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American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation, Concise Edition, Volume II (Since 1865) (Penguin Academics)

American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation, Concise Edition, Volume II (Since 1865) (Penguin Academics) Cover


Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation Concise Third Edition, Volume One Mark C. Carnes and John A. Garraty

With the political history of the nation as its organizational framework, American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation describes the development and growth of the United States as the product of the myriad actions, ideas, and forces of the immense variety of individuals and groups who together comprise the American people. In richly detailed prose, the book examines the political, social, economic, and cultural developments that have shaped America. This elegantly written concise text offers a lower-price alternative to traditional American history survey textbooks, while maintaining the efficacy of a full-color map and image program.

Hallmark Features • “Debating the Past” essays, which appear in each chapter, introduce students to historiographical debates, probing such provocative questions as “Was the American Revolution rooted in class struggle?” (Ch.4), “Did the frontier change women’s roles?” (Ch.11), “Did immigrants assimilate?”.

• “Re-Viewing the Past” essays examine recent feature films dealing with some incident in or aspect of history and compare the screen portrayals to actual events. These essays remind readers that all historical narratives are interpretations and should be read–and seen–with a critical eye.

New to the Third Edition • NEW! Full-color format enhances the value of the maps and graphs and gives the book a vibrant appearance.

• NEW! Each chapter begins with a compelling new essay that connects the chapter topic to issues that directly affect student’s lives. For example, Chapter 5 begins with a discussion of the copyright provisions of the Constitution, debated over two centuries ago, which now prevent students from freely downloading songs on the Internet. In Chapter 28, the essay explains how the decision to use aptitude tests to select officers during World War II led to the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), an obligatory rite of passage for many college students today.

• NEW! Each chapter has been revised to reflect new scholarship, to offer new perspectives, and to streamline and sharpen the prose.

• NEW! Questions for Discussion are included in the “Re-Viewing the Past” features to spark class discussion and analysis or to prompt writing assignments.

American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation is available in three formats:

Combined Edition, Chapters 1-32 (ISBN 0-205-56804-1)

Volume I: To 1877, Chapters 1-15 (ISBN 0-321-51087-9)

Volume II: Since 1865, Chapters 14-32 (ISBN 0-321-51086-0)

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With the political history of the nation as its organizational framework, American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation describes the development and growth of the United States as the product of the myriad actions, ideas, and forces of the immense variety of individuals and groups who together comprise the American people.


In richly detailed prose, the book examines the political, social, economic, and cultural developments that have shaped this country. This elegantly written, concise text offers a lower-price alternative to traditional U.S. history survey textbooks, while maintaining the efficacy of a full four-color map and image program.

About the Author

Mark C. Carnes received his undergraduate degree from Harvard and his Ph.D. in history from Columbia University, where he studied and trained with Professor John A. Garraty. The Ann Whitney Olin Professor History at Barnard College, Columbia University, Professor Carnes has chaired both the departments of History and American Studies at Barnard. In addition to this textbook, Carnes and Garraty have co-authored Mapping America’s Past: A Historical Atlas and are co-general editors of the 24-volume American National Biography, for which they were awarded the Waldo Leland Prize of the American Historical Association, the Darmouth Prize of the American Library Association, and the Hawkins Prize of the American Association of Publishers. In addition, Carnes has published numerous books in American social and cultural history, including Past Imperfect: History According to the Movies (1995), Novel History: Historians and Novelists Confront America’s Past (and Each Other) (2001), and Invisible Giants: 50 Americans That Shaped the Nation but Missed the History Books (2002). Carnes also created “Reacting to the Past”, which won the Theodore Hesburgh Award, sponsored by TIAA-CREF, as the outstanding pedagogical innovation of 2004.


“Garraty preaches a particular doctrine on historical writing, expounding on the details of a complex process whereby the murky abstractions of the past are distilled into clean, clear narrative. He insists that the writer’s sole duty is to readers. This literary alchemy is all the more wondrous for being so devoid of artifice,” Carnes observes.


John A. Garraty. Holding a Ph.D. from Columbia University and an L.H.D. from Michigan State University, Professor Garraty is Gouverneur Morris Professor Emeritus of History at Columbia. He is the author, co-author, and editor of scores of books and articles, among them biographies of Silas Wright, Henry Cabot Lodge, Woodrow Wilson, George W. Perkins, and Theodore Roosevelt. Along with Mark Carnes, he is co-editor of the American National Biography. Garraty has also contributed a volume–The New Commonwealth–to the New American Nation series and edited Quarrels That Shaped the Constitution. He was a member of the Board of Directors of American heritage magazine and served as both vice president and head of the teaching division of the American Historical Association. His areas of research interest include the Gilded age, unemployment (in a historical sense), and the Great Depression of the 1930s. Of his collaboration with Carnes on The American Nation, Garraty says, “Although this volume is the work of two authors, it is as nearly the product of a single historical sensibility as is possible. Mark’s scholarly specialization in cultural and social issues, especially gender, complements mine in politics and the economy.  The book has benefited, too, from his special interest in postwar America. Over the many years of our collaborations, one of our favorite topics of discussion has been the craft of historical writing. We share a commitment to clarity and conciseness. We strive to avoid jargon and verbiage. We believe that while the political history of the nation provides a useful narrative framework, its people are what give the story meaning.”

Table of Contents

Detailed Contents


Maps and Graphs

Feature Essays

Re-viewing the Past

Debating the Past



Chapter 14 The War to Save the Union

Lincoln’s Cabinet

Fort Sumter: The First Shot

The Blue and the Gray

The Test of Battle: Bull Run

Paying for the War

Politics as Usual

Behind Confederate Lines

War in the West: Shiloh

McClellan: The Reluctant Warrior

Lee Counterattacks: Antietam

The Emancipation Proclamation

The Draft Riots

The Emancipated People

African American Soldiers

Antietam to Gettysburg

Lincoln Finds His General: Grant at Vicksburg

Economic and Social Effects, North and South

Women in Wartime

Grant in the Wilderness

Sherman in Georgia

To Appomattox Court House

Winners, Losers, and the Future

Re-Viewing the Past



Why Did the South Lose the Civil War?


Chapter 15 Reconstruction and the South

The Assassination of Lincoln

Presidential Reconstruction

Republican Radicals

Congress Rejects Johnsonian Reconstruction

The Fourteenth Amendment

The Reconstruction Acts

Congress Supreme

The Fifteenth Amendment

"Black Republican" Reconstruction: Scalawags and Carpetbaggers

The Ravaged Land

Sharecropping and the Crop-Lien System

The White Backlash

Grant as President

The Disputed Election of 1876

The Compromise of 1877


Were Reconstruction Governments Corrupt?


Chapter 16 The Conquest of the West

The West After the Civil War

The Plains Indians

Indian Wars

The Destruction of Tribal Life

The Lure of Gold and Silver in the West

Big Business and the Land Bonanza

Western Railroad Building

The Cattle Kingdom

Open-Range Ranching

Barbed-Wire Warfare


Was the Frontier Exceptionally Violent?


Chapter 17 An Industrial Giant

Essentials of Industrial Growth

Railroads: The First Big Business

Iron, Oil, and Electricity

Competition and Monopoly: The Railroads

Competition and Monopoly: Steel

Competition and Monopoly: Oil

American Ambivalence to Big Business

Reformers: George, Bellamy, Lloyd, and the Marxists

The Government Reacts to Big Business: Railroad Regulation

The Government Reacts to Big Business: The Sherman Antitrust Act

The Labor Union Movement

The American Federation of Labor

Labor Militancy Rebuffed

Whither America, Whither Democracy?


Were the Industrialists "Robber Barons" or Savvy Entrepreneurs?


Chapter 18 American Society in the Industrial Age

Middle-Class Life

Skilled and Unskilled Workers

Working Women


Working-Class Attitudes

Working Your Way Up

The "New" Immigration

New Immigrants Face New Nativism

The Expanding City and Its Problems

Teeming Tenements

The Cities Modernize

Leisure Activities: More Fun and Games

Christianity’s Conscience and the Social Gospel

The Settlement Houses

Civilization and Its Discontents


Did Immigrants Assimilate?


Chapter 19 Intellectual and Cultural Trends

Colleges and Universities

Revolution in the Social Sciences

Progressive Education


Realism in Literature

Mark Twain

William Dean Howells

Henry James

The Pragmatic Approach

The Knowledge Revolution

Re-Viewing the Past



Did the Frontier Engender Individualism and Democracy?


Chapter 20 Politics: Local, State, and National

Congress Ascendant

Recurrent Issues

Party Politics: Sidestepping the Issues

Lackluster Presidents: From Hayes to Harrison

Blacks in the South After Reconstruction

Booker T. Washington: A "Reasonable" Champion for Blacks

City Bosses

Crops and Complaints

The Populist Movement

Showdown on Silver

The Depression of 1893

The Election of 1896

The Meaning of the Election


Were City Governments Corrupt and Incompetent?


Chapter 21 The Age of Reform

Roots of Progressivism

The Muckrakers

The Progressive Mind

"Radical" Progressives: The Wave of the Future

Political Reform: Cities First

Political Reform: The States

State Social Legislation

Political Reform: The Woman Suffrage Movement

Political Reform: Income Taxes and Popular Election of Senators

Theodore Roosevelt: Cowboy in the White House

Roosevelt and Big Business

Roosevelt and the Coal Strike

TR’s Triumphs

Roosevelt Tilts Left

William Howard Taft: The Listless Progressive, or More Is Less

Breakup of the Republican Party

The Election of 1912

Wilson: The New Freedom

The Progressives and Minority Rights

Black Militancy


Were the Progressives Forward-Looking?


Chapter 22 From Isolation to Empire

Origins of the Large Policy: Coveting Colonies

Toward an Empire in the Pacific

Toward an Empire in Latin America

The Cuban Revolution

The "Splendid Little" Spanish-American War

Developing a Colonial Policy

The Anti-Imperialists

The Philippine Insurrection

Cuba and the United States

The United States in the Caribbean and Central America

The Open Door Policy

The Panama Canal

Imperialism Without Colonies


Did the United States Acquire an Overseas Empire for Economic Reasons?


Chapter 23 Woodrow Wilson and the Great War

Wilson’s "Moral" Diplomacy

Europe Explodes in War

Freedom of the Seas

The Election of 1916

The Road to War

Mobilizing the Economy

Workers in Wartime

Paying for the War

Propaganda and Civil Liberties

Wartime Reforms

Women and Blacks in Wartime

Americans: To the Trenches and Over the Top

Preparing for Peace

The Paris Peace Conference and the Versailles Treaty

The Senate Rejects the League of Nations

The Red Scare

The Election of 1920


Did a Stroke Sway Wilson’s Judgment?


Chapter 24 Postwar Society and Culture: Change and Adjustment

Closing the Gates to New Immigrants

New Urban Social Patterns

The Younger Generation

The "New" Woman

Popular Culture: Movies and Radio

The Golden Age of Sports

Urban—Rural Conflicts: Fundamentalism

Urban—Rural Conflicts: Prohibition

The Ku Klux Klan

Sacco and Vanzetti

Literary Trends

The "New Negro"

Economic Expansion

The Age of the Consumer

Henry Ford

The Airplane

Re-Viewing the Past



Was the Decade of the 1920s One of Self-Absorption?


Chapter 25 The New Era: 1921—1933

Harding and "Normalcy"

"The Business of the United States Is Business"

The Harding Scandals

Coolidge Prosperity

Peace Without a Sword

The Peace Movement

The Good Neighbor Policy

The Totalitarian Challenge

War Debts and Reparations

The Election of 1928

Economic Problems

The Stock Market Crash of 1929

Hoover and the Depression

The Economy Hits Bottom

The Depression and Its Victims

The Election of 1932


What Caused the Great Depression?


Chapter 26 The New Deal: 1933—1941

The Hundred Days

The National Recovery Administration (NRA)

The Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)

The Dust Bowl

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

The New Deal Spirit

The Unemployed

Literature During the Depression

Three Extremists: Long, Coughlin, and Townsend

The Second New Deal

The Election of 1936

Roosevelt Tries to Undermine the Supreme Court

The New Deal Winds Down

Significance of the New Deal

Women as New Dealers: The Network

Blacks During the New Deal

A New Deal for Indians

The Role of Roosevelt

The Triumph of Isolationism

War Again in Europe

A Third Term for FDR

The Undeclared War

Re-Viewing the Past

Cinderella Man


Did the New Deal succeed?


Chapter 27 War and Peace

The Road to Pearl Harbor

Mobilizing the Home Front

The War Economy

War and Social Change

Minorities in Time of War: Blacks, Hispanics, and Indians

Internment of the Japanese

Women’s Contribution to the War Effort

Allied Strategy: Europe First

Germany Overwhelmed

The Naval War in the Pacific

Island Hopping

Building the Atom Bomb

Wartime Diplomacy

Allied Suspicion of Stalin

Yalta and Potsdam

Re-Viewing the Past

Saving Private Ryan


Should the United States Have Used Atomic Bombs Against Japan?


Chapter 28 The American Century

Truman Becomes President

The Postwar Economy

The Containment Policy

A Turning Point in Greece

The Marshall Plan and the Lesson of History

The Election of 1948

Containing Communism Abroad

Hot War in Korea

The Communist Issue at Home


Dwight D. Eisenhower

The Eisenhower-Dulles Foreign Policy

McCarthy Self-Destructs

Asian Policy After Korea

Israel and the Middle East

Eisenhower and Khrushchev

Latin America Aroused

The Politics of Civil Rights

The Election of 1960

Re-Viewing the Past

Good Night, and Good Luck


Did Truman Needlessly Exacerbate Relations with the Soviet Union?


Chapter 29 From Camelot to Watergate

Kennedy in Camelot

The Cuban Crises

The Vietnam War

"We Shall Overcome": The Civil Rights Movement

Tragedy in Dallas: JFK Assassinated

Lyndon Baines Johnson

The Great Society

Johnson Escalates the War

Opposition to the War

The Election of 1968

Nixon as President: "Vietnamizing" the War

The Cambodian "Incursion"

Détente with Communism

Nixon in Triumph

Domestic Policy Under Nixon

The Watergate Break-in

More Troubles for Nixon

The Judgment on Watergate: "Expletive Deleted"


Would JFK Have Sent a Half-Million American Troops to Vietnam?


Chapter 30 Society in Flux

A Society on the Move

The Advent of Television

At Home and Work

The Growing Middle Class

Religion in Changing Times

Literature and Art

The Perils of Progress

New Racial Turmoil

Native-Born Ethnics

Rethinking Public Education

Students in Revolt

The Counterculture

The Sexual Revolution

Women’s Liberation


Did Mass Culture Make Life Shallow?


Chapter 31 Running on Empty: The Nation Transformed

The Oil Crisis

Ford as President

The Fall of South Vietnam

Ford Versus Carter

The Carter Presidency

A National Malaise

Stagflation: The Weird Economy

Families Under Stress: Defeat of the Equal Rights Amendment

Cold War or Détente?

The Iran Crisis: Origins

The Iran Crisis: Carter’s Dilemma

The Election of 1980

Reagan as President

Four More Years

"The Reagan Revolution"

Change and Uncertainty


The New Merger Movement

"A Job for Life": Layoffs Hit Home

A "Bipolar" Economy, a Fractured Society

The Iran-Contra Arms Deal


Did Reagan End the Cold War?


Chapter 32 Misdemeanors and High Crimes

The Election of 1988

Crime and Punishment

"Crack" and Urban Gangs

George H. W. Bush as President

The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe

The War in the Persian Gulf

The Deficit Worsens

Enter Bill Clinton

The Election of 1992

Clinton as President

Emergence of the Republican Majority

The Election of 1996

Clinton Impeached

Clinton’s Legacy

A Racial Divide

Violence and Popular Culture

The Economic Boom and the Internet

The 2000 Election: George W. Bush Wins by One Vote

The New Terrorism Intensifies

September 11, 2001

America Fights Back: War in Afghanistan

The Second Iraq War

2004: Bush Wins a Second Term

More Trouble in Asia

Troubles at Home: Immigration Reform and Energy Policy [*final title TBD]

Hurricane Katrina

Iraq Insurgency Intensifies

The Persistent Past and Imponderable Future


Do Historians Ever Get it Right?



The Declaration of Independence

The Constitution of the United States of America

Amendments to the Constitution

Supplementary Reading

Present-day United States

Present-day World





Product Details

Pearson Longman
Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Longman, Pearson
Garraty, John A.
Carnes, Mark C.
Carnes, Mark A.
United States - General
United states
General History
United States History.
US History-General
Edition Number:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
MyHistoryLab Series
Series Volume:
Narrative of a Natio
Publication Date:
November 2007
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
9.19x6.52x.87 in. 1.73 lbs.

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » US History » General
History and Social Science » US History » Reference
History and Social Science » World History » General

American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation, Concise Edition, Volume II (Since 1865) (Penguin Academics)
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Product details 608 pages Longman Publishing Group - English 9780321510860 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,

With the political history of the nation as its organizational framework, American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation describes the development and growth of the United States as the product of the myriad actions, ideas, and forces of the immense variety of individuals and groups who together comprise the American people.


In richly detailed prose, the book examines the political, social, economic, and cultural developments that have shaped this country. This elegantly written, concise text offers a lower-price alternative to traditional U.S. history survey textbooks, while maintaining the efficacy of a full four-color map and image program.

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