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Other titles in the Princeton Studies in International History and Politics series:

Cultural Realism: Strategic Culture and Grand Strategy in Chinese History (Princeton Studies in International History and Politics)

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Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Cultural Realism is an in-depth study of premodern Chinese strategic thought that has important implications for contemporary international relations theory. In applying a Western theoretical debate to China, Iain Johnston advances rigorous procedures for testing for the existence and influence of "strategic culture."

Johnston sets out to answer two empirical questions. Is there a substantively consistent and temporally persistent Chinese strategic culture? If so, to what extent has it influenced China's approaches to security? The focus of his study is the Ming dynasty's grand strategy against the Mongols (1368-1644). First Johnston examines ancient military texts as sources of Chinese strategic culture, using cognitive mapping, symbolic analysis and congruence tests to determine whether there is a consistent grand strategic preference ranking across texts that constitutes a single strategic culture. Then he applies similar techniques to determine the effect of the strategic culture on the strategic preferences of the Ming decision makers. Finally, he assesses the effect of these preferences on Ming policies towards the Mongol "threat."

The findings of this book challenge dominant interpretations of traditional Chinese strategic thought. They suggest also that the roots of realpolitik are ideational and not predominantly structural. The results lead to the surprising conclusion that there may be, in fact, fewer cross-national differences in strategic culture than proponents of the "strategic culture" approach think.

Synopsis:

Cultural Realism is an in-depth study of premodern Chinese strategic thought that has important implications for contemporary international relations theory. In applying a Western theoretical debate to China, Iain Johnston advances rigorous procedures for testing for the existence and influence of "strategic culture."

Johnston sets out to answer two empirical questions. Is there a substantively consistent and temporally persistent Chinese strategic culture? If so, to what extent has it influenced China's approaches to security? The focus of his study is the Ming dynasty's grand strategy against the Mongols (1368-1644). First Johnston examines ancient military texts as sources of Chinese strategic culture, using cognitive mapping, symbolic analysis and congruence tests to determine whether there is a consistent grand strategic preference ranking across texts that constitutes a single strategic culture. Then he applies similar techniques to determine the effect of the strategic culture on the strategic preferences of the Ming decision makers. Finally, he assesses the effect of these preferences on Ming policies towards the Mongol "threat."

The findings of this book challenge dominant interpretations of traditional Chinese strategic thought. They suggest also that the roots of realpolitik are ideational and not predominantly structural. The results lead to the surprising conclusion that there may be, in fact, fewer cross-national differences in strategic culture than proponents of the "strategic culture" approach think.

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables
Preface
Ch. 1Strategic Culture: A Critique1
Ch. 2Some Questions of Methodology32
Ch. 3Chinese Strategic Culture and the Parabellum Paradigm61
Ch. 4Chinese Strategic Culture and Grand Strategic Preferences109
Ch. 5A Return to Theory155
Ch. 6The Parabellum Paradigm and the Ming Security Problematique175
Ch. 7Chinese Strategic Culture and Ming Grand Strategic Choice216
Ch. 8Conclusion248
Appendix A: Coding Procedures267
Appendix B: Terms Used to Describe Legitimate Actions Directed at an Adversary270
Appendix B: Terms Used to Describe Outcomes of Actions against an Adversary273
Appendix C: Map of Northern Border Areas in the Ming Period274
References275
Index293

Product Details

ISBN:
9780691002392
Author:
Johnston, Alastair Iain
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Location:
Princeton
Subject:
International Relations
Subject:
China
Subject:
Asia - China
Subject:
International Relations - General
Subject:
Asian and Asian American Studies
Subject:
Political Science and International Relations
Subject:
World History - China
Subject:
Political Science a
Subject:
nd International Relations
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series:
Princeton Studies in International History and Politics Paperback
Publication Date:
July 1998
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
1 map 27 line illus. 9 tables
Pages:
328
Dimensions:
9 x 6 in 17 oz

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Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Politics » United States » Foreign Policy
History and Social Science » World History » China
Reference » General

Cultural Realism: Strategic Culture and Grand Strategy in Chinese History (Princeton Studies in International History and Politics) New Trade Paper
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Product details 328 pages Princeton University Press - English 9780691002392 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Cultural Realism is an in-depth study of premodern Chinese strategic thought that has important implications for contemporary international relations theory. In applying a Western theoretical debate to China, Iain Johnston advances rigorous procedures for testing for the existence and influence of "strategic culture."

Johnston sets out to answer two empirical questions. Is there a substantively consistent and temporally persistent Chinese strategic culture? If so, to what extent has it influenced China's approaches to security? The focus of his study is the Ming dynasty's grand strategy against the Mongols (1368-1644). First Johnston examines ancient military texts as sources of Chinese strategic culture, using cognitive mapping, symbolic analysis and congruence tests to determine whether there is a consistent grand strategic preference ranking across texts that constitutes a single strategic culture. Then he applies similar techniques to determine the effect of the strategic culture on the strategic preferences of the Ming decision makers. Finally, he assesses the effect of these preferences on Ming policies towards the Mongol "threat."

The findings of this book challenge dominant interpretations of traditional Chinese strategic thought. They suggest also that the roots of realpolitik are ideational and not predominantly structural. The results lead to the surprising conclusion that there may be, in fact, fewer cross-national differences in strategic culture than proponents of the "strategic culture" approach think.

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