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The Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923-1939 (Wilder House Series in Politics, History, & Culture)


The Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923-1939 (Wilder House Series in Politics, History, & Culture) Cover


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Publisher Comments:

The Soviet Union was the first of Europe's multiethnic states to confront the rising tide of nationalism by systematically promoting the national consciousness of its ethnic minorities and establishing for them many of the institutional forms characteristic of the modern nation-state. In the 1920s, the Bolshevik government, seeking to defuse nationalist sentiment, created tens of thousands of national territories. It trained new national leaders, established national languages, and financed the production of national-language cultural products.<P>This was a massive and fascinating historical experiment in governing a multiethnic state. Terry Martin provides a comprehensive survey and interpretation, based on newly available archival sources, of the Soviet management of the nationalities question. He traces the conflicts and tensions created by the geographic definition of national territories, the establishment of dozens of official national languages, and the world's first mass "affirmative action" programs.<P>Martin examines the contradictions inherent in the Soviet nationality policy, which sought simultaneously to foster the growth of national consciousness among its minority populations while dictating the exact content of their cultures; to sponsor national liberation movements in neighboring countries, while eliminating all foreign influence on the Soviet Union's many diaspora nationalities. Martin explores the political logic of Stalin's policies as he responded to a perceived threat to Soviet unity in the 1930s by re-establishing the Russians as the state's leading nationality and deporting numerous "enemy nations".

Table of Contents

The Soviet affirmative action empire. The logic of the affirmative action empire. The content of the affirmative action empire. An affirmative action empire. The party and the affirmative action empire. The geography of the affirmative action empire. The chronology of the affirmative action empire — Implementing the affirmative action empire. Borders and ethnic conflict. The emergence of national soviets in Ukraine. National Soviets and ethnic conflict in the Soviet East. Conclusion — Linguistic ukrainization, 1923-1932. The background to ukrainization, 1919-1923. Ukrainization, 1923-1925. Kaganovich's ukrainization, April 1925-June 1926. The failure of comprehensive ukrainization, 1926-1932. Conclusion — Affirmative action in the Soviet East, 1923-1932. Wast and West. The cultural fund. Mechanical korenizatsiia, 1923-1926. Functional korenizatsiia, 1926-1928. Affirmative action and ethnic conflict in the industrial work place. Cultural revolution and korenizatsiia in the Soviet East.

Product Details

Martin, Terry
Cornell University Press
Soviet Union
Political History
Nationalism and socialism
Europe - Russia & the Former Soviet Union
Minorities -- Soviet Union.
Nationalism and socialism -- Soviet Union.
Politics - General
Edition Description:
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Wilder House Series in Politics, History, & Culture
Series Volume:
vol. 3
Publication Date:
9.20x6.34x1.24 in. 1.58 lbs.

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Related Subjects

Business » Human Resource Management
Business » Management
History and Social Science » Politics » General
History and Social Science » Russia » General Russian History
History and Social Science » Russia » Soviet Union
History and Social Science » World History » General

The Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923-1939 (Wilder House Series in Politics, History, & Culture) New Trade Paper
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Product details 464 pages Cornell University Press - English 9780801486777 Reviews:
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