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Other titles in the Oxford Studies in Historical Theology series:
Reading Augustine in the Reformation: The Flexibility of Intellectual Authority in Europe, 1500-1625 (Oxford Studies in Historical Theology)by Arnoud S. Q. Visser
Synopses & Reviews
In sixteenth-century Europe, Augustine was received as one of the most prominent religious and philosophical authorities, yet the various parties appropriated his thought in different, often contrasting ways. Augustine was claimed as a thoroughly Lutheran, Catholic, or Calvinist thinker, and even hailed as the ideal Erasmian pastor. These wildly contrasting receptions raise crucial questions about the significance of Augustine's thought in the Reformation period. They also show the complex relationship between religious change and the new intellectual culture of Renaissance humanism.
Drawing on a variety of printed and manuscript sources, Arnoud Visser breaks new ground in three ways. He systematically grounds Augustine's theological reception in the history of reading and the material culture of books and manuscripts. He does not confine his examination to particular confessional parties or specific geographic boundaries, but offers a cross-confessional account of Augustine's appropriation in early modern Europe. Finally, he provides crucial insight into the nature of intellectual authority in the early modern period.
Central in this study are the production, circulation and consumption of Augustine's works. Visser examines the impact of the new art of print, the rise of humanist scholarship, and the emerging confessional divisions on Augustine's reception. He shows how editors navigated a wealth of patristic information by using search tools and anthologies, and explains how individual readers used their copies and how they applied their knowledge in public debates. Reading Augustine in the Reformation argues that emerging confessional pressures did not restrict intellectual life, as has often been claimed, but promoted exciting new areas and modes of scholarship.
About the Author
Arnoud Visser received his doctorate at Leiden University, was a Research Fellow at the University of St Andrews, and is presently a lecturer in Early Modern History at the University of Amsterdam.
Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations
List of Figures
Part 1: Production
Chapter 1. The Arrival of the Printing Press
Chapter 2. Humanist Scholarship and Editorial Guidance
Chapter 3. Augustine after Trent
Part 2: Circulation
Chapter 4. How to Find the Right Argument: Bibliographies and Indexes
Chapter 5. Customizing Authority: Anthologies and Epitomes
Part 3: Consumption
Chapter 6. How Readers Read Their Augustines
Chapter 7. Patristics and Public Debate
Appendix: Opera omnia editions of Augustine 1500-1620
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