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Other titles in the Mexican Experience series:
Celebrating Insurrection: The Commemoration and Representation of the Nineteenth-Century Mexican Pronunciamiento (Mexican Experience)by Will Fowler
Synopses & Reviews
Antonio Land#243;pez de Santa Anna (1794and#8211;1876) is one of the most famous, and infamous, figures in Mexican history. Six times the countryand#8217;s president, he is consistently depicted as a traitor, a turncoat, and a tyrantand#8212;the exclusive cause of all of Mexicoand#8217;s misfortunes following the countryand#8217;s independence from Spain. He is also, as this biography makes clear, grossly misrepresented.
Drawing on seventeen years of research into the politics of independent Mexico, Will Fowler provides a revised picture of Santa Annaand#8217;s life, with new insights into his activities in his bailiwick of Veracruz and in his numerous military engagements. The Santa Anna who emerges from this book is an intelligent, dynamic, yet reluctant leader, ingeniously deceptive at times, courageous and patriotic at others. His extraordinary story is that of a middle-class provincial criollo, a high-ranking officer, an arbitrator, a dedicated landowner, and a political leader who tried to prosper personally and help his country develop at a time of severe and repeated crises, as the colony that was New Spain gave way to a young, troubled, besieged, and beleaguered Mexican nation.
Deconstructing the myths surrounding Santa Annaand#8217;s life, the book offers a fresh view of a critical chapter in Mexicoand#8217;s history.
Behind every pronunciamiento, a formal list of grievances designed to spark political change in nineteenth-century Mexico, was a disgruntled individual, rebel, or pronunciado. Initially a role undertaken by soldiers, a pronunciado rallied military communities to petition for local, regional, and even national interests. As the popularity of these petitions grew, however, they evolved from a military-led practice to one endorsed and engaged by civilians, priests, indigenous communities, and politicians.
The second in a series of books exploring the phenomenon of the pronunciamiento, this volume examines case studies of individual and collective pronunciados in regions across Mexico. Top scholars examine the motivations of individual pronunciados and the reasons they succeeded or failed; why garrisons, town councils, and communities adopted the pronunciamiento as a political tool and form of representation and used it to address local and national grievances; and whether institutions upheld corporate aims in endorsing, supporting, or launching pronunciamientos. The essays provide a better understanding of the rebel leaders behind these public acts of defiance and reveal how an insurrectionary repertoire became part of a national political culture.
Often translated as “revolt,” a pronunciamiento was a formal, written protest, typically drafted as a list of grievances or demands, that could result in an armed rebellion. This common nineteenth-century Hispano-Mexican extraconstitutional practice was used by soldiers and civilians to forcefully lobby, negotiate, or petition for political change. Although the majority of these petitions failed to achieve their aims, many leading political changes in nineteenth-century Mexico were caused or provoked by one of the more than fifteen hundred pronunciamientos filed between 1821 and 1876.
The first of three volumes on the phenomenon of the pronunciamiento, this collection brings together leading scholars to investigate the origins of these forceful petitions. From both a regional and a national perspective, the essays examine specific pronunciamientos, such as the Plan of Iguala, and explore the contexts that gave rise to the use of the pronunciamiento as a catalyst for change. Forceful Negotiations offers a better understanding of the civil conflicts that erupted with remarkable and tragic consistency following the achievement of independence, as well as of the ways in which Mexican political culture legitimized the threat of armed rebellion as a means of effecting political change during this turbulent period.
About the Author
Will Fowler is a professor of Latin American Studies at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. He is the editor of Forceful Negotiations: The Origins of the Pronunciamiento in Nineteenth-Century Mexico and Malcontents, Rebels, and Pronunciados: The Politics of Insurrection in Nineteenth-Century Mexico, and the author of Santa Anna of Mexico, all available from the University of Nebraska Press.
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