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A Short History of Chemistry (3rd Ed.)

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A Short History of Chemistry (3rd Ed.) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

"One of the best short surveys of the history of chemistry I know of." — Marshall Clagett, University of Wisconsin. This classic exposition, the most complete English version, is ideal for general readers and undergraduates. Its balanced coverage of physical and organic chemistry explores origins of chemistry, alchemy, applied chemistry, theory of valency, electrochemical theory, laws and structure of atomic theory, and more. Examines work of Lavoisier, Davy, Berzelius, and others.

Synopsis:

This classic exposition explores the origins of chemistry, alchemy, early medical chemistry, nature of atmosphere, theory of valency, laws and structure of atomic theory, and much more.

Table of Contents

I. THE ORIGINS OF APPLIED CHEMISTRY

    Early Applied Chemistry

    Early Knowledge of Metals

    Glass

    Dyes

II. THE BEGINNINGS OF CHEMISTRY

    The Four Elements

    Chemical Knowledge of the Classical Period

    The Chemical Papyri

    Alexandria

    The Beginning of Chemistry

    Alexandrian Chemistry

III. THE DIFFUSION OF ALCHEMY

    Chemistry in Arabia

    Hindu Chemistry

    Chemistry in China

    Alchemy in Europe

    Early Eruopean Writers on Alchemy

    Roger Bacon

    Arnald of Villanova

    Raymund Lully

IV. "IATROCHEMISTRY, OR CHEMISTRY IN THE SERVICE OF MEDICINE"

    Iatrochemistry

    Paracelsus

    Van Helmont

    Van Helmont on Gas

    Van Helmont on the Elements

    Van Helmont on the Stone

    Van Helmont on Ferments

    Sylvius

    Agricola

    Basil Valentine

    Libavius

    Glauber

    Lemery

    Tachenius

    Kunckel

    Summary of the Early History of Chemistry

V. EARLY STUDIES ON COMBUSTION AND THE NATURE OF THE ATMOSPHERE

    Combustion and the Calcination of Metals

    Boyle

    Boyle on the Elements

    Boyle's Law

    Boyle's Experiments on Combustion

    Boyle's Experiments on Calcination

    Boyle's Miscellaneous Experiements

    Hooke

    Mayow

    Jean Rey

    The Theory of Phlogiston

VI. Discovery of Gases

    The Discovery of Gases

    Hales

    Black

    Black's Researches on the Alkalis

    Cavendish

    Cavendish's Experiments on Gases

    Scheele

    Scheele's Experiments on Air

    The Discovery of Oxygen by Scheele

    Other Discoveries by Scheele

    Priestley

    Priestley's Experiments on Air

    Priestley's Discovery of Oxygen

VII. LAVOISIER AND THE FOUNDATION OF MODERN CHEMISTRY

    Lavoisier

    Lavoisier's Quantitative Method

    Lavoisier's Experiments on Combustion and Calcination

    Lavoisier's Antiphlogistic Theory

    Theory of Caloric

    Chemical Elements

    Lavoisier's Experiments on Respiration

    The New Chemical Nomenclature

    The Composition of Water

    Cavendish's Synthesis of Water

    Composition of Nitric Acid

    The Water Controversy

    Summary and Supplement

VIII. LAWS OF COMBINING PROPORTIONS AND THE ATOMIC THEORY

    Proust

    Berthollet

    Controversy of Berthollet and Proust

    The Law of Multiple Proportions

    Equivalents

    Wenzel

    Richter

    Fischer's Table of Equivalents

    Origins of the Atomic Theory

    Revival of the Atomic Theory

    Higgins

    Dalton

    Origin of Dalton's Atomic Theory

    "Chemical Names, Symbols and Formulae"

    Summary and Supplement

IX. DAVY AND BERZELIUS AND THE ELECTROCHEMICAL OR DUALISTIC THEORY

    Davy

    Davy's Discovery of the Alkali Metals

    Davy's Researches on Chlorine

    Davy's Researches on Iodine

    Davy's Researches on Flame

    Davy's Electrochemical Theory

    Berzelius and Hisinger

    Faraday

    Berzelius

    Berzelius' s Electrochemical Theory

    Berzelius's Corpuscular Theory

    Ismorphism

    Isomerism

    Berzelius's Theory of Volumes

    Berzelius's Atomic Weight Tables

    Avogadro's Hypothesis

    Prout's Hypothesis

    Use of Equivalents

    Summary and Supplement

X. THE BEGINNINGS OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

    Early Knowledge of Organic Chemistry

    The Older Radical Theory

    Organic Analysis

    Chevreul

    Gay-Lussac and Thenard

    Dumas

    The Etherin Theory

    Liebig

    Wöhler

    The Benzoyl Radical

    The Ethyl Radical

    The Methyl Radical

    Bunsen

    The Cacodyl Radical

    Summary and Supplement

    The Beginnings of Organic Chemistry

XI. SUBSTITUTION. THE UNITARY AND TYPE THEORIES

    The Theory of Substitution

    Criticism of the Electrochemical Theory

    Berzelius on Substitution

    Graham

    Polybasic Acids

    Laurent

    Dumas's Theory of Types

    Gerhardt's Theory of Residues

    Gerhardt's Two Volume Formulae and Atomic Weights

    Cannizzaro

    Gerhardt's Unitary Theory

    Hofmann

    The Ammonia Type

    Williamson's Water Type

    Gerhardt's Theory of Types

    Summary and Supplement

XII. THE THEORY OF VALENCY

    Frankland and Kolbe

    The Alcohol Radicals

    Kolbe on the Structure of Carbon Compounds

    Wurtz

    Berthelot

    The Theory of Valency

    Kekulé

    The Formula of Benzene

    Summary and Supplement

    A Sketch of the Earlier Development of Organic Chemistry

XIII. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

    Pasteur

    Van't Hoff

    Stereochemistry

    Baeyer

    Emil Fischer

    Victor Meyer

    Summary and Supplement

XIV. THE HISTORY OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

    Affinity and Mass Action

    Thermochemistry

    The Phase Rule

    Solutions

    Electrolytic Dissociation

    Summary and Supplement

XV. THE PERIODIC LAW

    Atomic Weights

    The Periodic Law

    Summary and Supplement

XVI. THE STRUCTURE OF THE ATOM

    Radioactivity

    Isotopes

    Structure of the Atom

    Theory of the Periodic Table

    The Electronic Theory of Valency

    Coordination Compounds

    The Theory of Directed Valencies

    The Transmutation of Elements

  A SHORT BIBLIOGRAPHY

  INDEX OF NAMES

  INDEX OF SUBJECTS

Product Details

ISBN:
9780486659770
Author:
Partington, J. R.
Author:
Partington, James R.
Author:
Chemistry
Publisher:
Dover Publications
Location:
New York :
Subject:
Chemistry - General
Subject:
History
Subject:
Chemistry
Subject:
Chemistry -- History.
Subject:
Physical chemistry
Subject:
Organic chemistry
Subject:
applied chemistry
Edition Number:
3
Edition Description:
Third Edition
Series:
Dover Books on Chemistry
Series Volume:
vol. 3
Publication Date:
19890631
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
448
Dimensions:
8.5 x 5.38 in 1.05 lb

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Related Subjects

History and Social Science » World History » General
Reference » Science Reference » General
Science and Mathematics » Chemistry » General
Science and Mathematics » History of Science » General

A Short History of Chemistry (3rd Ed.) New Trade Paper
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Product details 448 pages Dover Publications - English 9780486659770 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
This classic exposition explores the origins of chemistry, alchemy, early medical chemistry, nature of atmosphere, theory of valency, laws and structure of atomic theory, and much more.
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