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Other titles in the Caribbean Archaeology and Ethnohistory series:
Caciques and Cemi Idols: The Web Spun by Taino Rulers Between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico (Caribbean Archaeology and Ethnohistory)by Jose R. Oliver
Synopses & Reviews
Cemand#237;s are both portable artifacts and embodiments of persons or spirit, which the Taand#237;nos and other natives of the Greater Antilles (ca. AD 1000-1550) regarded as numinous beings with supernatural or magic powers. This volume takes a close look at the relationship between humans and other (non-human) beings that are imbued with cemand#237; power, specifically within the Taand#237;no inter-island cultural sphere encompassing Puerto Rico and Hispaniola. The relationships address the important questions of identity and personhood of the cemand#237; icons and their human and#147;ownersand#8221; and the implications of cemand#237; gift-giving and gift-taking that sustains a complex web of relationships between caciques (chiefs) of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola.
Oliver provides a careful analysis of the four major forms of cemand#237;sand#151;three-pointed stones, large stone heads, stone collars, and elbow stonesand#151;as well as face masks, which provide an interesting contrast to the stone heads. He finds evidence for his interpretation of human and cemand#237; interactions from a critical review of 16th-century Spanish ethnohistoric documents, especially the Relaciand#243;n Acerca de las Antigand#252;edades de los Indios written by Friar Ramand#243;n Panand#233; in 1497and#150;1498 under orders from Christopher Columbus. Buttressed by examples of native resistance and syncretism, the volume discusses the iconoclastic conflicts and the relationship between the icons and the human beings. Focusing on this and on the various contexts in which the relationships were enacted, Oliver reveals how the cemand#237;s were central to the exercise of native political power. Such cemand#237;s were considered a direct threat to the hegemony of the Spanish conquerors, as these potent objects were seen as allies in the native resistance to the onslaught of Christendom with its icons of saints and virgins.
Caciques and Cemi Idolstakes a close look at the relationship between humans and other (non-human) beings that are imbued with cemandiacute; power, specifically within the Taandiacute;no inter-island cultural sphere encompassing Puerto Rico and Hispaniola.
About the Author
Josandeacute; R. Oliver is Lecturer at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London.
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