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Beyond Rosie the Riveter: Women of World War II in American Popular Graphic Art (Culture America)

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Beyond Rosie the Riveter: Women of World War II in American Popular Graphic Art (Culture America) Cover

ISBN13: 9780700618507
ISBN10: 0700618503
Condition:
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Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

The iconic bicep-flexing poster image of "Rosie the Riveter" has long conveyed the impression that women were welcomed into the World War II work force and admired for helping "free a man to fight." Donna Knaff, however, shows that "Rosie" only revealed part of the reality and that women depicted in other World War II visual art—both in the private sector and the military—reflected decidedly mixed feelings about the status of women within American society.

Beyond Rosie the Riveter takes readers back to a time before television's dominance, to the golden age of print art and its singular power over public opinion. Focusing specifically on instances of "female masculinity" when women entered previously all-male fields, Knaff places these images within the context of popular discussions of gender roles and examines their historical, cultural, and textual contexts.

As Knaff reveals, visual messages received by women through war posters, magazine cartoons, comic strips, and ads may have acknowledged their importance to the war effort but also cautioned them against taking too many liberties or losing their femininity. Her study examines the subtle and not-so subtle cultural battles that played out in these popular images, opening a new window on American women's experience.

Some images implicitly argued that women should maintain their femininity despite adopting masculinity for the war effort; others dealt with society's deep-seated fear that masculinized women might feminize men; and many reflected the dilemma that a woman was both encouraged to express and suppress her sexuality so that she might be perceived as neither promiscuous nor lesbian. From these cases, Knaff draws a common theme: while being outwardly empowered or celebrated for their wartime contributions, women were kept in check by being held responsible for everything from distracting male co-workers to compromising machinery with their long hair and jewelry. Knaff also notes the subtle distinctions among the images: government war posters targeted blue-collar women, New Yorker content was aimed at socialites, Collier's addressed middle-class women, and Wonder Woman was geared to young girls.

Especially through its focus on visual arts, Knaff's book gives us a new look at American society decades before the modern women's rights movement, torn between wartime needs and antiquated gender roles. It provides much-needed nuance to a glossed-over chapter in our history, charting the difficult negotiations that granted—and ultimately took back—American women's wartime freedoms.

Synopsis:

Examines the depiction of women in World War II popular visual art, showing that it reflected decidedly mixed feelings about the status of women in American society. Dispels the popular belief that World War II was a halcyon age for women's rights in America.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction: "A Queer Mixture of Feelings": Conflicting Messages to Women during the War

1. From Bathing Suits to Parachutes, or, "Don't Call Me Mac!": OWI, Ambivalence, and "Women's" Work

2. "America Will Be as Strong as Her Women": Femininity, Masculinity, and the Merging of the Spheres

3. "Does Your Sergeant Know You're Out?" Women's Sexuality in Wartime

4. "Now, Let's See Your Pass," or, Wonder Woman and the "Giant Women Army Officers": Female Power and Authority as Masculinity

5. "Here's One Job You Men Won't Be Asking Back": "Reconversion" of Masculinity at War's End

Epilogue: "These Grils are Strong--Bind Them Securely!": World War II Images of Women in the Postwar World

Bibliography

Notes

Index

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dknaff, January 28, 2013 (view all comments by dknaff)
I don't think it would be cricket for me to rate my own book--but I would love to hear constructive comments on it! Please let me know what you think. When I lived in Oregon, I spent many a happy hour in Powell's--the most unique bookstore in the U.S.
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Product Details

ISBN:
9780700618507
Author:
Knaff, Donna B.
Publisher:
University Press of Kansas
Subject:
Gender Studies-Womens Studies
Subject:
Women's Studies
Subject:
CultureAmerica
Subject:
Cultural History
Subject:
Women's History
Subject:
Feminism
Subject:
World War II
Subject:
world war II graphic art
Subject:
world war II graphic art analysis
Subject:
Visual arts
Subject:
emily toth award winner
Publication Date:
20120531
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Language:
English
Pages:
224

Related Subjects

Arts and Entertainment » Art » General
History and Social Science » Feminist Studies » Peace and War
History and Social Science » Gender Studies » Womens Studies
History and Social Science » Military » World War I

Beyond Rosie the Riveter: Women of World War II in American Popular Graphic Art (Culture America) New Hardcover
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Product details 224 pages University Press of Kansas - English 9780700618507 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Examines the depiction of women in World War II popular visual art, showing that it reflected decidedly mixed feelings about the status of women in American society. Dispels the popular belief that World War II was a halcyon age for women's rights in America.
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