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Other titles in the Language in Society series:
Sociolinguistic Theory (Language in Society)
Synopses & Reviews
Sociolinguistic Theorypresents a critical synthesis of sociolinguistics that centers on the study of language variation and change, and identifies opportunities for future research.
Since the inception of sociolinguistics four decades ago, the correlation of dependent linguistic variables with independent social variables has provided the theoretical core of the discipline. This volume reviews the essential findings that form its foundation and shows how empirical explorations have made it the most stimulating field in the contemporary study of language.
Sociolinguistic Theorydiscusses the linguistic variable and its significance, crucial social variables such as social stratification, sex and age, and the cultural purposes of linguistic variation. This second edition has been updated to incorporate new findings and expand on the discussion of communicative competence and developmental sociolinguistics.
This revised edition of Sociolinguistic Theory brings together the most important descriptive and theoretical findings on linguistic variation and change. Incorporating the latest developments in the field along with updated references, it provides a critical synthesis of language variation, demonstrating how empirical explorations have made it among the most exciting fields in the contemporary study of language.
Coverage includes discussion of the linguistic variable and its significance, crucial social variables such as social stratification, sex, and age, and the cultural significance of linguistic variation. This edition also now includes an expanded introduction to social evaluation in terms of attitudes. Written by one of the world's foremost scholars in the field of variation studies, Sociolinguistic Theory offers an ideal synthesis of variation theory.
Sociolinguistic Theory presents a critical synthesis of sociolinguistics, centering on the study of language variation and change.
About the Author
J. K. Chambers is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Toronto. He is co-editor of The Handbook of Language Variation and Change (with Peter Trudgill and Natalie Schilling-Estes, Wiley-Blackwell, 2002), co-author (with Peter Trudgill) of Dialectology (2nd edition, 1998), and also author of other books and scores of articles. He works extensively as a forensic consultant, and maintains a parallel vocation in jazz criticism, including the prizewinning biography Milestones: The Music and Times of Miles Davis (1998).
Table of Contents
List of Figures.
List of Tables.
Series Editor's Preface.
Part I: Correlations:.
1The Domain of Sociolinguistics:.
Sociolinguistics and the Sociology of Language.
2 The Variable as a Structural Unit:.
Coexistent Systems and Free Variation.
Figures and tables.
3 Variation and the Tradition of Categoricity:.
Langue and Parole.
The Axiom of Categoricity.
Linguistics Without Categoricity.
Categorical Theory and Variation Theory.
Categoricity in Other Disciplines.
Part II: Class, Network and Mobility:.
4 Social Class and Sociolinguistic Sampling:.
Blue Collar and White Collar.
5 Indexing Social Class:.
The Primacy of Occupation as a Determinant of Class.
6 Class Markers:.
Spreading the News in Westerntown.
Boston "short o".
7 The Effects of Mobility:.
Caste and Class.
Mobility in Language Variation.
Hungarian Imperative Declaratives.
New York (th) and (dh).
Mobility as a Levelling Force.
/a/ -Deletion in Sheshatshiu.
/ou/ in Milton Keynes.
The Persistence of Homogenization.
Fronting in Canada.
Dialect Laws of Mobility and Isolation.
Network and Class.
Some Network Studies.
Measures of Network Bonds.
Measures of Network Integration.
10 Linguistic Correlates of Network Integration:.
Phonological Markers in Martha's Vineyard.
Grammatical Markers in the Reading Playgrounds.
11 Interaction of Network and Other Independent Variables:.
12 Oddballs and Insiders:.
The Linguistic Limits of Individuation.
Part III: Expressing Sex and Gender:.
13 The Interplay of Biology and Sociology:.
Sex and Gender.
Some Sex Differences.
Probabilistic, not Absolute, Differences.
Vocal Pitch as a Sex Difference.
14 Gender Patterns with Stable Variables:.
15 Language, Gender and Mobility in Two Communities:.
Inner City Detroit.
16 Causes of Sex and Gender Differences:.
17 Male and Female Speech Patterns in Other Societies:.
Limits on Female-Male Differences.
Punitive Differences in Japan.
The Middle East.
18 Linguistic Evidence for Sex and Gender Differences.
Part IV: Accents in Time:.
Physical and Cultural Indicators.
Some Linguistic Indicators.
20 The Acquisition of Sociolects:.
Three Formative Periods.
Development of Stylistic and Social Variants.
21 Family and Friends:.
Generational Differences in Bilingual Situations.
Parents Versus Peers.
22 Declaration of Adolescence:.
An Adolescent Majority.
Outer Markings Including Slang.
Adolescent Networks and Linguistic Variation.
23 Young Adults in the Talk Market:.
The Marché Linguistique in Montreal.
Auxiliary Avoir and Etre.
Playing the Talk Market.
Linguistic Stability in Middle and Old Age.
24 Changes in Progress:.
Real Time and Apparent Time.
Testing the Apparent-Time Hypothesis.
Part V: Adaptive Significance of Language Variation:.
25 The Babelian Hypothesis:.
The Evidence of Subjective Reaction Tests.
Dialect as a Source of Conflict.
26 Global Counteradaptivity and Local Adaptivity:.
Counter Adaptivity and Power.
Adaptivity and Community.
27 Dialects in Lower Animals:.
Buzzy and Clear White-Crowned Sparrows.
The Theory of Genetic Adaptation.
The Theory of Social Adaptation.
28 The Persistence of the Non-Standard:.
Status and Solidarity.
29 Traditional Theories of the Sources of Diversity:.
Variation and Climates.
Variation and Contact.
The Prevalence of Diversity.
30 A Sociolinguistic Theory of the Sources of Diversity:.
Linguistic Diversity and Social Strata.
Two Tenets about Standard Dialects.
Naturalness Beyond Phonetics.
Two Constraints on Variation in Standard Dialects.
31 Vernacular Roots:.
Diffusionist and Structural Explanations.
Problems with the Diffusionist Position.
The Internal-Structural Position.
Primitive and Learned Features.
32 Linguistic Variation and Social Identity:.
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