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1 Burnside Philosophy- General

Critique of Judgment (Dover Philosophical Classics)

by

Critique of Judgment (Dover Philosophical Classics) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

This 1790 polemic by one of philosophy's most important and influential figures attempts to establish the principles that support the faculty of judgment. Kant's third critique--after Critique of Practical Reason and Critique of Pure Reason--remains one of the most important works on human reason. The Critique of Judgment informs the very basis of modern aesthetics by establishing the almost universally accepted framework for debate of aesthetic issues.

As in his previous critiques, Kant seeks to establish a priori principles. The first part of this work addresses aesthetic sensibility. The human response to specific natural phenomena as beautiful, he asserts, is a recognition of nature's harmonious order that corresponds to a mental need for order. The critique's second half focuses on the apparent teleology in nature's design of organisms. The philosopher declares that the mind is predisposed to find purpose and order in nature, and this predisposition forms the main principle underlying all our judgments. Although this could be interpreted as an argument in favor of a creator, Kant insists that a supernatural dimension or the existence of God cannot be proven--such considerations lie beyond the realm of reason, solely within the province of faith.

Synopsis:

Were judgements of taste (like cognitive judgements) in possession of a definite objective principle, then one who in his judgement followed such a principle would claim unconditioned necessity for it. Again, were they devoid of any principle, as are those of the mere taste of sense, then no thought of any necessity on their part would enter one's head.

Synopsis:

Kant's attempt to establish the principles behind the faculty of judgment remains one of the most important works on human reason. This third of the philosopher's three Critiques forms the very basis of modern aesthetics by establishing the almost universally accepted framework for debate of aesthetic issues.

Synopsis:

"The impact of Kant's work has been incalculable ... Kant's philosophy has influenced almost every area of thought." --Encyclopia.com

Kant's attempt to establish the principles comprising the faculty of judgment remains one of the most important works on human reason. This third and possibly most important of Kant's three Critiques informs the very basis of modern aesthetics, by establishing the almost universally accepted framework in which aesthetic questions are debated.

Table of Contents

Editor's Introduction

Preface

Introduction

  I. Of the division of Philosophy

  II. Of the realm of Philosophy in general

  III. Of the Critique of Judgment as a means of combining the two parts of Philosophy into a whole

  IV. Of Judgment as a faculty legislating a priori

  V. The principle of the formal purposiveness of nature is a transcendental principle of Judgment

  VI. Of the combination of the feeling of pleasure with the concept of the purposiveness of nature

  VII. Of the aesthetical representation of the purposiveness of nature

  VIII. Of the logical representation of the purposiveness of nature

  IX. Of the connexion of the legislation of Understanding with that of Reason by means of the Judgment

First Part: Critique of the Aesthetical Judgment

First Division: Analytic of the Aesthetical Judgment

First Book: Analytic of the Beautiful

First Moment of the judgment of taste, according to quality

  1. The judgment of taste is aesthetical

  2. The satisfaction which determines the judgment of taste is disinterested

  3. The satisfaction in the pleasant is bound up with interest

  4. The satisfaction in the good is bound up with interest

  5. Comparison of the three specifically different kinds of satisfaction

Second Moment of the judgment of taste, viz. according to quantity

  6. The Beautiful is that which apart from concepts is represented as the object of a universal satisfaction

  7. Comparison of the Beautiful with the Pleasant and the Good by means of the above characteristic

  8. The universality of the satisfaction is represented in a judgment of Taste only as subjective

  9. Investigation of the question whether in the judgment of taste the feeling of pleasure precedes or follows the judging of the object

Third Moment of judgments of taste, according to the relation of the purposes which are brought into consideration therein

  10. Of purposiveness in general

  11. The judgment of taste has nothing at its basis but the form of the purposiveness of an object (or of its mode of representation)

  12. The judgment of taste rests on a priori grounds

  13. The pure judgment of taste is independent of charm and emotion

  14. Elucidation by means of examples

  15. The judgment of taste is quite independent of the concept of perfection

  16. The judgment of taste, by which an object is declared to be beautiful under the condition of a definite concept, is not pure

  17. Of the Ideal of Beauty

Fourth Moment of the judgment of taste, according to the modality of the satisfaction in the object

  18. What the modality in a judgment of taste is

  19. The subjective necessity, which we ascribe to the judgment of taste, is conditioned

  20. The condition of necessity which a judgment of taste asserts is the Idea of a common sense

  21. Have we ground for presupposing a common sense?

  22. The necessity of the universal agreement that is thought in a judgment of taste is a subjective necessity, which is represented as objective under the presupposition of a common sense

General remark on the first section of the Analytic

Second Book: Analytic of the Sublime

  23. Transition from the faculty which judges of the Beautiful to that which judges of the Sublime

  24. Of the divisions of an investigation into the feeling of the sublime

A. Of the Mathematically Sublime

  25. Explanation of the term "sublime"

  26. Of that estimation of the magnitude of natural things which is requisite for the Idea of the Sublime

  27. Of the quality of the satisfaction in our judgments upon the Sublime

B. Of the Dynamically Sublime in Nature

  28. Of Nature regarded as Might

  29. Of the modality of the judgment upon the sublime in nature

General remark upon the exposition of the aesthetical reflective Judgment

Deduction of [pure] aesthetical judgments

  30. The Deduction of aesthetical judgments on the objects of nature must not be directed to what we call Sublime in nature, but only to the Beautiful.

  31. Of the method of deduction of judgments of Taste

  32. First peculiarity of the judgment of Taste

  33. Second peculiarity of the judgment of Taste

  34. There is no objective principle of Taste possible

  35. The principle of Taste is the subjective principle of Judgment in general

  36. Of the problem of a Deduction of judgments of Taste

  37. What is properly asserted a priori of an object in a judgment of Taste

  38. Deduction of judgments of Taste

  39. Of the communicability of a sensation

  40. Of Taste as a kind of sensus communis

  41. Of the empirical interest in the Beautiful

  42. Of the intellectual interest in the Beautiful

  43. Of Art in general

  44. Of beautiful Art

  45. Beautiful Art is an art, in so far as it seems like nature

  46. Beautiful Art is the art of genius

  47. Elucidation and confirmation of the above explanation of Genius

  48. Of the relation of Genius to Taste

  49. Of the faculties of the mind that constitute Genius

  50. Of the combination of Taste with Genius in the products of beautiful Art

  51. Of the division of the beautiful arts

  52. Of the combination of beautiful arts in one and the same product

  53. Comparison of the respective aesthetical worth of the beautiful arts

  54. Remark

second Division: Dialectic of the Aesthetical Judgment

  55.

  56. Representation of the antinomy of Taste

  57. Solution of the antinomy of Taste

  58. Of the Idealism of the purposiveness of both Nature and Art as the unique principle of the aesthetical Judgment.

  59. Of Beauty as the symbol of Morality

  60. Appendix: Of the method of Taste

Second Part: Critique of the Teleological Judgment

  61. Of the objective purposiveness of Nature

First Division: Analytic of the Teleological Judgment

  62. Of the objective purposiveness which is merely formal as distinguished from that which is material

  63. Of the relative, as distinguished from the inner, purposiveness of nature

  64. Of the peculiar character of things as natural purposes

  65. Things regarded as natural purposes are organised beings

  66. Of the principle of judging of internal purposiveness in organised beings

  67. Of the principle of the teleological judging of nature in general as a system of purposes

  68. Of the principle of Teleology as internal principle of natural science

second Division: Dialectic of the Teleological Judgment

  69. What is an antinomy of the Judgment?

  70. Representation of this antinomy

  71. Preliminary to the solution of the above antinomy

  72. Of the different systems which deal with the purposiveness of nature

  73. None of the above systems give what they pretend

  74. The reason that we cannot treat the concept of a Technic of nature dogmatically is the fact that a natural purpose is inexplicable

  75. The concept of an objective purposiveness of nature is a critical principle of Reason for the reflective Judgment

  76. Remark

  77. Of the peculiarity of the human Understanding, by means of which the concept of a natural purpose is possible

  78. Of the union of the principle of the universal mechanism of matter with the teleological principle in the Technic of nature

Appendix: Methodology of the Teleological Judgment

  79. Whether teleology must be treated as if it belonged to the doctrine of nature

  80. Of the necessary subordination of the mechanical to the teleological principle in the explanation of a thing as a natural purpose

  81. Of the association of mechanism with the teleological principle in the explanation of a natural purpose as a natural product

  82. Of the teleological system in the external relations of organised beings

  83. Of the ultimate purpose of nature as a teleological system

  84. Of the final purpose of the existence of a world, i.e. of creation itself

  85. Of Physico-theology

  86. Of Ethico-theology

  87. Of the moral proof of the Being of God

  88. Limitation of the validity of the moral proof

  89. Of the use of the moral argument

  90. Of the kind of belief in a teleological proof of the Being of God

  91. Of the kind of belief produced by a practical faith

General remarks on Teleology

Product Details

ISBN:
9780486445434
Translator:
Bernard, J. H.
Publisher:
Dover Publications
Translator:
Bernard, J. H.
Author:
Kant, Immanuel
Author:
Bernard, J. H.
Subject:
Epistemology
Subject:
Judgment (logic)
Subject:
Teleology
Subject:
History & Surveys - 17th/18th Century
Subject:
General Philosophy
Subject:
Judgment (Aesthetics)
Subject:
Philosophy : General
Subject:
Philosophy-Surveys
Subject:
Aesthetics
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Series:
Dover Philosophical Classics
Publication Date:
20050931
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Pages:
288
Dimensions:
8.25 x 5.19 in 0.6 lb

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Product details 288 pages Dover Publications - English 9780486445434 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Were judgements of taste (like cognitive judgements) in possession of a definite objective principle, then one who in his judgement followed such a principle would claim unconditioned necessity for it. Again, were they devoid of any principle, as are those of the mere taste of sense, then no thought of any necessity on their part would enter one's head.
"Synopsis" by ,
Kant's attempt to establish the principles behind the faculty of judgment remains one of the most important works on human reason. This third of the philosopher's three Critiques forms the very basis of modern aesthetics by establishing the almost universally accepted framework for debate of aesthetic issues.
"Synopsis" by ,
"The impact of Kant's work has been incalculable ... Kant's philosophy has influenced almost every area of thought." --Encyclopia.com

Kant's attempt to establish the principles comprising the faculty of judgment remains one of the most important works on human reason. This third and possibly most important of Kant's three Critiques informs the very basis of modern aesthetics, by establishing the almost universally accepted framework in which aesthetic questions are debated.

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