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Other titles in the Palgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology series:
Anglo-American Connections in Japanese Chemistry: The Lab as Contact Zone (Palgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology)by Yoshiyuki Kikuchi
Synopses & Reviews
Historians, philosophers, and sociologists of science have begun to look critically at scientific pedagogy - how young scientists are made, examining such questions as the extent to which scientific pedagogy shapes research and how pedagogical regimes interact with wider societies. In light of todays global and transnational society, it is necessary, even pressing, to add a fourth dimension to this research agenda: cross-national exchange of ideas, people, and materials for the construction of a pedagogical regime. Japan in the Meiji period makes an ideal case for this inquiry. A nascent nation-state which tried to build a Western-style higher education system as part of its industrialization policy, Japan desperately needed models for institution-building for survival in an increasingly Euro- and American-centric world order. It first looked to Great Britain as a model for a strong industrial power, and the United States as a model for a young, fast growing country that was vigorously building administrative, educational, and industrial institutions. British and American teachers were dominant in Japanese higher education between the 1860s and 1880s, and many Japanese overseas students went to British and American universities and colleges to finish their training during this period. Increase of German presence in Japanese higher education (and in politics and administration) came later, from the 1880s onward. As a result, Meiji Japan became, so to speak, a kaleidoscope of Western (as well as Japanese) styles in many aspects of institutional as well as material culture.
Anglo-Japanese and American-Japanese connections in chemistry had a major impact on the institutionalization of scientific and technological higher education in Japan from the late nineteenth century and onwards. They helped define the structure of Japanese scientific pedagogical and research system that lasted well into the post-World World II period of massive technological development, when it became one of the biggest providers of chemists and chemical engineers in the world next to Europe and the United States. In telling this story, Anglo-American Connections in Japanese Chemistry explores various sites of science education such as teaching laboratories and classrooms - where British and American teachers mingled with Japanese students - to shed new light on the lab as a site of global human encounter and intricate social relations that shaped scientific practice.
About the Author
Yoshiyuki Kikuchi is Postdoctoral Fellow in the History of Modern Physical Sciences at The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA.
Table of Contents
1. Japanese Chemistry Students in Britain and the United States in the 1860s
2. American and British Chemists and Lab-based Chemical Education in Early Meiji Japan
3. The Making of Japanese Chemists in Japan, Britain, and the United States
4. Defining Scientific and Technological Education in Chemistry in Japan, 1880-1886
5. Constructing a Pedagogical Space for Pure Chemistry at the Imperial University
6. Making Use of a Pedagogical Space for Pure Chemistry
7. Connecting Applied Chemistry Teaching to Manufacturing
Epilogue: Departure from Meiji Japanese Chemistry
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History and Social Science » Europe » Great Britain » General History