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American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation, Single Volume Edition (Penguin Academic Series) (Penguin Academics)

American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation, Single Volume Edition (Penguin Academic Series) (Penguin Academics) Cover


Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

With the political history of the nation as its organizational framework, American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation describes the development and growth of the United States as the product of the myriad actions, ideas, and forces of the immense variety of individuals and groups who together comprise the American people.

In richly detailed prose, the book examines the political, social, economic, and cultural developments that have shaped this country. This elegantly written, high-quality text offers a low-price alternative to traditional U.S. history survey textbooks.

About the Author

Mark C. Carnes received his undergraduate degree from Harvard and his Ph.D. in history from Columbia University, where he studied and trained with Professor John A. Garraty. The Ann Whitney Olin Professor History at Barnard College, Columbia University, Professor Carnes has chaired both the departments of History and American Studies at Barnard. In addition to this textbook, Carnes and Garraty have co-authored Mapping America’s Past: A Historical Atlas and are co-general editors of the 24-volume American National Biography, for which they were awarded the Waldo Leland Prize of the American Historical Association, the Darmouth Prize of the American Library Association, and the Hawkins Prize of the American Association of Publishers. In addition, Carnes has published numerous books in American social and cultural history, including Past Imperfect: History According to the Movies (1995), Novel History: Historians and Novelists Confront America’s Past (and Each Other) (2001), and Invisible Giants: 50 Americans That Shaped the Nation but Missed the History Books (2002). Carnes also created “Reacting to the Past”, which won the Theodore Hesburgh Award, sponsored by TIAA-CREF, as the outstanding pedagogical innovation of 2004.


“Garraty preaches a particular doctrine on historical writing, expounding on the details of a complex process whereby the murky abstractions of the past are distilled into clean, clear narrative. He insists that the writer’s sole duty is to readers. This literary alchemy is all the more wondrous for being so devoid of artifice,” Carnes observes.


John A. Garraty. Holding a Ph.D. from Columbia University and an L.H.D. from Michigan State University, Professor Garraty is Gouverneur Morris Professor Emeritus of History at Columbia. He is the author, co-author, and editor of scores of books and articles, among them biographies of Silas Wright, Henry Cabot Lodge, Woodrow Wilson, George W. Perkins, and Theodore Roosevelt. Along with Mark Carnes, he is co-editor of the American National Biography. Garraty has also contributed a volume–The New Commonwealth–to the New American Nation series and edited Quarrels That Shaped the Constitution. He was a member of the Board of Directors of American heritage magazine and served as both vice president and head of the teaching division of the American Historical Association. His areas of research interest include the Gilded age, unemployment (in a historical sense), and the Great Depression of the 1930s. Of his collaboration with Carnes on The American Nation, Garraty says, “Although this volume is the work of two authors, it is as nearly the product of a single historical sensibility as is possible. Mark’s scholarly specialization in cultural and social issues, especially gender, complements mine in politics and the economy.  The book has benefited, too, from his special interest in postwar America. Over the many years of our collaborations, one of our favorite topics of discussion has been the craft of historical writing. We share a commitment to clarity and conciseness. We strive to avoid jargon and verbiage. We believe that while the political history of the nation provides a useful narrative framework, its people are what give the story meaning.”

Table of Contents

Maps and Graphs. 



Re-Viewing the Past.

Debating the Past.




About the Authors.


Prologue: Beginnings.

Debating the Past.

Who--or what killed the Big Mammals.

Passage to Alaska.

The Demise of the Big Mammals.

The Archaic Period: A World Without Big Mammals, 9,000 B.C.E - 1,000 B.C.E.

The First Sedentary Communities.

Corn Transforms the Southwest.

The Diffusion of Corn.

Population Growth After 800.

Cahokia : The Hub of Mississippian Culture.

The Collapse of Urban Centers.

American Beginnings in Eurasia and Africa .

Europe in Ferment.



 1. Alien Encounters: Europe in the Americas .

Debating The Past.

How Many Indians Perished With European Settlement?


Spain ’s American Empire.

Indians and Europeans.

Relativity of Cultural Values.

Disease and Population Losses.

Early English Settlement.

The Settlement of Virginia.

“Purifying” the Church of England.

Bradford and Plymouth Colony.

Winthrop and Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Troublemakers: Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson.

Other New England Colonies.

French and Dutch Settlements.

Maryland and the Carolinas.

The Middle Colonies.

Indians and Europeans as “Americanizers.”


2. American Society in the Making.

Debating The Past.

Were Puritan Communities Peaceable?

Spanish Settlement.

The Chesapeake Colonies.

The Lure of Land.

“Solving” the Labor Shortage: Slavery.

Prosperity in a Pipe: Tobacco.

Bacon’s Rebellion.

The Carolinas.

Home and Family in the South.

Georgia and the Back Country.

Puritan New England.

Puritan Women and Children.

Visible Puritan Saints and Others.

Democracies Without Democrats.

The Dominion of New England.

Salem Bewitched.  

Prosperity Undermines Puritanism.

A Merchant’s World.

The Middle Colonies: Economic Basis.

The Middle Colonies: An Intermingling of Peoples.

“The Best Poor Man’s Country.”

The Politics of Diversity.  


Re-Viewing The Past.

The Crucible.


3. America in the British Empire.

Debating The Past.

Was Economic Gain the Colonists’ Main Motivation?

The British Colonial System.


The Navigation Acts.

The Effects of Mercantilism.

The Great Awakening.

The Rise and Fallof Jonathan Edwards.

The Enlightenment in America.

Colonial Scientific Achievements.

Repercussions of Distant Wars.

The Great War for the Empire.

The Peace of Paris .

Putting the Empire Right.

Tightening Imperial Controls.

The Sugar Act.

American Colonists Demand Rights.

The Stamp Act: The Pot Set to Boiling.

Rioters or Rebels?

Taxation or Tyranny?

The Declaratory Act.

The Townshend Duties.

The Boston Massacre.

The Pot Spills Over.

The Tea Act Crisis.

From Resistance to Revolution.


4. The American Revolution.

Debating The Past.

Was the American Revolution Rooted in Class Struggle?

“The Shot Heard Round the World.”

The Second Continental Congress.

The Battle of Bunker Hill.

The Great Declaration.

1776: The Balance of Forces.


Early British Victories.

Saratoga and the French Alliance.

The War Moves South.

Victory at Yorktown.

The Peace of Paris.

Forming a National Government.

Financing the War.

State Republican Governments.

Social Reform.

Effects of the Revolution on Women.

Growth of a National Spirit.

The Great Land Ordinances.

National Heroes.  


Re-Viewing The Past.

The Patriot.


5. The Federalist Era: Nationalism Triumphant.

Debating The Past.

What Ideas Shaped the Constitution?

Border Problems.

Foreign Trade.  

Daniel Shays’s “Little Rebellion.”

To Philadelphia, and the Constitution.

The Great Convention.

The Compromises That Produced the Constitution.

Ratifying the Constitution.

Washington as President.

Congress Under Way.

Hamilton and Financial Reform.

The Ohio Country: A Dark and Bloody Ground.

Revolution in France.

Federalists and Republicans: The Rise of Political Parties.

1794: Crisis and Resolution.

Jay’s Treaty.

1795: All’s Well That Ends Well.

Washington ’s Farewell.

The Election of 1796.

The XYZ Affair.

The Alien and Sedition Acts.

The Kentucky and Virginia Resolves.


6. Jeffersonian Democracy.

Debating The Past.

Did Thomas Jefferson Father a Child by His Slave?

The Federalist Contribution.

Thomas Jefferson: Political Theorist.

Jefferson as President.

Jefferson ’s Attack on the Judiciary.

The Barbary Pirates.

The Louisiana Purchase.

The Federalists Discredited.

Lewis and Clark.

Jeffersonian Democracy.

The Burr Conspiracy.

Napoleon and the British.

The Impressment Controversy.

The Embargo Act.


7. National Growing Pains.

Debating The Past.

How Did Indians and Settlers Interact?

Madison in Power.

Tecumseh and Indian Resistance.

Depression and Land Hunger.

Opponents of War.

The War of 1812.

Britain Assumes the Offensive.

“The Star Spangled Banner.”

The Treaty of Ghent.

The Hartford Convention.

The Battle of New Orleans.

Victory Weakens the Federalists.

Anglo-American Rapprochement.

The Transcontinental Treaty.

The Monroe Doctrine.

The Era of Good Feelings. 

New Sectional Issues.

The Missouri Compromise

The Election of 1824.

John Quincy Adams as President.

Calhoun’s Exposition and Protest.

The Meaning Of Sectionalism.


8. Toward a National Economy.

Debating The Past.

Was Early Nineteenth-Century America Transformed by a Market Revolution?

Gentility and the Consumer Revolution.

 Birth of the Factory.

An Industrial Proletariat?

Lowell ’s Waltham System: Women as Factory Workers.

Irish and German Immigrants.

The Persistence of the Household System.

Rise of Corporations.

Cotton Revolutionizes the South.

Revival of Slavery.

Roads to Market.

Transportation and the Government.

Development of Steamboats.

The Canal Boom.

New York City: Emporium of the Western World.

The Marshall Court.


9. Jacksonian Democracy.

Debating The Past.

Whom Did Jackson Fight for?

“Democratizing” Politics.

1828: The New Party System in Embryo.

The Jacksonian Appeal.

The Spoils System.

President of All the People.

Jackson: “The Bank . . . I Will Kill It!” 

Jackson’s Bank Veto.

Jackson Versus Calhoun.

Indian Removals.

The Nullification Crisis.

Boom and Bust.

The Jacksonians.

Rise of the Whigs.

Martin Van Buren: Jacksonianism Without Jackson.

The Log Cabin Campaign.


10. The Making of Middle-Class America.

Debating The Past.

Did the Antebellum Reform Movement Improve Society?

Tocqueville in Judgment.

A Restless People.

The Family Recast.

The Second Great Awakening.

The Era of Associations.

Backwoods Utopias.

The Age of Reform.

“Demon Rum."

The Abolitionist Crusade.

Women’s Rights.


11. An American Culture.

Debating The Past.

Was There an “American Renaissance”?

In Search of Native Grounds.

The Romantic View of Life.

Emerson and Thoreau.

Edgar Allan Poe.

Nathaniel Hawthorne.

Herman Melville.

Walt Whitman.

Education for Democracy.

Reading and the Dissemination of Culture.

The State of the Colleges.  


12. Westward Expansion.

Debating The Past.

Did the Frontier Change Women’s Roles?

Tyler ’s Troubles.

The Webster-Ashburton Treaty.

The Texas Question.

Manifest Destiny.

Life on the Trail.

California and Oregon.

The Election of 1844.

Polk as President.

War with Mexico.

To the Halls of Montezuma.

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

The Fruits of Victory: Further Enlargement of the United States.

Slavery: The Fire Bell in the Night Rings Again.

The Election of 1848.

The Gold Rush.

The Compromise of 1850.


13. The Sections Go Their Ways.

Debating The Past.

Did Slaves and Masters Form Emotional Bonds?

The Economics of Slavery.

The Sociology of Slavery.

Psychological Effects of Slavery.

Manufacturing in the South.

The Northern Industrial Juggernaut.

A Nation of Immigrants.

How Wage Earners Lived.

Foreign Commerce.

Steam Conquers the Atlantic.

Canals and Railroads.

Financing the Railroads.

Railroads and the Economy.

Railroads and the Sectional Conflict.

The Economy on the Eve of Civil War.


14. The Coming of the Civil War.

Debating The Past.

Was the Civil War Avoidable?

The Slave Power Comes North.

Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

Diversions Abroad: The “Young America ” Movement.

Stephen Douglas: “The Little Giant.”

The Kansas-Nebraska Act.

Know-Nothings, Republicans, and the Demise of the Two-Party System.

“Bleeding Kansas.”

Senator Sumner Becomes a Martyr for Abolitionism.

Buchanan Tries His Hand.

The Dred Scott Decision.

The Lecompton Constitution.

The Emergence of Lincoln.

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates.

John Brown’s Raid.

The Election of 1860.

The Secession Crisis.


15. The War to Save the Union.

Debating The Past.

Why did the South Lose the Civil War?

Lincoln ’s Cabinet.

Fort Sumter : The First Shot.

The Blue and the Gray.

The Test of Battle: Bull Run.

Paying for the War.

Politics as Usual.

Behind Confederate Lines.

War in the West: Shiloh.

McClellan: The Reluctant Warrior.

Lee Counterattacks: Antietam.

The Emancipation Proclamation.

The Draft Riots.

 The Emancipated People.

African American Soldiers.

Antietam to Gettysburg.

Lincoln Finds His General: Grant at Vicksburg.

Economic and Social Effects, North and South.

Women in Wartime.

Grant in the Wilderness.

Sherman in Georgia.

To Appomattox Court House.

Winners, Losers, and the Future.


Re-Viewing the Past.


16. Reconstruction and the South.

Debating The Past.

Were Reconstruction Governments Corrupt and Inept?

Presidential Reconstruction.

Republican Radicals.

Congress Rejects Johnsonian Reconstruction.

The Fourteenth Amendment.

The Reconstruction Acts.

Congress Supreme.

The Fifteenth Amendment.

“Black Republican” Reconstruction: Scalawags and Carpetbaggers.

The Ravaged Land.

Sharecropping and the Crop-Lien System.

The White Backlash.

Grant as President.

The Disputed Election of 1876.

The Compromise of 1877.


17. In the Wake of War.

Debating The Past.

Was the Frontier Exceptionally Violent?

Congress Ascendant.

The Political Aftermath of War.

Blacks After Reconstruction.

Booker T. Washington: A “Reasonable” Champion for Blacks.

White Violence and Vengeance.

The West After the Civil War.

The Plains Indians.

Indian Wars.

The Destruction of Tribal Life.

The Lure of Gold and Silver in the West.

Big Business and the Land Bonanza.

Western Railroad Building.

The Cattle Kingdom.

Open-Range Ranching.

Barbed-Wire Warfare.


18. An Industrial Giant.

Debating the Past.

Were the Industrialists “Robber Barons” or Savvy Entrepreneurs?

Essentials of Industrial Growth.

Railroads: The First Big Business.

Iron, Oil, and Electricity.

Competition and Monopoly: The Railroads.

Competition and Monopoly: Steel.

Competition and Monopoly: Oil.

American Ambivalence to Big Business.

Reformers: George, Bellamy, Lloyd, and the Marxists.

The Government Reacts to Big Business: Railroad Regulation.

The Government Reacts to Big Business: The Sherman Antitrust Act.

The Labor Union Movement.

The American Federation of Labor.

Labor Militancy Rebuffed.

Whither America, Whither Democracy?


19. American Society in the Industrial Age.

Debating The Past.

Did Immigration Destroy the Immigrants’ Sense of Self?

Middle-Class Life.

Skilled and Unskilled Workers.

Working Women.


Working-Class Attitudes.

Working Your Way Up.

The “New” Immigration.

New Immigrants Face New Nativism.

The Expanding City and Its Problems.

Teeming Tenements.

The Cities Modernize.

Leisure Activities: More Fun and Games.

Christianity’s Conscience and the Social Gospel.

The Settlement Houses.

Civilization and Its Discontents.


20. Intellectual and Cultural Trends.

Debating The Past.

Did the Frontier Engender Individualism and Democracy?


Colleges and Universities.

Revolution in the Social Sciences.

Progressive Education.


Realism in Literature.

Mark Twain.

William Dean Howells.

Henry James.  

The Pragmatic Approach.


Re-Viewing the Past.



21. Politics: Local, State, and National.

Debating The Past.

Were City Governments Corrupt and Incompetent?

Voting Along Ethnic and Religious Lines.

City Bosses.

Party Politics: Sidestepping the Issue.

Lackluster Leaders.

Crops and Complaints.

The Populist Movement.

Showdown on Silver.

The Depression of 1893.

The Election of 1896.

The Meaning of the Election.


22. The Age of Reform.

Debating The Past.

Were the Progressives Progressive?

Roots of Progressivism.

The Progressive Mind.

“Radical” Progressives: The Wave of the Future.

Political Reform: Cities First.

Political Reform: The States.

State Social Legislation.

Political Reform: The Woman Suffrage Movement.

Political Reform: Income Taxes and Popular Election of Senators.

Theodore Roosevelt: Cowboy in the White House.

Roosevelt and Big Business.

Roosevelt and the Coal Strike.

TR’s Triumphs.

Roosevelt Tilts Left.

William Howard Taft: The Listless Progressive, or More Is Less.

Breakup of the Republican Party.

The Election of 1912.

Wilson: The New Freedom.

The Progressives and Minority Rights.

Black Militancy.


23. From Isolation to Empire.

Debating The Past.

Did the United States Acquire an Overseas Empire for Economic Reasons?

Origins of the Large Policy: Coveting Colonies.

Toward an Empire in the Pacific.

Toward an Empire in Latin America.

The Cuban Revolution.

The “Splendid Little” Spanish-American War.

Developing a Colonial Policy.

The Anti-Imperialists.

The Philippine Insurrection.

Cuba and the United States.

The United States in the Caribbean and Central America.

The Open Door Policy.

The Panama Canal.

Imperialism Without Colonies.


24. Woodrow Wilson and the Great War.

Debating The Past.

Was Wilson Too Stubborn to Compromise with Lodge on the League of Nations?

Wilson ’s “Moral” Diplomacy.

Europe Explodes in War.

Freedom of the Seas.

The Election of 1916.

The Road to War.

Mobilizing the Economy.

Workers in Wartime.

Paying for the War.

Propaganda and Civil Liberties.

Wartime Reforms.

Women and Blacks in Wartime.

Americans: To the Trenches and Over the Top.

Preparing for Peace.

The Paris Peace Conference and the Versailles Treaty.

The Senate Rejects the League of Nations.

The Red Scare.

The Election of 1920.


25. Postwar Society and Culture: Change and Adjustment.

Debating The Past.

Was the Decade of the 1920s One of Self-Absorption?

Closing the Gates to New Immigrants.

New Urban Social Patterns.

The Younger Generation.

The “New” Woman.

Popular Culture: Movies and Radio.

The Golden Age of Sports.

Urban-Rural Conflicts: Fundamentalism.

Urban-Rural Conflicts: Prohibition.

The Ku Klux Klan.

Sacco and Vanzetti.

Literary Trends.

The “New Negro.”

Economic Expansion.

The Age of the Consumer.

Henry Ford.

The Airplane.


Re-Viewing The Past.



26. The New Era: 1921—1933.

Debating The Past.

What Caused the Great Depression?

Harding and “Normalcy.”

“The Business of the United States Is Business.”

The Harding Scandals.

Coolidge Prosperity.

Peace Without a Sword.

The Peace Movement.

The Good Neighbor Policy.

The Totalitarian Challenge.

War Debts and Reparations.

The Election of 1928.

Economic Problems.

The Stock Market Crash of 1929.

Hoover and the Depression.

The Economy Hits Bottom.

The Depression and Its Victims.

The Election of 1932.



27. The New Deal: 1933—194.

Debating The Past.

Did the New Deal Succeed?

The Hundred Days.

The National Recovery Administration (NRA).

The Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA).

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA).

The Unemployed.

Literature in the Depression.

Three Extremists: Long, Coughlin, and Townsend.

The Second New Deal.

The Election of 1936.

Roosevelt Tries to Undermine the Supreme Court.

The New Deal Winds Down.

Significance of the New Deal.

Women as New Dealers: The Network.

Blacks During the New Deal.

A New Deal for Indians.

The Role of Roosevelt.

The Triumph of Isolationism.

War Again in Europe.

A Third Term for FDR.

The Undeclared War.


28. War and Peace.

Debating The Past.

Should the United States Have Used Atomic Bombs Against Japan?

The Road to Pearl Harbor.

Mobilizing the Home Front.

The War Economy.

War and Social Change.

African-Americans in Time of War.

Internment of the Japanese.

Women’s Contribution to the War Effort.

Allied Strategy: Europe First.

Germany Overwhelmed.

The Naval War in the Pacific.

Island Hopping.

Building the Atom Bomb.

Wartime Diplomacy.

Allied Suspicion of Stalin.

Yalta and Potsdam.


Re-Viewing the Past.

Saving Private Ryan.


29. The American Century.

Debating The Past.

Did Truman Needlessly Exacerbate Relations with the Soviet Union?

The Postwar Economy.

The Containment Policy.

A Turning Point in Greece.

The Marshall Plan and the Lesson of History.

The Election of 1948.

Containing Communism Abroad.

Hot War in Korea.

The Communist Issue at Home.


Dwight D. Eisenhower.

The Eisenhower-Dulles Foreign Policy.

McCarthy Self-Destructs.

Asian Policy After Korea.

Israel and the Middle East.

Eisenhower and Khrushchev.

Latin America Aroused.

The Politics of Civil Rights.

The Election of 1960.


30. From Camelot to Watergate.

Debating The Past.

Would JFK Have Sent Half a Million American Troops to Vietnam?

The Cuban Crises.

The Vietnam War.

“We Shall Overcome”: The Civil Rights Movement.

Tragedy in Dallas: JFK Assassinated.

Lyndon Baines Johnson. 

The Great Society.

Johnson Escalates the War. 

Opposition to the War.

The Election of 1968.

Nixon as President: “Vietnamizing” the War.

The Cambodian “Incursion.”

Détente with Communism.

Nixon in Triumph.

Domestic Policy Under Nixon.

The Watergate Break-in.

More Troubles for Nixon.

The Judgment on Watergate: “Expletive Deleted.” 


31. Society in Flux.

Debating The Past.

Did Mass Culture Make Life Shallow?

A Society on the Move.

The Advent of Television.

At Home and Work.

The Growing Middle Class.

Religion in Changing Times.

The Perils of Progress.

The Costs of Prosperity.

New Racial Turmoil.

Native-Born Ethnics.

Rethinking Public Education.

Students in Revolt.

The Counterculture.

The Sexual Revolution.

Women’s Liberation.


32. Running on Empty: The Nation Transformed.

Debating The Past.

Did Reagan End the Cold War?

The Oil Crisis.

Ford as President.

The Fall of South Vietnam.

Ford Versus Carter.

The Carter Presidency.

A National Malaise.

Stagflation: The Weird Economy.

Families Under Stress.

Cold War or Détente?

The Iran Crisis: Origins.

The Iran Crisis: Carter’s Dilemma.

The Election of 1980.

Reagan as President.

Four More Years.

“The Reagan Revolution.”

Change and Uncertainty.


The New Merger Movement.

“A Job for Life”: Layoffs Hit Home.

A “Bipolar” Economy, a Fractured Society.

The Iran-Contra Arms Deal.


33. Misdemeanors and High Crimes.

Debating The Past.

America in Decline? Do Historians Ever Get It Right?

The Election of 1988.

Crime and Punishment.

“Crack” and Urban Gangs.

George H. W. Bush as President.

The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe.

The War in the Persian Gulf.

The Deficit Worsens.

Enter Bill Clinton.

The Election of 1992.

A New Start: Clinton.

Emergence of the Republican Majority.

The Election of 1996.

A Racial Divide.

Violence and Popular Culture.

Clinton Impeached.

Clinton ’s Legacy.

The Economic Boom and the Internet.

The 2000 Election: George W. Bush Wins by One Vote.

Terrorism Intensifies.

September 11, 2001

America Fights Back: War in Afghanistan.

The Second Iraq War.

The Election of 2004.

The Imponderable Future.



The Declaration of Independence.

The Constitution of the United States of America.

Amendments to the Constitution.

Supplementary Reading.

Suggested Websites.

Present-day United States.

Present-day World.





Feature Essays.

Re-Viewing the Past.

The Crucible.

The Patriot.




Saving Private Ryan.


Debating the Past.

Who--or what--killed the big mammals?

How many Indians perished with European settlement?

Were Puritan communities peaceable?

Was economic gain the colonists’ main motivation?

Was the American Revolution rooted in class struggle?

What ideas shaped the Constitution?

Did Thomas Jefferson father a child by his slave?

How did Indians and settlers interact?

Was early Nineteenth-Century America transformed by a market revolution?

For whom did Jackson fight?

Did the antebellum reform movement improve society?

Was there an “American Renaissance”?

Did the frontier change women’s roles?

Did slaves and masters form emotional bonds?

Was the Civil War avoidable?

Why did the South lose the Civil War?

Were Reconstruction governments corrupt?

Was the frontier exceptionally violent?

Were the industrialists “robber barons” or savvy entrepreneurs?

Did immigrants assimilate?

Did the frontier engender individualism and democracy?

Were city governments corrupt and incompetent?

Were the Progressives forward-looking?

Did the United States acquire an overseas empire for moral or economic reasons?

Did a stroke sway Wilson's judgement?

Was the decade of the 1920s one of self-absorption?

What caused the Great Depression?

Did the New Deal succeed?

Should the United States have used atomic bombs against Japan?

Did Truman needlessly exacerbate relations with the Soviet Union?

Would JFK have sent a half-million American troops to Vietnam?

Did mass culture make life shallow?

Did Reagan end the Cold War?

America in decline: Do historians ever get it right?



Product Details

Longman Publishing Group
Carnes, Mark C.
Garraty, John Arthur
Garraty, John A.
United states
United States - General
General History
Edition Number:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Penguin Academics
Series Volume:
Narrative of a Natio
Publication Date:
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
9.18x6.66x1.30 in. 2.95 lbs.

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American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation, Single Volume Edition (Penguin Academic Series) (Penguin Academics)
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