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The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages: Their Religious, Institutional and Intellectual Contexts (Cambridge History of Science)by Edward Grant
Synopses & Reviews
Contrary to prevailing opinion, the roots of modern science were planted in the ancient and medieval worlds long before the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century. Indeed, that revolution would have been inconceivable without the cumulative antecedent efforts of three great civilizations: Greek, Islamic, and Latin. With the scientific riches it derived by translation from Greco-Islamic sources in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the Christian Latin civilization of Western Europe began the last leg of the intellectual journey that culminated in a scientific revolution that transformed the world. The factors that produced this unique achievement are found in the way Christianity developed in the West, and in the invention of the university in 1200. A reference for historians of science or those interested in medieval history, this volume illustrates the developments and discoveries that culminated in the Scientific Revolution.
The Scientific Revolution associated with the names of Galileo and Isaac Newton began in the seventeenth century, but the foundations for that revolution were laid in the late Middle Ages. This book views the substantive achievements of this period for early modern science within a broad societal and institutional setting that includes Latin translations, Christianity, and the universities.
This book views the substantive achievements of the Middle Ages as they relate to early modern science.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 217-237) and index.
Table of Contents
Preface; 1. The Roman Empire and the first six centuries of Christianity; 2. The new beginning: The age of translation in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries; 3. The medieval university; 4. What the Middle Ages inherited from Aristotle; 5. The reception and impact of Aristotelian learning and the reaction of the Church and its theologians; 6. What the Middle Ages did with its Aristotelian legacy; 7. Medieval natural philosophy, Aristotelians, and Aristotelianism; 8. How the foundations of early modern science were laid in the Middle Ages.
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