Daniele Caramani describes the transformation of politics from an environment where voting behavior differs greatly between regions to one where it is homogeneous within nations. Looking at long-term evolution, spanning the mid-nineteenth century to the present, Caramani utilizes data on specific constituencies rather than on a national level. He demonstrates that a nation-wide homogeneous dimension emerged from national and industrial revolutions and replaced preindustrial territorial dimensions. His analysis is constructed along the lines of party families and reveals why countries currently exhibit different levels of homogeneity.
Describes the transformation of politics from a territorial voting behavior to one of national homogeneity.
Introduction: homogeneity and diversity in Europe; Part I. Framework: 1. The structuring of political space; 2. Data, indices, method; Part II. Evidence: 3. Time and space: evidence from the historical comparison; 4. Types of territorial configurations: national variations; 5. The comparative study of cleavages and party families; Part III. Towards an Explanation: 6. The dynamic perspective: national and industrial revolutions; 7. The comparative perspective: social fragmentation and territoriality; Conclusion: from territorial to functional politics.
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