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Elements of Chemistryby Antoine Lavoisier
Synopses & ReviewsPublisher Comments:Monumental classic by the founder of modern chemistry is essential for undergraduate students. First explicit statement of law of conservation of matter in chemical change; first modern list of chemical elements; more. Facsimile reprint of original (1790) Kerr translation. Introduction by Professor Douglas McKie. Synopsis:Monumental classic by founder of modern chemistry in remarkable reprint of rare 1790 Kerr translation. A must for every student of chemistry or the history of science.
Synopsis:Monumental classic by the founder of modern chemistry features first explicit statement of law of conservation of matter in chemical change, and more. Facsimile reprint of original (1790) Kerr translation. Table of ContentsPART FIRST. Of the Formation and Decomposition of Aëriform Fluids, of the Combustion of Simple Bodies, and the Formation of Acids CHAP. I.Of the Combinations of Caloric, and the Formation of Elastic Aëriform Fluids or Gaffes CHAP. II.General Views relative to the Formation and Composition of our Atmosphere CHAP. III. Analysis of Atmospheric Air, and its Division into two Elastic Fluids ; one fit for Respiration, and the other incapable of being respired CHAP. IV. Nomenclature of the several constituent Parts of Atmospheric Air CHAP. V. Of the Decomposition of Oxygen Gas by Sulphur, Phosphorus, and Charcoal, and of the Formation of Acids in general CHAP. VI. Of the Nomenclature of Acids in general, and particularly of those drawn from Nitre and Sea Salt CHAP. VII. Of the Decomposition of Oxygen Gas by means of Metals, and the Formation of Metallic Oxyds CHAP. VIII. Of the Radical Principle of Water, and of its Decomposition by Charcoal and Iron CHAP. IX. Of the Quantities of Caloric disengaged from different Species of Combustion, Combustion of Phosphorus SECT. I. Combustion of Charcoal SECT. II. Combustion of Hydrogen Gas SECT. III. Formation of Nitric Acid SECT. IV. Combustion of Wax SECT. V. Combustion of Olive Oil CHAP. X. Of the Combustion of Combustible Substances with each other CHAP. XI. Observations upon Oxyds and Acids with several Bases, and upon the Composition of Animal and Vegetable Substances CHAP. XII. Of the Decomposition of Vegetable and Animal Substances by the Action of Fire CHAP. XIII. Of the Decomposition of Vegetable Oxyds by the Vinous Fermentation CHAP. XIV. Of the Putrefactive Fermentation CHAP. XV. Of the Acetous Fermentation CHAP. XVI. Of the Formation of Neutral Salts, and of their Bases SECT. I. Of Potash SECT. II. Of Soda SECT. III. Of Ammoniac SECT. IV. Of Lime, Magnesia, Barytes, and Argill SECT. V. Of Metallic Bodies CHAP. XVII. Continuation of the Observations upon Salisiable Bases, and the Formation of Neutral Salts PART II. Of the Combinations of Acids with Salisiable Bases, and of the Formation of Neutral Salts INTRODUCTION TABLE of Simple Substances SECT. I. Observations upon simple Substances TABLE of Compound Oxydable and Acidisiable Bases SECT. II. Observations upon Compound Radicals SECT. III. Observations upon the Combinations of Light and Caloric with different Substances TABLE of the Combinations of Oxygen with the Simple Substances, to face SECT. IV. Observations upon these Combinations TABLE of the Combinations of Oxygen with Compound Radicals SECT. V. Observation upon these Combinations TABLE of the Combinations of Azote with the Simple Substances SECT. VI. Observations upon these Combinations of Azote TABLE of the Combinations of Hydrogen with Simple Substances SECT. VII. Observations upon Hydrogen, and its Combinations TABLE of the Binary Combinations of Sulphur with the Simple Substances SECT. VIII. Observations upon Sulphur, and its Combinations TABLE of the Combinations of Phosphorous with Simple Substances SECT. IX. Observations upon Phosphorous and its Combinations TABLE of the Binary Combinations of Charcoal SECT. X. Observations upon Charcoal, and its Combinations SECT. XI. Observations upon the Muriatic, Fluoric, and Boracic Radicals, and their Combinations SECT. XII. Observations upon the Combinations of Metals with each other TABLE of the Combinations of Azote, in the State of Nitrous Acid, with the Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Azote, in the State of Nitric Acid, with the Salisiable Bases SECT. XIII. Observations upon Nitrous and Nitric Acids, and their Combinations with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Sulphuric Acid with the Salisiable Bases SECT. XIV. Observations upon Sulphuric Acid, and its Combinations TABLE of the Combinations of Sulphurous Acid SECT. XV. Observations upon Sulphurous Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Phosphorous and Phosphoric Acids SECT. XVI. Observations upon Phosphorous and Phosphoric Acids, and their Combination with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Carbonic Acid SECT. XVII. Observations upon Carbonic Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Muriatic Acid TABLE of the Combinations of Oxygenated Muriatic Acid SECT. XVIII. Observations upon Muriatic and Oxygenated Muriatic Acid, and their Combinations with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of NitroMuriatic Acid SECT. XIX. Observations upon Nitromuriatic Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Fluoric Acid SECT. XX. Observations upon Fluoric Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Boracic Acid SECT. XXI. Observations upon Boracic Acid, and its Combinations with Sulisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Arseniac Acid SECT. XXII. Observations upon Arseniac Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases SECT. XXIV. Observations upon Tungstic Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases, and a Table of these in the order of their Affinity TABLE of the Combinations of Tartarous Acid SECT. XXV. Observations upon Tartarous Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases SECT. XXVI. Observations upon Mallic Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Citric Acid SECT. XXVII. Observations upon Citric Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Pyrolignous Acid SECT. XXVIII. Observations upon Pyrolignous Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases SECT. XXIX. Observations upon Pyrotartarous Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Pyromucous Acid SECT. XXX. Observations upon Pyromucous Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Oxalic Acid SECT. XXXI. Observations upon Oxalic Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Acetous Acid, to face SECT. XXXII. Observations upon Acetous Acid, and its Combinations with the Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combination of Acetic Acid SECT. XXXIII. Observations upon Acetic Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Succinic Acid SECT. XXXIV. Observations upon Succinic Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases SECT. XXXV. Observations upon Benzoic Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases SECT. XXXVI. Observations upon Camphoric Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases SECT. XXXVII. Observations upon Gallic Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases SECT. XXXVIII. Observations upon Lactic Acid, and its Combinations with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Saccholactic Acid SECT. XXXIX. Observations upon Saccholactic Acid, and its Combination with Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of Formic Acid SECT. XL. Observations upon Formic Acid, and its Combinations with the Salisiable Bases SECT. XLI. Observations upon the Bombic Acid, and its Combinations with the Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combinations of the Sebacic Acid SECT. XLII. Observations upon the Sebacic Acid and its Combinations with the Salisiable Bases SECT. XLIII. Observation upon the Lithic Acid, and its Combinations with the Salisiable Bases TABLE of the Combination of the Prussic Acid SECT. XLIV. Observations upon the Prussic Acid, and its Combinations with the Salisiable Bases PART III. Description of the Instruments and Operations of Chemistry INTRODUCTION CHAP. I. Of the Instruments necessary for determining the Absolute and Specific Gravities of Solid and Liquid Bodies CHAP. II. Of Gazometry, or the Measurement of the Weight and Volume of Aëriform Substances SECT. I. Of the Pneumatochemical Apparatus SECT. II. Of the Gazometer SECT. III. Some other methods for Measuring the Volume of Gasses SECT. IV. Of the method of Separating the different Gasses from each other SECT. V. Of the necessary Corrections of the Volume of Gasses, according to the Pressure of the Atmosphere SECT. VI. Of the Correction relative to the Degrees of the Thermometer SECT. VII. Example for Calculating the Corrections relative to the Variations of Pressure and Temperature SECT. VIII. Method of determining the Weight of the different Gasses CHAP. III. Description of the Calorimeter, or Apparatus for measuring Caloric CHAP. IV. Of the Mechanical Operations for Division of Bodies SECT. I. Of Trituration, Levigation, and Pulverization SECT. II. Of Sifting and Washing Powdered Substances SECT. III. Of Filtration SECT. IV. Of Decantation CHAP. V. Of Chemical means for Separating the Particles of Bodies from each other without Decomposition, and for Uniting them again SECT. I. Of the Solution of Salts SECT. II. Of Lixivation SECT. III. Of Evaporation SECT. IV. Of Cristallization SECT. V. Of Simple Distillation SECT. VI. Of Sublimation CHAP. VI. Of Pneumatochemical Distillations, Metallic Dissolutions, and some other operations which require very complicated instruments SECT. I. Of Compound and Pneumatochemical Distillations SECT. II. Of Metallic Dissolutions SECT. III. Apparatus necessary in Experiments upon Vinous and Putresactive Fermentations SECT. IV. Apparatus for the Decomposition of Water CHAP. VII. Of the Composition and Use of Lutes CHAP. VIII. Of Operations upon Combustion and Deslagration SECT. I. Of Combustion in general SECT. II. Of the Combustion of Phosphorus SECT. III. Of the Combustion of Charcoal SECT. IV. Of the Combustion of Oils SECT. V. Of the Combustion of Alkohol SECT. VI. Of the Combustion of Ether SECT. VII. Of the Combustion of Hydrogen Gas, and the Formation of Water SECT. VIII. Of the Oxydation of Metals CHAP. IX. Of Deflagration CHAP. X. Of the Instruments necessary for Operating upon Bodies in very high Temperatures SECT. I. Of Fusion SECT. II. Of Furnaces SECT. III. Of increasing the Action of Fire, by using Oxygen Gas instead of Atmospheric Air APPENDIX No. I. TABLE for Converting Lines, or Twelfth Parts of an Inch, and Fractions of Lines, into Decimal Fractions of the Inch No. II. TABLE for Converting the Observed Heighth of Water in the Jars of the PneumatoChemical Apparatus, expressed in Inches and Decimals, into Corresponding Heighths of Mercury No. III. TABLE for Converting the Ounce Measures used by Dr. Priestley into French and English Cubical Inches No. IV. TABLE for Reducing the Degrees of Reaumeur's Thermometer into its corresponding Degrees of Fahrenheit's Scale No. V. ADDITIONAL RULES for Converting French Weights and Measures into correspondent English Denominations No. VI. TABLE of Weights of the different Gasses, at 28 French inches, or 29.84 English inches barometrical pressure, and at 10° (54·5°) of temperature, expressed in English measure and English Troy weight No. VII. TABLES of the Specific Gravities of different bodies No. VIII. ADDITIONAL RULES for Calculating the Absolute Gravity in English Troy Weight of a Cubic Foot and Inch, English Measure, of any Substance whose Specific Gravity is known No. IX. TABLES for Converting Ounces, Drams, and Grains, Troy, into Decimals of the Troy Pound of 12 Ounces, and for Converting Decimals of the Pound Troy into Ounces, &c. No. X. TABLE of the English Cubical Inches and Decimals corresponding to a determinate Troy Weight of Distilled Water at the Temperature What Our Readers Are SayingBe the first to add a comment for a chance to win!Product Details
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