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Other titles in the Caribbean Archaeology and Ethnohistory series:

Caciques and Cemi Idols: The Web Spun by Taino Rulers Between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico (Caribbean Archaeology and Ethnohistory)

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Caciques and Cemi Idols: The Web Spun by Taino Rulers Between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico (Caribbean Archaeology and Ethnohistory) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Cemís are both portable artifacts and embodiments of persons or spirit, which the Taínos and other natives of the Greater Antilles (ca. AD 1000-1550) regarded as numinous beings with supernatural or magic powers. This volume takes a close look at the relationship between humans and other (non-human) beings that are imbued with cemí power, specifically within the Taíno inter-island cultural sphere encompassing Puerto Rico and Hispaniola. The relationships address the important questions of identity and personhood of the cemí icons and their human “owners” and the implications of cemí gift-giving and gift-taking that sustains a complex web of relationships between caciques (chiefs) of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola.

 

 

 

 

 

Oliver provides a careful analysis of the four major forms of cemís—three-pointed stones, large stone heads, stone collars, and elbow stones—as well as face masks, which provide an interesting contrast to the stone heads. He finds evidence for his interpretation of human and cemí interactions from a critical review of 16th-century Spanish ethnohistoric documents, especially the Relación Acerca de las Antigüedades de los Indios written by Friar Ramón Pané in 1497–1498 under orders from Christopher Columbus. Buttressed by examples of native resistance and syncretism, the volume discusses the iconoclastic conflicts and the relationship between the icons and the human beings. Focusing on this and on the various contexts in which the relationships were enacted, Oliver reveals how the cemís were central to the exercise of native political power. Such cemís were considered a direct threat to the hegemony of the Spanish conquerors, as these potent objects were seen as allies in the native resistance to the onslaught of Christendom with its icons of saints and virgins.

About the Author

José R. Oliver is Lecturer at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London.

Product Details

ISBN:
9780817316365
Author:
Oliver, Jose R.
Publisher:
University Alabama Press
Author:
Oliver, Jos R.
Subject:
Antiquities
Subject:
Christianity and other religions
Subject:
Caribbean & West Indies - General
Subject:
Anthropology - General
Subject:
Spain Colonies America.
Subject:
Taino Indians -- Religion.
Subject:
World History-Caribbean
Edition Description:
1
Series:
Caribbean Archaeology and Ethnohistory
Publication Date:
20090431
Binding:
Paperback
Grade Level:
Professional and scholarly
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
432
Dimensions:
9 x 6.13 in

Related Subjects

Business » General
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History and Social Science » Anthropology » General
History and Social Science » World History » Caribbean

Caciques and Cemi Idols: The Web Spun by Taino Rulers Between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico (Caribbean Archaeology and Ethnohistory) New Hardcover
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