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Bioinvasions and Globalization: Ecology, Economics, Management, and Policyby Charles Perrings
Synopses & Reviews
Over the past several decades, the field of invasion biology has rapidly expanded as global trade and the spread of human populations have increasingly carried animal and plant species across natural barriers that have kept them ecologically separated for millions of years. Because some of these nonnative species thrive in their new homes and harm environments, economies, and human health, the prevention and management of invasive species has become a major policy goal from local to international levels.
Yet even though ecological research has led to public conversation and policy recommendations, those recommendations have frequently been ignored, and the efforts to counter invasive species have been largely unsuccessful. Recognizing the need to engage experts across the life, social, and legal sciences as well as the humanities, the editors of this volume have drawn together a wide variety of ecologists, historians, economists, legal scholars, policy makers, and communications scholars, to facilitate a dialogue among these disciplines and understand fully the invasive species phenomenon. Aided by case studies of well-known invasives such as the cane toad of Australia and the emerald ash borer, Asian carp, and sea lampreys that threaten US ecosystems, Invasive Species in a Globalized World offers strategies for developing and implementing anti-invasive policies designed to stop their introduction and spread, and to limit their effects.
Bioinvasions and Globalization synthesises our current knowledge of the ecology and economics of biological invasions, providing an in-depth evaluation of the science and its implications for managing the causes and consequences of one of the most pressing environmental issues facing humanity today.
Emergent zoonotic diseases such as HIV and SARS have already imposed major costs in terms of human health, whilst plant and animal pathogens have had similar effects on agriculture, forestry, fisheries. The introduction of pests, predators and competitors into many ecosystems has disrupted the benefits they provide to people, in many cases leading to the extirpation or even extinction of native species. This timely book analyzes the main drivers of bioinvasions - the growth of world trade, global transport and travel, habitat conversion and land use intensification, and climate change - and their consequences for ecosystem functioning. It shows how bioinvasions impose disproportionately high costs on countries where a large proportion of people depend heavily on the exploitation of natural resources. It considers the options for improving assessment and management of invasive species risks, and especially for achieving the international cooperation needed to address bioinvasions as a negative externality of international trade.
About the Author
Charles Perrings is Professor of Environmental Economics at Arizona State University, where he directs the ecoSERVICES Group within the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. He co-chairs (with Shahid Naeem) the ecoSERVICES core project of DIVERSITAS, the international program of biodiversity science. He is the author of numerous books and scientific papers on the economics of biodiversity change.
Harold Mooney is Professor of Biology at Stanford University. His main research area is in global change biology. He has published widely on invasive species and was the founding chair of the Global Invasive Species Programme. He currently chairs the scientific committee for DIVERSITAS, the international program for research in biological diversity.
Mark Williamson is Professor of Biology (Emeritus) at the University of York. He is a population biologist who founded the department of biology at York in 1963 and who has been involved with biological invasion research since the first SCOPE programme (1982-89).
Table of Contents
1. The problem of biological invasions, Charles Perrings, Harold Mooney and Mark Williamson
Part I - The Drivers of Biological Invasions
2. Climate change and species' distributions: an alien future?, Chris D Thomas and Ralf Ohlemüller
3. Climate and invasive species: the limits to climate information, Mark New and Carol McSweeney
4. Globalization and invasive alien species: trade, pests and pathogens, Charles Perrings, Eli Fenichel and Ann Kinzig
5. Variation in the rate and pattern of spread in introduced species and its implications, Mark Williamson
6. Habitats and land-use as determinants of plant invasions in the temperate zone of Europe, Petr Pyšek, Milan Chytrý and Vojtěch Jarošík
Part II - Economics
7. If invasive species are "pollutants", should polluters pay?, R. David Simpson
8. A model of prevention, detection, and control for invasive species, Stephen Polasky
9. Second best policies in invasive species management: when are they "good enough"?, David Finnoff, Alexei Potapov and Mark A. Lewis
10. Optimal random exploration for trade-related non-indigenous species risk, Michael Springborn, Christopher Costello and Peyton Ferrier
11. The role of space in invasive species management, Julia Touza, Martin Drechsler, Karin Johst and Katharina Dehnen-Schmutz
Part III - Management and Policy
12. The impact of invasive alien species on ecosystem services and human well-being, Liba Pejchar Goldstein and Harold Mooney
13. Current and future consequences of invasion by alien species: A case study from South Africa, B.W. van Wilgen and D.M. Richardson
14. Invasive plants in tropical human dominated landscapes: need for an inclusive management strategy, R. Uma Shaanker, Gladwin Joseph, N. A. Aravind, Ramesh Kannan and K. N. Ganeshaiah
15. Prevention: designing and implementing national policy and management programs to reduce the risks from invasive species, Reuben P. Keller and David M. Lodge
16. Globalization and bioinvasions: the international policy problem, Charles Perrings, Stas Burgiel, Mark Lonsdale, Harold Mooney and Mark Williamson
Appendix 1: Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (1995), Articles 1-11
Appendix 2 - International Health Regulations (2005) Articles 2, 5-13
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