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Other titles in the myeducationlab series:

Applying Educational Research: How to Read, Do, and Use Research to Solve Problems of Practice (Myeducationlab)

Applying Educational Research: How to Read, Do, and Use Research to Solve Problems of Practice (Myeducationlab) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

“Research is generally viewed as an ominous undertaking but this text guides the reader and helps dispel the myths associated with its implementation.”

Marylin Lisowski, Eastern Illinois University

“This text is well organized and presents the information in a manner that is highly usable for students who are learning how to apply educational research.”

Deborah J. Hendricks, West Virginia University

“This text is well written. I applaud the use of articles as part of the learning process.”

Dale I. Foreman, Shenandoah University

“This text is strong with regard to its pedagogical features. I am very pleased ith the readability and content of the text.”

Arminta Jean Krows, Emporia State University

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Book News Annotation:

This guide for teachers explains how to locate, read, interpret, and apply the findings of educational research studies, as well as conduct their own research using quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods. Meredith Gall (education, U. of Oregon) et al. have reorganized this edition, added more on designing and conducting a research study, and put more emphasis on problems of practice that educators face and how they can use research findings to solve them. They also present new developments in research methodology, and add five new chapters on the complete process of doing a research study, determining the practical significance of statistical results, tests of statistical significance, the approach and purpose of narrative research, and mixed methods research. New research studies and examples of problems like bullying and underachievement are provided, in addition to 18 full-text research articles, 16 of which are new. Annotation ©2009 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Synopsis:

Applying Educational Research brings research alive for readers by introducing people who actually do research to teachers who will need to know what to do with what research suggests about learning and teaching. It helps readers learn how to locate, read, and interpret and to apply the findings of educational research studies. The revision also addresses how to design and conduct a research study in more detail. Gall, Gall, & Borg includes numerous recent, published research articles involving high-interest problems of educational practice. The chapters, which treat quantitative, qualitative, and applied forms of educational research, stand alone, allowing instructors to choose those they want to cover. Pre-service and in-service teachers will find this book shows them not just how to do or to read research, but how to use it in teaching more effectively.

 

“Research is generally viewed as an ominous undertaking but this text guides the reader and helps dispel the myths associated with its implementation.”

Marylin Lisowski, Eastern Illinois University

 

“This text is well organized and presents the information in a manner that is highly usable for students who are learning how to apply educational research.”

Deborah J. Hendricks, West Virginia University

 

“This text is well written. I applaud the use of articles as part of the learning process.”

Dale I. Foreman, Shenandoah University

 

“This text is strong with regard to its pedagogical features. I am very pleased ith the readability and content of the text.”

Arminta Jean Krows, Emporia State University

Synopsis:

This text brings research alive for educators by introducing readers to people who actually “do” research. It is intended for instructors who emphasize teaching students how to locate, read, and interpret and apply the findings of educational research studies. The revision addresses how to design and conduct a research study in more detail.

The text includes numerous recent, published research articles involving high-interest problems of educational practice. The chapters, which treat quantitative, qualitative, and applied forms of educational research, stand alone, allowing instructors to choose those they want to cover. Designed for courses focused primarily on applying, rather than conducting research, this text includes 13 actual research articles, reprinted in their entirety. The primary author of each article then offers original commentary on his/her piece. Through this format, the text presents a comprehensive explanation of the methodologies used by present-day researchers, data-collection challenges, and the meaning of the results. The book makes no assumptions about readers' prior knowledge of research or statistics.

This text builds students' confidence so that they are able to successfully read research reports and research. Through its clear yet scholarly treatment and numerous examples of educational research the text addresses the learning and application needs of an increasingly wider spectrum of students and practitioners in the field of education. For the first time, readerswill see the relevance of research to educational practice.

Table of Contents

Detailed Contents

 

 

Applying Educational Research to Problems of Practice

 

(Subtitle: How to Read, Use, and Do Research)

 

 

PART I: INTRODUCTION

 

Chapter 1          Using Research Evidence to Improve Educational Practice

Introduction

Evidence-Based Professional Practice

            Evidence-Based Practice in Medicine

            Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology

Evidence-Based Practice in Education

            Traditional Educational Practice

            The Movement toward Evidence-Based Education

            Problems of Practice in Education                      

            The Ethics of Educational Research and Practice

Collaborating with Researchers

            Being a Research Participant

            Participating in Program Evaluations

            Influencing Policy Agendas for Education

The Purpose of Educational Research

            Descriptive Research

            Predictive Research                  

            Experimental Intervention Research

            Explanatory Research

            Basic and Applied Research

Characteristics of Research as an Approach to Inquiry

            Use of Concepts and Procedures That Are Shared, Precise, and Accessible

            Replicability of Findings

            Refutability of Knowledge Claims

            Control for Researcher Errors and Biases

Quantitative and Qualitative Research

A Personal Note: The Research “Spark”

An Example of How Research Can Help in Solving Problems of Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Educational Research Study: The Gully in the “Brain”

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

Chapter 2          Doing Your Own Research: From Proposal to Final Report

Introduction

Identifying a Research Problem

Outlining a Quantitative or Qualitative Research Proposal

            Purpose of Study

            Research Questions and Hypotheses

            Quantitative Variables and Case Delineation

            Literature Search

            Research Design

            Sampling

            Methods of Data Collection        

            Data Analysis Procedures

            Ethics and Human Relations

            Timeline

Other Steps in the Research Process

            Pilot Study

            Data Collection

            Writing a Research Report         

            A Final Note about Using a Proposal Guide

Examples of Outlining a Research Proposal

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

 

 

PART II: APPLYING EXISTING RESEARCH STUDIES TO PROBLEMS

            OF PRACTICE      

 

Chapter 3          Conducting and Writing Your Own Literature Review

Introduction

Two Types of Literature Review

            Informal Literature Reviews

            Formal Literature Reviews

A Systematic Procedure for Doing Formal Literature Reviews

            Step 1: Framing Questions to Guide the Literature Search

            Step 2: Consulting with Experts

            Step 3: Using Bibliographic Indexes and Search Engines

            Step 4: Reading Secondary Sources

            Step 5: Reading Primary Sources

                        Obtaining Copies of Primary and Secondary Sources

            Step 6: Classifying Publications into Meaningful Categories

            Step 7: Preparing a Report of a Literature Review

                        Introductory Section

                        Section on Findings

                        Discussion Section

                        References

                        Preparing a Visual Presentation of a Literature Review

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Literature Review: Shifting the Paradigm from “At Risk” to “At Promise”: A Review of the Construct of Resilience and Its Educational Applications

                        Researcher’s Comments, Prepared by Sandra XX

                        Reprint of Master’s Paper

 

 

Chapter 4          Using Search Engines in a Literature Review

The Purpose of Search Engines and Indexes

            Bibliographic Indexes and Search Engines

Selecting a Useful Search Engine

            Search Engines for Websites

            Search Engine for Bibliographies

            Search Engines for Book Reviews

            Search Engines for Books

            Search Engine for Dissertations and Theses

            Search Engines for Journal Articles, Papers, and Reports

            Search Engines for Magazine and Newspaper Articles

Using a Search Engine to Focus a Literature Review

            Search Options in the ERIC Search Engine

                        Pull-Down Menu for Keywords

                        Pull-Down Menu for Connectors

            Other Advanced-Search Options in ERIC

                        Full-Text Availability

                        Publication Date

                        Publication Types and Education Levels

            Citation Pearl Growing As a Search Strategy

            Keeping Track of Your Search

            Saving, Downloading, and Printing ERIC Records

            Citation Managers

Obtaining a Publication after a Literature Search

Self-Check Test

Chapter Reference

Resources for Further Study

 

 

Chapter 5          Making Use of Available Literature Reviews

Advantages of Available Literature Reviews

Systematic Syntheses of Research Findings

            Meta-Analytic Syntheses of Quantitative Research

                        Effect Sizes in Meta-Analysis

                        Limitations of Meta-Analysis

            Syntheses of Qualitative Research Studies

Professional Literature Reviews

Locating Published Reviews of the Education Literature

            Search Engines

            Encyclopedias

            Handbooks

            Yearbooks, Journals, and Periodic Reports

                        NSSE Yearbooks

                        Publications of the American Educational Research Association

                        What Works Clearinghouse

Criteria for Evaluating Published Literature Reviews

An Example of How Literature Reviews Can Help in Solving Problems of Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Professional Review: The Case For and Against Homework

                        Reprint of Journal Article

            Sample Meta-Analysis: A Meta-Analysis of the Effectiveness of Computer-Assisted            Instruction in Science Education

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

PART III: USING QUANTITATIVE METHODOLOGY TO STUDY

            PROBLEMS OF PRACTICE

 

Chapter 6          Analyzing and Evaluating Reports of Quantitative Research Studies

Organization of a Quantitative Research Report

Abstract and Introduction

            Constructs and Variables

            Variables and Constants

            Research Hypotheses, Questions, and Objectives

            Literature Review

            The Researchers’ Qualifications

Method Section: Sampling Procedures

            Types of Sampling

                        Simple Random Sampling

                        Stratified Random Sampling

            Volunteer Samples

            Population Validity

Method Section: Measures

            Types of Measures

                        Tests, Scales, and Performance Measures

                        Questionnaires

                        Interviews

                        Direct Observation

                        Content Analysis

            Validity of Measures

                        Evidence from Test Content

                        Evidence from Internal Structure

                        Evidence from Relationship to Other Variables

                        Evidence from Response Processes

                        Evidence from Consequences of Testing

            Reliability of Measures

                        Item Consistency

                        Stability of Measurement

                        Consistency of Administration and Scoring

                        Standard Error of Measurement

                        Evaluating Researchers’ Determination of Reliability

            Item Response Theory

            Limitations to Tests of Validity and Reliability

            Sources of Information about Established Measures

            Developing a Measure

Method Section: Research Design and Procedures

Results Section

Discussion Section

An Example of How Quantitative Research Can Help in Solving Problems                           of Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

 

 

Chapter 7          Using Descriptive Statistics to Study Problems of Practice

Introduction

Constructs, Variables, and Measurement Scales

            Constructs

            Variables

            Types of Measurement Scales

                        Nominal Scales

                        Ordinal Scales

                        Interval and Ratio Scales

Statistical Analysis of Data

            Statistics and Parameters

Descriptive Statistics

                        Measures of Central Tendency

                        Mean

                        Median

                        Mode 

                        Outliers

                        Nominal Scale Data

            Measures of Variability

                        Range

                        Mean Absolute Deviation

                        Sum of Squares

                        Variance

                        Standard Deviation

                        Normal Curve

                        Skewness

Multivariate Descriptive Statistics

            Correlational Analysis

            Group Comparisons

Calculating Descriptive Statistics

An Example of How Descriptive Statistics Can Help in Solving Problems of                                     Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

 

 

Chapter 8          The Practical Significance of Statistical Results

The Practical Significance of Statistical Results

Comparisons with Personal and Organizational Standards

Comparisons with Ideal Standards

Comparisons with Curriculum Standards

Comparisons Based on Rankings

Comparisons Involving Tables of Norms

            Grade Equivalents

            Age Equivalents

            Percentile Ranks

Comparisons Involving Standard Scores

            The Most Common Standard Score: the z Score

            The Presentation of z Scores in Table Form

            The Practical Significance of z Scores

            Types of Standard Scores

Effect Sizes

Gain Scores

            Percentage Gains and Losses

            Status Models and Growth Models for School Accountability

            Practical Significance as an Interpretive Process

An Example of How Determining the Practical Significance of Statistical Results Can                      Help in Solving Problems of Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Educational Research Study: Can Growth Ever Be Beside the Point?

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

Chapter 9          Tests of Statistical Significance

The Logic of Statistical Significance and Confidence Intervals

            Population Data and Sample Data

            Drawing Random Samples from a Population

            Confidence Intervals

            Margin of Error

Inferential Statistics

            The Null Hypothesis

            The Meaning of p Values and Statistical Significance

            Type I and Type II Errors

            Directional Hypotheses

Tests of Statistical Significance

            Comparison of Two Sample Means

            Comparison of More than Two Sample Means

            Comparisons of Sample Means in Complex Data Sets

            Interaction Effects

            Analysis of Covariance

            Comparisons between Sample Frequencies

            Comparisons between Correlation Coefficients

            Parametric versus Nonparametric Tests of Statistical Significance

            Cautions in Interpreting Tests of Statistical Significance

Calculating Statistics

Using Statistics to Improve Professional Practice

An Example of How Tests of Statistical Significance Can Help in Solving Problems of                      Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

 

 

Chapter 10        Descriptive Research

The Relevance of Descriptive Research to Educational Practice

            Descriptive Research in Newspapers

            The Gallup Polls

            National Assessment of Educational Progress

            An Example of Descriptive Research: The Quality of Teaching in Low-Income                                  Schools

Features of a Descriptive Research Report

            Introduction

            Research Design

            Sampling Procedure

                        Sampling in Longitudinal Research

            Measures

                        Construction of Questionnaires and Interviews

                                    Identification of Constructs

                                    Writing Questionnaire and Interview Items

                                    Evidence of Validity and Reliability

            Results

            Discussion: Implications for Practice

                        The 26th PDK/Gallup Poll

                        Teachers’ Beliefs about Inclusive Education

                        Status of Equity for Black Undergraduates

Evaluating a Descriptive Research Study

An Example of How Descriptive Research Can Help in Solving Problems of                                     Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Descriptive Research Study: Middle School Mathematics Teachers’ Beliefs about   Inclusion of Students with Learning Disabilities

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

Chapter 11        Group-Comparison Research

Classification of Quantitative Research Designs

            Non-Experimental Research Involving Causal Relationships

The Relevance of Group-Comparison Research to Educational Practice

Examples of Group-Comparison Research

            New Teachers’ Experiences in High-Income and Low-Income Schools

            Gender Differences in College Students’ Ratings of Professors

            Effects of Students’ Residential and School Mobility

Features of a Causal-Comparative Research Report

            Introduction

            Research Design

            Sampling Procedure

            Measures

            Results

                        The t Test in Causal-Comparative Research

                        Effect Sizes in Causal-Comparative Research

                        Analysis of Variance in Causal-Comparative Research

                        Nonparametric Tests of Statistical Significance

            Discussion: Implications for Practice

Evaluating a Causal-Comparison Research Study

An Example of How Group-Comparison Research Can Help in Solving Problems of              Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Group-Comparison Research Study: Academic Performance Gap Between             Summer-Birthday and Fall-Birthday Children in Grades K-8

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

Chapter 12        Correlational Research

Comparison of Correlational and Group-Comparison Research Designs

Examples of Correlational Research

                        Factors Associated with Smoking among Youth

                        The Relationship between School Culture and Student Achievement

                        Using Infants’ Recognition Memory Scores to Predict Adult IQ and

                                    Academic Achievement

Correlation between Two Variables

            The Advantage of Continuous Variables

            Using Scattergrams to Represent Correlations

                        Negative Correlational Patterns in Scattergrams

                        Positive Correlational Patterns in Scattergrams

                        Nonlinear Correlational Patterns in Scattergrams

                        Absence of a Correlational Pattern in Scattergrams

            The Meaning of Correlation Coefficients for Two Variables

            Types of Bivariate Correlational Statistics

            Statistical Significance and Effect Size for Bivariate Correlational Statistics

Multivariate Correlation

            Multiple Regression

            Discriminant Analysis and Logistic Regression

            Canonical Correlation

            Hierarchical Linear Modeling

            Path Analysis and Structural Equation Modeling

            Differential Analysis

            Factor Analysis

Features of a Correlational Research Report

            Introduction

            Research Design

            Sampling Procedure

            Measures

            Results

            Discussion: Implications for Practice

Evaluating a Correlational Research Study

An Example of How Correlational Research Can Help in Solving Problems of                                   Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Correlational Research Study: Correlates of Performance in Biological

            Psychology: How Can We Help?

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

Chapter 13        Experimental Research

The Relevance of Experimental Research to Educational Practice

Characteristics of Experiments

            Phases of an Experiment

Examples of Experimental Research

            Effects of Different Class Sizes

            Effects of Different Types of History Textbooks

            Effects of Different Types of Teacher Education

Features of a Report of a Pretest-Posttest Control-Group Experiment with Randomization

            Introduction

            Research Design

                        Inclusion of a Control Group

                        Random Assignment of Research Participants

                        Administration of Pretests and Posttests

            Sampling Procedure

            Measures

            Results

            Discussion: Implications for Practice

Other Group-Experiment Designs

            Quasi-Experiments

            Factorial Experimental Designs

Threats to the Internal Validity of Experiments

            History Effect

            Maturation Effect

            Testing Effect

            Instrumentation Effect

            Statistical Regression

            Differential Selection

            Selection-Maturation Interaction

            Experimental Mortality

Threats Directly Involving the Experimental Intervention

Threats to the External Validity of Experiments

            Population Validity

            Personological Variables

            Ecological Validity

Single-Case Experiments

Features of a Report of a Single-Case Experiment

            Introduction

            Research Design

            Sampling Procedure

            Measures

            Results

            Discussion: Implications for Practice

Evaluating an Experimental Research Study

An Example of How Experimental Research Can Help in Solving Problems of                                  Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Group-Experiment: After-School Multifamily Groups: A randomized

            Controlled Trial Involving Low-Income, Urban, Latino Children

                        Reprint of Journal Article

            Sample Single-Case Experiment: Increasing On-task Behavior in the Classroom:

            Extension of Self-Monitoring Strategies.

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

PART IV: USING QUALITATIVE METHODOLOGY TO STUDY

            PROBLEMS OF PRACTICE

 

Chapter 14        Case Study Research

Case Studies: Relevance to Educational Practice

            Example of a Case Story

Key Characteristics of Case Studies

            Study of Particular Instances of a Phenomenon

            In-Depth Study of the Case

            Study of a Phenomenon in Its Natural Context

            Joint Representation of Emic and Etic Perspectives

Examples of Case Studies

            Teacher Development

            Instructional Technology Specialists

            School Privatization

The Nature of Qualitative Research

Features of a Case Study Report

            Introduction

            Research Design

            Sampling Procedure

            Data Collection Procedures

                        Interviews

                        Observation

                        Document and Media Analysis

                        Paper-and-Pencil Measures

            Data Analysis

            Findings

            Discussion

Applying Case Study Findings to Problems of Practice

            Checking the Applicability of Case Study Findings

            Determining the Quality and Rigor of Case Studies

                        Usefulness of Case Studies

                        Inclusion of Numerical Data

                        Long-Term Observation

                        Coding Checks

                        Member Checking

                        Triangulation

                        Contextual Completeness

                        Chain of Evidence

                        Researcher Reflection

An Example of How Case Study Research Can Help in Solving Problems of                                    Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Case Story: Teaching Secrets: Ask the Kids!

                        Reprint of Journal Article

            Sample Case Study: General Education Teachers and Students with ADHD: What

            Modifications Are Made?

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

Chapter 15        Narrative Research

Narrative Research: Relevance to Educational Practice

Examples of Narrative Research in Education

            Comparison between Student and Textbook Narratives

            An Evaluator’s Story

            Primary Teachers’ Stories

Features of a Narrative Research Report

            Introduction

            Research Design

            Sampling Procedure

            Data Collection Procedures

            Data Analysis

            Findings

            Discussion

Evaluating a Narrative Research Study

An Example of How Narrative Research Can Help in Solving Problems of                            Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Narrative Research Study: “How Will I Get Them to Behave?”: Pre service   Teachers Reflect on Classroom Management

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

 

Chapter 16        Ethnographic and Critical Ethnographic Research

The Use of Critical Ethnography to Study Problems of Practice in Education

The Characteristics of Ethnographic Research

            Focus on Culture or Aspects of Culture

            Naturalistic Study of Individuals in the Field

            Making the Familiar Strange

            Thick Description

            Differences between Ethnographies and Basic Case Studies

Examples of Ethnographic Research

            An Ethnography of Video Blogging

            An Ethnography of Studying

Critical Research as a Field of Inquiry and Practice

            Examples of Issued Studied by Criticalists

            The Value Orientation of Critical Research           

                        The Tendency to Privilege and Oppress

                        The Maintenance of Low Privilege

                        The Multi-Faceted Nature of Oppression

                        The Role of Mainstream Research in Maintaining Oppression

            The Epistemological Orientation of Critical Research

                        Power Relationships That Underlie Knowledge

                        The Value-laden Nature of Knowledge

                        The Role of Capitalist Culture in Framing Knowledge

                        The Role of Cultural Texts in Maintaining Privilege

            The Contribution of Criticalist Thinking to Research

Foundations of Critical Research in Education

            Cultural Studies

            Critical Pedagogy

            The Role of Theory in Critical Research

Features of a Critical Ethnographic Research Report

            Introduction

            Research Design, Sampling, Measures and Results

                        Stage One: Monological Data Collection

                        Stage Two: Preliminary Reconstructive Analysis

                        Stage Three: Dialogical Data Generation

                        Stage Four: Discovering System Relationships

                        Stage Five: Seeking Explanation of the Findings through Social-   

                                                Theoretical Models

            Conclusion

Evaluating Ethnographies and Critical Ethnographies

An Example of How Ethnography and Critical Research Can Help in Solving Problems         of Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Critical Ethnography: From Gangs to the Academy: Scholars Emerge By   Reaching Back Through Critical Ethnography

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

Chapter 17        Historical Research  

The Nature of Historical Research

The Role of Historical Research in Education

            Revisionist History

            Futurology

Methods of Historical Research

Identifying Historical Sources

            Search Engines and Bibliographic Indexes

            Secondary Sources

            Primary Sources

                        Text and Other Media

                        Oral History

                        Relics

                        Quantitative Materials

                        Archives

Validating Historical Evidence

            Procedures for Determining the Authenticity of Historical Sources

            Procedures for Determining the Accuracy of Historical Sources

Interpreting Historical Data

            Causal Inference in Historical Research

            Generalizing from Historical Evidence

            Using Quantitative Materials in Historical Research

Features of a Historical Research Report

            Statement of Purpose

            Historical Chronology

            Lessons To Be Learned from a Historical Study

            Historical Concepts

Evaluating Historical Research

An Example of How Historical Research Can Help in Solving Problems of                           Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Historical Research Study: Go To the Principal’s Office: Toward a Social History     of the School Principalin North America

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

 

PART V: COMBINING QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE METHODOLOGIES TO STUDY PROBLEMS OF PRACTICE      

 

Chapter 18        Mixed-Methods Research

The Need for Multiple Research Methods

            A Research Question That Requires a Quantitative Research Method

            A Research Question That Requires a Qualitative Research Method

            A Research Question Answerable by Either Quantitative or Qualitative

                                    Research Methods

                        Study of Cases Versus Study of Populations or Samples

                        Causality as Intentional Versus Mechanistic

                        Discovery of Concepts/Theories Versus Use of Known

                                    Concepts/Theories

                        Analysis of the Illustrative Quantitative and Qualitative Studies

Types of Mixed-Methods Research

            Using Qualitative Methods to Explain Quantitative Findings

            Using a Theoretical Perspective to Guide a Mixed-Methods Study

            Using Qualitative and Quantitative Methods to Triangulate Findings

Reading a Mixed-Methods Research Report

            Introduction

            Research Design

            Sampling Procedure

            Measures

            Results

                        Quantitative Results

                        Qualitative Results

            Discussion

Evaluating the Report of a Mixed-Methods Study

An Example of How Mixed-Methods Research Can Help in Solving Problems of                              Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Mixed-Methods Research Study: Middle School Students’ Perceptions of   Effective Motivation and Preparation Factors for High-Stakes Tests

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

 

PART VI: USING OTHER METHODOLOGIES TO STUDY PROBLEMS OF PRACTICE

 

Chapter 19        Action Research

The History of Action Research

Using Action Research to Address Problems of Practice

Examples of Action Research Studies

            Bullying in Middle School

            The Needs of College Students in China

            The Effectiveness of Reciprocal Teaching

Design Features of Action Research

            Step One: Selection of a Focus for the Study

            Step Two: Data Collection

            Step Three: Analysis and Interpretation of the Data

            Step Four: Taking Action

            Step Five: Reflection

            Step Six: Continuation or Modification of Practice

            Step Seven: Preparing a Report of the Findings

How Action Research Differs from Educators’ Other Approaches to

            Problem Solving

Purposes and Benefits of Action Research

Applying Action Science to Action Research

The Insider-Outsider Issue in Collaborative Action Research

Evaluating the Credibility and Trustworthiness of Action Research

            Outcome Validity

            Process Validity

            Democratic Validity

            Catalytic Validity

            Dialogic Validity

An Example of How Action Research Can Help in Solving Problems of Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Action Research Study: Student-Generated Discussion in the Senior Secondary     English Classroom

                        Researcher’s Comments, Prepared by A. W. Lehmann

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

Chapter 20        Evaluation Research

The Use of Evaluation Research in Educational Decision-Making

Examples of Evaluation Research

Programs as a Focus of Evaluation Research

Evaluation Research as a Political Activity

Models of Evaluation Research

            Objectives-Based Evaluation

            Needs Assessment

            The Context-Input-Process-Product (CIPP) Model

            Responsive Evaluation

            Educational Research and Development

How to Read an Evaluation Report

Evaluating an Evaluation Research Study

An Example of How Program Evaluations Can Help in Solving Problems of                          Practice

Self-Check Test

Chapter References

Resources for Further Study

            Sample Evaluation Research Study: Divergence in Learning Goal Priorities between            College Students and Their Faculty: Implications for Teaching and Learning

                        Reprint of Journal Article

 

 

SELF-CHECK TEST ANSWERS

 

 

APPENDICES

1. Guide for Outlining a Quantitative  or Qualitative Research Proposal

2. Questions To Ask Yourself When Evaluating a Report of a Quantitative Study

3. Questions to Ask Yourself When Evaluating a Report of a Qualitative Study

4. Design-Specific Questions to Ask Yourself When Evaluating a Research Report

Product Details

ISBN:
9780205596706
Subtitle:
How to Read, Do, and Use Research to Solve Problems of Practice
Publisher:
Pearson
Author:
Gall, Joyce P.
Author:
Gall, Meredith (Mark) D.
Author:
Gall, M. D.
Author:
Borg, Walter R.
Author:
Gall, Meredith Damien
Subject:
Testing & Measurement
Subject:
Education -- Research.
Subject:
Research
Subject:
Education-General
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series:
MyEducationLab Series
Publication Date:
October 2009
Binding:
Paperback
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
600
Dimensions:
10.9 x 8.5 x 1.1 in 1179 gr

Related Subjects


Education » General
Science and Mathematics » Biology » General
Textbooks » General

Applying Educational Research: How to Read, Do, and Use Research to Solve Problems of Practice (Myeducationlab)
0 stars - 0 reviews
$ In Stock
Product details 600 pages Allyn & Bacon - English 9780205596706 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,

Applying Educational Research brings research alive for readers by introducing people who actually do research to teachers who will need to know what to do with what research suggests about learning and teaching. It helps readers learn how to locate, read, and interpret and to apply the findings of educational research studies. The revision also addresses how to design and conduct a research study in more detail. Gall, Gall, & Borg includes numerous recent, published research articles involving high-interest problems of educational practice. The chapters, which treat quantitative, qualitative, and applied forms of educational research, stand alone, allowing instructors to choose those they want to cover. Pre-service and in-service teachers will find this book shows them not just how to do or to read research, but how to use it in teaching more effectively.

 

“Research is generally viewed as an ominous undertaking but this text guides the reader and helps dispel the myths associated with its implementation.”

Marylin Lisowski, Eastern Illinois University

 

“This text is well organized and presents the information in a manner that is highly usable for students who are learning how to apply educational research.”

Deborah J. Hendricks, West Virginia University

 

“This text is well written. I applaud the use of articles as part of the learning process.”

Dale I. Foreman, Shenandoah University

 

“This text is strong with regard to its pedagogical features. I am very pleased ith the readability and content of the text.”

Arminta Jean Krows, Emporia State University

"Synopsis" by ,

This text brings research alive for educators by introducing readers to people who actually “do” research. It is intended for instructors who emphasize teaching students how to locate, read, and interpret and apply the findings of educational research studies. The revision addresses how to design and conduct a research study in more detail.

The text includes numerous recent, published research articles involving high-interest problems of educational practice. The chapters, which treat quantitative, qualitative, and applied forms of educational research, stand alone, allowing instructors to choose those they want to cover. Designed for courses focused primarily on applying, rather than conducting research, this text includes 13 actual research articles, reprinted in their entirety. The primary author of each article then offers original commentary on his/her piece. Through this format, the text presents a comprehensive explanation of the methodologies used by present-day researchers, data-collection challenges, and the meaning of the results. The book makes no assumptions about readers' prior knowledge of research or statistics.

This text builds students' confidence so that they are able to successfully read research reports and research. Through its clear yet scholarly treatment and numerous examples of educational research the text addresses the learning and application needs of an increasingly wider spectrum of students and practitioners in the field of education. For the first time, readerswill see the relevance of research to educational practice.

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