Wintersalen Sale
 
 

Special Offers see all

Enter to WIN a $100 Credit

Subscribe to PowellsBooks.news
for a chance to win.
Privacy Policy

Tour our stores


    Recently Viewed clear list


    Original Essays | November 7, 2014

    Carli Davidson: IMG Puppies for Sale? Read This First



    Shake Puppies contains an almost unsettling amount of cuteness. There is a good chance after looking through its pages you will get puppy fever and... Continue »
    1. $12.59 Sale Hardcover add to wish list

      Shake Puppies

      Carli Davidson 9780062351722

    spacer
Qualifying orders ship free.
$19.95
Used Trade Paper
Ships in 1 to 3 days
Add to Wishlist
Qty Store Section
1 Burnside Archaeology- World Prehistory

Ancient Lives: An Introduction to Archaelology and Prehistory (Myanthrokit)

by

Ancient Lives: An Introduction to Archaelology and Prehistory (Myanthrokit) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

For one semester courses in Introductory Archaeology and Prehistory that combine theory and methods.

 

Ancient Lives is aimed at general courses in archaeology and prehistory that cover archaeological methods and theory, as well as world prehistory. The first half of the book covers the basic principles, methods, and theoretical approaches of archaeology. The second half is devoted to a summary of the major developments of human prehistory: the origins of humankind and the archaic world, the origins and spread of modern humans, the emergence of food production, and the beginnings of civilization. This is a book for complete beginners, written in a narrative style.

Synopsis:

"Ancient Lives "is aimed at general courses in archaeology and prehistory that cover archaeological methods and theory, as well as world prehistory. Archaeology, Prehistory; KEY MAKET: This is a book for complete beginners, written in a narrative style.

Synopsis:

Ancient Lives is aimed at general courses in archaeology and prehistory that cover archaeological methods and theory, as well as world prehistory. Archaeology, Prehistory;  KEY MAKET: This is a book for complete beginners, written in a narrative style.

About the Author

Brian Fagan is one of the leading archaeological writers in the world and an internationally recognized authority on world prehistory. He studied archaeology and anthropology at Pembroke College, Cambridge University, and then spent seven years in sub-Saharan Africa working in museums and in monument conservation and excavating early farming sites in Zambia and East Africa. He was one of the pioneers of multidisciplinary African history in the 1960s. From 1967 to 2003, he was professor of anthropology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he specialized in lecturing and writing about archaeology to wide audiences. He is now professor emeritus.

 

Professor Fagan has written six best-selling textbooks: Ancient Lives: An Introduction to Archaeology and Prehistory; In the Beginning; Archaeology: A Brief Introduction; People of the Earth; World Prehistory; and A Brief History of Archaeology–all published by Prentice Hall–which are used around the world. His general books include The Rape of the Nile, a classic history of Egyptology; The Adventure of Archaeology; Time Detectives; Ancient North America; The Little Ice Age; and The Great Warming. He is general editor of the Oxford Companion to Archaeology. In addition, he has published several scholarly monographs on African archaeology and numerous specialized articles in national and international journals. He is also an expert on multimedia teaching and received the Society for American Archaeology’s first Public Education Award for his indefatigable efforts on behalf of archaeology and education.

Table of Contents

Preface 

Author’s Note

About the Author 

 

PART 1 Archaeology: Studying Ancient Times  

    SPECIAL FEATURE: Conservation of Sites and Finds 

CHAPTER 1 Introducing Archaeology and Prehistory 

    How Archaeology Began 

    The Discovery of Early Civilizations  

    The Antiquity of Humankind 

    DISCOVERY: Austen Henry Layard at Nineveh 

    The Origins of Scientific Archaeology  

    Archaeology and Prehistory  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: A Short Guide to Archaeological Diversity  

    Prehistory and World Prehistory  

    Major Developments in Human Prehistory  

    Why Are Archaeology and World Prehistory Important?  

    Mysteries of the Past  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: Pseudoarchaeology, or You, Too, Can Be an Armchair Indiana Jones! 

    The Powerful Lure of the Past  

    Archaeology and Human Diversity  

    Archaeology as a Political Tool  

    Archaeology and Economic Development  

    Garbology  

    Who Needs the Past?  

    SITE: Inyan Ceyaka Atonwan, Minnesota 

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites 

    Critical Thinking Questions

 

CHAPTER 2 The Record of the Past  

    The Goals of Archaeology  

    Constructing Culture History  

    DISCOVERY: The Folsom Bison Kill Site, New Mexico  

    Reconstructing Ancient Lifeways  

    SITE: The ’Ain Ghazal Figurines  

    Explaining Cultural Change  

    The Process of Archaeological Research  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: An Archaeologist’s Ethical Responsibili-ties  

    Research Design  

    Data Acquisition  

    Analysis  

    Interpretation  

    Publication and Curation  

    What Is Culture?  

    The Archives of the Past: The Archaeological Record  

    Preservation Conditions  

    A Waterlogged Site: Ozette, Washington  

    A Dry Site: Puruchucho-Huaquerones, Peru  

    Cold Conditions: Nevado Ampato, Peru  

    Volcanic Ash: Cerén, El Salvador  

    DISCOVERY: Tragedy at Cerén, El Salvador  

    Context  

    Time and Space  

    The Law of Association  

    The Law of Superposition  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites  

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

CHAPTER 3 Acquiring the Record 

    DISCOVERY: Recording the Behistun Inscription, Iran

    How Do You Find Archaeological Sites?  

    Accidental Discoveries  

    Deliberate Survey  

    Settlement Patterns and Settlement Archaeology  

    Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS)  

    SITE: Teotihuacán, Mexico  

    How Do You Dig Up the Past?  

    The Ethical Responsibilities of the Excavator  

    Research Design and Problem-Oriented Excavation  

    Koster  

    Types of Excavation  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: Archaeological Sites  

    Excavation as Recording  

    How Old Is It?  

    Relative Chronology  

    Chronometric Dating  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: Dating the Past  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites  

    Critical Thinking Questions  

    

CHAPTER 4 How Did People Live? 

    Technologies of the Ancients  

    Stone  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: Classifying Artifact Types 

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: Lithic Analysis  

    Bone and Antler  

    Wood  

    Clay (Ceramics)  

    Metals and Metallurgy  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: Ceramic Analysis  

    Basketry and Textiles  

    Subsistence: Making a Living  

    SITE: Ancient Wine at Abydos, Egypt  

    Animal Bones  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: Studying Ancient Subsistence  

    Plant Remains 

    Fishing and Fowling  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: Flotation Methods  

    Reconstructing Ancient Diet  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites  

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

PART 2 Ancient Interactions  

    SPECIAL FEATURE: Major Developments in Archaeology Since 1798 

CHAPTER 5 Individuals and Interactions  

    An Individual: Ötzi the Ice Man  

    Social Ranking  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: THE LAW CODE OF HAMMURABI OF BABYLON, 1760 B.C. 

    SITE: The Sepulcher of the Maya Lord Pacal, Palenque, Mexico  

    Gender: Men and Women  

    Grinding Grain at Abu Hureyra, Syria  

    The Engendered Past 

    Ethnicity and Inequality  

    Ideologies of Domination  

    Artifacts, Social Inequality, and Resistance  

    Trade and Exchange  

    DISCOVERY: War Casualties at Thebes, Egypt  

    Types of Exchange and Trade 

    Sourcing  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: OBSIDIAN SOURCING  

    A Unique Portrait of Ancient Trade: The Uluburun Ship  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites  

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

CHAPTER 6 Studying the Intangible  

    A Framework of Common Belief  

    DISCOVERY: Shang Oracle Bones, China  

    Ethnographic Analogy and Rock Art  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: COPYING SOUTH AFRICAN ROCK PAINTINGS  

    The Archaeology of Death 

    Artifacts: The Importance of Context  

    Artifacts and Art Styles  

    SITE: The Shrine at Phylakopi, Greece  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: THE ANCIENT MAYA WORLD THROUGH GLYPHS  

    Sacred Places  

    Astroarchaeology and Stonehenge  

    Southwestern Astronomy and Chaco Canyon  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites 

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

CHAPTER 7 Explaining the Past 

    Culture History  

    Constructing Culture History  

    Synthesis  

    A Hierarchy of Archaeological Units  

    Descriptive Models of Cultural Change  

    Inevitable Variation  

    Cultural Selection  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: A HIERARCHY OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL ENTITIES  

    Invention  

    Diffusion  

    Migration  

    Analogy  

    DISCOVERY: A Tale of Two Maya Women: Waka, Guatemala  

    Archaeology by Observation and Experiment  

    Ethnoarchaeology 

    Experimental Archaeology 

    Explaining Cultural Change  

    Cultural Systems and Cultural Processes  

    Processual Archaeology  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: DEDUCTIVE AND INDUCTIVE REA-SONING  

    People, Not Systems  

    SITE: Guilá Naquitz Cave, Mexico 

    Cognitive-Processual Archaeology  

    The Issue of Complexity  

    Change and No Change  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites  

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

PART 3 The World of the First Humans  

    SPECIAL FEATURE: The Pre-Modern World  194

CHAPTER 8 Human Origins  

    The Great Ice Age (c.2.5 Million to 15,000 Years Ago) 

    Early Primate Evolution and Adaptation 

    The Primate Order 

    “Coming Down from the Trees”  

    The Fossil Evidence for Human Evolution (7 Million to 1.5 Million Years Ago)  

    The Earliest Known Hominin: Toumaï, Sahelanthropus tchadensis  

    What Is Australopithecus?  

    Ardipithecus ramidus 

    Australopithecus anamensis and Australopithecus afarensis  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: POTASSIUM-ARGON DATING  

    All Kinds of Australopithecines (3 Million to 2.5 Million Years Ago)  

    Gracile Australopithecines: Australopithecus africanus  

    Robust Australopithecines: A. aethiopicus, A. boisei, and A. robustus  

    Australopithecus garhi  

    Early Homo: Homo habilis (2.5 Million to 2 Million Years Ago)  

    A Burst of Rapid Change?  

    Who Was the First Human?  

    The Earliest Human Technology  

    SITE: Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania  

    Hunters or Scavengers?  

    Plant Foraging and Grandmothering  

    The Earliest Human Mind  

    The Development of Language  

    The Earliest Social Organization  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites  

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

CHAPTER 9 African Exodus

    Ice Age Background  

    Homo ergaster in Africa 

    Homo erectus (c. 1.9 Million to c. 200,000 Years Ago)  

    Radiating out of Africa  

    Homo erectus in Asia  

    The Lifeway of Homo erectus 

    Handaxes and Choppers

    Bamboo and Choppers 

    Language  

    Archaic Homo sapiens (c. 400,000 to 130,000 Years Ago) 

   Archaic Homo sapiens: Homo heidelbergensis

    SITE: A 400,000 YEAR-OLD HUNT AT SCHONINGEN, GER-MANY

    The Neanderthals (c. 200,000 to 30,000 Years Ago)  

    The Origins of Modern Humans (c. 180,000 to 150,000 Years Ago)  

    Continuity or Replacement?  

    Molecular Biology and Homo sapiens  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: DNA AND PREHISTORY  

    Ecology and Homo sapiens 

    Out of Tropical Africa  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites  

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

PART 4 Modern Humans Settle the World  

    SPECIAL FEATURE: The Spread of Modern Humans to 12,000 Years Ago 

CHAPTER 10 The Great Diaspora 

    The Late Ice Age World (50,000 to 15,000 Years Ago)  

    The Peopling of Southeast Asia and Australia (c. 50,000 to 15,000 Years Ago)  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: RADIOCARBON DATING  

    Late Ice Age Europe: The Cro-Magnons (45,000 to 15,000 Years Ago)  

    Subsistence  

    Cro-Magnon Technology  

    Cro-Magnon Art  

    DISCOVERY: Grotte de Chauvet, France 

    Hunter-Gatherers in Eurasia (35,000 to 15,000 Years Ago)  

    East Asia (35,000 to 15,000 Years Ago)  

    Sinodonty and Sundadonty  

    Early Human Settlement of Siberia (Before 20,000 to 15,000 Years Ago)  

    The First Americans (Before 15,000 Years Ago to 11,000 B.C.)  

    Settlement before 30,000 Years Ago?  

    Settlement after 15,000 Years Ago?  

    SITE: Monte Verde, Chile  

    The Clovis People (c. 11,200 to 10,900 B.C.) 

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites 

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

PART 5 The First Farmers and Civilizations  

    SPECIAL FEATURE: Early Food Production

CHAPTER 11 The Earliest Farmers 

    After the Ice Age  

    Changes in Hunter-Gatherer Societies  

    Social Complexity among Hunter-Gatherers 

    Origins of Food Production  

    DISCOVERY: Hunter-Gatherers at Koster, Illinois  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: ACCELERATOR MASS SPECTROMETRY RADIOCARBON DATING  

    Consequences of Food Production  

    The First Farmers in Southwestern Asia  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: DOMESTICATING WHEAT AND BAR-LEY  

    Egypt and the Nile Valley  

    Early Agriculture in Anatolia  

    SITE: Ritual Buildings in Southeastern Turkey  

    European Farmers 

    Early Agriculture in South and East Asia  

    The Indus Valley  

    Rice Cultivation in Southern China  

    SITE: Easton Down and the Avebury Sacred Landscape, England  

    First Farmers in Northern China  

    Navigators and Chiefs in the Pacific (2000 B.C. to Modern Times)  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites  

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

CHAPTER 12 The First Civilizations  

    SPECIAL FEATURE: Old World Civilizations  

    What Is a State-Organized Society? 

    Cities 

    Theories of the Origins of States  

    The Collapse of Civilizations  

    Early Civilization in Mesopotamia (5500 to 3100 B.C.)  

    The First Cities: Uruk  

    DISCOVERY: The Temple at Eridu, Iraq  

    The Sumerians (c. 3100 to 2334 B.C.)  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: The Sumerians  

    Ancient Egyptian Civilization (c. 3100 B.C. to 30 B.C.)  

    Predynastic Egypt: Ancient Monopoly? (5000 to 3100 B.C.)  

    Dynastic Egyptian Civilization (c. 3100 to 30 B.C.)  

    SITE: The Step Pyramid at Saqqara  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: AHMOSE, SON OF EBANA  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites  

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

CHAPTER 13 Early Asian Civilizations 

    South Asia: The Harappan Civilization (c. 2700 to 1700 B.C.)  

    Mature Harappan Civilization  

    South Asia after the Harappans (1700 to 180 B.C.)  

    The Origins of Chinese Civilization (2600 to 1100 B.C.)  

    Royal Capitals  

    Royal Burials  

    Bronze Working  

    Shang Warriors  

    The War Lords (1100 to 221 B.C.)  

    Southeast Asian Civilization (A.D. 1 to 1500)  

    DISCOVERY: The Burial Mound of Emperor Shihuangdi, China  

    The Angkor State (A.D. 802 to 1430)  

    SITE: Angkor Wat, Cambodia  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites  

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

PART 6 Ancient America  

    SPECIAL FEATURE: Native American Civilizations 

CHAPTER 14 Maize, Pueblos, and Mound Builders 

    North America after First Settlement  

    SITE: The Olsen-Chubbock Bison Kill, New Mexico 

    The Story of Maize  

    Mesoamerica: Guilá Naquitz and Early Cultivation  

    The Earliest Maize  

    Andean Farmers  

    The North American Southwest (300 B.C. to Modern Times)  

    Hohokam, Mogollon, and Ancestral Pueblo  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: DENDROCHRONOLOGY (TREE-RING DATING)  

    Mound Builders in Eastern North America (2000 B.C. to A.D. 1650)  

    Adena and Hopewell  

    The Mississippian Tradition  

    SITE: Moundville, Alabama  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites  

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

CHAPTER 15 Mesoamerican Civilizations  

    The Olmec (1500 to 500 B.C.)  

    Ancient Maya Civilization (Before 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1519)  

    Beginnings (Before 1000 to 300 B.C.)  

    Kingship  

    Classic Maya Civilization (A.D. 300 to 900)  

    The Classic Maya Collapse  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: THE HIEROGLYPHIC STAIRWAY AT COPÁN  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: STUDYING THE MAYA COLLAPSE AT COPÁN  

    The Rise of Highland Civilization (1500 to 200 B.C.)  

    Teotihuacán (200 B.C. to A.D. 750)  

    DOING ARCHAEOLOGY: LIFE IN TEOTIHUACÁN’S BARRIOS  

    The Toltecs (650 to 1200)  

    Aztec Civilization (1200 to 1521)  

    Tenochtitlán  

    SITE: The Great Temple at Tenochtitlán  

    The World of the Fifth Sun  

    The Aztec State  

    The Spanish Conquest  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites  

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

CHAPTER 16 Andean Civilizations 

    The Maritime Foundations of Andean Civilization  

    Coastal Foundations (2500 to 900 B.C.)  

    Caral  

    El Paraíso and Huaca Florida  

    The Early Horizon and Chavín de Huántar (900 to 200 B.C.)  

    The Initial Period  

    Irrigation Agriculture Inland (After 1800 B.C.)  

    The Lake Titicaca Basin: Chiripa and Pukara (1000 B.C. to A.D. 100)  

    The Moche State (200 B.C. to A.D. 700)  

    DISCOVERY: The Lords of Sipán, Peru  

    The Middle Horizon: Tiwanaku and Wari (600 to 1000)  

    Tiwanaku  

    Wari  

    The Late Intermediate Period: Sicán and Chimu (700 to 1460)  

    The Late Horizon: The Inka State (1476 to 1534)  

    SITE: Cuzco, the Imperial Inka Capital  

    The Spanish Conquest (1532 to 1534)  

    Summary  

    Key Terms and Sites  

    Critical Thinking Questions 

 

PART 7 On Being an Archaeologist 

CHAPTER 17 So You Want to Become an Archaeologist 

    Archaeology as a Profession  

    Deciding to Become an Archaeologist  

    Gaining Fieldwork Experience  

    Career Opportunities  

    Academic Qualifications and Graduate School  

    Thoughts on Not Becoming a Professional Archaeologist  Our Responsibilities to the Past  

    A Simple Code of Archaeological Ethics for All  

    Summary  

    Key Term  

    Critical Thinking Questions  

    

Glossary  

References  

Credits  

Index 

 

Product Details

ISBN:
9780205738687
Author:
Fagan, Brian M
Publisher:
Academic Internet Publishers
Author:
Fagan, Brian M.
Author:
Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Subject:
Anthropology - General
Subject:
Prehistoric peoples
Subject:
Antiquities
Subject:
Archaeology
Subject:
Archaeology-General
Subject:
Education-General
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series:
MyAnthroKit Series
Publication Date:
September 2009
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
504
Dimensions:
9.98x7.94x.74 in. 1.92 lbs.

Other books you might like

  1. The Great Warming: Climate Change... Used Trade Paper $8.95

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Anthropology » General
History and Social Science » Archaeology » General
History and Social Science » Archaeology » World Prehistory
Textbooks » General

Ancient Lives: An Introduction to Archaelology and Prehistory (Myanthrokit) Used Trade Paper
0 stars - 0 reviews
$19.95 In Stock
Product details 504 pages Prentice Hall - English 9780205738687 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , "Ancient Lives "is aimed at general courses in archaeology and prehistory that cover archaeological methods and theory, as well as world prehistory. Archaeology, Prehistory; KEY MAKET: This is a book for complete beginners, written in a narrative style.
"Synopsis" by , Ancient Lives is aimed at general courses in archaeology and prehistory that cover archaeological methods and theory, as well as world prehistory. Archaeology, Prehistory;  KEY MAKET: This is a book for complete beginners, written in a narrative style.
spacer
spacer
  • back to top

FOLLOW US ON...

     
Powell's City of Books is an independent bookstore in Portland, Oregon, that fills a whole city block with more than a million new, used, and out of print books. Shop those shelves — plus literally millions more books, DVDs, and gifts — here at Powells.com.