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Seamans Friend Containing a Treatiseby Richard Henry, Dana
Synopses & Reviews
A rare glimpse into the day-to-day shipboard procedures of the 19th-century. The author of Two Years Before the Mast outlines practical aspects of seamanship such as setting sails and tying knots as well as the roles and duties of each crew member. Includes a glossary of sea terms.
The author of Two Years Before the Mast offers a rare glimpse into the day-to-day shipboard procedures of the 19th-century. Newly restored to print from an 1879 edition, this volume outlines practical aspects of seamanship such as setting sails and tying knots as well as the roles and duties of each crew member. Based on the author's own experience, clearly written and highly readable, this volume offers a fascinating look at the seafaring world of the 19th century.
An authentic look at the standard operating procedures aboard a 19th-century ship by the author of Two Years Before the Mast, from tying knots to quelling a mutiny. Glossary.
Table of Contents
A PLAIN TREATISE ON PRACTICAL SEAMANSHIP.
CHAP. I.?GENERAL RULES AND OBSERVATIONS
Construction of vessels
Tonnage and carriage of merchant vessels
Proportions of spars
Placing the masts
Size of anchors and cables
Ballast and lading
CHAP. II.?CUTTING AND FITTING STANDING RIGGING
Cutting lower rigging
Fitting lower rigging
Cutting and fitting topmast rigging
"Jib, topgallant and royal rigging"
Standing rigging of the yards
CHAP. III.?FITTING AND REEVING RUNNING RIGGING
To reeve a brace
"Fore, main, and cross-jack braces"
Fore and main topsail braces
Mizzen topsail braces
"Fore, main, and mizzen topgallant and royal braces"
"Tacks, sheets, and clewlines"
"Reef-tackles, clewgarnets, buntlines, leechlines, bowlines, and slablines"
CHAP. IV.?TO RIG MASTS AND YARDS
Taking in lower masts and bowsprit
To rig a bowsprit
To get the tops over the mast-heads
To send up a topmast
To get on a topmast cap
To rig out a jib-boom
To cross a lower yard
To cross a topsail yard
To send up a topgallant mast
"Long, short, and stump topgallant masts"
To rig out a flying jib-boom
To cross a topgallant yard
To cross a royal yard
CHAP. V.?TO SEND DOWN MASTS AND YARDS
To send down a royal yard
To send down a topgallant yard
To send down a topgallant mast
To house a topgallant mast
To send down a topmast
To rig in a jib-boom
CHAP. VI.?BENDING AND UNBENDING SAILS
To bend a course
To bend a topsail by the halyards
by the buntlines
To bend topgallant sails and royals
To bend a jib
To bend a spanker
To bend a spencer
To unbend a course
To unbend a topsail
To unbend a topgallant sail or royal
To unbend a jib
To send down a topsail or course in a gale of wind
To bend a topsail in a gale of wind
To bend one topsail or course and send down the other at the same time
"CHAP. VII.?WORK UPON RIGGING. ROPE, KNOTS, SPLICES, BENDS, HITCHES"
"Kinds of rope?cable-laid, hawser-laid"
"Worming, parcelling, and service"
Single and double walls
Single and double diamonds
Spritsail sheet knot
Shroud and French shroud knots
"Two half-hitches, clove hitch, overhand knot, and figure-of-eight"
"Standing and running bowlines, and bowline upon a bight"
"Tumber hitch, rolling hitch, and blackwall hitch"
"Sheet bend, fisherman's bend, carrick bend, and bowline bend"
To pass a round seizing
Stopping and nippering
Snaking and grafting
"Foxes, Spanish foxes, sennit, French sennit, gaskets"
To bend a buoy-rope
To pass a shear-lashing
CHAP. VIII.?BLOCKS AND PURCHASES
"Parts of a block, made and morticed blocks"
"Bull's-eye, dead-eye, sister-block"
"Tackles?whip, gun-tackle, luff-tackle, luff-upon-luff, runner-tackle, watch-tackle, tail-tackle, and burtons"
CHAP. IX.?MAKING AND TAKING IN SAIL
To loose a sail
To set a course
To set a topsail
To set a topgallant sail or royal
To set a skysail
"To set a jib, flying jib, or force topmast staysail"
To set a spanker
To set a spencer
To take in a course
To take in a topsail
To take in a topgallant sail or royal
To take in a skysail
To take in a jib
To take in a spanker
To furl a royal
To furl a topgallant sail
To furl a topsail or course
To furl a jib
To stow a jib in cloth
To reef a topsail
To reef a course
To turn out reefs
To set a topgallant studdingsail
To take in a topgallant studdingsail
To set a topmast studdingsail
To take in a topmast studdingsail
To set a lower studdingsail
To take in a lower studdingsail
CHAP. X.?GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF WORKING A SHIP
"Action of the water upon the rudder ; headway, sternway"
"Action of the wind upon the sails ; head sails, after sails"
Centre of gravity or rotation
Turning a ship to or from the wind
"CHAP. XI.?TACKING, WEARING, BOXING, &c."
"Reefing, furling, and duties aloft"
Care of ship's furniture
Duties in port
"CHAP. IV.?CARPENTER, COOK, STEWARD, &c."
"Seaman's work, helm, duty aloft, station"
Work at his trade
Berth and mess
STEWARD.?Duting in passenger-ships
In other vessels
Relation to master and mate ; duty aloft and about decks ; working ship
"COOK.?Berth, watch and all-hands duty ; care of galley ; duty aloft"
CHAP. V.?ABLE SEAMEN
Requisites of an able seaman
"Hand, reef, and steer"
Work upon rigging
Working ship ; reefing ; furling
Coasters and small vessels
CHAP. VI.?ORDINARY SEAMEN
"Hand, reef, and steer ; loose, furl, and set sails ; reeve rigging"
Work upon rigging
Day's work ; working ship ; duties aloft and about decks
Calling the watch
"Answering, (at helm)"
"Food, sleep, &c."
LAWS RELATING TO THE PRACTICAL DUTIES OF MASTER AND MARINERS.
CHAP. I.?THE VESSEL
"Registry, enrolment and license"
Certificate of registry or enrolment
"Sea letter, list of crew, bill of health, clearance, manifest, invoice, bill of lading, charter-party, log-book, list of passengers and crew, list of sea-stores"
National character of crew
CHAP. II.?MASTER'S RELATION TO VESSEL AND CARGO
Revenue duties and obligations
List of crew
Certified copy of shipping articles
"Sea-letter, passport, list of passengers, manifest, sea-stores"
Power to sell and pledge
Keeping and delivering cargo
Wages and advances
CHAP. III.?MASTER'S RELATION TO PASSENGERS AND OFFICERS
Treatment of passengers
Removal of officers
CHAP. IV.?MASTER'S RELATION TO THE CREW
Power of Consuls as to punishment
CHAP. VI.?MATES AND SUBORDINATES
Mates included in 'crew'
Log-book ; wages ; sickness
CHAP. VII.?SEAMEN. SHIPPING CONTRACT
Erasures and interlineations
Violation of contract
Rendering on board
Refusal to proceed
Desertion or absence during the voyage
Relief in foreign ports
Revolt and mutiny
CHAP. XI.?SEAMEN'S WAGES
Wages affected by desertion or absence
;?by loss of vessel or interruption of voyage
Wages on an illegal voyage
Recovery of wages
Time for commencing suits
Interest on wages
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