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Other titles in the Harvard Historical Studies series:

The Le Mans Forgeries: A Chapter from the History of Church Property in the Ninth Century (Harvard Historical Studies)

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The Le Mans Forgeries: A Chapter from the History of Church Property in the Ninth Century (Harvard Historical Studies) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

The episcopal biographies, saints' lives, charters, and poems known collectively as the "Le Mans forgeries" are an intricate puzzle that has occupied critics of medieval sources ever since the seventeenth century without yielding a generally acceptable solution. The persistent mystery has lain in the fact that, though the contents are obviously tendentious, the date of composition has seemed to be virtually contemporary with the events described.

By solving the mystery of the date of composition, Walter Goffart unmasks the full extent of the forger's deception and goes on to present the forgeries in their true guise--as the effort of a cathedral cleric, in the reign of Charles the Bald (840-877), to rewrite the law of church property in such a way as to vindicate for the bishopric of Le Mans the ownership of all church lands in the diocese.

On the basis of extensive manuscript study, Goffart delves deeply into all textual problems raised by the forgeries and related writings. He disentangles the order of composition and authoritatively pronounces on the authenticity of the eighty-four Le Mans charters. Most of all, he insists that the forgeries are an essay on church property and its law and indicates their importance for the study of Carolingian and ecclesiastical institutions.

Synopsis:

The episcopal biographies, saints' lives, charters, and poems known collectively as the "Le Mans forgeries" are an intricate puzzle that has occupied critics of medieval sources ever since the seventeenth century. On the basis of extensive manuscript study, Goffart disentangles the order of composition and authoritatively pronounces on the authenticity of the eighty-four Le Mans charters. Most of all, he insists that the forgeries are an essay on church property and its law.

Table of Contents

Works Frequently Cited

INTRODUCTION

1. The Import of the Forger's Claims to Property

2. The Context of the Episcopal Claims: Church Property in Evolution, 500-860

3. The Problem of the Le Mans Forgeries

4. The Present Study

I. THE TEXTS AND RELATED DOCUMENTS

1. The Collection of Le Mans Forgeries

Gesta Aldrici
Poems
Actus pontificum Cenomanensium
Saints' Lives
The Unity of the Collection

2. Independent Evidence

Pseudo-Isidore
Translatio s. Liborii
Annales Mettenses priores
Three Hagiographic Sources: Hincmar of Rheims, Nicolas I, and the Cartulary of St. Calais

II. PAST WORK AND PRESENT STATE OF THE PROBLEM

1. The Critics of the Forgeries

The Beginnings of Modern Criticism
Roth
Sickel
A Connection with Pseudo-Isidore?
Waitz
Havet
Mühlbacher
Duchesne
Busson
Pseudo-Isidore Again
Lot
A Recent Misc au point

2. Observations and Summation

III. THE DATE OF THE FORGERIES

I. The Faults of Current Doctrine

2. Again the Unity of the Collection

3. The Unity of the Gesta

4. The Deceptions of the Gesta about Its Date

5. What the St. Calais Charters Reveal about the Date of the Episcopal Forgeries

6. Concordant Results from Internal Evidence

7. Recapitulation

IV. AUTHORSHIP AND ORDER OF COMPOSITION

1. The Forger at Work

2. The Case for an Earlier Author

3. The Intervention of the Forger

4. The Anonymous Authors

V. THE PURPOSE AND EFFECT OF THE FORGERIES

1. Ecclesiastical Organization and Discipline

2. The Development of the Forger's Concept of Cathedral Property

3. The First State of the Case against St. Calais

4. The Pleadings on Property of the Episcopal Histories

Lay Landowners
Monastic Foundations
Royal Sin and Its Satisfaction
The Test Case over St. Calais
A Final Point of Law

5. The Place of the Forgeries in the History of Church Property

VI. CONCLUSION

Appendices

A. The Charters of the Actus and Gesta: A Critical Survey

a. Ardin in Poitou
b. St. Vincent's
c. Miscellaneous Monasteries
d. Testaments
e. Bishop ALdric
f. Royal Privileges
g. Miscellaneous Estates
h. Confirmations of Cathedral Property
i. St. Mary's
j. St. Calais

B. The Textual Transmission of the Cartulary of St. Carlais

C. Hagiographical Notes

1. The Translationes s. Liborii
2. The Vita s. Domnoli and Some Others
3. The Relations of Dependence between Certain Legends
of Saints of Micy
4. Baumadus and Boamirus

D. Latin Text of Long Quotations

Index of Passages

General Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780674518759
Author:
Goffart, Walter
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Author:
Goffart, Walter A.
Location:
Cambridge
Subject:
General
Subject:
Church History
Subject:
France
Subject:
Le mans (france)
Subject:
Christianity -- History.
Subject:
Christianity - History - General
Subject:
General History
Subject:
Medieval
Subject:
Christianity-Church History General
Subject:
Religion : Christianity - Episcopalian
Subject:
RELIGION / Christianity/History
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Hardcover
Series:
Harvard Historical Studies (Hardcover)
Series Volume:
76
Publication Date:
19660101
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Pages:
397
Dimensions:
8.55x5.83x1.12 in. 1.12 lbs.

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Politics » General
History and Social Science » World History » General
Religion » Christianity » Church History » General
Religion » Comparative Religion » General

The Le Mans Forgeries: A Chapter from the History of Church Property in the Ninth Century (Harvard Historical Studies) New Hardcover
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Product details 397 pages Harvard University Press - English 9780674518759 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , The episcopal biographies, saints' lives, charters, and poems known collectively as the "Le Mans forgeries" are an intricate puzzle that has occupied critics of medieval sources ever since the seventeenth century. On the basis of extensive manuscript study, Goffart disentangles the order of composition and authoritatively pronounces on the authenticity of the eighty-four Le Mans charters. Most of all, he insists that the forgeries are an essay on church property and its law.
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