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Numerical Palaeobiology: Computer-Based Modelling and Analysis of Fossils and Their Distributions

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Numerical Palaeobiology: Computer-Based Modelling and Analysis of Fossils and Their Distributions Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Numerical Palaeobiology Computer-Based Modelling and Analysis of Fossils and their Distributions Edited by David A.T. Harper University of Copenhagen, Denmark Microcomputers have become an everyday part of the palaeobiologists tool-kit. Moreover, there is now a wide range of computer software available to handle all sorts of palaeontological data and problems. This book, aimed at final year undergraduates, graduate students and professional palaeontologists, biologists and geologists, brings together the many strands of contemporary palaeontology through the medium of numeracy. It provides a comprehensive review, with applications, of the many computer based techniques available for the analysis and modelling of palaeontological data. The first part of the book covers classical phenetic taxonomy through cladistics and the computer-generated reconstructions of fossils to actual models for fossil growth. This leads onto distribution analysis and modelling of fossils in time and space. Detailed stratigraphical distributions of fossils are described in quantitative terms together with the larger-scale patterns in the history of life itself, while palaeoecology, palynofacies, trace fossils and palaeogeography are all introduced through a spectrum of numerical algorithms. The majority of the studies are linked to specific software packages and many are illustrated with case histories. Although there are a number of books available on computer modelling and data analysis in geology, no study has integrated the two with such a range of palaeontological subject material.

Book News Annotation:

For professionals, graduates, and advanced undergraduates, describes several of the computer-based techniques now available for analyzing and modelling palaeontological data. Begins with classical phenetic taxonomy, cladistics, the computer-generated reconstructions of fossils, and actual models for shell growth. Then takes up distribution analysis and modeling fossils in space and time, considering stratigraphical distributions, larger-scale patterns in the history of life itself, and several specialized types of analysis that can be addressed with numerical algorithms. Most of the studies are linked to specific software packages, and many include case studies.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Synopsis:

Computergestützte Verfahren haben die Methoden paläontologischer Forschung in den vergangenen Jahren radikal geändert: Software zur Auswertung verschiedenster Datensätze und zur Behandlung eines breiten Spektrums von Problemen steht zur Verfügung. Was bisher fehlte, war ein übersichtliches Handbuch, das alle diese Ansätze zusammenfassend erklärt. Diese Lücke ist jetzt geschlossen: Praxisnah erläutern die Autoren dieser Monographie Rechen- und Modellierungsmethoden zur Untersuchung von Fossilien und erdgeschichtlichen Ökologien. In vielen Fällen wird auf geeignete kommerzielle Software hingewiesen.

Synopsis:

Microcomputers have become an everyday part of the palaeobiologists tool-kit. Moreover, there is now a wide range of computer software available to handle all sorts of palaeontological data and problems. This book, aimed at final year undergraduates, graduate students and professional palaeontologists, biologists and geologists, brings together the many strands of contemporary palaeontology through the medium of numeracy. It provides a comprehensive review, with applications, of the many computer based techniques available for the analysis and modelling of palaeontological data. The first part of the book covers classical phenetic taxonomy through cladistics and the computer-generated reconstructions of fossils to actual models for fossil growth. This leads onto distribution analysis and modelling of fossils in time and space. Detailed stratigraphical distributions of fossils are described in quantitative terms together with the larger-scale patterns in the history of life itself, while palaeoecology, palynofacies, trace fossils and palaeogeography are all introduced through a spectrum of numerical algorithms. The majority of the studies are linked to specific software packages and many are illustrated with case histories. Although there are a number of books available on computer modelling and data analysis in geology, no study has integrated the two with such a range of palaeontological subject material.

Table of Contents

Quantitative and Morphometric Methods in Taxonomy (D. Harper & A. Owen).

Phylogenetic Systematics and Palaeontology (S. Carlson).

Computer-based Serial Section Reconstruction (M. Herbert).

Statistical and Imaging Methods Applied to Deformed Fossils (N. Hughes).

Computer Models of Fossil Morphology (A. Swan).

Quantitative Biostratigraphy (H. Armstrong).

The Quantitative Description of Biotic Change Using Palaeontological Databases (K. Johnson & T. McCormick).

The History of Life: Large Databases in Palaeontology (M. Benton).

Community Analysis (W. Etter).

Multivariate Techniques in Palynofacies Analysis (J. Smith).

Quantitative Approaches to the Resolution of Taxonomic Problems in Invertebrate Ichnology (P. Orr).

A New Approach to Seriation (P. Ryan, et al.).

Indexes.

Product Details

ISBN:
9780471974055
Editor:
Harper, David A. T.
Other:
Harper, D. A. T.
Other:
Harper, D. A. T.
Editor:
Harper, David A. T.
Author:
Professor David A. T. Harper
Author:
Harper, Davat A. T.
Author:
Harper, David A. T.
Publisher:
John Wiley & Sons
Location:
Chichester ;
Subject:
Geology
Subject:
Paleontology
Subject:
Mathematical models
Subject:
Paleontology -- Mathematical models.
Subject:
Earth Sciences - Geology
Subject:
Paleontology -- Data processing.
Subject:
Geology & Geophysics
Subject:
Geology-Paleontology
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
Series:
International Economic Association Series
Publication Date:
19990629
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
478
Dimensions:
9.37x6.26x1.27 in. 1.75 lbs.

Related Subjects

Science and Mathematics » Electricity » General Electronics
Science and Mathematics » Geology » General
Science and Mathematics » Geology » Paleontology

Numerical Palaeobiology: Computer-Based Modelling and Analysis of Fossils and Their Distributions New Hardcover
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Product details 478 pages John Wiley & Sons - English 9780471974055 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Computergestützte Verfahren haben die Methoden paläontologischer Forschung in den vergangenen Jahren radikal geändert: Software zur Auswertung verschiedenster Datensätze und zur Behandlung eines breiten Spektrums von Problemen steht zur Verfügung. Was bisher fehlte, war ein übersichtliches Handbuch, das alle diese Ansätze zusammenfassend erklärt. Diese Lücke ist jetzt geschlossen: Praxisnah erläutern die Autoren dieser Monographie Rechen- und Modellierungsmethoden zur Untersuchung von Fossilien und erdgeschichtlichen Ökologien. In vielen Fällen wird auf geeignete kommerzielle Software hingewiesen.
"Synopsis" by , Microcomputers have become an everyday part of the palaeobiologists tool-kit. Moreover, there is now a wide range of computer software available to handle all sorts of palaeontological data and problems. This book, aimed at final year undergraduates, graduate students and professional palaeontologists, biologists and geologists, brings together the many strands of contemporary palaeontology through the medium of numeracy. It provides a comprehensive review, with applications, of the many computer based techniques available for the analysis and modelling of palaeontological data. The first part of the book covers classical phenetic taxonomy through cladistics and the computer-generated reconstructions of fossils to actual models for fossil growth. This leads onto distribution analysis and modelling of fossils in time and space. Detailed stratigraphical distributions of fossils are described in quantitative terms together with the larger-scale patterns in the history of life itself, while palaeoecology, palynofacies, trace fossils and palaeogeography are all introduced through a spectrum of numerical algorithms. The majority of the studies are linked to specific software packages and many are illustrated with case histories. Although there are a number of books available on computer modelling and data analysis in geology, no study has integrated the two with such a range of palaeontological subject material.
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