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1 Burnside Ethnic Studies- Immigration

Other titles in the Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology series:

Negotiating Identities: States and Immigrants in France and Germany (Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology)

by

Negotiating Identities: States and Immigrants in France and Germany (Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Immigration is even more hotly debated in Europe than in the United States. In this pivotal work of action and discourse analysis, Riva Kastoryano draws on extensive fieldwork--including interviews with politicians, immigrant leaders, and militants--to analyze interactions between states and immigrants in France and Germany. Making frequent comparisons to the United States, she delineates the role of states in constructing group identities and measures the impact of immigrant organization and mobilization on national identity.

Kastoryano argues that states contribute directly and indirectly to the elaboration of immigrants' identity, in part by articulating the grounds on which their groups are granted legitimacy. Conversely, immigrant organizations demanding recognition often redefine national identity by reinforcing or modifying traditional sentiments. They use culture--national references in Germany and religion in France--to negotiate new political identities in ways that alter state composition and lead the state to negotiate its identity as well.

Despite their different histories, Kastoryano finds that Germany, France, and the United States are converging in their policies toward immigration control and integration. All three have adopted similar tactics and made similar institutional adjustments in their efforts to reconcile differences while tending national integrity.

The author builds her observations into a model of negotiations of identities useful to a broad cross-section of social scientists and policy specialists. She extends her analysis to consider how the European Union and transnational networks affect identities still negotiated at the national level. The result is a forward-thinking book that illuminates immigration from a new angle.

Synopsis:

"Riva Kastoryano has studied the two largest Muslim immigrant groups in Europe, the North Africans of France and the Turkish population of Germany, in depth and with sophistication. How and whether these groups assimilate to Western civilization is clearly a matter of the greatest urgency and this book is invaluable in giving us some sense of how this process is working."--Nathan Glazer, Professor of Sociology and Education, Harvard University

"Few issues are more important than the ways in which cultural identities are politicized. As Riva Kastoryano shows in this excellent book, neither religious nor national communities are stable, and immigration challenges the ability of state to control and integrate identities. This is a crucial issue for Europe and for the world."--Craig Calhoun, New York University, President of the Social Science Research Council

"An important and incisive study. . . . American readers will gain from this book a fresh perspective on their own multicultural experience."--George M. Fredrickson, author of Racism and The Comparative Imagination

"Riva Kastoryano's subtle account of identity negotiations between French and German receivers and immigrant newcomers demonstrates how profoundly their course is shaped by the state. In the best tradition of comparative macroanalysis, this work not only highlights similarities, but helps us understand the lasting specificity of each case."--Aristide Zolberg, New School University

Synopsis:

Immigration is even more hotly debated in Europe than in the United States. In this pivotal work of action and discourse analysis, Riva Kastoryano draws on extensive fieldwork--including interviews with politicians, immigrant leaders, and militants--to analyze interactions between states and immigrants in France and Germany. Making frequent comparisons to the United States, she delineates the role of states in constructing group identities and measures the impact of immigrant organization and mobilization on national identity.

Kastoryano argues that states contribute directly and indirectly to the elaboration of immigrants' identity, in part by articulating the grounds on which their groups are granted legitimacy. Conversely, immigrant organizations demanding recognition often redefine national identity by reinforcing or modifying traditional sentiments. They use culture--national references in Germany and religion in France--to negotiate new political identities in ways that alter state composition and lead the state to negotiate its identity as well.

Despite their different histories, Kastoryano finds that Germany, France, and the United States are converging in their policies toward immigration control and integration. All three have adopted similar tactics and made similar institutional adjustments in their efforts to reconcile differences while tending national integrity.

The author builds her observations into a model of negotiations of identities useful to a broad cross-section of social scientists and policy specialists. She extends her analysis to consider how the European Union and transnational networks affect identities still negotiated at the national level. The result is a forward-thinking book that illuminates immigration from a new angle.

Description:

Includes bibliographical references (p. ) and index.

About the Author

Riva Kastoryano is a Senior Research Fellow at the National Center for Scientific Research and teaches at the Institute for Political Science, both in Paris. The author of several books in French, her work has focused on community formation and the construction of collective identities in different political settings.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi

INTRODUCTION 1

France, Germany, and the United States 2

Negotiating Identities 3

The Nation-State in Crisis 6

Citizenship and Multiculturalism 8

Methodology 11

CHAPTER ONE

The War of Words 15

On the Immigrant 16

Boundaries of Identity or "Threshold of Tolerance" 19

The Battle o f Numbers 20

Who Is Who? 22

"The Right of Difference" or "Praise of Indifference" 26

Between Assimilation and Return 30

The Era o f Communities 34

CHAPTER TWO

Representation of Political Traditions 38

On the Nature of Representation: An "Ideal Nation" 40

Integration "a la frangaise" 40

Dream of German Unity 43

"E Pluribus Unum" 45

The Search for Social Cohesion 46

Religions and Social Cohesion 47

Defining New Solidarities 51

Limits o f Representation 53

The Category of Experience 53

Representation Stops at the Law 58

CHAPTER THREE

The Territories of Identity 64

Incompatible Equations 65

The Ethnicization of Territory 68

Suburbs in France: Places Managed by Tension 69

"Colonies" of Turks in Germany 71

Area and Era o f Tensions 72

Social Immobility and "Ghettos" 72

Violence, Rage, and Fears 74

In Search o f the Social Bond 75

Universality and Ethnicity 76

Redefining Solidarities in France 78

A "Multicultural" Germany 82

CHAPTER FOUR

The Invention of the Cultural 85

The Reappropriation o f a Cultural Identity in France 86

The Assertion of Cultural Identity in Germany 89

"Islam Is Everywhere!" 92

An Imagined Transnational Cultural Community 96

CHAPTER FIVE

The Politicization of Identities in France 99

The Emergence o f New Divisions 101

Republican Rhetoric 101

The Emergence of an Ethnic Market 103

Forming a Community 106

"Thwarting Islam" 106

"Forming a Muslim Community" 107

Between the Mosque and the School 110

The Recall o f the Universal 112

French Lafcite 112

Islam in the Feminine 113

CHAPTER SIX

The Politicization of Identities in Germany 117

Religious Pluralism and Islam 119

Between the Head Scarf and the Crucifix 119

A Place for Islam 121

The Construction of an Ethnic Community 123

The Impossible Religious Community 123

In Search of a National Community 125

Ethnic or Minority Community 128

The Construction of a National Minority 129

A Minority in the Minority 136

CHAPTER SEVEN

The Negotiation of Identities 140

The Question of Citizenship 142

Citizenship and Political Commitment 143

Citizenship, Nationality, and Identity 145

A Question of Recognition 151

A French Islam 151

A Turkish Minority in Germany 156

CHAPTER EIGHT

The European Union: New Space for Negotiating Identities 164

Universality and Particularity 165

Rights of Solidarity, Rights of Minorities 166

Between Market and Union 168

The Issue of Sovereignty 169

Transnationality, and Nationality 170

Transnational Strategies and National Realities 171

The Immigrant Forum 172

The Informal Networks and Islam 173

"Postnational Citizenship" and European Identity 175

Institutional Practices and European Identity 176

Nationality or European Citizenship? 178

CONCLUSION 181

Paradoxes 181

The Limits of Recognition 183

Inclusive Indifference 184

Notes 187

Bibliography 201

Index 221

Product Details

ISBN:
9780691010151
Translator:
Kastoryano, Riva
Author:
Harshav, Barbara
Author:
Kastoryano, Riva
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Location:
Princeton, N.J.
Subject:
United states
Subject:
Ethnology
Subject:
France
Subject:
Emigration and immigration
Subject:
Citizenship
Subject:
Emigration & Immigration
Subject:
Germany
Subject:
Ethnic Studies
Subject:
Identity
Subject:
Ethnic Studies - General
Subject:
Anthropology - General
Subject:
Sociology
Subject:
Political Science and International Relations
Subject:
Politic
Subject:
al Science and International Relations
Subject:
Germany Emigration and immigration.
Subject:
Citizenship -- Germany.
Subject:
Ethnic Studies-Immigration
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series:
Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology
Series Volume:
no. 00-4754
Publication Date:
January 2002
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Pages:
240
Dimensions:
9 x 6 in 12 oz

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Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Anthropology » General
History and Social Science » Ethnic Studies » General
History and Social Science » Ethnic Studies » Immigration
History and Social Science » Politics » General

Negotiating Identities: States and Immigrants in France and Germany (Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology) Used Trade Paper
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Product details 240 pages Princeton University Press - English 9780691010151 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , "Riva Kastoryano has studied the two largest Muslim immigrant groups in Europe, the North Africans of France and the Turkish population of Germany, in depth and with sophistication. How and whether these groups assimilate to Western civilization is clearly a matter of the greatest urgency and this book is invaluable in giving us some sense of how this process is working."--Nathan Glazer, Professor of Sociology and Education, Harvard University

"Few issues are more important than the ways in which cultural identities are politicized. As Riva Kastoryano shows in this excellent book, neither religious nor national communities are stable, and immigration challenges the ability of state to control and integrate identities. This is a crucial issue for Europe and for the world."--Craig Calhoun, New York University, President of the Social Science Research Council

"An important and incisive study. . . . American readers will gain from this book a fresh perspective on their own multicultural experience."--George M. Fredrickson, author of Racism and The Comparative Imagination

"Riva Kastoryano's subtle account of identity negotiations between French and German receivers and immigrant newcomers demonstrates how profoundly their course is shaped by the state. In the best tradition of comparative macroanalysis, this work not only highlights similarities, but helps us understand the lasting specificity of each case."--Aristide Zolberg, New School University

"Synopsis" by , Immigration is even more hotly debated in Europe than in the United States. In this pivotal work of action and discourse analysis, Riva Kastoryano draws on extensive fieldwork--including interviews with politicians, immigrant leaders, and militants--to analyze interactions between states and immigrants in France and Germany. Making frequent comparisons to the United States, she delineates the role of states in constructing group identities and measures the impact of immigrant organization and mobilization on national identity.

Kastoryano argues that states contribute directly and indirectly to the elaboration of immigrants' identity, in part by articulating the grounds on which their groups are granted legitimacy. Conversely, immigrant organizations demanding recognition often redefine national identity by reinforcing or modifying traditional sentiments. They use culture--national references in Germany and religion in France--to negotiate new political identities in ways that alter state composition and lead the state to negotiate its identity as well.

Despite their different histories, Kastoryano finds that Germany, France, and the United States are converging in their policies toward immigration control and integration. All three have adopted similar tactics and made similar institutional adjustments in their efforts to reconcile differences while tending national integrity.

The author builds her observations into a model of negotiations of identities useful to a broad cross-section of social scientists and policy specialists. She extends her analysis to consider how the European Union and transnational networks affect identities still negotiated at the national level. The result is a forward-thinking book that illuminates immigration from a new angle.

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