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Other titles in the Major Problems in American History series:
Major Problems in the Early Republic, 1787-1848: Documents and Essays (Series on Foreign Language Acquisition Research and Instruct)by Sean Wilentz
Synopses & Reviews
Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, the Major Problems in American History series introduces students to both primary sources and analytical essays on important topics in U.S. history. This text serves as the primary anthology, even the textbook, for the course, covering the subject's entire chronological span. With nearly 50% new documents, the Second Edition places greater emphasis on diplomacy and foreign affairs, popular culture, religion, and the history of national and group identities. Documents in each chapter identify key issues and capture the passionate spirit and conviction of the historical actors. The essay selections highlight classic and current scholarship on the social and cultural history of the early republic.
Each chapter's documents identify the key issues and capture the passionate spirit and conviction of the historical actors. The essay selections spotlight research in the social and cultural history of the early republic.
About the Author
Sean Wilentz, PhD Yale University, is the George Henry Davis 1886 Professor of American History at Princeton University. His book, The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln (2006), won several national honors, including the Bancroft Prize. Dr. Wilentz's other books include Chants Democratic: New York City and the Rise of the American Working Class, 1788-1850 (1984), and (with Paul E. Johnson) The Kingdom of Matthias (1994). He is currently at work on a study of the liberal historians of the mid-twentieth century. Dr. Wilentz has held numerous fellowships including, most recently, the Mrs. Giles Whiting Foundation Fellowship at the Dorothy and Lewis B. Cullman Center for Scholars and Writers at the New York Public Library. His essays and reviews appear regularly in scholarly journals and anthologies, as well as in The New Republic, The New York Times Book Review, Rolling Stone, Dissent, and other national publications.Thomas Paterson is Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Connecticut and received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1968. In addition to being the General Editor of Houghton Mifflin's Major Problems series, he is co-author of Major Problems in American Foreign Relations, 5/e, (Houghton Mifflin, 2000) and A People and A Nation, 6/e (Houghton Mifflin, 2001). In addition to authoring several books and editing collections of essays on the history of U.S. Foreign Relations, he served as senior editor of the four-volume Encyclopedia of American Foreign Relations (1997). He is part president of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations.
Table of Contents
Note: Each chapter concludes with "Further Reading." 1. Interpreting the Early Republic ESSAYS Sean Wilentz, The Market Revolution Clinton L. Rossiter, Nationalism and American Identity in the Early Republic Jeffrey L. Pasley, Popular Political Culture in the Early Republic Bradford Perkins, Interests and Values: American Foreign Policy in the Early Republic 2. The Compromise of 1787 and the Federalist Ascendancy DOCUMENTS 1. Alexander Hamilton Addresses the Constitutional Convention, 1787 2. James Madison Defends the New Federal Constitution, 1788 3. Mercy Otis Warren Attacks the Constitution, 1788 4. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison Confront the Need for a Bill of Rights, 1787, 1788: Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, December 20, 1787; James Madison, Speech to Virginia Ratifying Convention, 1788 5. Congress Designs the Northwest Ordinance, 1787 6. Patrick Henry and Melancton Smith Offer Clashing Ideas About the Constitution, Slavery, and Democracy, 1788: Patrick Henry, Speech to Virginia Ratifying Convention, June 1788; Melancton Smith, Speech to New York Ratification Convention, 1788 7. Two Artists Portray Different Ideals of Women in the New Republic ESSAYS Gordon S. Wood, Conflict, Compromise, and the Framing of the Constitution Paul Finkelman, A Triumph for Slavery Jan Lewis, The Republican Wife 3. The Political Crises of the 1790s DOCUMENTS 1. Alexander Hamilton Reports On the Public Credit, 1790 2. Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton Debate the Constitutionality of the National Bank, 1791 3. The Democratic-Republican Societies Oppose Federal Policy, 1793, 1794: Minutes, Democratic Society of Pennsylvania, May 30, 1793-July 31, 1794; Circular, Democratic Society of the City of New York, May 28, 1794 4. President George Washington Attacks "Certain Self-Created Societies" over the Whiskey Rebellion, 1794 5. An Anonymous Poet Protests the Jay Treaty, 1795 6. Thomas Jefferson Describes the "Aristocratical Party," 1796 7. President Washington Bids Farewell to His Countrymen, 1796 8. A Cartoonist Attacks the Degenerate French Over the XYZ Affair 9. Congress Cracks Down on Dissent, 1798 10. The Kentucky Legislature Protests the Repression, 1798 11. A Federalist Newspaper Describes the Trial of David Brown, 1799 12. Thomas Jefferson's Supporters Sing of his Victory, ca. 1801 13. John Adams Accounts for His Defeat, 1801 ESSAYS David Waldstreicher, Public Celebrations, Print Culture, and American Nationalism James E. Lewis, Jr., Political Crisis and the "Revolution" of 1800 John Ashworth, Slavery, Democracy, and the Jeffersonians 4. The Republican Jefferson and the Jeffersonian Republic DOCUMENTS 1. President Thomas Jefferson Offers Different Views About Political Reconciliation, 1801, 1802: Jefferson, First Inaugural Address, 1801; Jefferson to Levi Lincoln, October 25, 1802 2. Wilson Cary Nicholas and Thomas Jefferson Discuss the Constitutionality of the Louisiana Purchase, 1803 3. Republicans and Federalists Struggle over the Courts, 1801, 1803: Jefferson to John Dickinson, December 19, 1801; John Marshall, Marbury v. Madison 4. Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and the Corps of Discovery Explore the West, 1804, 1805 5. The Federalists Plunge into Despair, 1804: George Cabot to Timothy Pickering, February 14, 1804; Timothy Pickering to Rufus King, March 4, 1804 6. Thomas Jefferson Describes Indians, Slavery, and Blacks, 1787 7. President Jefferson Displays Machiavellian Benevolence Toward the Indians, 1803 8. A Shawnee Chief Offers A Parable of Resistance, 1803 9. A Jeffersonian Newspaper Supports the Embargo, 1807 10. A Maine Town's Petition Protests the Embargo, 1809 ESSAYS Joyce Appleby, Thomas Jefferson: Liberal Democrat Forrest McDonald, Thomas Jefferson: Reactionary Ideologue Annette Gordon-Reed, Blacks and Jefferson 5. The War of 1812: National Honor and Aggressive Expansion DOCUMENTS 1. A Republican Newspaper Protests British Impressment, 1811 2. Felix Grundy Gives the War Hawks' Battle Cry, 1811 3. John Quincy Adams Argues Necessity for War, 1812 4. Federalist Daniel Webster Criticizes the War, 1812 5. Tecumseh Confronts Governor William Henry Harrison, 1810 6. Governor William Henry Harrison Describes Tecumseh and the Indian Threat, 1811 7. A Newspaper Reports on the Burning of Washington, D.C., 1814 8. Francis Scott Key Immortalizes the American Victory in Baltimore, 1814 9. The Hartford Convention Lists Its Grievances, 1814 10. A Hero Is Born, Undated ESSAYS Reginald Horsman, The Improbable American Success Gregory Evans Dowd, The Indian Resistance Crushed 6. Religious Revivals and the Second Great Awakening DOCUMENTS 1. Thomas Jefferson Codifies Religious Freedom, 1777, 1786 2. A Participant Describes a Kentucky Camp Meeting, 1801 3. A Diarist Recalls a Religious Awakening at Yale, 1802 4. Charles Grandison Finney Sermonizes on Sin and Redemption, 1836 5. A "Fanny Wright Mechanic" Attacks Religious Reform, 1831 6. Richard Allen Founds the African Methodist Episcopal Church, 1793 7. A.J Graves Gives a Scriptural Justification for Women's Domesticity 8. Joseph Smith Recounts his First Visitation, 1832 ESSAYS Robert H. Abzug, Northern Revivalism Elizabeth B. Clark, Religion, Cruelty, and Sympathy in Antebellum America Mitchell Snay, The Southern Clergy and the Sanctification of Slavery 7. The Rise of Northern Capitalism DOCUMENTS 1. Mary Graham Describes Life on a Commercializing Farm, 1835-1844 2. A Self-Made Man Explains His Success, 1843 3. Alexis de Tocqueville Reports on American Acquisitiveness, 1840 4. "Susan" Describes Conditions in the Lowell Mills, 1844 5. Lowell's Female Workers Give Voice to Protest, 1845 6. A British Cabinetmaker Describes His Life in New York City, 1846 7. A Newspaper Exposes Conditions among New York Tradesmen, 1845 8. Thomas Skidmore Urges Redistribution with "The Rights of Man to Property," 1829 9. Philadelphia Workers Declare Themselves "Wage Slaves," 1836 10. Alonzo Potter Justifies Wage Labor, 1840 ESSAYS Christopher Clark, Northern Capitalism: Creation and Costs Christine Stansell, Working Class Youth: The Gals and Boys of the Bowery 8. The Slaveholders' Regime DOCUMENTS 1. A Louisiana Planter Instructs His Son, 1841 2. J.H. Hammond Instructs His Overseer, 1840-1850 3. Kidnap Victim Solomon Northup Recalls Life under Slavery, 1853 4. Overseer George Skipwith Writes His Absentee Master, 1847 5. Lizzie Williams Looks Back on the Days of Slavery, 1937 6. Messrs. Brooke and Hubbard Announce a Slave Auction, 1823 7. Free Blacks Petition the Virginia State Legislature, 1838 8. Slave Rebel Nat Turner Confesses, 1831 9. The Virginia Legislature Debates Ending Slavery, 1832 10. Thomas Roderick Dew Defends Slavery, 1832 ESSAYS Walter Johnson, The Chattel Principle Stephanie McCurry, Gender and Proslavery in Antebellum South Carolina 9. Struggles for the West DOCUMENTS 1. The Cherokee Design a Nation, 1827 2. Congress Votes to Remove "Civilized Tribes," 1830 3. Andrew Jackson Endorses Removal, 1830 4. Theodore Frelinghuysen Attacks the Indian Removal Bill, 1830 5. Citizens of Rock River, Illinois, Petition for Protection from Sac and Fox, 1831 6. Black Hawk Surrenders, 1832 7. A Mexican General Describes the Borderland, 1828, 1829 8. A Texas Settler Sounds the Alarm, 1836 9. Lieutenant-Colonel Jose Enrique de la Pena Recalls the Battle of the Alamo, 1836 10. An Emigrant Reaches the Sacramento Valley, 1846 11. James H. Carson Describes Life in the Gold Mines, 1848 ESSAYS John Faragher, The Transformation of a Rural Community William Cronon, A Prairie Landscape 10. The Era of Bad Feelings DOCUMENTS 1. John Jacob Astor and an English Traveler Explain the Origins and Impact of the Panic of 1819: 1818, 1820 2. Thomas Jefferson Hears "A Fire Bell in the Night" during the Missouri Crisis, 1820 3. Congress Debates the Missouri Crisis, 1819, 1820: Rufus King Opposes the Introduction of Slavery into Missouri, 1819; Timothy Fuller Attacks Slavery as Unrepublican, 1819; William Smith Defends Slavery, 1820 4. President John Quincy Adams Describes His View of Liberty and Power, 1825 5. Philadelphia Craft Workers Organize a Union 6. Martin Van Buren Proposes a New Opposition Party, 1827 7. John C. Calhoun Theorizes About States' Rights, 1828 8. John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson Battle for the Presidency, 1828 ESSAYS Richard H. Brown, The Missouri Crisis, Slavery, and the Rise of the Jacksonians Sean Wilentz, Jeffersonian Anti-Slavery and the Missouri Crisis Matthew H. Crocker, The Missouri Compromise, the Monroe Doctrine, and the Southern Strategy 11. Jacksonians, Whigs, and the Politics of the 1830s DOCUMENTS 1. President Jackson and Henry Clay Fight Over Internal Improvements: Jackson's Veto Message, May 27, 1830; Henry Clay Responds, 1830 2. Henry Clay Defends the American System, 1832 3. Andrew Jackson Vetoes the Bank, 1832: Jackson's Veto Message, July 10, 1832; Daniel Webster's Reply, July 11, 1832 4. South Carolina Proclaims Nullification, 1832: Governor Robert Y. Hayne, Inaugural Address, December 13, 1832; Andrew Jackson, Proclamation on Nullification, December 10, 1832 5. The Whigs Attack President Jackson, 1834 6. William Leggett Describes the Conflict Between the Rich and the Poor, 1834 7. Philip Hone Complains About Democratic Party, 1834 8. Congress Debates the Gag Rule, 1837 9. The Whigs Take to the Woods, 1840 10. Calvin Colton Outlines Whig Ideals, 1844 ESSAYS Norma Basch, Culture Wars and the Election of 1828 Charles Sellers, The Jacksonians' Democratic Assault on the Bank Daniel Walker Howe, The Party of Moral Discipline: Whig Values 12. Perfecting the Nation and the World DOCUMENTS 1. Lyman Beecher Preaches Temperance, 1826 2. Women Declare Equality with Men at Seneca Falls, 1848 3. Samuel F. B. Morse Expounds on the Popish Plot, 1835 4. A Nativist Mob Destroys a Massachusetts Convent, 1834 5. Horace Mann Proposes Public Schooling, 1846 6. Dorothea Dix Petitions New Jersey Legislature on Asylum Reform, 1845 7. Sylvester Graham Urges Restraint on Sexuality, 1833 8. George Henry Evans Touts Land Reform, 1846 ESSAYS Mary P. Ryan, Middle-Class Women and Moral Reform Paul E. Johnson, Declaring and Defying Perfection 13. Abolitionism, Antiabolitionism, and Proslavery DOCUMENTS 1. David Walker Appeals to the Colored Citizens of the World, 1829 2. William Lloyd Garrison Demands Immediate Abolition, 1831 3. The New England Anti-Slavery Society Urges on Immediatism, 1833 4. William Jay Mocks and Dismisses the Proslavery Argument, 1836 5. Angelina Grimke Appeals to the Christian Women of the South, 1836 6. T.R. Sullivan Attacks Immediate Abolition, 1835 7. The Anti-Abolitionists Ridicule Anti-Slavery Radicals, 1839 8. J.H. Hammond Defends Slavery, 1836 9. A Christian Justifies Slavery, 1845 10. Henry Highland Garnet Calls for Slaves to Resist, 1843 ESSAYS Julie Roy Jeffrey, Northern Women and Abolitionism Eugene D. Genovese, The Proslavery Argument 14. Toward an American Culture DOCUMENTS 1. Timothy Dwight Describes "The Destruction of the Pequods," 1794 2. John Trumbull Imagines the Nation's Founding, 1820 3. Davy Crockett Hunts a Bear, 1834 4. Ralph Waldo Emerson Addresses "The American Scholar," 1837 5. Sarah Josepha Hale Celebrates the Family Romance, 1835 6. The Knickerbocker Base-Ball Club Codifies the Game's Rules, 1845 ESSAYS Edward L. Widmer, A Democratic Culture? Robert M. Lewis, Organized Baseball and American Culture 15. Manifest Destiny, Slavery, and the Politics of Expansion DOCUMENTS 1. John L. O'Sullivan Celebrates Manifest Destiny, 1845 2. President James K. Polk Urges War with Mexico, 1846 3. A Mexican Assesses the War, 1848 4. Antislavery Congressmen Concoct the Wilmot Proviso to Halt Slavery's Advance, 1846 5. Free Soil Democrat Walt Whitman Justifies the War, 1846, 1847 6. Abolitionist Frederick Douglass Decries the War, 1846 7. James Russell Lowell Satirizes the Mexican War, 1848 8. Northern Whig Charles Sumner Protests the War, 1846 9. Senator John C. Calhoun Offers a Southern Perspective on the War's Outcome, 1847 10. The Political System Fractures: Party Platforms, 1848 ESSAYS Thomas Hietala, The Anxieties of Manifest Destiny Robert W. Johannsen, Young America and the War with Mexico Jonathan Earle, Jacksonian Antislavery and the Roots of Free Soil
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