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Other titles in the Gender and American Culture series:

From Welfare to Workfare: The Unintended Consequences of Liberal Reform, 1945-1965 (Gender and American Culture)

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From Welfare to Workfare: The Unintended Consequences of Liberal Reform, 1945-1965 (Gender and American Culture) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

"Well-organized. . . . Valuable. . . . . Will appeal to readers interested in women and poverty, reform and the policymaking process, the influence of economy on government, and the intricacies of federal welfare law."

Business History Review "A subtly argued and convincing account of the ways in which liberal reformers like Wilbur Cohen and social work professionals . . . unwittingly participated in the ending of welfare payments and the substitution of work-based programs. . . . An excellent example of the ways in which careful historical research and writing can illuminate a very complicated and contentious issue."

Historian "[From Welfare to Workforce: The Unintended Consequences of Liberal Reform] is an important contribution to the growing historiography of American social welfare history. . . . Mittelstadt's book serves as a strong reminder that the years from 1945 to 1965 were a significant period in the history of social welfare policy."

American Historical Review "In her insightful and original examination of welfare politics after World War II, Mittlelstadt explains how modern so-called 'welfare reformers' could successfully hijack a nuanced 'liberal' family policy to the detriment of those whom the law intended to help. Her extensively researched discussion makes a crucial contribution to the evolution of welfare policy."

Cynthia Harrison, The George Washington University

Synopsis:

Mittelstadt traces the debate over welfare and the rise of "workfare" among liberal activists, policy makers, and politicians through the story of the dramatic reform of Aid to Dependent Children from the 1940s through the 1960s.

Synopsis:

In 1996, Democratic president Bill Clinton and the Republican-controlled Congress ended "welfare as we know it" and trumpeted "workfare" as a dramatic break from the past. But, in actuality, workfare was not new. Jennifer Mittelstadt locates the roots of the 1996 welfare reform many decades in the past, arguing that women, work, and welfare were intertwined concerns of the liberal welfare state beginning just after World War II.

Mittelstadt examines the dramatic reform of Aid to Dependent Children (ADC) from the 1940s through the 1960s, demonstrating that in this often misunderstood period, national policy makers did not overlook issues of poverty, race, and women's role in society. Liberals' public debates and disagreements over welfare, however, caused unintended consequences, including a shift toward conservatism. Rather than leaving ADC as an income support program for needy mothers, reformers recast it as a social services program aimed at "rehabilitating" women from "dependence" on welfare to "independence," largely by encouraging them to work. Mittelstadt reconstructs the ideology, implementation, and consequences of rehabilitation, probing beneath its surface to reveal gendered and racialized assumptions about the welfare poor and broader societal concerns about poverty, race, family structure, and women's employment.

About the Author

Jennifer Mittelstadt is assistant professor of history and women's studies at Pennsylvania State University.

Product Details

ISBN:
9780807855874
Author:
Mittelstadt, Jennife
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
Author:
Mittelstadt, Jennifer
Subject:
History
Subject:
Public welfare
Subject:
United States - 20th Century
Subject:
Government - U.S. Government
Subject:
Public Policy - Social Services & Welfare
Subject:
Services & Welfare
Subject:
Welfare Reform; Department of Health Education and Welfare; American Public Welfare Association; National Association of Social Workers; President s Commission on the Status of Women; Community Research Associates; war on poverty; Aid to Dependant Childre
Subject:
Welfare Reform; Department of Health Education and Welfare; American Public Welfare Association; National Association of Social Workers; President s Commission on the Status of Women; Community Research Associates; war on poverty; Aid to Dependant Childre
Subject:
Welfare Reform; Department of Health Education and Welfare; American Public Welfare Association; National Association of Social Workers; President s Commission on the Status of Women; Community Research Associates; war on poverty; Aid to Dependant Childre
Subject:
Women's Studies
Subject:
Welfare Reform; Department of Health Education and Welfare; American Public Welfare Association; National Association of Social Workers; President s Commission on the Status of Women; Community Research Associates; war on poverty; Aid to Dependant Childre
Subject:
Welfare Reform; Department of Health Education and Welfare; American Public Welfare Association; National Association of Social Workers; President s Commission on the Status of Women; Community Research Associates; war on poverty; Aid to Dependant Childre
Subject:
Welfare Reform; Department of Health Education and Welfare; American Public Welfare Association; National Association of Social Workers; President s Commission on the Status of Women; Community Research Associates; war on poverty; Aid to Dependant Childre
Subject:
Welfare Reform; Department of Health Education and Welfare; American Public Welfare Association; National Association of Social Workers; President s Commission on the Status of Women; Community Research Associates; war on poverty; Aid to Dependant Childre
Subject:
Welfare Reform; Department of Health Education and Welfare; American Public Welfare Association; National Association of Social Workers; President s Commission on the Status of Women; Community Research Associates; war on poverty; Aid to Dependant Childre
Subject:
Welfare Reform; Department of Health Education and Welfare; American Public Welfare Association; National Association of Social Workers; President s Commission on the Status of Women; Community Research Associates; war on poverty; Aid to Dependant Childre
Subject:
Welfare Reform; Department of Health Education and Welfare; American Public Welfare Association; National Association of Social Workers; President s Commission on the Status of Women; Community Research Associates; war on poverty; Aid to Dependant Childre
Subject:
Welfare Reform; Department of Health Education and Welfare; American Public Welfare Association; National Association of Social Workers; President s Commission on the Status of Women; Community Research Associates; war on poverty; Aid to Dependant Childre
Subject:
Welfare Reform; Department of Health Education and Welfare; American Public Welfare Association; National Association of Social Workers; President s Commission on the Status of Women; Community Research Associates; war on poverty; Aid to Dependant Childre
Subject:
Welfare Reform; Department of Health Education and Welfare; American Public Welfare Association; National Association of Social Workers; President s Commission on the Status of Women; Community Research Associates; war on poverty; Aid to Dependant Childre
Subject:
Welfare reform
Subject:
Department of Health Education and Welfare
Subject:
American Public Welfare Association
Subject:
National Association of Social Workers
Subject:
President s Commission on the Status of Women
Subject:
Community Research Associates
Subject:
war on poverty
Subject:
Aid to Dependant Children (ADC)
Subject:
Field Foundation
Subject:
1956 Social Security Amendments
Subject:
1962 Public Welfare Amendments
Subject:
Social Work
Subject:
Loula Dunn
Subject:
Elizabeth Wickenden
Subject:
Wilbur Cohen
Subject:
Liberalism
Subject:
postwar WWII
Subject:
John F. Kennedy
Subject:
Lyndon B. Johnson
Subject:
Harry S. Truman
Subject:
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Subject:
Politics-United States Politics
Subject:
Sociology-Children and Family
Subject:
Presiden
Subject:
t s Commission on the Status of Women
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Paperback
Series:
Gender and American Culture
Publication Date:
March 2005
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
296
Dimensions:
8.5 x 5.5 in

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Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Feminist Studies » Work
History and Social Science » Gender Studies » General
History and Social Science » Sociology » Children and Family
History and Social Science » US History » 20th Century » General

From Welfare to Workfare: The Unintended Consequences of Liberal Reform, 1945-1965 (Gender and American Culture) Used Trade Paper
0 stars - 0 reviews
$3.98 In Stock
Product details 296 pages University of North Carolina Press - English 9780807855874 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Mittelstadt traces the debate over welfare and the rise of "workfare" among liberal activists, policy makers, and politicians through the story of the dramatic reform of Aid to Dependent Children from the 1940s through the 1960s.
"Synopsis" by , In 1996, Democratic president Bill Clinton and the Republican-controlled Congress ended "welfare as we know it" and trumpeted "workfare" as a dramatic break from the past. But, in actuality, workfare was not new. Jennifer Mittelstadt locates the roots of the 1996 welfare reform many decades in the past, arguing that women, work, and welfare were intertwined concerns of the liberal welfare state beginning just after World War II.

Mittelstadt examines the dramatic reform of Aid to Dependent Children (ADC) from the 1940s through the 1960s, demonstrating that in this often misunderstood period, national policy makers did not overlook issues of poverty, race, and women's role in society. Liberals' public debates and disagreements over welfare, however, caused unintended consequences, including a shift toward conservatism. Rather than leaving ADC as an income support program for needy mothers, reformers recast it as a social services program aimed at "rehabilitating" women from "dependence" on welfare to "independence," largely by encouraging them to work. Mittelstadt reconstructs the ideology, implementation, and consequences of rehabilitation, probing beneath its surface to reveal gendered and racialized assumptions about the welfare poor and broader societal concerns about poverty, race, family structure, and women's employment.

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