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Other titles in the Studies in Legal History series:

Farmer's Benevolent Trust: Law and Agricultural Cooperation in Industrial America, 1865-1945 (Studies in Legal History)

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Farmer's Benevolent Trust: Law and Agricultural Cooperation in Industrial America, 1865-1945 (Studies in Legal History) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Americans have always regarded farming as a special calling, one imbued with the Jeffersonian values of individualism and self-sufficiency. As Victoria Saker Woeste demonstrates, farming's cultural image continued to shape Americans' expectations of rural society long after industrialization radically transformed the business of agriculture. Even as farmers enthusiastically embraced cooperative marketing to create unprecedented industry-wide monopolies and control prices, they claimed they were simply preserving their traditional place in society. In fact, the new legal form of cooperation far outpaced judicial and legislative developments at both the state and federal levels, resulting in a legal and political struggle to redefine the place of agriculture in the industrial market.

Woeste shows that farmers were adept at both borrowing such legal forms as the corporate trust for their own purposes and obtaining legislative recognition of the new cooperative style. In the process, however, the first rule of capitalism—every person for him- or herself—trumped the traditional principle of cooperation. After 1922, state and federal law wholly endorsed cooperation's new form. Indeed, says Woeste, because of its corporate roots, this model of cooperation fit so neatly with the regulatory paradigms of the first half of the twentieth century that it became an essential policy of the modern administrative state.

Synopsis:

A comprehensive, historical case study of the complex problems that confronted and still confront American commercial agriculture.

Law and History Review The study is a valuable contribution to establishing agriculture as a realistic participant in a modernising economy.

Business History An excellent contribution to the study of the transformation of American agriculture during the first part of the twentieth century.

American Historical Review [S]hunning simplistic assumptions she exposes flaws in much theory-based history of agriculture•s place in the national market revolution.

Agricultural History Unsettles even the most sophisticated reader•s sentimental notions about traditional nineteenth-century farm cooperatives.

Journal of American History

Synopsis:

Examines changes in the farming industry from 1865-1945, when industrialization radically transformed the business of agriculture. Uses the example of cooperative marketing to show how farmers used legal strategies to their own purposes.

About the Author

Victoria Saker Woeste is a research fellow at the American Bar Foundation in Chicago.

Table of Contents

Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction

Part I. Cooperation and Agriculture in American Culture, 1865-1910

1. The Farm Problem

2. From Agribusiness to Family Farms

Part II. The Legal Status of Cooperatives, 1865-1914

3. Voluntary Associations or Corporate Combinations?

4. A Growers' Trust

5. Cooperatives and Federal Law

Part III. The Benevolent Trust in Law and Policy, 1912-1928

6. A Ruthless Trust Monopoly

7. Busting the Raisin Trust?

8. Decline of the Benevolent Trust

Part IV. Cooperation in the Industrial Economy, 1920-1945

9. Associationalism and Regulation

10. From Administered Markets to Public Monopoly

Conclusion

Appendix. The Statistical Profile of Small Farms in California, 1850-1940

Notes

Bibliography

Index

Illustrations

Sunkist advertisement, Ladies' Home Journal, February 1919

An early Fresno raisin packing plant, ca. 1890

Raisins drying in the sun, ca. 1900

Raisins drying in sweat boxes, 1940

Armenian immigrants harvesting wine grapes, ca. 1885

Formal portrait of M. Theo Kearney, 1903

Meeting of the California Raisin Growers Association, 1900

Kearney riding in chauffeur-driven limousine, Paris, 1904

James Madison and Wylie M. Giffen in the CARC offices, 1914

James Madison with "Sun-Maid girls," 1916

Early CARC advertisement for Sun-Maid Raisins, December 1915

CARC advertisement, Ladies' Home Journal, October 1917

California Associated Raisin Company brokers and salesmen, 1916

Women workers packing raisins in CARC plant, 1917

Growers signing contracts in CARC offices, 1917

Aerial view of Sun-Maid plant, Fresno, 1936

Maps

1. California agricultural production regions, 1909

2. Fresno County, California, ca. 1920

3. Agricultural colonies in Fresno County, ca. 1875

4. Sun-Maid plants, receiving stations, and unit divisions, 1923

Figures

A.1. Farm Size in Fruit-Growing and Nonfruit-Growing Counties in California, 1910

A.2. Farm Size in Fruit-Growing and Nonfruit-Growing Counties in California, 1920

A.3. Farm Size in Fruit-Growing and Nonfruit-Growing Counties in California, 1930

A.4. Farm Size in Fruit-Growing and Nonfruit-Growing Counties in California, 1940

Product Details

ISBN:
9780807847312
Author:
Woeste, Victoria Saker
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
Location:
Chapel Hill :
Subject:
Agriculture & Animal Husbandry
Subject:
History
Subject:
United States - General
Subject:
Legal History
Subject:
Economic aspects
Subject:
Agriculture, cooperative
Subject:
Agricultural laws and legislation
Subject:
California Associated Raisin Company
Subject:
Raisin industry -- Law and legislation -- California -- History.
Subject:
Agriculture & Animal Husbandry - General
Subject:
Agriculture - General
Subject:
United States - 20th Century
Subject:
farming; farmers; cooperative marketing; industrial market; corporate trust; capitalism; Studies in Legal History; California Raisin growers
Subject:
Labor & Industrial Relations
Subject:
Raisin industry - Law and legislation -
Subject:
Farming
Subject:
Farmers
Subject:
cooperative marketing
Subject:
industrial market
Subject:
corporate trust
Subject:
Capitalism
Subject:
Studies in Legal History
Subject:
California Raisin growers
Subject:
US History-General
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Paperback
Series:
Studies in Legal History Paperback
Publication Date:
September 1998
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
392
Dimensions:
9.25 x 6.13 in

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Related Subjects

Business » General
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History and Social Science » US History » General
Science and Mathematics » Agriculture » General
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Farmer's Benevolent Trust: Law and Agricultural Cooperation in Industrial America, 1865-1945 (Studies in Legal History) New Trade Paper
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$37.75 Backorder
Product details 392 pages University of North Carolina Press - English 9780807847312 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , A comprehensive, historical case study of the complex problems that confronted and still confront American commercial agriculture.

Law and History Review The study is a valuable contribution to establishing agriculture as a realistic participant in a modernising economy.

Business History An excellent contribution to the study of the transformation of American agriculture during the first part of the twentieth century.

American Historical Review [S]hunning simplistic assumptions she exposes flaws in much theory-based history of agriculture•s place in the national market revolution.

Agricultural History Unsettles even the most sophisticated reader•s sentimental notions about traditional nineteenth-century farm cooperatives.

Journal of American History

"Synopsis" by , Examines changes in the farming industry from 1865-1945, when industrialization radically transformed the business of agriculture. Uses the example of cooperative marketing to show how farmers used legal strategies to their own purposes.
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