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This title in other editions

Mr. President: How and Why the Founders Created a Chief Executive (Vintage)

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Mr. President: How and Why the Founders Created a Chief Executive (Vintage) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

The little-known story of the dramatic political maneuverings and personalities behind the creation of the office of the president, with ramifications that continue to this day.

 

On June 1, 1787, when the Federal Convention first talked of establishing a new executive branch, James Wilson moved that “the Executive consist of a single person.” To us this might sound obvious, but not so at the time. Americans had just won their independence from an autocratic monarch, and they feared that a single leader might commandeer power or oppress citizens. Should the framers even flirt with one-man rule? For the first and only time that summer, there was silence. Not one of the loquacious delegates dared speak up.

 

Eventually Benjamin Franklin rose, then others. James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and George Mason joined the debate, and for three months their deliberations continued. By early September the framers had made up their minds. A chief executive, the “president,” would be appointed by Congress to serve for seven years. He could not be reelected, and his powers were tightly constrained. He could neither negotiate treaties nor appoint Supreme Court justices and ambassadors. The Senate would do all that.

 

Suddenly, less than two weeks before the convention adjourned, all this changed. How? And who made it happen? Enter Gouverneur Morris, the flamboyant, peg-legged hero of this saga, who pushed through his agenda with amazing political savvy and not a little bluster and deceit. For the first time, by focusing closely on the give-and-take of the convention’s dynamics, Ray Raphael reveals how politics and personalities cobbled together a lasting, but flawed, institution.

 

Charting the presidency as it evolved during the administrations of Washington, Adams, and Jefferson, Raphael shows how, given the Constitution’s broad outlines, the president’s powers could easily be augmented but rarely diminished. Today we see the result—an office that has become more sweeping, more powerful, and more inherently partisan than the framers ever intended. And the issues of 1787—whether the Electoral College, the president’s war powers, or the extent of executive authority—continue to stir our political debates.

Synopsis:

The dramatic and penetrating story of the political maneuverings and personalities behind the creation of the office of the president, with ramifications that continue to this day.

For the first time, by focusing closely on the dynamic give-and-take at the Constitutional Convention, Ray Raphael reveals how politics and personalities cobbled together a lasting, but flawed, executive office. Remarkably, the hero of this saga is Gouverneur Morris, a flamboyant, peg-legged delegate who pushed through his agenda with amazing political savvy, and not a little deceit. Without Morris’s perseverance, a much weaker American president would be appointed by Congress, serve for seven years, could not be reelected, and have his powers tightly constrained.

Charting the presidency as it evolved during the administrations of Washington, Adams, and Jefferson, Raphael shows how, given the Constitution’s broad outlines, the president’s powers could easily be augmented but rarely diminished. Today we see the result—an office that has become more sweeping, more powerful, and more inherently partisan than the framers ever intended. And the issues of 1787—whether the Electoral College, the president’s war powers, or the extent of executive authority—continue to stir our political debates.

About the Author

Ray Raphael’s fifteen books include A People’s History of the American Revolution: How Common People Shaped the Fight for Independence (2001) and Founding Myths: Stories That Hide Our Patriotic Past (2004). He is also coeditor of Revolutionary Founders: Rebels, Radicals, and Reformers in the Making of the Nation (2011). Having taught at Humboldt State University and College of the Redwoods and all subjects in a one-room public high school, he is now a full-time researcher and writer. He lives in Northern California.

Table of Contents

Prologue: A Pregnant Moment 

PART I: Precedents (for better and mostly worse)

1. “Little Gods on Earth”: Monarchs and Their Governors

2. Revolution and the Retreat from Executive Authority

PART II: Conjuring the Office

3. First Draft

4. Second Guesses

5. Gouverneur Morris’s Final Push 

PART III: Field Tests

6. Selling the Plan

7. The Launch

8. Washington and the Challenge to Transcendent Leadership

9. System Failure: Partisan Politics and the Election of 1800

10. Jefferson Stretches the Limits

Epilogue: Then and Now—Translations

Postscript: Why the Story Has Not Been Told

A Note on Capitalization

Notes

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780307742384
Author:
Raphael, Ray
Publisher:
Vintage Books
Subject:
Crime-Enforcement and Investigation
Subject:
United States / Revolutionary Period (1775-1800)
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series:
Vintage
Publication Date:
20130131
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Pages:
336
Dimensions:
7.99 x 5.15 x 0.7 in 0.54 lb

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Crime » Enforcement and Investigation
History and Social Science » Law » Constitutional Law
History and Social Science » Politics » General
History and Social Science » US History » Revolution and Constitution Era

Mr. President: How and Why the Founders Created a Chief Executive (Vintage) New Trade Paper
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Product details 336 pages Vintage Books - English 9780307742384 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , The dramatic and penetrating story of the political maneuverings and personalities behind the creation of the office of the president, with ramifications that continue to this day.

For the first time, by focusing closely on the dynamic give-and-take at the Constitutional Convention, Ray Raphael reveals how politics and personalities cobbled together a lasting, but flawed, executive office. Remarkably, the hero of this saga is Gouverneur Morris, a flamboyant, peg-legged delegate who pushed through his agenda with amazing political savvy, and not a little deceit. Without Morris’s perseverance, a much weaker American president would be appointed by Congress, serve for seven years, could not be reelected, and have his powers tightly constrained.

Charting the presidency as it evolved during the administrations of Washington, Adams, and Jefferson, Raphael shows how, given the Constitution’s broad outlines, the president’s powers could easily be augmented but rarely diminished. Today we see the result—an office that has become more sweeping, more powerful, and more inherently partisan than the framers ever intended. And the issues of 1787—whether the Electoral College, the president’s war powers, or the extent of executive authority—continue to stir our political debates.

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