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The Montessori Method (Economy Editions)

by

The Montessori Method (Economy Editions) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

This is, quite simply, one of the landmark books in the history of education. Written by influential Italian educator Maria Montessori (1870-1952), it describes a new system for educating young children based on materials and methods she originally developed to teach retarded students. The techniques proved highly effective with normal children as well. Her system, based on a radical conception of liberty for the pupil and a highly formal training of separate sensory, motor, and mental capacities, led to rapid and substantial mastery of reading, writing, and arithmetic. In The Montessori Method (1912), her first book, Dr. Montessori outlines her techniques in discussions of such topics as scientific pedagogy; discipline; diet; gymnastics; manual labor; education of the senses; methods for teaching reading, writing, and arithmetic; and many other topics. The Dover edition is the least expensive edition available, making this seminal classic widely accessible to teachers, principals, parents — anyone interested in the education of young children.

Synopsis:

"Dr. Montessori was par excellence the great interpreter of the child; and though she herself has passed on from the scene of her labours her work will still go on."—Westminster Cathedral Chronicle

One of the landmark books in the history of education--and one of the least expensive editions now available—this volume describes a new system for educating youngsters. Based on a radical concept of liberty for the pupil and highly formal training of separate sensory, motor, and mental capacities, the system enabled youngsters to master reading, writing, and arithmetic rapidly and substantially. Included are discussions of scientific pedagogy; discipline; the importance of proper diet, gymnastics, and manual labor; and many other topics. Unabridged reprint of the classic 1912 edition.

Synopsis:

One of the landmark books in the history of education, this volume describes a new system for educating youngsters. Based on a radical concept of liberty for the pupil and highly formal training of separate sensory, motor, and mental capacities, the system enabled youngsters to master reading, writing, and arithmetic rapidly and substantially.

Table of Contents

  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

  PREFACE

  INTRODUCTION

  CHAPTER I

    A CRITICAL CONSIDERATION OF THE NEW PEDAGOGY IN ITS RELATION TO MODERN SCIENCE

      Influence of Modern Science upon Pedagogy

      Italy's part in the development of Scientific Pedagogy

      Difference between scientific technique and the scientific spirit

      Direction of the preparation should be toward the spirit rather than toward the mechanism

      The master to study man in the awakening of his intellectual life

      Attitude of the teacher in the light of another example

      The school must permit the free natural manifestations of the child if in the school Scientific Pedagogy is to be born

      Stationary desk and chairs proof that the principle of slavery still informs the school

      "Conquest of liberty, what the school needs"

      What may happen to the spirit

      "Prizes and punishments, the bench of the soul"

      "All human victories, all human progress, stand upon the inner force"

  CHAPTER II

    HISTORY OF METHODS

      Necessity of establishing the method peculiar to Scientific Pedagogy

      "Origin of educational system in the use in the "Children's Houses"

      Practical application ofhte methods of Itard and Séguin in the Orthophrenic School at Rome

      Origin of the methods for the education of deficients

      Application of the methods in Germany and France

      Séguin's first didactic material was spiritual

      Methods for deficients applied to the education of normal children

      "Social and pedagogic importance of the "Children's Houses"

  CHAPTER III

    "INAUGURAL ADDRESS DELIVERED ON THE OCCASION OF THE OPENING OF ONE OF THE "CHILDREN'S HOUSES"

      "The Quarter of San Lorenzo before and since the establishment of the "Childrens' Houses"

      Evil of subletting the most cruel form of usury

      The problem of life more profound than that of the intellectual elevation of the poor

      "Isolation of the masses of the poor, unknown to past venturies"

      Work of the Roman Association of Good Building and the moral importance of their reforms

      "The "Children's House" earned by the parents through their care of the building"

      "Pedagogical organization of the "Children's House"

      "The "Children's House" the first step toward the socialisation of the house"

      The communised house in its relation to the home and to the spiritual evolution of women

      "Rules and regulations of th e"Children's Houses"

  CHAPTER IV

    "PEDAGOGICAL METHODS USED IN THE "CHILDREN'S HOUSES"

      Child psychology can be established only through the method of external observation

      Anthropological consideration

      Anthropological notes

      Environment and schoolroom furnishings

  CHAPTER V

    DISCIPLINE

      Discipline through liberty

      Independence

      Abolition of prizes and external forms of punishment

      Biological concept of liberty in pedagogy

  CHAPTER VI

    HOW THE LESSON SHOULD BE GIVEN

      Characteristics of the individual lessons

      Method of observation the fundamental guide

      Difference between the scientific and unscientific methods illustrated

      "First task of educators to stimulate life, leaving it then free to develop"

  CHAPTER VII

    EXERCISES OF PRACTICAL LIFE

      "Suggested schedule for the "Children's Houses"

      The child must be prepared for the forms of social life and his attention attracted to these forms

      "Cleanliness, order, poise, conversation"

  CHAPTER VIII

    REFECTION-THE CHILD'S DIET

      Diet must be adapted to the child's physical nature

      Foods and their preparation

      Drinks

      Distribution of meals

  CHAPTER IX

    MUSCULAR EDUCATION-GYMNASTICS

      Generally accepted idea of gymnastics is inadequate

      The special gymnastics necessary for little children

      Other pieces of gymnastic apparatus

      Free gymnastics

      Educational gymnastics

      "Respiratory gymnastics, and labial, dental, lingual gymnastics"

  CHAPTER X

    NATURE IN EDUCATION-AGRICULTURAL LABOUR: CULTURE OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS

      The savage of the Aveyron

      Itard's educative drama repeated it the education of little children

      Gardening and horitculture basis of a method for education of children

      The child initiated into observation of the phenomena of life and into foresight by way of auto-education

      "Children are initiated into the virtue of patience and into confident expectation, and are inspired with a feeling for nature"

      The child follows the natural way of development of the human race

  CHAPTER XI

    "MANUAL LABOUR-THE POTTER'S ART, AND BUILDING"

      Difference between manual labour and manual gymnastics

      The School of Educative Art

      "Archæological, historica, and artistic importance of the vase"

      Manufacture of diminutive bricks and construction of diminutive walls and houses

  CHAPTER XII

    EDUCATION OF THE SENSES

      Aim of education to develop the energies

      Difference in the reaction between deficient and normal children in the presentation of didatic material made up of graded stimuli

      Education of the senses has as its aim the refinement of the differential perception of stimuli by means of repeated exercises

      Three Periods of Séguin

  CHAPTER XIII

    "EDUCATION OF THE SENSES AND ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE DIDACTIC MATERIAL: GENERAL SENSIBILITY: THE TACTILE, THERMIC, BARIC AND STEREOGNOSTIC SENSES"

      "Education of the tactile, thermic and baric senses"

      Education of the stereognostic sense

      Education of the senses of taste and smell

      Education of the sense of vision

      Exercises with the three series of cards

      Education of the chromatic sense

      Exercise for the discrimination of sounds

      Musical education

      Tests for acuteness of hearing

      A lesson in silence

  C

      Originof aphabets in present use

  CHAPTER XVII

    DESCRIPTION OF THE METHOD AND DIDACTIC MATERIAL USED

      Exercise tending to develop the muscular mechanism necessary in holding and using the instrument in writing

      Didactic material for writing

      "Exercise tending to establish the visual-muscular image of the alphabetical signs, and to establish the muscular memory of the movements necessary to writing"

      Exercises for the composition of words

      "Reading, the interpretation of an idea from written signs"

      Games for the reading of phrases

      "Point education has reached in the "Children's Houses"

  CHAPTER XVIII

    LANGUAGE IN CHILDHOOD

      Physiological importance of graphic language

      Two periods in the development of language

      Analysis of speech necessary

      Defects of language due to education

  CHAPTER XIX

    TEACHING OF NUMERATION: INTRODUCTION TO ARITHMETIC

      Numbers as represented by graphic signs

      Exercises for the memory of numbers

      Addition and subtraction from one to twenty: multiplication and division

      Lessons on decimals: arithmetical calculations beyond ten

  CHAPTER XX

    SEQUENCE OF EXERCISES

      Sequence and grades in the presentation of material and in the exercises

      First grade

      Second grade

      Third grade

      Fourth grade

      Fifth grade

  CHAPTER XXI

    GENERAL REVIEW OF DISCIPLINE

      Discipline better than in ordinary schools

      First dawning of discipline comes through work

      Orderly action is the true rest for muscles intended by nature for action

      "The exercise that develops life consists in the repetition, not in the mere grasp of the idea"

      "Aim of repetition that the child shall refine his senses through the exercise of attention, of comparison, of judgment"

      Obedience is naturally sacrifice

      Obedience develops will-power and the capacity to perform the act it becomes necessary to obey

  CHAPTER XXII

    CONCLUSIONS AND IMPRESSIONS

      "The Teacher has become the director of spontaneous work in the "Children's Houses"

      The problems of religious education should be solved by positive pedagogy

      "Spiritual influence of the "Children's Houses"

Product Details

ISBN:
9780486421629
Author:
Montessori, Maria
Publisher:
Dover Publications
Author:
Montessori
Author:
Maria
Location:
New York
Subject:
General
Subject:
Philosophy
Subject:
Experimental Methods
Subject:
Education, preschool
Subject:
Montessori method of education
Subject:
Montessori
Subject:
General Social Science
Subject:
Education, Preschool -- Philosophy.
Subject:
Education-Montessori
Subject:
Education-General
Subject:
Research
Edition Number:
5th ed.
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Series:
Dover Value Editions
Series Volume:
1
Publication Date:
20020831
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
416
Dimensions:
8.25 x 5.19 in 1.18 lb

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Related Subjects

Education » Classroom Resources
Education » Early Childhood
Education » General
Education » Montessori
History and Social Science » Sociology » General

The Montessori Method (Economy Editions) New Trade Paper
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Product details 416 pages Dover Publications - English 9780486421629 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
"Dr. Montessori was par excellence the great interpreter of the child; and though she herself has passed on from the scene of her labours her work will still go on."—Westminster Cathedral Chronicle

One of the landmark books in the history of education--and one of the least expensive editions now available—this volume describes a new system for educating youngsters. Based on a radical concept of liberty for the pupil and highly formal training of separate sensory, motor, and mental capacities, the system enabled youngsters to master reading, writing, and arithmetic rapidly and substantially. Included are discussions of scientific pedagogy; discipline; the importance of proper diet, gymnastics, and manual labor; and many other topics. Unabridged reprint of the classic 1912 edition.

"Synopsis" by ,
One of the landmark books in the history of education, this volume describes a new system for educating youngsters. Based on a radical concept of liberty for the pupil and highly formal training of separate sensory, motor, and mental capacities, the system enabled youngsters to master reading, writing, and arithmetic rapidly and substantially.
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