions from chemical engineering, the first seven chapters cover such fundamentals as multiple reactions, energy management, and catalytic processes. The final five chapters explore more advanced topics including environmental, polymer, solids processing, biological, and combustion reactions. Practical, real-world examples throughout the text consider reactor and process choices in ways that encourage students to think creatively and build on previous knowledge.

The Engineering of Chemical Reactions, 2/e, is ideal for upper-level undergraduate courses in chemical reactor engineering, chemical reactor design, and kinetics.

About the Author

Lanny D. Schmidt is Regents Professor in the Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department at the University of Minnesota and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. His research focuses on various aspects of the chemistry and engineering of chemical reactions in situations with technological applications. He is the author of more than 300 papers published in academic journals and the recipient of numerous industry awards.

Table of Contents

Each Chapter ends with Problems. Most chapters end with References.

Preface to the Second Edition

Preface to the First Edition

PART I: FUNDAMENTALS

1. Introduction

1.1. Chemical Reactors

1.2. Chemical Reaction Engineering

1.3. What Do We Need To Know?

1.4. Industrial Processes

1.5. Modeling

1.6. Sources

2. Reaction Rates, The Batch Reactor, and The Real World

2.1. Chemical Reactions

2.2. Multiple Reactions

2.3. Reaction Rates

2.4. Approximate Reactions

2.5. Rate Coefficients

2.6. Elementary Reactions

2.7. Stoichiometry

2.8. Reaction Rates Near Equilibrium

2.9. Reactor Mass Balances

2.10. The Batch Reactor

2.11. Variable Density

2.12. Chemical Reactors

2.13. Thermodynamics and Reactors

2.14. Adiabatic Reactor Temperature

2.15. Chemical Equilibrium

2.16. Petroleum Refining

2.17. Polyester from Refinery Products and Natural Gas

2.18. "What Should I Do When I Don't Have Reaction Rates?"

2.19. Reaction-Rate Data

2.20. Summary

3. Single Reactions in Continuous Isothermal Reactors

3.1. Continuous Reactors

3.2. The Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor

3.3. Conversion in a Constant-Density CSTR

3.4. The Plug-Flow Tubular Reactor

3.5. Conversion in a Constant-Density PFTR

3.6. Comparison Between Batch, CSTR, and PFTR

3.7. The 1/r Plot

3.8. Semibatch Reactors

3.9. Variable-Density Reactors

3.10. Space Velocity and Space Time

3.11. Chemical Reactors in a Series

3.12. Autocatalytic Reactions

3.13. Reversible Reactions

3.14. Transients in Continuous Reactions

3.15. Some Important Single-Reaction Processes: Alkane Activation

3.16. Synthesis Gas Reactions

3.17. Staged Reactors

3.18. The Major Chemical Companies

3.19. Reactor Design for a Single Reaction

3.20. Notation

4. Multiple Reactions in Continuous Reactors

4.1. Some Important Industrial Chemical Processes

4.2. The Petrochemical Industry

4.3. Olefins

4.4. Mass Balances

4.5. Conversion, Selectivity, and Yield

4.6. Complex Reaction Networks

4.7. Series Reactions

4.8. Parallel Reactions

4.9. Multiple Reactions with Variable Density

4.10. Real Reaction Systems and Modeling

4.11. Approximate Rate Expressions for Multiple-Reaction Systems

4.12. Simplified Reactions

4.13. Reaction Mechanisms

4.14. Collision Theory of Bimolecular Reactions

4.15. Activated Complex Theory

4.16. Designing Reactors for Multiple Reactions

5. Nonisothermal Reactors

5.1. Heat Generation and Removal

5.2. Energy Balance in a CSTR

5.3. Energy Balance in a PFTR

5.4. Equations to be Solved

5.5. Heat Removal or Addition to Maintain a Reactor Isothermal

5.6. Adiabatic Reactors

5.7. Trajectories and Phase-Plane Plots

5.8. Trajectories of Wall-Cooled Reactors

5.9. Exothermic Versus Endothermic Reactions

5.10. Other Tubular Reactor Configurations

5.11. Temperature Profile in a Packed Bed

6. Multiple Steady States and Transients

6.1. Heat Generation and Removal in a CSTR

6.2. Adiabatic CSTR

6.3. Stability of Steady States in a CSTR

6.4. Observation of Multiple Steady States

6.5. Transients in the CSTR with Multiple Steady States

6.6. Other Reactions in a CSTR

6.7. Variable Coolant Temperature in a CSTR

6.8. Designing Reactors for Energy Management

7. Catalytic Reactors and Mass Transfer

7.1. Catalytic Reactions

7.2. Catalytic Reactors

7.3. Surface and Enzyme Reaction Rates

7.4. Porous Catalysts

7.5. Transport and Reactions

7.6. Mass Transfer Coefficients

7.7. External Mass Transfer

7.8. Pore Diffusion

7.9. Temperature Dependence of Catalytic Reaction Rates

7.10. The Automotive Catalytic Converter

7.11. The Catalytic Wall Reactor

7.12. Langmuir-Hinshelwood Kinetics

7.13. Summary of Surface Reaction Kinetics

7.14. Designing Catalytic Reactors

7.15. Electrochemical Reactors

7.16. Real Catalytic Reactors

7.17. Bioreactors

7.18. The Human Reactor

PART II: APPLICATIONS

8. Nonideal Chemical Reactions

8.1. The "Complete" Equations

8.2. Reactor Mass and Energy Balances

8.3. Residence Time Distribution

8.4. Laminar Flow Tubular Reactors

8.5. Dispersion in Tubular Reactors

8.6. Recycle Reactors

8.7. CSTRs in Series

8.8. Diagnosing Reactors

8.9. Summary

9. Reactions of Solids

9.1. Reactions Involving Solids

9.2. Chemical Vapor Deposition and Reactive Etching

9.3. Solids Reactors

9.4. Reaction Rates of Solids

9.5. Films, Spheres, and Cylinders

9.6. Macroscopic and Microscopic Solids

9.7. Dissolving and Growing Films

9.8. Dissolving and Growing Spheres

9.9. Diffusion Through Solid Films

9.10. Transformation of Spheres

9.11. Mass Balances in Solid and Continuous Phases

9.12. Electrical Analogy

9.13. Summary

10. Chain Reactions, Combustion Reactors, and Safety

10.1. Chain Reactions

10.2. Characteristics of Chain Reactions

10.3. Autooxidation and Lab Safety

10.4. Chemical Synthesis and Autooxidation

10.5. Combustion

10.6. Hydrogen Oxodation

10.7. Chain Branching Reactions

10.8. Alkane Oxidation

10.9. Thermal Ignition

10.10. Thermal and Chemical Autocatalysis

10.11. Premixed Flames

10.12. Diffusion Flames

10.13. Energy Generation

10.14. Combustion of Liquids and Solids

10.15. Solid and Liquid Explosives

10.16. Explosions and Detonations

10.17. Reactor Safety

10.18. Summary

11. Polymerization Reactions and Reactors

11.1. Ideal Addition Polymerization

11.2. Polyolefins

11.3. Free-Radical Polymerization

11.4. Catalytic Polymerization

11.5. Condensation Polymerization

11.6. Fischer Tropsch Polymerization

11.7. Polymerization Reactors

11.8. Forming Polymers

11.9. Integrated Polymer Processing

11.10. Crystallization

12. Biological Reaction Engineering

12.1. Introduction

12.2. Biological Molecules

12.3. Cells

12.4. Origins and Changes in Living Systems

12.5. Bioenergy and Metabolic Pathways

12.6. Measurements in Biological Systems

12.7. Rates and Kinetics of Biological Processes

12.8. Biochemical Engineering

12.9. Chemically Synthesized Biological Molecules

12.10. Economics of Bioprocesses

12.11. Biological Reactors

12.12. Summary

13. Environmental Reaction Engineering

13.1. Only Chemical Engineers Can Solve Environmental Problems

13.2. Green Chemistry

13.3. Renewable Chemical Resources

13.4. Regulations

13.5. Accidents

13.6. Waste Treatment

13.7. Modeling the Environment

13.8. Ecological Modeling

13.9. Summary

14. Multiphase Reactors

14.1. Types of Multiphase Reactors

14.2. Mass Transfer Reactors

14.3. Mass Balance Equations

14.4. Interfacial Surface Area

14.5. Mass Transfer Between Phases

14.6. Multiphase Reactor Equations

14.7. Equilibrium Between Phases

14.8. Membrane Reactors

14.9. Falling Film Reactor

14.10. Bubble Column Reactors

14.11. Falling Film Catalytic Wall Reactor

14.12. Trickle Bed Reactor

14.13. Multiphase Reactors with Catalysts

14.14. Other Multiphase Reactors

14.15. Analysis of Multiphase Reactors

14.16. Reactor-Separation Integration

14.17. Catalytic Distillation

14.18. Chromatographic Reactors

14.19. Iron Ore Refining

14.20. The Petroleum Refinery

14.21. Summary

Appendix A: Integrating Differential Equations

Appendix B: Notation

Appendix C: Conversion Factors

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780195169256
Author:
Schmidt, Lanny D.
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Author:
null, Lanny D.
Location:
New York
Subject:
Engineering
Subject:
Engineering - Chemical & Biochemical
Subject:
Chemical reactors
Subject:
Chemistry | Materials Chemistry
Subject:
Technology | Chemical Engineering
Subject:
Chemical & Biochemical
Subject:
Engineering and Technology | Chemical Engineering
Subject:
Engineering & Technology | Chemical Engineering
Subject:
Chemistry-Chemical Engineering
Edition Number:
2
Edition Description:
Second
Series:
Topics in Chemical Engineering
Series Volume:
Volume III: Italian
Publication Date:
20040831
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
222 halftones and line illus.
Pages:
640
Dimensions:
7.5 x 9.3 x 1.4 in 2.8 lb

Related Subjects

Engineering » Engineering » General Engineering
Science and Mathematics » Chemistry » Chemical Engineering

The Engineering of Chemical Reactions (Topics in Chemical Engineering) New Hardcover
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$196.95 Backorder
Product details 640 pages Oxford University Press, USA - English 9780195169256 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Employment opportunities for chemical engineers are moving away from petroleum and petrochemicals toward new applications such as materials processing, pharmaceuticals, and foods. Chemical reactors remain at the center of any chemical process; they are essential to improving existing processes and to designing new ones. Today and in the future chemical engineers must be able to use their knowledge of reactors in combination with other skills in order to think creatively and strategically about new processes and growing applications.

The Engineering of Chemical Reactions addresses these issues by focusing on the analysis of chemical reactors while simultaneously providing a description of industrial chemical processes and the strategies by which they operate. Ideal for upper-level undergraduate courses in chemical reactor engineering and kinetics, this text provides a concise, up-to-date alternative to similar texts. In addition to the analysis of simple chemical reactors, it considers more complex situations such as multistage reactors and reactor-separation systems. Energy management and the role of mass transfer in chemical reactors are also integrated into the text.

The evolution of chemical engineering from petroleum refining, through petrochemicals and polymers, to new applications is described so that students can see the relationships between past, present, and future technologies. Applications such as catalytic processes, environmental modeling, biological reactions, reactions involving solids, oxidation, combustion, safety, polymerization, and multiphase reactors are also described.

The text uses a notation of reaction stoichiometry and reactor mass balances which is kept simple so that students can see the principles of reactor design without becoming lost in complex special cases. Numerical methods are used throughout to consider more complex problems. Worked examples are given throughout the text, and over 300 homework problems are included. Both the examples and problems cover real-world chemistry and kinetics.

"Synopsis" by , Thoroughly revised and updated in this second edition, The Engineering of Chemical Reactions focuses explicitly on developing the skills necessary to design a chemical reactor for any application, including chemical production, materials processing, and environmental modeling. This edition also features two new chapters on biological and environmental reaction engineering that provide an exciting introduction to these increasingly important areas of today's chemical engineering market.

Streamlined to enhance the logical flow of the subject, The Engineering of Chemical Reactions, 2/e, is easy for instructors to navigate and students to follow. Using real reactions from chemical engineering, the first seven chapters cover such fundamentals as multiple reactions, energy management, and catalytic processes. The final five chapters explore more advanced topics including environmental, polymer, solids processing, biological, and combustion reactions. Practical, real-world examples throughout the text consider reactor and process choices in ways that encourage students to think creatively and build on previous knowledge.

The Engineering of Chemical Reactions, 2/e, is ideal for upper-level undergraduate courses in chemical reactor engineering, chemical reactor design, and kinetics.

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