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Other titles in the Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology series:

Economists and Societies (10 Edition)

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Economists and Societies (10 Edition) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

"Economists and Societies is an eye-opener for economists. A study of the sociological reasons why economists do what they do, it shows that economics in the United States, Britain, and France has very different orientations. Fourcade demonstrates irrefutably that economists are as much influenced by where they are located as by their supposed adherence to 'scientific method.' This is a revolutionary book."--George A. Akerlof, Nobel Prize-winning economist

"A masterpiece. Fourcade shows a deep understanding of the institutional differences between Britain, France, and the United States, and demonstrates how they have produced differences in the forms that professional economics has taken. She explores uncharted territory and sketches a novel theory of how economics took such different courses in these three countries. This is a remarkable, stunning book."--Frank Dobbin, Harvard University

"This book is a remarkable study of how, in an age when economics has become an international discipline, cultural differences between three societies have influenced the way the discipline has developed. It would be hard to read this wide-ranging book and not learn much about how economics developed in the twentieth century."--Roger E. Backhouse, author of The Ordinary Business of Life

"A wide-ranging historical survey of the origins, institutionalization, and transformation of the discipline and profession of economics. Fourcade poses the very important question as to why we do not have a single 'market' for economic ideas in the world. Few books succeed so well at showing the great number of historical and institutional contingencies that shape the production and consumption of scientific knowledge."--Mauro F. Guillén, coauthor of Building a Global Bank

"Why does modern economics look the way it does? An economist would say it was a reflection of the generic economy. Fourcade instead asserts that it has everything to do with the institutional structures of its national incubators. Her indispensable book elevates the story of economics to a new level of sophistication."--Philip Mirowski, author of Machine Dreams

"Many economists and other scholars still believe economics to be homogenous, and Fourcade dispels this wrong belief. Economists and Societies contributes to the literature on professions and scientific knowledge by demonstrating the importance of various structural and institutional arrangements in determining the nature of scientific knowledge."--Yuval Yonay, University of Haifa

Synopsis:

"Economists and Societies is an eye-opener for economists. A study of the sociological reasons why economists do what they do, it shows that economics in the United States, Britain, and France has very different orientations. Fourcade demonstrates irrefutably that economists are as much influenced by where they are located as by their supposed adherence to 'scientific method.' This is a revolutionary book."--George A. Akerlof, Nobel Prize-winning economist

"A masterpiece. Fourcade shows a deep understanding of the institutional differences between Britain, France, and the United States, and demonstrates how they have produced differences in the forms that professional economics has taken. She explores uncharted territory and sketches a novel theory of how economics took such different courses in these three countries. This is a remarkable, stunning book."--Frank Dobbin, Harvard University

"This book is a remarkable study of how, in an age when economics has become an international discipline, cultural differences between three societies have influenced the way the discipline has developed. It would be hard to read this wide-ranging book and not learn much about how economics developed in the twentieth century."--Roger E. Backhouse, author of The Ordinary Business of Life

"A wide-ranging historical survey of the origins, institutionalization, and transformation of the discipline and profession of economics. Fourcade poses the very important question as to why we do not have a single 'market' for economic ideas in the world. Few books succeed so well at showing the great number of historical and institutional contingencies that shape the production and consumption of scientific knowledge."--Mauro F. Guillén, coauthor of Building a Global Bank

"Why does modern economics look the way it does? An economist would say it was a reflection of the generic economy. Fourcade instead asserts that it has everything to do with the institutional structures of its national incubators. Her indispensable book elevates the story of economics to a new level of sophistication."--Philip Mirowski, author of Machine Dreams

"Many economists and other scholars still believe economics to be homogenous, and Fourcade dispels this wrong belief. Economists and Societies contributes to the literature on professions and scientific knowledge by demonstrating the importance of various structural and institutional arrangements in determining the nature of scientific knowledge."--Yuval Yonay, University of Haifa

Synopsis:

Economists and Societies is the first book to systematically compare the profession of economics in the United States, Britain, and France, and to explain why economics, far from being a uniform science, differs in important ways among these three countries. Drawing on in-depth interviews with economists, institutional analysis, and a wealth of scholarly evidence, Marion Fourcade traces the history of economics in each country from the late nineteenth century to the present, demonstrating how each political, cultural, and institutional context gave rise to a distinct professional and disciplinary configuration. She argues that because the substance of political life varied from country to country, people's experience and understanding of the economy, and their political and intellectual battles over it, crystallized in different ways--through scientific and mercantile professionalism in the United States, public-minded elitism in Britain, and statist divisions in France. Fourcade moves past old debates about the relationship between culture and institutions in the production of expert knowledge to show that scientific and practical claims over the economy in these three societies arose from different elites with different intellectual orientations, institutional entanglements, and social purposes.

Much more than a history of the economics profession, Economists and Societies is a revealing exploration of American, French, and British society and culture as seen through the lens of their respective economic institutions and the distinctive character of their economic experts.

About the Author

Marion Fourcade is associate professor of sociology at the University of California, Berkeley.

Table of Contents

List of Figures vii
List of Tables ix
Preface xi
List of Abbreviations xix

Introduction: Economics and Society 1
Three Trajectories 7
Critical Organized Comparisons 12
National Constellations 15
The Dialectical Relationship between Culture and Economics 28

Chapter One: Institutional Logics in Comparative Perspective 31
Federal Constitutionalism in America 32
The Rise and Fall of British Elitism 40
The Transformations of French Statism 50
Institutional Complementarities and the Coherence of Social Life 59

Chapter Two: The United States: Merchant Professionals 61
Forms of Academic Entrenchment 63
The Meaning of Science in American Economics 77
The Academic Roots of Public Expertise 96
The Economics Industry 114
American Economists, from Professional Scientism
to Scientific Professionalism 125

Chapter Three: Britain: Public-Minded Elites 129
A Late but Extensive Institutionalization 131
The Scientific and Moral Transformation of British Economics 148
Administrators and Specialists 163
Economic Persuasion 175
The Waning High Culture of British Economics 183

Chapter Four: France: Statist Divisions 185
A Fragmented Academicization 187
The Nationalization of Economic Expertise 203
The "Administrative Economists" 215
The Missing Private Jurisdiction 225
Economists as Intellectuals, Intellectuals as Economists 230
The Segmented Worlds of French Economics 234

Conclusion: Economists and Societies 237
The Social Structures of Economics in Comparative Perspective 241
Contribution of a Sociology of Economic Knowledge to
Economic Sociology 261

Appendix 263
Notes 269
References 315
Index 369

Product Details

ISBN:
9780691148038
Author:
Fourcade, Marion
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Subject:
Sociology - General
Subject:
Economic History
Subject:
Sociology
Subject:
Economics
Subject:
Political Science and International Relations
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series:
Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology
Publication Date:
20090331
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
17 halftones. 6 tables.
Pages:
384
Dimensions:
9 x 6 in 21 oz

Related Subjects

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Economists and Societies (10 Edition) New Trade Paper
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$27.55 In Stock
Product details 384 pages Princeton University Press - English 9780691148038 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , "Economists and Societies is an eye-opener for economists. A study of the sociological reasons why economists do what they do, it shows that economics in the United States, Britain, and France has very different orientations. Fourcade demonstrates irrefutably that economists are as much influenced by where they are located as by their supposed adherence to 'scientific method.' This is a revolutionary book."--George A. Akerlof, Nobel Prize-winning economist

"A masterpiece. Fourcade shows a deep understanding of the institutional differences between Britain, France, and the United States, and demonstrates how they have produced differences in the forms that professional economics has taken. She explores uncharted territory and sketches a novel theory of how economics took such different courses in these three countries. This is a remarkable, stunning book."--Frank Dobbin, Harvard University

"This book is a remarkable study of how, in an age when economics has become an international discipline, cultural differences between three societies have influenced the way the discipline has developed. It would be hard to read this wide-ranging book and not learn much about how economics developed in the twentieth century."--Roger E. Backhouse, author of The Ordinary Business of Life

"A wide-ranging historical survey of the origins, institutionalization, and transformation of the discipline and profession of economics. Fourcade poses the very important question as to why we do not have a single 'market' for economic ideas in the world. Few books succeed so well at showing the great number of historical and institutional contingencies that shape the production and consumption of scientific knowledge."--Mauro F. Guillén, coauthor of Building a Global Bank

"Why does modern economics look the way it does? An economist would say it was a reflection of the generic economy. Fourcade instead asserts that it has everything to do with the institutional structures of its national incubators. Her indispensable book elevates the story of economics to a new level of sophistication."--Philip Mirowski, author of Machine Dreams

"Many economists and other scholars still believe economics to be homogenous, and Fourcade dispels this wrong belief. Economists and Societies contributes to the literature on professions and scientific knowledge by demonstrating the importance of various structural and institutional arrangements in determining the nature of scientific knowledge."--Yuval Yonay, University of Haifa

"Synopsis" by , Economists and Societies is the first book to systematically compare the profession of economics in the United States, Britain, and France, and to explain why economics, far from being a uniform science, differs in important ways among these three countries. Drawing on in-depth interviews with economists, institutional analysis, and a wealth of scholarly evidence, Marion Fourcade traces the history of economics in each country from the late nineteenth century to the present, demonstrating how each political, cultural, and institutional context gave rise to a distinct professional and disciplinary configuration. She argues that because the substance of political life varied from country to country, people's experience and understanding of the economy, and their political and intellectual battles over it, crystallized in different ways--through scientific and mercantile professionalism in the United States, public-minded elitism in Britain, and statist divisions in France. Fourcade moves past old debates about the relationship between culture and institutions in the production of expert knowledge to show that scientific and practical claims over the economy in these three societies arose from different elites with different intellectual orientations, institutional entanglements, and social purposes.

Much more than a history of the economics profession, Economists and Societies is a revealing exploration of American, French, and British society and culture as seen through the lens of their respective economic institutions and the distinctive character of their economic experts.

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