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Telecommunication Systems Engineering

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Telecommunication Systems Engineering Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

This classic graduate- and research-level text by two leading experts in the field of telecommunications is essential reading for anyone working today in space and satellite digital communications and those seeking a wider background in statistical communication theory and its applications. Ideal for practicing engineers as well as graduate students in communications systems courses, the book clearly presents and develops a theory that can be used in design and planning of telecommunication systems operating with either small or large performance margins.

The book includes in its coverage a theory for use in the design of one-way and two-way phase-coherent and communication systems; an analysis and comparison of carrier and suppressed carrier synchronization techniques; treatment of the band-pass limiter theory; unification of phase-coherent detection with perfect and noisy synchronization reference signals.

Convolutional codes, symbol synchronization, and noncoherent detection of M-ary signals are among the other subjects addressed in this comprehensive study. Dr. Lindsey and Dr. Simon include at the end of each chapter a comprehensive set of problems that demonstrate the application of the theory developed.

Synopsis:

This classic graduate- and research-level text by two leading experts in the field of telecommunications offers theoretical and practical coverage of telecommunication systems design and planning applications. With problems. 268 illustrations. Index.

Table of Contents

CONTENTS
TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK CONCEPTS

1-1 Introduction 1-2 Telecommunication System Functions in a Tracking and Data Acquisition Network 5 The Signal Acquisition and Tracking Function 5 The Telemetry or Data Acquisition Function 7 The Command Function 7 The Synchronization Function 8 1-3 Telecommunication System Design for Space Applications 8 1-4 Shannon's Theorem and Communication System Efficiency 14 1-5 Spectral Occupancy and Bandwidth Considerations 16 Power Spectral Density of a Random Data Sequence Generated by a Markov Source 17 NRZ Baseband Signaling 19 RZ Baseband Signaling 19 Bi-Phase Baseband Signaling 20 Delay Modulation or Miller Coding 20 1-6 Further Studies 22

2  CARRIER-TRACKING LOOPS EMPLOYING THE PHASE-LOCK PRINCIPLE 26

2-1 Introduction 26 2-2 Phase-Locked Loop Operation 27 Linear PLL Theory 26 Nonlinear PLL Theory 30 Loop Model and Phase Error P.D.F. Reduced Modulo 21t 31 The Phase Error Diffusion Coefficient 40

vii

viii  CONTENTS

Mean Time to First Slip or First Loss of Phase Synchronization 46 2-3 The Second-Order Phase-Locked Loop Preceded by a Band-Pass Limiter 49 Linear PLL Theory and the Effects of Band-Pass Limiting 49 Nonlinear PLL Theory and the Effects of Band-Pass Limiting 54 2-4 Suppressed Carrier-Tracking Loops 56 The Squaring Loop Method 57 The Costas or I-Q Loop 62 Decision-Feedback Loop 64 2-5 Carrier-Tracking Loops for Polyphase Signals 69 The Nth Power Loop 71 The N-Phase Costas (I-Q) Loop 74 N-Phase Decision-Feedback Loops 75 Appendix A. Evaluation of the Autocorrelation Function of vz(t, 2rp) 80

3  PHASE AND DOPPLER MEASUREMENTS IN TWO-WAY PHASE-COHERENT TRACKING SYSTEMS 85

3-1 Introduction 85

3-2 Two-Way Phase Measurements 87

Basic System Model 87

Two-Way Tracking Phase Error 88

Linear PLL Theory 88

Nonlinear PLL Theory 90

Two-Way Tracking Phase Error

with Carrier-Tracking Loops

Preceded by BPLs 93

Linear PLL Theory 93

Nonlinear PLL Theory 97

3-3 Two-Way Doppler Measurements 97

Two-Way Doppler Error 97

Linear PLL Theory 97

Nonlinear PLL Theory 99

Two-Way Doppler Error with Carrier-

Tracking Loops Preceded by BPLs 100

Linear PLL Theory 100

Nonlinear PLL Theory 102

3-4 Downlink Carrier-Suppression Effects

Due to Additive Noise on the Uplink 104

Carrier Suppression 104

Linear PLL Theory 104

Nonlinear PLL Theory 105

CONTENTS  ix

Carrier Suppression with BPLs Preceding the Carrier-Tracking Loop 106 Linear PLL Theory 106 Nonlinear PLL Theory 107 3-5 Diversity Combining to Improve Phase and Doppler Measurements 107 The Signal-Combining Technique 109 Improvements Realized in Phase and Doppler Measurements with the Use of Diversity Techniques 110 3-6 Generalization of Two-Way Phase and Doppler Measurements to an N-Step Network 111

4  RANGE MEASUREMENTS BY PHASE-COHERENT TECHNIQUES 125

4-1 Introduction 125 4-2 Range Estimation 128 4-3 Ranging Techniques 131 The Fixed-Tone Ranging Technique 131 The Swept-Tone Ranging Technique 140 Pseudonoise Ranging Techniques 143 Correlation Properties of Periodic Binary Sequences 144 The Generation of Pseudonoise (PN) Sequences 145 Correlation Properties of PN Sequences 148 The Use of PN Sequences in Forming Ranging Codes 150 Rapid Acquisition Sequences (BINOR Codes) 152 Pulse Signal Ranging 157 4-4 PN Range Tracking Receivers 159 The Delay-Locked Loop 159 The Double-Loop Range Tracking Receiver 165

5  PHASE-COHERENT DETECTION WITH PERFECT REFERENCE SIGNALS 171

5-1 Introduction 177

5-2 The Binary and N-ary Decision Problem 181

The Binary Decision Problem 181

The N-ary Decision Problem 183

5-3 Signal Set Representation and Joint P.D.F.

of Correlator Outputs 185

Orthogonal Signal Sets 186

Bi-orthogonal Signal Sets 186

CONTENTS

Transorthogonal or Regular Simplex Signal Sets  186 

Polyphase Signal Sets 187 

L-orthogonal Signal Sets 187 

5-4  Generation of Binary Signal Sets, r = 2 188 

Orthogonal Codes 190 

Bi-orthogonal Codes 192 

Transorthogonal Codes 192 

5-5  Performance Characterization of 

Phase-Coherent Receivers 192 

The Set of Equiprobable, Equal Energy, 

Orthogonal Signals 195 

The Set of Equiprobable, Equal Energy, 

Bi-orthogonal Signals 198 

The Set of Equiprobable, Equal Energy, 

Transorthogonal Signals 212 

Limiting Error Probability Performance 

of Block Codes as N -00 226 

The Set of Equiprobable, Equal Energy, 

Polyphase Signals (MPSK) 228 

The Set of Equiprobable, Equal Energy, 

L-orthogonal Signals 235 

5-6  Coherent and Differentially Coherent Detection

of Differentially Encoded MPSK Signals 240 Error Probability for Coherent Detection of Differentially Encoded MPSK 242 Error Probability for Differentially Coherent Detection of Differentially Encoded MPSK 246

5-7  Bit Error Probability for Differentially Encoded Data and Coherent Detection of Orthogonal and Bi-orthogonal Signals 253

5-8 Convolutional Codes 253 Encoding Procedure (Terminated-Tree Structure) 254 The Trellis and State Diagram Representations 259 Maximum-Likelihood Decoding of Convolutional Codes (The Viterbi Algorithm) 261 Other Methods of Decoding Convolutional Codes 263 Sequential Decoding 264 Feedback Decoding 266 Error Probability Performance of Convolutional

Codes 266 5-9 Self-Synchronizable Codes 272 Appendix A. Abstract Vector Space Concepts 277

Appendix B.  Derivation of the Word Error Probability for Polyphase Signals 279

Appendix C.  The Distance Structure of Convolutional Codes and Other Criteria for the Selection of Good Codes 280

Appendix D.  Error Probability Bounds for Maximum­Likelihood Decoding of an Arbitrary Convolutional Code 285

CONTENTS

6  PHASE-COHERENT DETECTION WITH NOISY REFERENCE SIGNALS 302

6-1 Introduction 302 6-2 System Model 303 6-3 Differenced Cross-Correlator Output Statistics (N = 2) 305 6-4 Performance of the Data Detector, N = 2 (Carrier Tracking with a PLL) 311 Phase Error Constant During the Symbol Interval 312 Phase Error Varies Rapidly Over the Symbol Interval 317 Phase Error Varies Moderately Over the Symbol Interval 319 6-5 Performance of the Data Detector, N = 2 (Suppressed Carrier Tracking with a Squaring Loop or Costas Loop) 320 6-6 Data Detection Performance of Block-Coded Systems 324 6-7 The Noisy Reference Problem for Detection of Polyphase Signals 327 6-8 Coherent Detection of Differentially Encoded MPSK with Suppressed Carrier Tracking 330 6-9 Word Error Probability Performance of a Suboptimum L-orthogonal Receiver with Noisy Reference Signals 333 Appendix A. A Series Solution for Average Error Probability, P E 333

7  DESIGN OF ONE-WAY AND TWO-WAY PHASE-COHERENT COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS 337

7-1 Introduction 337 7-2 Optimal Design of Single-Channel Systems 338 Basic System Model 338 Probability Density Functions for the System Phase Errors 341 Demodulator Output Statistics and System Performance 342 Design Characteristics 344 Suboptimum Design 354 System Performance as a Function of the Carrier-Tracking Loop Signal-To-Noise Ratio 356 An Application of the Single-Channel Theory to a Turn around Transponder Ranging System 357 7-3 Design of Two-Channel Systems 360 Basic System Model 360 Carrier-Tracking Loop Performance 362 Power Allocation and Selection of Modulation Factors for Two-Channel Systems (Data/Sync) 364 Determination of System Data Rate for a Given Bit Error Probability 366 Power Allocation and Selection of Modulation Factors for Two-Channel Systems (Data I/Data 2) 368 An Improved Modulation-Demodulation Technique for Certain Systems with Two Data Channels 370

xii  CONTENTS

7-4 Design of Multichannel Systems 372 Basic System Model 372 Distribution of Transmitter Power Among the Various Modulation Terms 375 Choice of Parameters in the Design of Multichannel Satellite-to-Earth Links (L Large, M = 1) 378 The Case of Binary Signals 378 The Design of Block-Coded Systems 380 Choice of Parameters in the Design of a Deep Space­to-Earth, Block-Coded Communication System (L = 0, M = 1) 385

8  DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE OF PHASE-COHERENT SYSTEMS PRECEDED BY BAND-PASS LIMITERS 391

8-1 Introduction 391 8-2 The Noisy Reference Problem in Coherent Systems Preceded by a Band-Pass Limiter 391 8-3 Optimum Design of Single-Channel Systems Employing a Band-Pass Limiter 406 System Design Philosophies 407 System Model 408 Computation of Error Probability Performance 410 The Selection of an Optimum Modulation Factor 411 Optimization of Performance as a Function of Design Point 413

9  SYMBOL SYNCHRONIZATION AND ITS EFFECTS ON DATA DETECTION 418

9-1 Introduction 418 9-2 Symbol Synchronization from the Data-Bearing Signal 420 The Maximum a Posteriori (MAP) Estimator of Symbol Sync 420 Several Symbol Synchronizer Configurations Motivated by the MAP Estimation Approach 428 Open Loop Realizations 428 Closed Loop Realizations 430 The Effect of Signal Waveshape on the Design of Symbol Synchronizers 435 Minimization of the Area under the Tail of the Synchronization Error P.D.F. 436 Minimization of the kth Absolute Central Moment of the Synchronization Error P.D.F. 437 Maximization of the Synchronization Error

P.D.F. at the Origin for a Unit Power Square-Wave Input Signal 439 The Digital Data Transition Tracking Loop (DTTL) 442

CONTENTS  xiii

The Early-Late Gate Symbol Synchronizer and a Comparison of Several Synchronizer Configurations 458 Absolute Value Type of Early-Late Gate Symbol Synchronizer (A VTS) 458 Difference of Squares Loop (DSL) 463 A Performance Comparison of Several Symbol Synchronizers 464 9-3 Symbol Synchronization over a Separate Channel 465 9-4 Error Probability Performance 466 Conditional Error Probability for a Fixed Symbol Sync Error 467 System Performance Due to Combined Noisy Reference and Symbol Sync Losses 473 Dependent Symbol and Subcarrier Synchronization References 474 Independent Symbol and Subcarrier Synchronization References 476 9-5 Conclusions 476

10  NONCOHERENT COMMUNICATION OVER THE GAUSSIAN CHANNEL 483

10-1 Introduction 483 10-2 Transmitter Characterization 484 10-3 Optimum Noncoherent Detection 486 Optimum Receiver Structures 487 Error Probability Performance of the Optimum Receiver 489 10-4 Suboptimum Noncoherent Detection 499 Techniques for Approximating the Evaluation of the Spectral Observations 499 Error Probability Performance in the Presence of Time Domain Truncation 500 10-5 Noncoherent Detection in the Presence of Short-Term Oscillator Instability 504 10-6 Time Synchronization of the Optimum Receiver 506 10-7 Error Probability Performance of the Optimum Receiver in the Presence of Timing Uncertainty 508 10-8 Frequency Synchronization of the Optimum Receiver 511 10-9 Error Probability Performance of the Optimum Receiver in the Presence of Frequency Uncertainty 513 10-10 Error Probability Performance of the Optimum Receiver in the Presence of Combined Time and Frequency Errors 513 10-11 Frequency Synchronization and Error Probability Performance of a Suboptimum Receiver 514

Appendix A. Derivation of the Maximum-Likelihood Estimator t 515

xiv  CONTENTS 

11  TRACKING LOOPS WITH IMPROVED PERFORMANCE  524 

11-1 Introduction 524 

11-2 The MAP Estimator of Phase for a Single-Channel 

System 525 

11-3 Data-Aided Carrier-Tracking Loops 530 

The Stochastic Integro-differential Equation of 

Operation 531 

Nonlinear Analysis for Second-Order DALs 

with Identical Loop Filters 532 

The Selection of the Upper and Lower Loop Gains  533 

Tracking Performance for the Case of 

Perfect Ambiguity Resolution 535 

Mean Time to First Slip or First Loss of 

Phase Synchronization 535 

DAL and PLL Performance Comparisons 

(PSK Signals) 536 

11-4 Hybrid Carrier-Tracking Loops 546 

The Stochastic Integro-differential 

Equation of Operation 547 

Nonlinear Analysis for Second-Order HTLs 

with Identical Loop Filters 548 

The Selection of the Upper and 

Lower Loop Gains 549 

HTL and PLL Performance Comparisons 553 

11-5 Applications to Multichannel Systems 557 

Appendix A. Derivation of the MAP Estimate of (J 561 

INDEX  566 

 
 

Product Details

ISBN:
9780486668383
With:
Simon, Marvin K.
Author:
Simon, Marvin K.
Author:
Lindsey, William C.
Author:
Engineering
Publisher:
Dover Publications
Location:
New York :
Subject:
General
Subject:
Engineering - Civil
Subject:
Electronics - General
Subject:
Telecommunications
Subject:
Data transmission systems
Subject:
Data Transmission Systems - General
Subject:
Artificial satellites in telecommunication
Subject:
Signal theory
Subject:
data acquisitions
Subject:
Telecommunications systems
Subject:
Civil Engineering-General
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Series:
Dover Books on Electrical Engineering
Series Volume:
Rept. 2273
Publication Date:
20111131
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
608
Dimensions:
8.5 x 5.13 in 1.38 lb

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"Synopsis" by ,
This classic graduate- and research-level text by two leading experts in the field of telecommunications offers theoretical and practical coverage of telecommunication systems design and planning applications. With problems. 268 illustrations. Index.
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