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Matter and Motion (Dover Books on Physics & Chemistry)

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Matter and Motion (Dover Books on Physics & Chemistry) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

The great physicist's elegant, concise survey of Newtonian dynamics proceeds gradually from simple particles of matter to physical systems beyond complete analysis. Includes "On the Equation of Motion of a Connected System," from Volume II of Electricity and Magnetism. Appendixes deal with relativity motion and principles of least action.

Book News Annotation:

Maxwell's lucid exposition of Newtonian mechanics. This is a reissue of the 1952 Dover edition which was a reprint of the SPCK edition of 1920.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Synopsis:

Great physicist's elegant, concise survey of Newtonian dynamics, from simple particles to systems beyond complete analysis. Considered one of the finest elementary scientific treatises ever written. Notes and Appendixes.

Synopsis:

The great physicist’s elegant, concise survey of Newtonian dynamics, considered by many educators to be one of the finest elementary scientific treatises ever written. Its generalizations proceed gradually from simple particles of matter to physical systems beyond complete analysis. The book i

Synopsis:

The great physicist's elegant, concise survey of Newtonian dynamics proceeds gradually from simple particles of matter to physical systems beyond complete analysis. Includes "On the Equation of Motion of a Connected System," from Volume II of Electricity and Magnetism. Appendixes deal with relativity motion and principles of least action.

About the Author

James Clerk Maxwell: In His Own Words — And Others

Dover reprinted Maxwell's Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism in 1954, surely one of the first classics of scientific literature over a thousand pages in length to be given new life and accessibility to students and researchers as a result of the paperback revolution of the 1950s. Matter and Motion followed in 1991 and Theory of Heat in 2001.

Some towering figures in science have to speak for themselves. Such is James Clerk Maxwell (1813-1879), the Scottish physicist and mathematician who formulated the basic equations of classical electromagnetic theory.

In the Author's Own Words:

"We may find illustrations of the highest doctrines of science in games and gymnastics, in traveling by land and by water, in storms of the air and of the sea, and wherever there is matter in motion."

"The 2nd law of thermodynamics has the same degree of truth as the statement that if you throw a tumblerful of water into the sea, you cannot get the same tumblerful of water out again." — James Clerk Maxwell

Critical Acclaim for James Clerk Maxwell:

"From a long view of the history of mankind — seen from, say, ten thousand years from now — there can be little doubt that the most significant event of the 19th century will be judged as Maxwell's discovery of the laws of electrodynamics. The American Civil War will pale into provincial insignificance in comparison with this important scientific event of the same decade." — Richard P. Feynman

"Maxwell's equations have had a greater impact on human history than any ten presidents." — Carl Sagan

Table of Contents

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

I Nature of Physical Science

2 Definition of a Material System

3 Definition of Internal and External

4 Definition of Configuration

5 Diagrams

6 A Material Particle

7 Relative Position of two Material Particles

8 Vectors

9 System of Three Particles

10 Addition of Vectors

11 Subtraction of one Vector from another

12 Origin of Vectors

13 Relative Position of Two Systems

14 Three Data for the Comparison of Two Systems

15 On the Idea of Space

16 Error of Descartes

17 On the Idea of Time

18 Absolute Space

19 Statement of the General Maxim of Physical Science

CHAPTER II ON MOTION

20 Definition of Displacement

21 Diagram of Displacement

22 Relative Displacement

23 Uniform Displacement

24 On Motion

25 On the Continuity of Motion

26 On Constant Velocity

27 On the Measurement of Velocity when Variable

28 Diagram of Velocities

29 Properties of the Diagram of Velocities

30 "Meaning of the Phrase " At Rest "

31 On Change of Velocity

32 On Acceleration

33 On the Rate of Acceleration

34 Diagram of Accelerations

35 Acceleration a Relative Term

CHAPTER III ON FORCE

36 Kinematics and Kinetics

37 Mutual Action between Two Bodies-Stress

38 External Force

39 Different Aspects of the same Phenomenon

40 Newton's Laws of Motion

41 The First Law of Motion

42 On the Equilibrium of Forces

43 Definition of Equal Times

44 The Second Law of Motion

45 Definition of Equal Masses and of Equal Forces

46 Measurement of Mass

47 Numerical Measurement of Force

48 Simultaneous Action of Forces on a Body

49 On Impulse

50 Relation between Force and Mass

51 On Momentum

52 Statement of the Second Law of Motion in Terms of Impulse and Momentum

53 Addition of Forces

54 The Third Law of Motion

55 Action and Reaction are the Partial Aspects of a Stree

56 Attraction and Repulsion

57 The Third Law True of Action at a Distance

58 Newton's Proof not Experimental

CHAPTER IV ON THE PROPERTIES OF THE CENTRE OF MASS OF A MATERIAL SYSTEM

59 Definition of a Mass-Vector

60 Centre of Mass of Two Particles

61 Centre of Mass of a System

62 Momentum represented as the Rate of Change of a Mass-Vector

63 Effect of External Forces on the Motion of the Centre of Mass

64 The Motion of the Centre of Mass of a System is not affected by the Mutual Action of the Parts of the System

65 First and Second Laws of Motion

66 Method of treating Systems of Molecules

67 "By the Introduction of the Idea of Mass we pass from Point-Vectors, Point Displacements, Velocities, Total Accelerations, and Rates of Acceleration, to Mass-Vectors, Mass Displacements, Momenta, Impulses, and Moving Forces"

68 Definition of a Mass-Area

69 Angular Momentum

70 Moment of a Force about a Point

71 Conservation of Angular Momentum

CHAPTER V ON WORK AND ENERGY

72 Definitions

73 Principle of Conservation of Energy

74 General Statement of the Principle of the Conservation of Energy

75 Measurement of Work

76 Potential Energy

77 Kinetic Energy

78 Oblique Forces

79 Kinetic Energy of Two Particles referred to their Centre of Mass

80 Kinetic Energy of a Material System referred to its Centre of Mass

81 Available Kinetic Energy

82 Potential Energy

83 Elasticity

84 Action at a Distance

85 Theory of Potential Energy more complicated than that of Kinetic Energy

86 Application of the Method of Energy to the Calculation of Forces

87 Specification of the [Mode of Action] of Forces

88 Application to a System in Motion

89 Application of the Method of Energy to the Investigation of Real Bodies

90 Variables on which the Energy depends

91 Energy in Terms on the Variables

92 Theory of Heat

93 Heat a Form of Energy

94 Energy Measured as Heat

95 Scientific Work to be done

96 History of the Doctrine of Energy

97 On the Different Forms of Energy

CHAPTER VI RECAPITULATION

98 Retrospect of Abstract Dynamics

99 Kinematics

100 Force

101 Stress

102 Relativity of Dynamical Knowledge

103 Relativity of Force

104 Rotation

105 Newton's Determination of the Absolute Velocity of Rotation

106 Foucault's Pendulum

107 Matter and Energy

108 Test of a Material Substance

109 Energy not capable of Identification

110 Abolute Value of the Energy of a Body unknown

111 Latent Energy

112 A Complete Discussion of Energy would include the whole of Physical Science

CHAPTER VII THE PENDULUM AND GRAVITY

113 On Uniform Motion in a Circle

114 Centrifugal Force

115 Periodic Time

116 On Simple Harmonic Vibrations

117 On the Force acting on the Vibrating Body

118 Isochronous Vibrations

119 Potential Energy of the Vibrating Body

120 The Simple Pendulum

121 A Rigid Pendulum

122 Inversion of the Pendulum

123 Illustration of Kater's Pendulum

124 Determination of the Intensity of Gravity

125 Method of Observation

126 Estimation of Error

CHAPTER VIII UNIVERSAL GRAVITATION

127 Newton's Method

128 Kepler's Laws

129 Angular Velocity

130 Motion about the Centre of Mass

131 The Orbit

132 The Hodograph

133 Kepler's Second Law

134 Force on a Planet

135 Interpretation of Kepler's Third Law

136 Law of Gravitation

137 Amended Form of Kepler's Third Law

138 Potential Energy due to Gravitation

139 Kinetic Energy of the System

140 Potential Energy of the System

141 The Moon is a Heavy Body

142 Cavendish's Experiment

143 The Torsion Balance

144 Method of the Experiment

145 Universal Gravitation

146 Cause of Gravitation

147 Application of Newton's Method of Investigation

148 Methods of Molecular Investigations

149 Importance of General and Elementary Properties

[CHAPTER IX] ON THE EQUATIONS OF MOTION OF A CONNECTED SYSTEM

APPENDIX I THE RELATIVITY OF THE FORCES OF NATURE

APPENDIX II THE PRINCIPLE OF LEAST ACTION

INDEX

Product Details

ISBN:
9780486668956
Author:
Maxwell, James Clerk
Publisher:
Dover Publications
Author:
Physics
Location:
New York
Subject:
Science
Subject:
Physics
Subject:
Mechanics
Subject:
Force and energy
Subject:
Matter
Subject:
Motion
Subject:
Mechanics - General
Subject:
Physics-General
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Series:
Dover Books on Physics & Chemistry
Series Volume:
1182
Publication Date:
19911131
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
192
Dimensions:
8.5 x 5.38 in 0.48 pd

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Matter and Motion (Dover Books on Physics & Chemistry) New Trade Paper
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Product details 192 pages Dover Publications - English 9780486668956 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
Great physicist's elegant, concise survey of Newtonian dynamics, from simple particles to systems beyond complete analysis. Considered one of the finest elementary scientific treatises ever written. Notes and Appendixes.
"Synopsis" by , The great physicist’s elegant, concise survey of Newtonian dynamics, considered by many educators to be one of the finest elementary scientific treatises ever written. Its generalizations proceed gradually from simple particles of matter to physical systems beyond complete analysis. The book i
"Synopsis" by ,
The great physicist's elegant, concise survey of Newtonian dynamics proceeds gradually from simple particles of matter to physical systems beyond complete analysis. Includes "On the Equation of Motion of a Connected System," from Volume II of Electricity and Magnetism. Appendixes deal with relativity motion and principles of least action.
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