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Other titles in the Figurae: Reading Medieval Culture series:
'Begotten, Not Made': Conceiving Manhood in Late Antiquity (Figurae: Reading Medieval Culture)by Virginia Burrus
Synopses & Reviews
This book interprets fourth-century theological discourse as an incident in the history of masculine gender, arguing that Nicene trinitarian doctrine is a crucial site not only for theological innovation but also for reimagining and reproducing manhood in the late Roman period. When the Trinity became for the first time the sine qua non of doctrinal orthodoxy, masculinity was conceived anew, in terms that heightened the claims of patriarchal authority while cutting manhood loose from its traditional fleshly and familial moorings.
In exploring the significance of this late antique movement for the subsequent history of ideals of manhood in the West, this study directly engages, combines, and thereby disrupts the divergent disciplinary perspectives of historical theology, late Roman cultural history, and French feminist theory. The author brings contemporary theorist Luce Irigaray into dialogue with the Patristic corpus to coax out a fresh interpretation of ancient texts and themes.
The book centers on performative readings of major works by three prominent fourth-century Fathers—Athanasius of Alexandria, Gregory of Nyssa, and Ambrose of Milan. Each of these ascetic bishops played a crucial role in defending Nicene trinitarian doctrine as the touchstone of orthodox belief; each also modeled a distinctive style of fourth-century masculine self-fashioning. The concluding chapter considers the sum of these three figures from an explicitly feminist theological and theoretical perspective.
Book News Annotation:
From the author's prologue: "Although the very notion of analyzing fourth-century trinitarian doctrine in terms of the history of masculine gender might seem impossibly `coarse' to some, my intention is not to elide theological issues by suggesting that the long- enduring Nicene doctrine of God...is simply a residue of late-ancient gender politics....I remark on what appears to me remarkable<-- >namely, that Nicene Christianity's contested articulation of the roles of Father, Son, and Spirit emerges as one of the most potent sites for reimagining manhood in the late Roman Empire...." Burrus teaches early Church history at Drew U.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
This book interprets fourth-century theological discourse as an incident in the history of masculine gender, arguing that Nicene trinitarian doctrine is a crucial site not only for theological innovation but also for reimagining and reproducing manhood in the late Roman empire.
Nicene trinitarian doctrine (when the Trinity became for the first time the centrepiece of doctrinal orthodoxy) is important not only for theological innovation but also for the redefinition of manhood in the fourth century. Exploring the movement's significance in the history of Western masculine ideals, the book centres on performative readings of Athanasius of Alexandria, Gregory of Nyssa, and Ambrose of Milan, each of whom played a crucial role in defending Nicene trinitarian doctrine, and concludes with a consideration of these figures from an explicitly feminist theological and theoretical perspective.
The significance of Nicene trinitarian doctrine in the history of Western masculine ideals.
"The book is an inspiring and unique work, a 'must read for people with scholarly interest in patrisics and doctrinal theology as well as mens studies and queer studies."—Journal of the American Academy of Religion
“This is writing with verve and humour. Burruss claims will be argued for years to come . . . and will open new avenues of exploration for the next generation of scholars.”—Journal of Ecclesiastical History
About the Author
Virginia Burrus is Associate Professor of Early Church History at Drew University. She is the author, most recently, of The Making of a Heretic: Gender, Authority, and the Priscillianist Controversy.
Table of Contents
Prologue; Introduction: the lineage of late antique man; 1. Fathering the word: Athanasius of Alexandria; 2. A son's legacy: Gregory of Nyssa; 3. Spirited advocacy: Ambrose of Milan; Conclusion.
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